Chapter 1 Mayor
Chapter 2 City Council and City Clerk
Chapter 3 Comptroller
Chapter 4 Board of Estimate
Chapter 5 Borough Presidents
Chapter 6 Advisory Commission for the Review of Compensation Levels of Elected Officials
Chapter 7 Campaign Financing
Chapter 8 Transition and Inaugural Donations and Expenditures
Chapter 9 Organizations Affiliated With Elected Officials
Chapter 10 Environmental Justice
Chapter 11 Legal Defense Trusts

Terms Used In New York Laws > New York City Administrative Code > Title 3 - Elected Officials

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adoption: means the delivery to any natural person eighteen years of age or older, for the limited purpose of harboring a pet, of any dog or cat, seized or surrendered. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 350
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: shall mean a state department, state agency, or state public authority. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 81
  • Agricultural and farmland protection: means the preservation, conservation, management or improvement of lands which are part of viable farming operations, for the purpose of encouraging such lands to remain in agricultural production. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 322
  • Agricultural assessment value: means the value per acre assigned to land for assessment purposes determined pursuant to the capitalized value of production procedure prescribed by section three hundred four-a of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Agricultural data statement: means an identification of farm operations within an agricultural district located within five hundred feet of the boundary of property upon which an action requiring municipal review and approval by the planning board, zoning board of appeals, town board, or village board of trustees pursuant to article sixteen of the town law or article seven of the village law is proposed, as provided in section three hundred five-b of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Agricultural use value: means the fair market value of a property that is restricted by an easement to its productive commercial agricultural use value rather than the highest and/or best potential use value for residential or other non-agricultural purposes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 322
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Animal: as used in this article , includes every living creature except a human being;

    2. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 350

  • Animal: means a dog or a cat. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 400
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • At risk populations: means populations including but not limited to families with children receiving family assistance, households receiving federal supplemental security income payments, households with incomes at or below one hundred eighty-five percent of the poverty level, recipients of emergency food, elderly or disabled persons, homeless persons, unemployed persons, and families and persons residing in rural households who are at risk of nutritional deficiencies. See N.Y. Social Services Law 465-A
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: shall mean the New York state energy research and development authority. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 81
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Body piercing: shall mean the piercing of any part of the body, except the ear. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Body piercing specialist: shall mean any person who performs body piercing on the body of any other person. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Body piercing studio: shall mean any premises in which the body piercing specialist conducts such practice. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Building: shall mean a building or structure that is owned by the state or by an agency. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 81
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chancellor: shall mean the chancellor of the city district. See
  • city board: shall mean the board of education of the city district. See
  • Client: means any person seeking or receiving the services of a rape crisis counselor for the purpose of securing counseling or assistance concerning any sex offense, sexual abuse, incest, or attempt to commit a sex offense, sexual abuse, or incest. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of general services. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 61
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of health. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • committee: means the state committee for pathologists' assistants created by this article. See
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • community board: shall mean the board of education of a community district. See
  • community district: shall mean a community school district created or to be created within the city district under the provisions of this article. See
  • community superintendent: shall mean the superintendent of schools of a community district. See
  • Community support system: means a system of service providers in a community designed to meet the needs of a victim of a sex offense, sexual abuse or incest. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer: means any individual purchasing an animal from a pet dealer. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 400
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conversion: means an outward or affirmative act changing the use of agricultural land and shall not mean the nonuse or idling of such land. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the New York state council on graduate medical education. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Counseling: means individual communication and interaction which helps the client make choices and act upon those choices, provided to a client concerning any sex offense, sexual abuse, incest, or attempt to commit a sex offense, sexual abuse, or incest. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Covered drug: means any substance recognized as a drug under 21 USC § 321(g)(1), as amended, and any regulations promulgated thereunder that is sold, offered for sale or dispensed in the state, whether directly or through a wholesaler, in any form including prescription and nonprescription drugs, drugs in medical devices and combination products, brand and generic drugs and drugs for veterinary use; provided however, covered drug shall not include: (a) vitamins or supplements; (b) herbal-based remedies and homeopathic drugs, products or remedies; (c) cosmetics, soap (with or without germicidal agents), laundry detergent, bleach, household cleaning products, shampoos, sunscreens, toothpaste, lip balm, antiperspirants or other personal care products that are regulated as both cosmetics and nonprescription drugs under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; (d) pet pesticide products contained in pet collars, powders, shampoos, topical applications, or other forms; (e) drugs that are biological products as defined in subdivision twenty-seven of section sixty-eight hundred two of the education law if the manufacturer already provides a take back program; (f) drugs for which a manufacturer provides a take back program as part of a Federal Food and Drug Administration managed risk evaluation and mitigation strategy; (g) emptied injector products or emptied medical devices and their component parts or accessories; and (h) drugs that are used solely in a clinical setting. See N.Y. Public Health Law 290
  • cruelty: includes every act, omission, or neglect, whereby unjustifiable physical pain, suffering or death is caused or permitted. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 350
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: shall mean the department of health. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • direction and supervision: means continuous direction and supervision, but shall not be construed as necessarily requiring the physical presence of the supervising physician at the time and place where such services are performed. See
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic violence: shall mean any crime or violation, as defined in the penal law, which has been alleged to have been committed by any family or household member against any member of the same family or household. See N.Y. Social Services Law 481-C
  • Donated farm salvage: shall mean an agricultural crop that is unharvested, surplus or unmarketable but otherwise nutritious and edible. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 217
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drug take back organization: means an organization designated by a manufacturer or a group of manufacturers to act as an agent on behalf of the manufacturer or group of manufacturers to operate and implement a drug take back program as authorized by this article. See N.Y. Public Health Law 290
  • educational facilities: shall mean land and the improvements thereon for use in connection with any educational activity to be undertaken or provided by the city board or any community council or any facility attendant thereto or any facility necessary, useful or desirable in connection with such activity. See
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Facilities: shall mean and include those facilities as defined in the provisions of the state building construction code relating to facilities for the physically handicapped. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 50
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family or household members: shall mean persons related by consanguinity or affinity or unrelated persons who are continually or at regular intervals living or in the past continually or at regular intervals lived in the same household, including victims and persons accused of having committed acts of domestic violence. See N.Y. Social Services Law 481-C
  • Family violence: shall mean any act which would constitute domestic violence as defined in subdivision one of this section or any act which would constitute child abuse and maltreatment as defined in subdivision three of this section. See N.Y. Social Services Law 481-C
  • Farm animal: as used in this article , means any ungulate, poultry, species of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, llamas, horses or fur-bearing animals, as defined in section 11-1907 of the environmental conservation law, which are raised for commercial or subsistence purposes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 350
  • Farm operation: means the land and on-farm buildings, equipment, manure processing and handling facilities, and practices which contribute to the production, preparation and marketing of crops, livestock and livestock products as a commercial enterprise, including a "commercial horse boarding operation" as defined in subdivision thirteen of this section, a "timber operation" as defined in subdivision fourteen of this section, "compost, mulch or other biomass crops" as defined in subdivision seventeen of this section and "commercial equine operation" as defined in subdivision eighteen of this section. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Farm woodland: means land used for the production of woodland products intended for sale, including but not limited to logs, lumber, posts and firewood. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Food assistance programs: means programs including but not limited to food stamp programs, school breakfast and lunch programs, child care food programs, summer food service programs, special supplemental programs for women, infants and children, congregate meal programs and home delivered meal programs. See N.Y. Social Services Law 465-A
  • food salvager: as used in this article , means a person engaged in the business of reconditioning, labeling, relabeling, packing, repacking, sorting, cleaning, culling, or by other means salvaging food or food products, single service food containers and utensils, soda straws, paper napkins or any product of a similar nature that may have become damaged, contaminated, adulterated or misbranded as a result of fire, flood, transit wreck, accident or other cause, or by water, smoke, chemicals, or any other adulterating agents. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 217
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Gross sales value: means the proceeds from the sale of:

    a. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301

  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • health professionals: means persons duly licensed or otherwise authorized to practice a health profession pursuant to applicable law, including, but not limited to, physicians, registered professional nurses, nurse practitioners, physicians assistants, optometrists, dentists, dental hygienists, dietitians and nutritionists, and audiologists. See
  • Hemp: means the plant Cannabis sativa L. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 505
  • Hotline: means twenty-four-hour access to rape crisis intervention and prevention services including telephone hotline and telephone counseling capabilities. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Institution of higher education: means :

    (a) any of the colleges and universities described in subdivision three of section three hundred fifty-two of the education law;

    (b) a college established and operated pursuant to the provisions of article one hundred twenty-six of the education law, and providing two-year or four-year post-secondary programs in general and technical educational subjects and receiving financial assistance from the state;

    (c) the city university of New York, as defined in subdivision two of section sixty-two hundred two of the education law; and

    (d) a not-for-profit two or four-year university or college given the power to confer associate, baccalaureate or higher degrees in this state by the legislature or by the regents under article five of the education law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 505

  • intimate relationship: include , but are not limited to: the nature or type of relationship, regardless of whether the relationship is sexual in nature; the frequency of interaction between the persons; and the duration of the relationship. See N.Y. Social Services Law 459-A
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Land used in agricultural production: means not less than seven acres of land used as a single operation in the preceding two years for the production for sale of crops, livestock or livestock products of an average gross sales value of ten thousand dollars or more; or, not less than seven acres of land used in the preceding two years to support a commercial horse boarding operation or a commercial equine operation with annual gross receipts of ten thousand dollars or more. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a license, permit or registration issued pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 505
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • locker plant: shall mean any building, or portion thereof, under such chemical refrigeration, in which individual compartments or lockers, each of not more than one hundred cubic feet capacity, are rented for the purpose of freezer storage of articles of food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 230
  • Manufacturer: means a person, company, corporation or other entity engaged in the manufacture of covered drugs sold in the state. See N.Y. Public Health Law 290
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Municipal: means a city, town, county, village, school district or special district as defined by section one hundred two of the real property tax law. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 50
  • National Register: means the national register of historic places authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 61
  • Not-for-profit conservation organization: means an organization as defined in subdivision two of section 49-0303 of the environmental conservation law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 322
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: shall mean the office of general services. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 81
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Parent: means a natural or adoptive parent or any individual lawfully charged with a minor child's care or custody. See N.Y. Social Services Law 459-A
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • pet: means any dog or cat, and shall also mean any other domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household of the owner or person who cares for such other domesticated animal. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 350
  • Pet Dealer: means any person who engages in the sale or offering for sale of more than nine animals per year for profit to the public. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 400
  • Physically handicapped: means

    (a) impairment requiring confinement to a wheel chair; or

    (b) impairment causing difficulty or insecurity in walking or climbing stairs or requiring the use of braces, crutches or other artificial supports; or impairment caused by amputation, arthritis, spastic condition or pulmonary, cardiac or other ills rendering the individual semi-ambulatory; or

    (c) total or partial impairment of hearing or sight causing insecurity or likelihood of exposure to danger in public places; or

    (d) impairment due to conditions of aging and incoordination. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 50

  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this title. See
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means the county and municipal agricultural and farmland protection plan as provided for in this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 322
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President: means the president of the New York state higher education services corporation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary care medical training program: means a graduate medical education training program in New York state defined by the commissioner, in consultation with the council, pursuant to regulations, as providing appropriate training in primary care medicine. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary care physician: means a physician specialist in the field of family practice, general pediatrics, primary care internal medicine or primary care obstetrics and gynecology; who provides coordinated primary care services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary care practitioner: means a midwife, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant who is licensed or certified to practice in New York state and who provides or arranges for coordinated primary care services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary care practitioner program: means a full or part-time graduate, undergraduate or certificate course of study, approved or registered by the regents or a program registered by the department of education or determined by the department of education to be the equivalent required to practice as a licensed or certified primary care practitioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary prevention: shall mean strengthening family functioning to insure that family violence never takes place or is less likely to occur. See N.Y. Social Services Law 481-C
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Program: means the state agricultural and farmland protection program created pursuant to the provisions of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 322
  • project: shall mean , with respect to an educational facilities capital plan, (a) the performance, at a specified educational facility, of one or more program elements, as defined in paragraph a, b, c or d of subdivision two of section twenty-five hundred ninety-p of this article; or (b) the performance of the program elements defined in paragraphs f and g of such subdivision or any system replacement identified in paragraph e of such subdivision. See
  • Public building: means any building or portion thereof, other than a privately owned residential structure, public housing structure, police, fire or correction structure, constructed wholly or partially with state or municipal funds, whether tax funds, funds obtained through bond issues or grants or loans under any state law, which is likely to be used by physically handicapped persons, including, but not limited to theaters, concert halls, auditoriums, museums, schools, libraries, recreation facilities, transportation terminals and stations, factories, office buildings and business establishments. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 50
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • pure honey: as used in this article , shall mean the nectar of flowers that has been transformed by, and is the natural product of the honey-bee, taken from the honeycomb and marketed in a liquid, candied or granulated condition. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 205
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recruitment and training programs: means programs designed to recruit and train staff or volunteers in a rape crisis intervention and prevention program as well as training or education to other agencies participating in a community support system. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Referral: means referral to and assistance with medical services and services of criminal justice agencies, mental health agencies, or other entities providing related services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • refrigerated warehouse: shall mean any establishment or structure, or portion thereof, where space is rented or hired for the storage of food at or below the temperature of forty-five degrees Fahrenheit for more than thirty days. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 230
  • refrigeration: shall mean the storage or keeping of articles of food in a refrigerated warehouse at or below a temperature above zero of forty-five degrees Fahrenheit. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 230
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Repackager: means an entity that owns or operates an establishment that repacks and relabels a product or package containing a covered drug for further sale or for distribution without further transaction. See N.Y. Public Health Law 290
  • Residential program for victims of domestic violence: means any residential care program certified by the department and operated by a not-for-profit organization in accordance with the regulations of the department for the purpose of providing emergency shelter, services and care to victims of domestic violence. See N.Y. Social Services Law 459-A
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Secondary prevention: shall mean addressing the early signs of family violence or risk of family violence through treatment of presenting problems to prevent further problems from developing. See N.Y. Social Services Law 481-C
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Soil and water conservation district: means an entity as defined in subdivision one of section three of the soil and water conservation districts law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 322
  • State: shall mean the state of New York and any state board, bureau, commission, department, authority, division, officer or public benefit corporation. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 50
  • State agency: means any state department, officer, board, commission, agency, or a public authority or public benefit corporation at least one of whose members is appointed by the governor. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 61
  • State register: means the state register of historic places established pursuant to section 14. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 61
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substantial renovation: shall mean a substantial modification of an existing building and shall include but not be limited to additions, alterations, and reconstruction as determined pursuant to regulations promulgated by the office pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Public Buildings Law 81
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Tattoo: shall mean a mark on the body of a person made with indelible ink or pigments injected beneath the outer layer of the skin. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Tattoo studio: shall mean any premises in which the tattooist conducts such practice. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Tattooist: shall mean any person who applies a tattoo to the body of any other person. See N.Y. Public Health Law 460
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Underserved area: means an area or medically underserved population designated by the commissioner pursuant to regulation, and in consultation with the respective health systems agency, as having a shortage of primary care physicians or primary care practitioners. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Viable agricultural land: means land highly suitable for a farm operation as defined in this section. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 301
  • Victim of domestic violence: means any person over the age of sixteen, any married person or any parent accompanied by his or her minor child or children in situations in which such person or such person's child is a victim of an act which would constitute a violation of the penal law, including, but not limited to acts constituting disorderly conduct, harassment, aggravated harassment, sexual misconduct, forcible touching, sexual abuse, stalking, criminal mischief, menacing, reckless endangerment, kidnapping, assault, attempted assault, attempted murder, criminal obstruction of breathing or blood circulation, strangulation, identity theft, grand larceny or coercion; and

    (i) such act or acts have resulted in actual physical or emotional injury or have created a substantial risk of physical or emotional harm to such person or such person's child; and

    (ii) such act or acts are or are alleged to have been committed by a family or household member. See N.Y. Social Services Law 459-A

  • Wholesaler: means any person, company, corporation or other entity that sells or distributes drugs and covered drugs for resale to an entity in the state other than a consumer. See N.Y. Public Health Law 290