- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Commission: means the state gaming commission;
i. See N.Y. Racing, Pari-Mutuel Wagering and Breeding Law 1001
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Receiving track: means any track where simulcasts originated from another track are displayed;
e. See N.Y. Racing, Pari-Mutuel Wagering and Breeding Law 1001
- Sending track: means any track from which simulcasts originate;
d. See N.Y. Racing, Pari-Mutuel Wagering and Breeding Law 1001
- Simulcast: means the telecast of live audio and visual signals of running, harness or quarter horse races for the purposes of pari-mutuel wagering;
b. See N.Y. Racing, Pari-Mutuel Wagering and Breeding Law 1001
- Track: means the grounds or enclosures within which horse races are conducted by any person, association or corporation lawfully authorized to conduct such races in accordance with the terms and conditions of this chapter or the laws of another jurisdiction;
c. See N.Y. Racing, Pari-Mutuel Wagering and Breeding Law 1001
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.