§ 1210 Unattended Motor Vehicle
§ 1211 Limitations On Backing
§ 1212 Reckless Driving
§ 1213 Obstruction to Driver’s View or Driving Mechanism
§ 1214 Opening and Closing Vehicle Doors
§ 1215 Driving On Mountain Highways
§ 1216 Coasting Prohibited
§ 1217 Following Emergency Fire Vehicles Prohibited
§ 1218 Crossing Fire Hose
§ 1219 Putting Glass or Other Injurious Substances On Highway Prohibited
§ 1220 Throwing Refuse On Highways and Adjacent Lands Prohibited
§ 1220-A Liability for Violation of a Local Law Prohibiting Unlawful Dumping in a City Having a Population of One Million or More
§ 1220-B Unlawful Solicitation of Ground Transportation Services At an Airport
§ 1220-C Work Permits for Work On State Highways
§ 1221 Driving Through Safety Zone Prohibited
§ 1222 Persons Riding On Trucks
§ 1223 Lights On Vehicles Used for Transportation of Passengers
§ 1223-A School Buses; Required Identification
§ 1224 Abandoned Vehicles
§ 1225 Avoiding Intersection or Traffic-Control Device
§ 1225-A Driving On Sidewalks
§ 1225-B Retail Sale of Frozen Desserts by Motor Vehicle; Restrictions
§ 1225-C Use of Mobile Telephones
§ 1225-D Use of Portable Electronic Devices
§ 1226 Control of Steering Mechanism
§ 1227 Consumption or Possession of Alcoholic Beverages in Certain Motor Vehicles
§ 1228 Riding in House Coach Trailers
§ 1229 Sign Required On Privately-Owned Vehicle Used in Delivery of Mail
§ 1229-A Pedestrians, Animals, and Non-Motorized Vehicles Prohibited On State Expressway Highways or State Interstate Route Highways Including the Entrances Thereto and Exits Therefrom
§ 1229-B Operation of School, Camp and Charter Omnibuses With Passengers Standing Prohibited
§ 1229-C Operation of Vehicles With Safety Seats and Safety Belts
§ 1229-D School Bus Attendant

Terms Used In New York Laws > Vehicle and Traffic > Title 7 > Article 33 - Miscellaneous Rules

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.