(a) “Corporation” includes (1) an association within the meaning of paragraph three of subsection (a) of section seventy-seven hundred one of the internal revenue code (including a limited liability company), (2) a joint-stock company or association, (3) a publicly traded partnership treated as a corporation for purposes of the internal revenue code pursuant to section seventy-seven hundred four thereof and (4) any business conducted by a trustee or trustees wherein interest or ownership is evidenced by certificate or other written instrument;

Terms Used In N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-602

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Commissioner of finance: means the commissioner of finance of the city;

    6. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-601

  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Taxpayer: means any corporation, association or other entity or individual subject to tax under this chapter;

    2. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-601

  • this state: means the state of New York;

    3. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-601

  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.

(b) (1) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this subdivision, an unincorporated organization that (i) is described in subparagraph one or three of such paragraph (a) and (ii) was subject to the provisions of chapter five of this title for its taxable year beginning in nineteen hundred ninety-five, may make a one-time election not to be treated as a corporation and, instead, to continue to be subject to the provisions of chapter five of this title for its taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred ninety-six and thereafter. Such election shall be made on the return prescribed pursuant to such chapter five for such electing organization’s taxable year beginning in nineteen hundred ninety-six, which shall be filed on or before the due date (determined with regard to extensions) for filing such return.

(2) An election under this paragraph shall continue to be in effect until revoked by the unincorporated organization. An election under this paragraph shall be revoked by the filing of a return under this subchapter for the first taxable year with respect to which such revocation is to be effective, which return shall be filed on or before the due date (determined with regard to extensions) for filing such return. In no event shall such election or revocation be for a part of a taxable year.

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this subdivision, a corporation shall not include an entity classified as a partnership for federal income tax purposes.

2. “Subsidiary” means a corporation of which over fifty per centum of the number of shares of stock entitling the holders thereof to vote for the election of directors or trustees is owned by the taxpayer;

3. “Subsidiary capital” means investments in the stock of subsidiaries and any indebtedness from subsidiaries, exclusive of accounts receivable acquired in the ordinary course of trade or business for services rendered or for sales of property held primarily for sale to customers, whether or not evidenced by written instrument, on which interest is not claimed and deducted by the subsidiary for purposes of taxation under this subchapter or subchapter three of this chapter, provided, however, that, in the discretion of the commissioner of finance, there shall be deducted from subsidiary capital any liabilities which are directly or indirectly attributable to subsidiary capital;

4. “Investment capital” means investments in stocks, bonds and other securities, corporate and governmental, not held for sale to customers in the regular course of business, exclusive of subsidiary capital and stock issued by the taxpayer, provided, however, that, in the discretion of the commissioner of finance, there shall be deducted from investment capital any liabilities which are directly or indirectly attributable to investment capital; and provided, further, that investment capital shall not include any such investments the income from which is excluded from entire net income pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (c-1) of subdivision eight of this section, and that investment capital shall be computed without regard to any liabilities directly or indirectly attributable to such investments, but only if air carriers organized in the United States and operating in the foreign country or countries in

which the taxpayer has its major base of operations and in which it is organized, resident or headquartered (if not in the same country as its major base of operations) are not subject to any tax based on or measured by capital imposed by such foreign country or countries or any political subdivision thereof, or if taxed are provided an exemption, equivalent to that provided for herein, from any tax based on or measured by capital imposed by such foreign country or countries and from any such tax imposed by any political subdivision thereof;

5. “Investment income” means income, including capital gains in excess of capital losses, from investment capital to the extent included in computing entire net income, less, (a) in the discretion of the commissioner of finance, any deductions allowable in computing entire net income which are directly or indirectly attributable to investment capital or investment income, and (b) such portion of any net operating loss deduction allowable in computing entire net income, as the investment income, before such deduction, bears to entire net income, before such deduction, provided, however, that in no case shall investment income exceed entire net income;

6. (a) “Business capital” means all assets, other than subsidiary capital, investment capital and stock issued by the taxpayer, less liabilities not deducted from subsidiary or investment capital except that cash on hand and on deposit shall be treated as investment capital or as business capital as the taxpayer may elect;

(b) Provided, however, “business capital” shall not include assets to the extent employed for the purpose of generating income which is excluded from entire net income pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (c-1) of subdivision eight of this section and shall be computed without regard to liabilities directly or indirectly attributable to such assets, but only if air carriers organized in the United States and operating in the foreign country or countries in which the taxpayer has its major base of operations and in which it is organized, resident or headquartered (if not in the same country as its major base of operations) are not subject to any tax based on or measured by capital imposed by such foreign country or countries or any political subdivision thereof, or if taxed, are provided an exemption, equivalent to that provided for herein, from any tax based on or measured by capital imposed by such foreign country or countries and from any such tax imposed by any political subdivision thereof.

7. “Business income” means entire net income minus investment income;

8. “Entire net income” means total net income from all sources, which shall be presumably the same as the entire taxable income (but not alternative minimum taxable income),

(i) which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury department, or

(ii) which the taxpayer would have been required to report to the United States treasury department if it had not made an election under subchapter s of chapter one of the internal revenue code, or

(iii) which the taxpayer, in the case of a corporation which is exempt from federal income tax (other than the tax on unrelated business taxable income imposed under section five hundred eleven of the internal revenue code) but which is subject to tax under this subchapter, would have been required to report to the United States treasury department but for such exemption, or

(iv) which the taxpayer would have been required to report to the United States treasury department if no election had been made to treat the taxpayer as a qualified subchapter s subsidiary under paragraph three of subsection (b) of section thirteen hundred sixty-one of the internal revenue code, except as hereinafter provided, and subject to

any modification required by paragraphs (d) and (e) of subdivision three of section 11-604 of this subchapter.

(a) Entire net income shall not include:

(1) income, gains and losses from subsidiary capital which do not include the amount of a recovery in respect of any war loss;

(2) fifty percent of dividends other than from subsidiaries, except that entire net income shall include one hundred percent of dividends on shares of stock with respect to which a dividend deduction is disallowed by subsection (c) of section two hundred forty-six of the internal revenue code;

(2-a) any amounts treated as dividends pursuant to section seventy-eight of the internal revenue code and not otherwise deductible under subparagraphs one and two of this paragraph;

(3) bona fide gifts;

(4) income and deductions with respect to amounts received from school districts and from corporations and associations, organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable or educational purposes, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, for the operation of school buses;

(5) any refund or credit of a tax imposed under this chapter, or imposed by article nine, nine-A, twenty-three, or thirty-two of the tax law, for which tax no exclusion or deduction was allowed in determining the taxpayer’s entire net income under this subchapter or subchapter three of this chapter for any prior year;

(6) in the case of a taxpayer who is separately or as a partner of a partnership doing an insurance business as a member of the New York insurance exchange described in section six thousand two hundred one of the insurance law, any item of income, gain, loss or deduction of such business which is the taxpayer’s distributive or pro rata share for federal income tax purposes or which the taxpayer is required to take into account separately for federal income tax purposes;

(7) that portion of wages and salaries paid or incurred for the taxable year for which a deduction is not allowed pursuant to the provisions of section two hundred eighty C of the internal revenue code;

(8) for taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-one, except with respect to property which is a qualified mass commuting vehicle described in subparagraph (D) of paragraph eight of subsection (f) of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code (relating to qualified mass commuting vehicles) and property of a taxpayer principally engaged in the conduct of an aviation, steamboat, ferry or navigation business, or two or more of such businesses, which is placed in service before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-nine, any amount which is included in the taxpayer’s federal taxable income solely as a result of an election made pursuant to the provisions of such paragraph eight as it was in effect for agreements entered into prior to January first, nineteen hundred eighty-four;

(9) for taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-one, except with respect to property which is a qualified mass commuting vehicle described in subparagraph (D) of paragraph eight of subsection (f) of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code (relating to qualified mass commuting vehicles) and property of a taxpayer principally engaged in the conduct of an aviation, steamboat, ferry or navigation business, or two or more of such businesses, which is placed in service before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-nine, any amount which the taxpayer could have excluded from federal taxable income had it not made the election provided for in such paragraph eight as it was in effect for

agreements entered into prior to January first, nineteen hundred eighty-four;

(10) the amount deductible pursuant to paragraph (j) of this subdivision;

(11) upon the disposition of property to which paragraph (j) of this subdivision applies, the amount, if any, by which the aggregate of the amounts described in subparagraph eleven of paragraph (b) of this subdivision attributable to such property exceeds the aggregate of the amounts described in paragraph (j) of this subdivision attributable to such property; and

(12) for taxable years ending after September tenth, two thousand one, the amount deductible pursuant to paragraph (k) of this subdivision; and

(13) the amount deductible pursuant to paragraph (o) of this subdivision.

(14) any amount excepted, for purposes of subsection (a) of section one hundred eighteen of the internal revenue code, from the term “contribution to the capital of the taxpayer” by paragraph two of subsection (b) of section one hundred eighteen of the internal revenue code.

(a-1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, for taxable years beginning on or after August first, two thousand two, in the case of a taxpayer that is a partner in a partnership subject to the tax imposed by chapter eleven of this title as a utility, as defined in subdivision six of section 11-1101 of such chapter, entire net income shall not include the taxpayer’s distributive or pro rata share for federal income tax purposes of any item of income, gain, loss or deduction of such partnership, or any item of income, gain, loss or deduction of such partnership that the taxpayer is required to take into account separately for federal income tax purposes.

(b) Entire net income shall be determined without the exclusion, deduction or credit of:

(1) the amount of any specific exemption or credit allowed in any law of the United States imposing any tax on or measured by the income of any corporation,

(2) any part of any income from dividends or interest on any kind of stock, securities, or indebtedness, except as provided in clauses one and two of paragraph (a) hereof,

(3) taxes on or measured by profits or income paid or accrued to the United States, any of its possessions or to any foreign country, including taxes in lieu of any of the foregoing taxes otherwise generally imposed by any foreign country or by any possession of the United States, or taxes paid or accrued to the state under article nine, nine-A, thirteen-A or thirty-two of the tax law,

(3-a) taxes on or measured by profits or income, or which include profits or income as a measure, paid or accrued to any other state of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof, or to the District of Columbia, including taxes expressly in lieu of any of the foregoing taxes otherwise generally imposed by any other state of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia;

(4) taxes imposed under this chapter,

(4-a) (A) the entire amount allowable as an exclusion or deduction for stock transfer taxes imposed by article twelve of the tax law in determining the entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury department but only to the extent that such taxes are incurred and paid in market making transactions, and

(B) the amount allowed as an exclusion or deduction for sales and use taxes imposed by section eleven hundred seven of the tax law in

determining the entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury department but only such portion of such exclusion or deduction which is not in excess of the amount of the credit allowed pursuant to subdivision twelve of section 11-604 of this subchapter,

(4-b) the amount allowed as an exclusion or a deduction imposed by the tax law in determining the entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury department but only such portion of such exclusion or deduction which is not in excess of the amount of the credit allowed pursuant to subdivision thirteen of section 11-604 of this subchapter,

(4-c) the amount allowed as an exclusion or a deduction imposed by the tax law in determining the entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury department but only such portion of such exclusion or deduction which is not in excess of the amount of the credit allowed pursuant to subdivision fourteen of section 11-604 of this subchapter,

(4-d) the amount allowed as an exclusion or deduction for sales and use taxes imposed by section eleven hundred seven of the tax law in determining the entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States Treasury Department, but only such portion of such exclusion or deduction which is not in excess of the amount of the credit allowed pursuant to subdivision fifteen of section 11-604 of this chapter,

(4-g) The amount allowed as an exclusion or deduction for sales and use taxes imposed by section eleven hundred seven of the tax law (or for any interest imposed in connection therewith) in determining the entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury department but only such portion of such exclusion or deduction which is not in excess of the amount of the credit allowed pursuant to subdivision seventeen-a of section 11-604 of this subchapter.

(6) in the discretion of the commissioner of finance, any amount of interest directly or indirectly and any other amount directly or indirectly attributable as a carrying charge or otherwise to subsidiary capital or to income, gains or losses from subsidiary capital,

(7) any amount by reason of the granting, issuing or assuming of a restricted stock option, as defined in the internal revenue code of nineteen hundred fifty-four, or by reason of the transfer of the share of stock upon the exercise of the option, unless such share is disposed of by the grantee of the option within two years from the date of the granting of the option or within six months after the transfer of such share to the grantee,

(8) in the case of a taxpayer who is separately or as a partner of a partnership doing an insurance business as a member of the New York insurance exchange described in section six thousand two hundred one of the insurance law, such taxpayer’s distributive or pro rata share of the allocated entire net income of such business as determined under sections fifteen hundred three and fifteen hundred four of the tax law, provided however, in the event such allocated entire net income is a loss, such taxpayer’s distributive or pro rata share of such loss shall not be subtracted from federal taxable income in computing entire net income under this subdivision,

(9) for taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-one, except with respect to property which is a qualified mass commuting vehicle described in subparagraph (D) of paragraph eight of subsection (f) of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code (relating to qualified mass commuting vehicles) and

property of a taxpayer principally engaged in the conduct of an aviation, steamboat, ferry or navigation business, or two or more of such businesses, which is placed in service before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-nine, any amount which the taxpayer claimed as a deduction in computing its federal taxable income solely as a result of an election made pursuant to the provisions of such paragraph eight as it was in effect for agreements entered into prior to January first, nineteen hundred eighty-four,

(10) for taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-one, except with respect to property which is a qualified mass commuting vehicle described in subparagraph (D) of paragraph eight of subsection (f) of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code (relating to qualified mass commuting vehicles) and property of a taxpayer principally engaged in the conduct of an aviation, steamboat, ferry or navigation business, or two or more of such businesses, which is placed in service before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-nine, any amount which the taxpayer would have been required to include in the computation of its federal taxable income had it not made the election permitted pursuant to such paragraph eight as it was in effect for agreements entered into prior to January first, nineteen hundred eighty-four,

(11) in the case of property placed in service in taxable years beginning before nineteen hundred ninety-four, for taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-one, except with respect to property subject to the provisions of section two hundred eighty-F of the internal revenue code, property subject to the provisions of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code which is placed in service in this state in taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-four and property of a taxpayer principally engaged in the conduct of an aviation, steamboat, ferry or navigation business, or two or more of such businesses, which is placed in service before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-nine, the amount allowable as a deduction determined under section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code,

(12) upon the disposition of property to which paragraph (j) of this subdivision applies, the amount, if any, by which the aggregate of the amounts described in such paragraph (j) attributable to such property exceeds the aggregate of the amounts described in subparagraph eleven of this paragraph attributable to such property.

(16) for taxable years ending after September tenth, two thousand one, in the case of qualified property described in paragraph two of subsection k of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code, other than qualified resurgence zone property described in paragraph (m) of this subdivision, and other than qualified New York Liberty Zone property described in paragraph two of subsection b of section fourteen hundred L of the internal revenue code (without regard to clause (i) of subparagraph (C) of such paragraph), the amount allowable as a deduction under section one hundred sixty-seven of the internal revenue code.

(17) for taxable years beginning on or after January first, two thousand four, in the case of a taxpayer that is not an eligible farmer as defined in subsection (n) of section six hundred six of the tax law, the amount allowable as a deduction under sections one hundred seventy-nine, one hundred sixty-seven and one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code with respect to a sport utility vehicle that is not a passenger automobile as defined in paragraph five of subsection (d) of section two hundred eighty F of the internal revenue code.

(18) The amount of any deduction allowed pursuant to section one hundred ninety-nine of the internal revenue code.

(19) The amount of any federal deduction for taxes imposed under article twenty-three of the tax law.

(20) the amount of any federal deduction that would have been allowed pursuant to section 250(a)(1)(A) of the internal revenue code if the taxpayer had not made an election under subchapter s of chapter one of the internal revenue code.

(21) For taxable years beginning in two thousand nineteen and two thousand twenty, the amount of the increase in the federal interest deduction allowed pursuant to section 163(j)(10) of the internal revenue code.

(c) Entire net income shall include income within and without the United States;

(c-1)(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, in the case of a taxpayer which is a foreign air carrier holding a foreign air carrier permit issued by the United States department of transportation pursuant to section four hundred two of the federal aviation act of nineteen hundred fifty-eight, as amended, and which is qualified under subparagraph two of this paragraph, entire net income shall not include, and shall be computed without the deduction of, amounts directly or indirectly attributable to, (i) any income derived from the international operation of aircraft as described in and subject to the provisions of section eight hundred eighty-three of the internal revenue code, (ii) income without the United States which is derived from the operation of aircraft, and (iii) income without the United States which is of a type described in subdivision (a) of section eight hundred eighty-one of the internal revenue code except that it is derived from sources without the United States. Entire net income shall include income described in clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of this subparagraph in the case of taxpayers not described in the previous sentence.

(2) A taxpayer is qualified under this subparagraph if air carriers organized in the United States and operating in the foreign country or countries in which the taxpayer has its major base of operations and in which it is organized, resident or headquartered (if not in the same country as its major base of operations) are not subject to any income tax or other tax based on or measured by income or receipts imposed by such foreign country or countries or any political subdivision thereof, or if so subject to such tax, are provided an exemption from such tax equivalent to that provided for herein.

(d) The commissioner of finance may, whenever necessary in order properly to reflect the entire net income of any taxpayer, determine the year or period in which any item of income or deduction shall be included, without regard to the method of accounting employed by the taxpayer;

(e) The entire net income of any bridge commission created by act of congress to construct a bridge across an international boundary means its gross income less the expense of maintaining and operating its properties, the annual interest upon its bonds and other obligations, and the annual charge for the retirement of such bonds or obligations at maturity;

(f) A net operating loss deduction shall be allowed which shall be the same as the net operating loss deduction allowed under section one hundred seventy-two of the internal revenue code or which would have been allowed if the taxpayer had not made an election under subchapter s of chapter one of the internal revenue code, except that in every instance where such deduction is allowed under this subchapter:

(1) any net operating loss included in determining such deduction shall be adjusted to reflect the inclusions and exclusions from entire net income pursuant to paragraphs (a), (b), (g) and (h) hereof,

(2) such deductions shall not include any net operating loss sustained during any taxable year in which the taxpayer was not subject to the tax imposed by this subchapter,

(3) such deduction shall not exceed the deduction for the taxable year allowed under section one hundred seventy-two of the internal revenue code, or the deduction for the taxable year which would have been allowed if the taxpayer had not made an election under subchapter s of chapter one of the internal revenue code,

(4) any net operating loss for a taxable year beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-one shall be computed without regard to the deduction allowed with respect to recovery property under section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code; in lieu of such deduction, a taxpayer shall be allowed for such taxable year with respect to such property the depreciation deduction allowable under section one hundred sixty-seven of such code as such section was in full force and effect on December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty, and

(5) the net operating loss deduction allowed under section one hundred seventy-two of the internal revenue code shall for purposes of this paragraph be determined as if the taxpayer had elected under such section to relinquish the entire carryback period with respect to net operating losses, except with respect to the first ten thousand dollars of each of such losses, sustained during taxable years ending after June thirtieth, nineteen hundred eighty-nine;

(6) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter to the contrary, for taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty-one, any amendment to section one hundred seventy-two of the internal revenue code made after March first, two thousand twenty shall not apply to this subchapter.

(g) At the election of the taxpayer, a deduction shall be allowed for expenditures paid or incurred during the taxable year for the construction, reconstruction, erection or improvement of industrial waste treatment facilities and air pollution control facilities.

(1)(A) The term “industrial waste treatment facilities” shall mean facilities for the treatment, neutralization or stabilization of industrial waste (as the term “industrial waste” is defined in section 17-0105 of the environmental conservation law) from a point immediately preceding the point of such treatment, neutralization or stabilization to the point of disposal, including the necessary pumping and transmitting facilities, but excluding such facilities installed for the primary purpose of salvaging materials which are usable in the manufacturing process or are marketable.

(B) The term “air pollution control facilities” shall mean facilities which remove, reduce, or render less noxious air contaminants emitted from an air contamination source (as the terms “air contaminant” and “air contamination source” are defined in section 19-0107 of the environmental conservation law) from a point immediately preceding the point of such removal, reduction or rendering to the point of discharge of air, meeting emission standards as established by the air pollution control board, but excluding such facilities installed for the primary purpose of salvaging materials which are usable in the manufacturing process or are marketable and excluding those facilities which rely for their efficacy on dilution, dispersion or assimilation of air contaminants in the ambient air after emission.

(2) However, such deduction shall be allowed only (A) with respect to tangible property which is depreciable, pursuant to section one hundred

sixty-seven of the internal revenue code, having a situs in the city and used in the taxpayer’s trade or business, the construction, reconstruction, erection or improvement of which, in the case of industrial waste treatment facilities, is initiated on or after January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six, and only for expenditures paid or incurred prior to January first, nineteen hundred seventy-two, or which, in the case of air pollution control facilities, is initiated on or after January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six, and

(B) on condition that such facilities have been certified by the state commissioner of environmental conservation or the state commissioner’s designated representative, in the same manner as provided for in section 17-0707 or 19-0309 of the environmental conservation law, as applicable, as complying with applicable provisions of the environmental conservation law, the state sanitary code and regulations, permits or orders issued pursuant thereto, and

(C) on condition that entire net income for the taxable year and all succeeding taxable years be computed without any deductions for such expenditures or for depreciation of the same property other than the deductions allowed by this paragraph (g) except to the extent that the basis of the property may be attributable to factors other than such expenditures, or in case a deduction is allowable pursuant to this paragraph for only a part of such expenditures, on condition that any deduction allowed for federal income tax purposes for such expenditures or for depreciation of the same property be proportionately reduced in computing entire net income for the taxable year and all succeeding taxable years, and

(D) where the election provided for in paragraph (d) of subdivision three of section 11-604 of this subchapter has not been exercised in respect to the same property.

(3)(A) If expenditures in respect to an industrial waste treatment facility or an air pollution control facility have been deducted as provided herein and if within ten (10) years from the end of the taxable year in which such deduction was allowed such property or any part thereof is used for the primary purpose of salvaging materials which are usable in the manufacturing process or are marketable, the taxpayer shall report such change of use in its report for the first taxable year during which it occurs, and the commissioner of finance may recompute the tax for the year or years for which such deduction was allowed and any carryback or carryover year, and may assess any additional tax resulting from such recomputation within the time fixed by paragraph (h) of subdivision three of section 11-674 of this chapter.

(B) If a deduction is allowed as herein provided for expenditures paid or incurred during any taxable year on the basis of a temporary certificate of compliance issued pursuant to the environmental conservation law and if the taxpayer fails to obtain a permanent certificate of compliance upon completion of the facilities with respect to which such temporary certificate was issued, the taxpayer shall report such failure in its report for the taxable year during which such facilities are completed, and the commissioner of finance may recompute the tax for the year or years for which such deduction was allowed and any carryback or carryover year, and may assess any additional tax resulting from such recomputation within the time fixed by paragraph (h) of subdivision three of section 11-674 of this chapter.

(4) In any taxable year when property is sold or otherwise disposed of, with respect to which a deduction has been allowed pursuant to this paragraph, such deduction shall be disregarded in computing gain or loss, and the gain or loss on the sale or other disposition of such property shall be the gain or loss entering into the computation of

entire taxable income which the taxpayer is required to report to the United States treasury for such taxable year;

(h) With respect to gain derived from the sale or other disposition of any property acquired prior to January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six; which had a federal adjusted basis on such date (or on the date of its sale or other disposition prior to January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six) lower than its fair market value on January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six or the date of its sale or other disposition prior thereto, except property described in subsections one and four of section twelve hundred twenty-one of the internal revenue code, there shall be deducted from entire net income, the difference between (1) the amount of the taxpayer’s federal taxable income, and (2) the amount of the taxpayer’s federal taxable income (if smaller than the amount described in subparagraph one of this paragraph computed as if the federal adjusted basis of each such property (on the sale or other disposition of which gain was derived) on the date of the sale or other disposition had been equal to either (A) its fair market value on January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six or the date of its sale or other disposition prior to January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six, plus or minus all adjustments to basis made with respect to such property for federal income tax purposes for periods on and after January first, nineteen hundred sixty-six or (B) the amount realized from its sale or disposition, whichever is lower; provided, however, that the total modification provided by this paragraph (h) shall not exceed the amount of the taxpayer’s net gain from the sale or other disposition of all such property.

(i) If the period covered by a report under this subchapter is other than the period covered by the report of the United States treasury department, entire net income shall be determined by multiplying the federal taxable income (as adjusted pursuant to the provisions of this subchapter) by the number of calendar months or major parts thereof covered by the report under this subchapter and dividing by the number of calendar months or major parts thereof covered by the report to such department.

If it shall appear that such method of determining entire net income does not properly reflect the taxpayer’s income during the period covered by the report under this subchapter, the commissioner of finance shall be authorized in his or her discretion to determine such entire net income solely on the basis of the taxpayer’s income during the period covered by its report under this subchapter.

(j) In the case of property placed in service in taxable years beginning before nineteen hundred ninety-four, for taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-one, except with respect to property subject to the provisions of section two hundred eighty-F of the internal revenue code and property subject to the provisions of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code which is placed in service in this state in taxable years beginning after December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty-four, and provided a deduction has not been excluded from entire net income pursuant to subparagraph nine of paragraph (b) of this subdivision, a taxpayer shall be allowed with respect to property which is subject to the provisions of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code the depreciation deduction allowable under section one hundred sixty-seven of the internal revenue code as such section would have applied to property placed in service on December thirty-first, nineteen hundred eighty. This paragraph shall not apply to property of a taxpayer principally engaged in the conduct of an aviation, steamboat, ferry or navigation business, or two or more of such businesses, which

is placed in service before taxable years beginning in nineteen hundred eighty-nine.

(k) for taxable years ending after September tenth, two thousand one, in the case of qualified property described in paragraph two of subsection k of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code, other than qualified resurgence zone property described in paragraph (m) of this subdivision, and other than qualified New York Liberty Zone property described in paragraph two of subsection b of section fourteen hundred L of the internal revenue code (without regard to clause (i) of subparagraph (C) of such paragraph), the depreciation deduction allowable under section one hundred sixty-seven as such section would have applied to such property had it been acquired by the taxpayer on September tenth, two thousand one, provided, however, that for taxable years beginning on or after January first, two thousand four, in the case of a passenger motor vehicle or a sport utility vehicle subject to the provisions of paragraph (o) of this subdivision, the limitation under clause (i) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph one of subdivision (a) of section two hundred eighty F of the internal revenue code applicable to the amount allowed as a deduction under this paragraph shall be determined as of the date such vehicle was placed in service and not as of September tenth, two thousand one.

(l) for taxable years ending after September tenth, two thousand one, upon the disposition of property to which paragraph (k) of this subdivision applies, the amount of any gain or loss includible in entire net income shall be adjusted to reflect the inclusions and exclusions from entire net income pursuant to subparagraph twelve of paragraph (a) and subparagraph sixteen of paragraph (b) of this subdivision attributable to such property.

(m) for purposes of paragraphs (l) and (m) of this subdivision, qualified resurgence zone property shall mean qualified property described in paragraph two of subsection k of section one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code substantially all of the use of which is in the resurgence zone, as defined below, and is in the active conduct of a trade or business by the taxpayer in such zone, and the original use of which in the resurgence zone commences with the taxpayer after September tenth, two thousand one. The resurgence zone shall mean the area of New York county bounded on the south by a line running from the intersection of the Hudson River with the Holland Tunnel, and running thence east to Canal Street, then running along the centerline of Canal Street to the intersection of the Bowery and Canal Street, running thence in a southeasterly direction diagonally across Manhattan Bridge Plaza, to the Manhattan Bridge, and thence along the centerline of the Manhattan Bridge to the point where the centerline of the Manhattan Bridge would intersect with the easterly bank of the East River, and bounded on the north by a line running from the intersection of the Hudson River with the Holland Tunnel and running thence north along West Avenue to the intersection of Clarkson Street then running east along the centerline of Clarkson Street to the intersection of Washington Avenue, then running south along the centerline of Washington Avenue to the intersection of West Houston Street, then east along the centerline of West Houston Street, then at the intersection of the Avenue of the Americas continuing east along the centerline of East Houston Street to the easterly bank of the East River.

(n) Related members expense add back. (1) Definitions. (A) Related member. “Related member” means a related person as defined in subparagraph (c) of paragraph three of subsection (b) of section four hundred sixty-five of the internal revenue code, except that “fifty percent” shall be substituted for “ten percent”.

(B) Effective rate of tax. “Effective rate of tax” means, as to any city, the maximum statutory rate of tax imposed by the city on or measured by a related member’s net income multiplied by the apportionment percentage, if any, applicable to the related member under the laws of said jurisdiction. For purposes of this definition, the effective rate of tax as to any city is zero where the related member’s net income tax liability in said city is reported on a combined or consolidated return including both the taxpayer and the related member where the reported transactions between the taxpayer and the related member are eliminated or offset. Also, for purposes of this definition, when computing the effective rate of tax for a city in which a related member’s net income is eliminated or offset by a credit or similar adjustment that is dependent upon the related member either maintaining or managing intangible property or collecting interest income in that city, the maximum statutory rate of tax imposed by said city shall be decreased to reflect the statutory rate of tax that applies to the related member as effectively reduced by such credit or similar adjustment.

(C) Royalty payments. Royalty payments are payments directly connected to the acquisition, use, maintenance or management, ownership, sale, exchange, or any other disposition of licenses, trademarks, copyrights, trade names, trade dress, service marks, mask works, trade secrets, patents and any other similar types of intangible assets as determined by the commissioner of finance, and include amounts allowable as interest deductions under section one hundred sixty-three of the internal revenue code to the extent such amounts are directly or indirectly for, related to or in connection with the acquisition, use, maintenance or management, ownership, sale, exchange or disposition of such intangible assets.

(D) Valid business purpose. A valid business purpose is one or more business purposes, other than the avoidance or reduction of taxation, which alone or in combination constitute the primary motivation for some business activity or transaction, which activity or transaction changes in a meaningful way, apart from tax effects, the economic position of the taxpayer. The economic position of the taxpayer includes an increase in the market share of the taxpayer, or the entry by the taxpayer into new business markets.

(2) Royalty expense add backs. (A) For the purpose of computing entire net income or other applicable taxable basis, a taxpayer must add back royalty payments directly or indirectly paid, accrued, or incurred in connection with one or more direct or indirect transactions with one or more related members during the taxable year to the extent deductible in calculating federal taxable income.

(B) Exceptions. (i) The adjustment required in this paragraph shall not apply to the portion of the royalty payment that the taxpayer establishes, by clear and convincing evidence of the type and in the form specified by the commissioner of finance, meets all of the following requirements: (I) the related member was subject to tax in this city or another city within the United States or a foreign nation or some combination thereof on a tax base that included the royalty payment paid, accrued or incurred by the taxpayer; (II) the related member during the same taxable year directly or indirectly paid, accrued or incurred such portion to a person that is not a related member; and (III) the transaction giving rise to the royalty payment between the taxpayer and the related member was undertaken for a valid business purpose.

(ii) The adjustment required in this paragraph shall not apply if the taxpayer establishes, by clear and convincing evidence of the type and

in the form specified by the commissioner of finance, that: (I) the related member was subject to tax on or measured by its net income in this city or another city within the United States, or some combination thereof; (II) the tax base for said tax included the royalty payment paid, accrued or incurred by the taxpayer; and (III) the aggregate effective rate of tax applied to the related member in those jurisdictions is no less than eighty percent of the statutory rate of tax that applied to the taxpayer under section 11-604 of this subchapter for the taxable year.

(iii) The adjustment required in this paragraph shall not apply if the taxpayer establishes, by clear and convincing evidence of the type and in the form specified by the commissioner of finance, that: (I) the royalty payment was paid, accrued or incurred to a related member organized under the laws of a country other than the United States; (II) the related member’s income from the transaction was subject to a comprehensive income tax treaty between such country and the United States; (III) the related member was subject to tax in a foreign nation on a tax base that included the royalty payment paid, accrued or incurred by the taxpayer; (IV) the related member’s income from the transaction was taxed in such country at an effective rate of tax at least equal to that imposed by this city; and (V) the royalty payment was paid, accrued or incurred pursuant to a transaction that was undertaken for a valid business purpose and using terms that reflect an arm’s length relationship.

(iv) The adjustment required in this paragraph shall not apply if the taxpayer and the commissioner of finance agree in writing to the application or use of alternative adjustments or computations. The commissioner of finance may, in his or her discretion, agree to the application or use of alternative adjustments or computations when he or she concludes that in the absence of such agreement the income of the taxpayer would not be properly reflected.

(o) For taxable years beginning on or after January first, two thousand four, in the case of a taxpayer that is not an eligible farmer as defined in subsection (n) of section six hundred six of the tax law, the deductions allowable under sections one hundred seventy-nine, one hundred sixty-seven and one hundred sixty-eight of the internal revenue code with respect to a sport utility vehicle that is not a passenger automobile as defined in paragraph five of subsection (d) of section two hundred eighty F of the internal revenue code, determined as if such sport utility vehicle were a passenger automobile as defined in such paragraph five. For purposes of paragraph (k) and subparagraph sixteen of paragraph (b) of subdivision eight of this section, the terms qualified resurgence zone property and qualified New York Liberty Zone property described in paragraph two of subsection b of section fourteen hundred L of the internal revenue code shall not include any sport utility vehicle that is not a passenger automobile as defined in paragraph five of subsection (d) of section two hundred eighty F of the internal revenue code.

(p) Upon the disposition of property to which paragraph (o) of this subdivision applies, the amount of any gain or loss includible in entire net income shall be adjusted to reflect the inclusions and exclusions from entire net income pursuant to subparagraph thirteen of paragraph (a) and subparagraph seventeen of paragraph (b) of this subdivision attributable to such property.

9. (a) The term “calendar year” means a period of twelve calendar months (or any shorter period beginning on the date the taxpayer becomes subject to the tax imposed by this subchapter) ending on the thirty-first day of December, provided the taxpayer keeps its books on

the basis of such period or on the basis of any period ending on any day other than the last day of a calendar month, or provided the taxpayer does not keep books, and includes, in case the taxpayer changes the period on the basis of which it keeps its books from a fiscal year to a calendar year, the period from the close of its last old fiscal year up to and including the following December thirty-first.

(b) The term “fiscal year” means a period of twelve calendar months (or any shorter period beginning on the date the taxpayer becomes subject to the tax imposed by this subchapter) ending on the last day of any month other than December, provided the taxpayer keeps its books on the basis of such period, and includes, in case the taxpayer changes the period on the basis of which it keeps its books from a calendar year to a fiscal year or from one fiscal year to another fiscal year, the period from the close of its last old calendar or fiscal year up to the date designated as the close of its new fiscal year.

10. The term “tangible personal property” means corporeal personal property, such as machinery, tools, implements, goods, wares and merchandise, and does not mean money, deposits in banks, shares of stock, bonds, notes, credits or evidence of an interest property and evidences of debt.