a. Definitions. For the purposes of this section only, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

Terms Used In N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 24-163.7

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.

“Best available retrofit technology” means technology, verified by the United States environmental protection agency or the California air resources board, for reducing the emission of pollutants that achieves reductions in particulate matter emissions at the highest classification level for diesel emission control strategies, as set forth in subdivision e of this section, that is applicable to the particular engine and application. Such technology shall also, at a reasonable cost, achieve the greatest reduction in emissions of nitrogen oxides at such particulate matter reduction level and shall in no event result in a net increase in the emissions of either particulate matter or nitrogen oxides.

“Department of education” means the New York city department of education, formerly known as the New York city board of education, and any successor agency or entity thereto, the expenses of which are paid in whole or in part from the city treasury.

“Reasonable cost” means that such technology does not cost greater than thirty percent more than other technology applicable to the particular engine and application that falls within the same classification level for diesel emission control strategies, as set forth in subdivision e of this section, when considering the cost of the strategies, themselves, and the cost of installation.

“School bus” means any vehicle operated pursuant to a school bus contract, designed to transport ten or more children at one time, of the designation “Type C bus” or “Type D bus” as set forth in 17 NYCRR §§ 720.1(Z) and (AA), and used to transport children to or from any school located in the city of New York, and excluding any vehicle utilized primarily to transport children with special educational needs who do not travel to and from school in vehicles used to transport general education students.

“School bus contract” means any agreement between any person and the department of education to transport children on a school bus.

b. (1) Beginning July 1, 2006, any diesel fuel-powered school bus that is operated by a person who fuels such school bus at any facility at which ultra low sulfur diesel fuel is available, or of which such person has the exclusive use and control, or at which such person has the ability to specify the fuel to be made available, shall be powered by ultra low sulfur diesel fuel.

(2) Beginning September 1, 2006, any diesel fuel-powered school bus to which paragraph one of this subdivision does not apply shall be powered by ultra low sulfur diesel fuel.

c. Diesel fuel-powered school buses shall utilize the best available retrofit technology in accordance with the following schedule:

i. 50% of school buses used to fulfill each school bus contract by September 1, 2006;

ii. 100% of school buses used to fulfill each school bus contract by September 1, 2007 and thereafter.

d. (1) The commissioner shall make determinations, and shall publish a list containing such determinations, as to the best available retrofit technology to be used for each type of diesel fuel-powered school bus to which this section applies. Each such determination shall be reviewed and revised, as needed, on a regular basis, but in no event less often than once every six months.

(2) No person shall be required to replace best available retrofit technology or other authorized technology utilized for a diesel

fuel-powered school bus in accordance with the provisions of this section within three years of having first utilized such technology for such bus, except that technology that falls within Level 4, as set forth in subdivision e of this section, shall not be required to be replaced until it has reached the end of its useful life.

(3) For purposes of this subdivision, any best available retrofit technology, or substantially similar technology, purchased or installed in whole or in part with funds provided by the state of New York or the federal government pursuant to a specific diesel emissions reduction program in effect upon the date of enactment of this section, shall constitute the best available retrofit technology for a period of not less than three years from the date on which such equipment was installed.

e. The classification levels for diesel emission control strategies are as follows, with Level 4 being the highest classification level:

i. Level 4 – strategy reduces diesel particulate matter emissions by 85 percent or greater or reduces engine emissions to less than or equal to 0.01 grams diesel particulate matter per brake horsepower-hour;

ii. Level 3 – strategy reduces diesel particulate matter emissions by between 50 and 84 percent;

iii. Level 2 – strategy reduces diesel particulate matter emissions by between 25 and 49 percent;

iv. Level 1 – strategy reduces diesel particulate matter emissions by between 20 and 24 percent.

f. Subdivision b of this section shall not apply to any school bus covered under a federal waiver for the use of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel issued by the United States environmental protection agency pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 7545(c)(4)(C)(ii) or any regulation promulgated thereunder, provided that the owner and operator of such school bus shall fully comply with the terms of such federal waiver, and the requirements of subdivision b of this section shall be in full force and effect upon the expiration of such federal waiver.

g. The commissioner may issue a waiver for the use of the best available retrofit technology by a diesel fuel-powered school bus where the department of education makes a written finding, which is approved, in writing, by the commissioner, that such technology is unavailable for purchase for such bus, in which case the owner or operator of such school bus shall be required to use the technology for reducing the emission of pollutants that would be the next best best available retrofit technology and that is available for purchase for such bus. Any waiver issued pursuant to this subdivision shall expire after three years.

h. Subdivision c of this section shall not apply to a diesel-fuel powered school bus that is equipped with an engine certified to the applicable 2007 United States environmental protection agency standard for particulate matter as set forth in section 86.007-11 of title 40 of the code of federal regulations or to any subsequent United States environmental protection agency standard for such pollutant that is at least as stringent.

i. Not later than January 1, 2007, and not later than January 1 of each year thereafter, the commissioner shall submit a report to the comptroller and the speaker of the council regarding, among other things, the use of ultra low sulfur diesel fuel and the use of the best available retrofit technology by school buses during the immediately preceding fiscal year. The information contained in this report shall also be included in the mayor’s preliminary management report and the mayor’s management report for the relevant fiscal year and shall include, but not be limited to: (i) the number of school buses used to

fulfill the requirements of school bus contracts; (ii) the number of such buses that were powered by ultra low sulfur diesel fuel; (iii) the number of such buses that utilized the best available retrofit technology, including a breakdown by vehicle model, engine year and the type of technology used for each vehicle; (iv) the number of such buses that utilized other authorized technology in accordance with this section, including a breakdown by vehicle model, engine age and the type of technology used for each vehicle; (v) the number of such buses that are equipped with an engine certified to the applicable United States environmental protection agency standard for particulate matter in accordance with subdivision h of this section; (vi) the school districts where such buses that were powered by ultra low sulfur diesel fuel, utilized the best available retrofit technology, utilized such other authorized technology in accordance with this section or were equipped with an engine certified to the applicable United States environmental protection agency standard for particulate matter were used; and (vii) all waivers issued pursuant to subdivision g of this section, which shall include, but not be limited to, all findings and specific information submitted by the department of education or a school bus owner or operator upon which such waivers are based and the type of other authorized technology utilized in accordance with this section in relation to each waiver, instead of the best available retrofit technology.

j. This section shall not apply:

(1) where federal or state funding precludes the city from imposing the requirements of this section;

(2) to purchases that are emergency procurements pursuant to section three hundred fifteen of the New York city charter; or

(3) where federal or state law prohibits the application of the requirements of this section.

k. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty in accordance with section 24-178 of the code.

l. Where a person has been found to have made a false claim with respect to the provisions of this section, such person shall be subject to enforcement pursuant to the provisions of chapter eight of title seven of the code.

m. This section shall not apply to any school bus contract entered into or renewed prior to May 9, 2005.

n. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the authority of the department of education or of the city of New York to cancel or terminate a contract, deny or withdraw approval to perform a subcontract or provide supplies, issue a non-responsibility finding, issue a non-responsiveness finding, deny a person or entity prequalification as a vendor, or otherwise deny a person or entity city business.