1.    Unless a court of competent jurisdiction determines otherwise, the appointment of an agent in a health care directive executed pursuant to this chapter takes precedence over any authority to make medical decisions granted to a guardian pursuant to chapter 30.1-28.

Terms Used In North Dakota Code 23-06.5-13

  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Individual: means a human being. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Person: means an individual, organization, government, political subdivision, or government agency or instrumentality. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49

2.    To the extent that health care directives conflict, the instrument executed later in time controls.

3.    The principal is presumed to have the capacity to execute a health care directive and to revoke a health care directive, absent clear and convincing evidence to the contrary.

4.    A health care provider or agent may presume that a health care directive is legally sufficient absent actual knowledge to the contrary. A health care directive is presumed to be properly executed, absent clear and convincing evidence to the contrary.

5.    An agent and a health care provider acting pursuant to the direction of an agent are presumed to be acting in good faith, absent clear and convincing evidence to the contrary.

6.    A health care directive is presumed to remain in effect until the principal modifies or revokes it, absent clear and convincing evidence to the contrary.

7.    This chapter does not create a presumption concerning the intention of an individual who has not executed a health care directive and does not impair or supersede any right or responsibility of an individual to consent, refuse to consent, or withdraw consent to health care on behalf of another in the absence of a health care directive.

8.    A copy of a health care directive is presumed to be a true and accurate copy of the executed original, absent clear and convincing evidence to the contrary, and must be given the same effect as an original.

9.    Death resulting from the withholding or withdrawal of health care pursuant to a health care directive in accordance with this chapter does not constitute, for any purpose, a suicide or homicide.

10.    The making of a health care directive under this chapter does not affect in any manner the sale, procurement, or issuance of any policy of life insurance or annuity, nor does it    affect, impair, or modify the terms of an existing policy of life insurance or annuity. A policy of life insurance or annuity is not legally impaired or invalidated in any manner by the withholding or withdrawal of health care from an insured principal, notwithstanding any term to the contrary.

11.    A person may not prohibit or require the execution of a health care directive as a condition for being insured for, or receiving, health care services.

12.    This chapter does not affect the right of a patient to make decisions regarding use of health care, so long as the patient is able to do so, or impair or supersede any right or responsibility that a person has to effect the provision, withholding, or withdrawal of health care.

13.    Health care directives prepared under this chapter which direct the withholding of health care do not apply to emergency treatment performed in a prehospital situation.