Sections
Intestate Succession 112.015 – 112.115
Advancements 112.135 – 112.155
Status of Adopted Persons 112.175 – 112.195
Wills 112.225 – 112.415
Effect of Homicide or Abuse On Intestate Succession, Wills, Joint Assets, Life Insurance and Beneficiary Designations 112.455 – 112.555
Uniform Simultaneous Death Act 112.570 – 112.590
Dower and Curtesy Abolished 112.685
Uniform Disposition of Community Property Rights At Death Act 112.705 – 112.775
Disposition of Wills 112.800 – 112.830

Terms Used In Oregon Statutes > Chapter 112

  • affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • decedent: A deceased person.
  • deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • devise: To gift property by will.
  • dower: A widow
  • equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes individuals, corporations, associations, firms, partnerships, limited liability companies and joint stock companies. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • probate: Proving a will
  • real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • United States: includes territories, outlying possessions and the District of Columbia. See Oregon Statutes 174.100