Definitions
Theft and Related Offenses
Mail-Related Offenses
Money Laundering
Burglary and Criminal Trespass
Arson, Criminal Mischief and Related Offenses
Graffiti-Related Offenses
Robbery
Littering
Unlawful Transport
Miscellaneous

Terms Used In Oregon Statutes > Chapter 164

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest or a lien created under ORS 87. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Any other state: includes any state and the District of Columbia. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • Certificate of title: includes another record maintained as an alternative to the certificate of title by the governmental unit that issues certificates of title if a statute permits the security interest in question to be indicated on the record as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of the lien creditor with respect to the collateral. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Commodity account: means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Commodity contract: means a commodity futures contract, an option on a commodity futures contract, a commodity option or another contract if the contract or option is:

    (A) Traded on or subject to the rules of a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market for such a contract pursuant to federal commodities laws; or

    (B) Traded on a foreign commodity board of trade, exchange, or market, and is carried on the books of a commodity intermediary for a commodity customer. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102

  • Commodity customer: means a person for which a commodity intermediary carries a commodity contract on its books. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Commodity intermediary: means a person that:

    (A) Is registered as a futures commission merchant under federal commodities law; or

    (B) In the ordinary course of its business provides clearance or settlement services for a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market pursuant to federal commodities law. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • Consumer goods: means goods that are used or bought for use primarily for personal, family or household purposes. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County court: includes board of county commissioners. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • department: means the Department of Revenue. See Oregon Statutes 314.011
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook or similar account maintained with a bank. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Document: means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in ORS 77. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Farm products: means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation and which are:

    (A) Crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including:

    (i) Crops produced on trees, vines and bushes; and

    (ii) Aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations;

    (B) Livestock, born or unborn, including aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations;

    (C) Supplies used or produced in a farming operation; or

    (D) Products of crops or livestock in their unmanufactured states. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102

  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health-care-insurance receivable: means an interest in or claim under a policy of insurance which is a right to payment of a monetary obligation for health-care goods or services provided. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inventory: means goods, other than farm products, which:

    (A) Are leased by a person as lessor;

    (B) Are held by a person for sale or lease or to be furnished under a contract of service;

    (C) Are furnished by a person under a contract of service; or

    (D) Consist of raw materials, work in process, or materials used or consumed in a business. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102

  • Investment property: means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, security entitlement, securities account, commodity contract or commodity account. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Letter-of-credit right: means a right to payment or performance under a letter of credit, whether or not the beneficiary has demanded or is at the time entitled to demand payment or performance. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Manufactured structure: has the meaning given that term in ORS 446. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payment intangible: means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Person: includes individuals, corporations, associations, firms, partnerships, limited liability companies and joint stock companies. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Promissory note: means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Registered organization: includes a business trust that is formed or organized under the law of a single state if a statute of the state governing business trusts requires that the business trust's organic record be filed with the state. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • State Treasury: includes those financial assets the lawful custody of which are vested in the State Treasurer and the office of the State Treasurer relating to the custody of those financial assets. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes territories, outlying possessions and the District of Columbia. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Violate: includes failure to comply. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Oregon Statutes 77.1020