Special Motion to Strike
Defenses Generally
Rules Governing Particular Claims for Relief
Advance Payments
Collateral Benefits
Comparative Negligence
Assignment of Cause of Action Against Insurer
Abolished Common Law Actions

Terms Used In Oregon Statutes > Chapter 31

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Any other state: includes any state and the District of Columbia. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: means the articles of incorporation described in ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board of directors: means the individual or individuals who are vested with overall management of the affairs of a domestic corporation or foreign corporation, irrespective of the name that designates the individual or individuals. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Bylaws: means a set of provisions for managing and regulating a corporation's affairs that the corporation must adopt under ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Child: means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Child support award: means a money award or agency order that requires the payment of child support and that is entered under ORS 25. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Child support order: means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state or foreign country. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • City: includes any incorporated village or town. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Civil action: means any action that is not a criminal action. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Class: means a group of memberships that have the same rights, including rights that are determined by a formula that is applied uniformly, with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption and transfer. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conservator: means a person appointed as a conservator under the provisions of this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Convention: means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at The Hague on November 23, 2007. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corporation: means a domestic corporation or a foreign corporation. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County court: includes board of county commissioners. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Criminal action: has the meaning given in ORS 131. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delegate: means a person who is elected or appointed to vote in a representative assembly for electing a director or directors or on other matters. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Director: means an individual who acts as a member of the board of directors, who has a right to vote on questions concerning the management and regulation of a corporation's affairs and who is:

    (a) An appointed director;

    (b) A designated director; or

    (c) A director elected by the incorporators, directors or members. See Oregon Statutes 65.001

  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • district: means any one of the following:

    (1) A people's utility district organized under ORS chapter 261. See Oregon Statutes 198.010

  • Domestic corporation: means a nonprofit corporation that is not a foreign corporation and that is incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Duty of support: means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Entity: means a domestic corporation, foreign corporation, business corporation and foreign business corporation, profit and nonprofit unincorporated association, corporation sole, business trust, partnership, two or more persons that have a joint or common economic interest, any state, the United States, a federally recognized Native American or American Indian tribal government and any foreign government. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Execution: means enforcement of the money award portion of a judgment or enforcement of a judgment requiring delivery of the possession or sale of specific real or personal property, by means of writs of execution, writs of garnishment and other statutory or common law writs or remedies that may be available under the law. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: means a guardian or conservator appointed under the provisions of this chapter or any other person appointed by a court to assume duties with respect to a protected person under the provisions of this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financially incapable: means a condition in which a person is unable to manage financial resources of the person effectively for reasons including, but not limited to, mental illness, mental retardation, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs or controlled substances, chronic intoxication, confinement, detention by a foreign power or disappearance. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation that is organized under laws other than the laws of the state and that would be a nonprofit corporation if organized under the laws of the state. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Foreign country: means a country, or a political subdivision of a country, other than the United States, that authorizes the issuance of support orders and:

    (a) That has been declared under the law of the United States to be a foreign reciprocating country;

    (b) That has established a reciprocal arrangement for child support with this state as provided in ORS 110. See Oregon Statutes 110.503

  • Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • General judgment: means the judgment entered by a court that decides all requests for relief in the action except:

    (a) A request for relief previously decided by a limited judgment; and

    (b) A request for relief that may be decided by a supplemental judgment. See Oregon Statutes 18.005

  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: means a person appointed as a guardian under the provisions of this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Incapacitated: means a condition in which a person's ability to receive and evaluate information effectively or to communicate decisions is impaired to such an extent that the person presently lacks the capacity to meet the essential requirements for the person's physical health or safety. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Income: includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Income withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor issued pursuant to ORS 25. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Individual: means a natural person, including the guardian of an incompetent individual. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgment document: means a writing in the form provided by ORS 18. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • judicial department: means the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, the Oregon Tax Court, the circuit courts and all administrative divisions of those courts, whether denominated as boards, commissions, committees or departments or by any other designation. See Oregon Statutes 174.113
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • local government: means all cities, counties and local service districts located in this state, and all administrative subdivisions of those cities, counties and local service districts. See Oregon Statutes 174.116
  • Member: means a person that is entitled, under a domestic corporation's or foreign corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws, to exercise any of the rights described in ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Membership: means the rights and obligations a member has under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Minor: means any person who has not attained 18 years of age. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Money award: means a judgment or portion of a judgment that requires the payment of money. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Mutual benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation that is organized to serve and operates primarily to serve the mutual interests of a group of persons, but is not a public benefit corporation or religious corporation. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Notice: means a notice described in ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligor: means an individual, or the estate of a decedent, that:

    (a) Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;

    (b) Is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child;

    (c) Is liable under a support order; or

    (d) Is a debtor in a proceeding under ORS 110. See Oregon Statutes 110.503

  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual or an entity. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, governmental subdivision, agency, instrumentality or any other legal or commercial entity. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Principal office: means the physical street address of the place, in or out of this state, where the principal executive offices of a domestic corporation or foreign corporation are located and that is designated as the principal office in the most recent annual report filed in accordance with ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: means a civil, criminal, administrative or investigatory action. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected person: means a person for whom a protective order has been entered. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Protective order: means an order of a court appointing a fiduciary or any other order of the court entered for the purpose of protecting the person or estate of a respondent or protected person. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Protective proceeding: means a proceeding under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Public benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation that:

    (a) Is formed as a public benefit corporation under ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001

  • public body: means state government bodies, local government bodies and special government bodies. See Oregon Statutes 174.109
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Register: means to file in a tribunal of this state a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or a foreign country. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Religious corporation: means a domestic corporation that is formed as a religious corporation under ORS 65. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Request for relief: means a claim, a charge in a criminal action or any other request for a determination of the rights and liabilities of one or more parties in an action that a legal authority allows the court to decide by a judgment. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Respondent: means a person for whom entry of a protective order is sought in a petition filed under ORS 125. See Oregon Statutes 125.005
  • Responding tribunal: means the authorized tribunal in a responding state or foreign country. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, any territory or insular possession under the jurisdiction of the United States or an Indian nation or tribe. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • state government: means the executive department, the judicial department and the legislative department. See Oregon Statutes 174.111
  • State Treasury: includes those financial assets the lawful custody of which are vested in the State Treasurer and the office of the State Treasurer relating to the custody of those financial assets. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplemental judgment: means a judgment that may be rendered after a general judgment pursuant to a legal authority. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Support arrearage lien: means a lien that attaches to real property under the provisions of ORS 18. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Support award: means a money award or agency order that requires the payment of child or spousal support. See Oregon Statutes 18.005
  • Support enforcement agency: means a public official, governmental entity or private agency authorized to:

    (a) Seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support;

    (b) Seek establishment or modification of child support;

    (c) Request determination of parentage of a child;

    (d) Attempt to locate obligors or their assets; or

    (e) Request determination of the controlling child support order. See Oregon Statutes 110.503

  • Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision or directive, whether temporary, final or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse or a former spouse, that provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • to and including: when used in a reference to a series of statute sections, subsections or paragraphs. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See Oregon Statutes 110.503
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • United States: means the federal government or a district, authority, bureau, commission, department or any other agency of the United States. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • United States: includes territories, outlying possessions and the District of Columbia. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Violate: includes failure to comply. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Vote: means an authorization by written ballot or written consent, where permitted, or by another method that a corporation specifies as an authorization. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast on an issue at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote that is contingent upon a condition or event occurring that has not occurred at the time. See Oregon Statutes 65.001
  • wife: means spouses or a spouse in a marriage. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Written: means embodied as a document. See Oregon Statutes 65.001