(a)(1) If a person, pursuant to §§ 12-19-32, 12-19-32.1, or 12-19-33, is ordered to make restitution in the form of monetary payment the court may order that it shall be made through the administrative office of state courts which shall record all payments and pay the money to the person injured in accordance with the order or with any modification of the order; provided, in cases where court ordered restitution totals less than two hundred dollars ($200) payment shall be made at the time of sentencing if the court determines that the defendant has the present ability to make restitution.
Terms Used In Rhode Island General Laws 12-19-34. Priority of restitution payments to victims of crime
- administrator: A male person appointed by the court to administer the estate of a deceased person who (1) dies leaving no will, or (2) leaves a will naming an executor or executors who for some reason cannot serve. The functions of an administrator are to collect assets of the estate, pay debts, and distribute residue to those entitled to it.
- assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
- garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- person: extends to and includes co-partnerships and bodies corporate and politic. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-6
- real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
(2) Payments made on account when both restitution to a third-party is ordered, and court costs, fines, and fees, and assessments related to prosecution are owed, shall be disbursed by the administrative office of the state courts in the following priorities:
(i) Upon determination of restitution, court ordered restitution payments shall be paid first to persons injured until such time as the court’s restitution is fully satisfied;
(ii) Followed by the payment of court costs, fines, fees, and assessments related to prosecution.
(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any interest which has been accrued by the restitution account in the central registry shall be deposited on a regular basis into the crime victim compensation fund, established by chapter 25 of this title. In the event that the office of the administrator of the state courts cannot locate the person or persons to whom restitution is to be made, the principal of the restitution payment shall escheat to the state pursuant to the provisions of chapter 8-12.
(b) The state is authorized to develop rules and/or regulations relating to assessment, collection, and disbursement of restitution payments when any of the following events occur:
(1) The defendant is incarcerated or on home confinement but is able to pay some portion of the restitution; or
(2) The victim dies before restitution payments are completed.
(c) The state may maintain a civil action to place a lien on the personal or real property of a defendant who is assessed restitution, as well as to seek wage garnishment, consistent with state and federal law.
(P.L. 1978, ch. 234, § 1; P.L. 1983, ch. 96, § 1; P.L. 1988, ch. 129, art. 25, § 2; P.L. 1992, ch. 351, § 1; P.L. 1994, ch. 98, § 1; P.L. 2008, ch. 297, § 3; P.L. 2008, ch. 326, § 3; P.L. 2010, ch. 231, § 3; P.L. 2010, ch. 238, § 3; P.L. 2013, ch. 28, § 1; P.L. 2013, ch. 43, § 1.)