§ 2-1-5 Agricultural institutes — Local associations
§ 2-1-6 Annual report — Publications
§ 2-1-8 Promotion of Rhode Island grown farm products and Rhode Island seafood
§ 2-1-9 Enforcement of marketing laws
§ 2-1-10 Inspection powers
§ 2-1-10.1 Assent to food safety modernization act
§ 2-1-11 Administration of oaths — Subpoena of witnesses and papers
§ 2-1-12 Enforcement of provisions — Prosecutions
§ 2-1-18 Declaration of intent
§ 2-1-19 Public policy on freshwater wetlands
§ 2-1-20 Definitions
§ 2-1-20.1 Rules and regulations
§ 2-1-20.2 Designation of wetlands, buffers, and floodplains
§ 2-1-20.3 Inspection — Penalty
§ 2-1-21 Approval of director
§ 2-1-22 Procedure for approval by director — Notice of change of ownership — Recordation of permit
§ 2-1-23 Violations
§ 2-1-24 Notice to cease operation and relief in equity — Penalty
§ 2-1-25 Severability
§ 2-1-27 Access to information on freshwater wetland applications
§ 2-1-28 Effect on zoning ordinances

Terms Used In Rhode Island General Laws > Chapter 2-1

  • Advanced practice registered nursing: means an independent and expanded scope of nursing in a role and population focus approved by the board of nurse registration and nursing education that includes the registered nurse scope of practice and may include, but is not limited to, performing acts of advanced assessment, diagnosing, prescribing, and ordering. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agent: means any individual or entity acting on behalf of a seller or buyer to effect the transfer of real estate. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Agreement to transfer: means a purchase and sale agreement, installment-sales contract, option to purchase agreement, or other agreement intended to effect the transfer of real estate from a seller to a buyer. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • analysis: is a study of real estate or real property other than estimating value. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • analysis: is a study of real estate or real property other than estimating value. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Animal: means any animal other than humans and includes, by way of illustration, not limitation, fowl, birds, fish, livestock, and reptiles, wild or domestic, living or dead. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-25-2
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appraisal: means an analysis, opinion, or conclusion relating to the nature, quality, value, or utility of specified interests in, or aspects of, identified real estate. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Appraisal Foundation: means the Appraisal Foundation incorporated as an Illinois not-for-profit corporation on November 30, 1987. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Appraisal management company: means :

    (i) In connection with valuing properties collateralizing mortgage loans or mortgages incorporated into a securitization, any external third party authorized either by a creditor of a consumer credit transaction secured by a consumer's principal dwelling, or by an underwriter of or other principal in the secondary mortgage markets, that oversees a network or panel of more than fifteen (15) certified or licensed appraisers in Rhode Island or twenty-five (25) or more nationally, excluding those appraisers who do not provide appraisal services for covered transactions, within a given year to:

    (A) Recruit, select, and retain appraisers;

    (B) Contract with licensed and certified appraisers to perform appraisal assignments;

    (C) Manage the process of having an appraisal performed, including providing administrative duties such as receiving appraisal orders and appraisal reports, submitting completed appraisal reports to creditors and underwriters, collecting fees from creditors and underwriters for services provided, and reimbursing appraisers for services performed; or

    (D) Review and verify the work of appraisers. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2

  • Appraisal report: means any communication, written or oral, of an appraisal. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Appraisal review: means the act or process of developing and communicating an opinion about the quality of another appraiser's work that was performed as part of an appraisal assignment related to the appraiser's data collection, analysis, opinions, conclusions, opinion of value, or compliance with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice; provided however, that "appraisal review" shall not include:

    (i) A general examination for grammatical, typographical, or similar errors; or

    (ii) A general examination for completeness, including regulatory or client requirements as specified in an agreement that does not communicate an opinion of value. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2

  • Appraiser panel: means a group of independent fee appraisers that have been selected by an appraisal management company to perform residential real estate appraisal services for the appraisal management company. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approval: means the process where the board of nursing evaluates and grants official recognition to basic nursing education programs meeting established criteria and standards. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associate broker: means any licensed real estate broker employed or engaged as an independent contractor by or on behalf of a licensed real estate broker to do or deal in any activity as included or comprehended by the definitions of a real estate broker in subsection (5) of this section, for compensation or otherwise. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.5-1
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • automobile junkyard: means a place where one or more unserviceable, discarded, worn-out, or junked automobiles, or bodies, engines, tires, parts, or accessories of junked automobiles are gathered together. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-21-3
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the real-estate appraisal board established pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Board: means the Rhode Island board of examiners in dentistry or any committee or subcommittee of the board. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Bog: means a place where standing or slowly running water is near or at the surface during normal growing season and/or where a vegetational community has over fifty percent (50%) of the ground or water surface covered with sphagnum moss (Sphagnum) and/or where the vegetational community is made up of one or more of, but not limited to nor necessarily including all of, the following: blueberries, and cranberry (Vaccinium), leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata), pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea), sundews (Droseraceae), orchids (Orchidaceae), white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides), red maple (Acer rubrum), black spruce (Picae mariana), bog aster (Aster nemoralis), larch (Laris laricina), bogrosemary (Andromeda glaucophylla), azaleas (Rhododendron), laurels (Kalmia), sedges (Caryx), and bog cotton (Eriophorum). See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Buffer: means an area of undeveloped vegetated land adjacent to a freshwater wetland that is to be retained in its natural undisturbed condition, or is to be created to resemble a naturally occurring vegetated area. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Buyer: means any individual or entity seeking to obtain title to real estate from a seller for consideration. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Certified clinical nurse specialist: is a n advanced practice registered nurse who independently provides care to clients; facilitates attainment of health goals; and provides innovation in nursing practice, based on clinical expertise, evidence-based decision-making, and leadership skills. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Certified nurse practitioner: is a n advanced practice nurse utilizing independent knowledge of physical assessment, diagnosis, and management of health care and illnesses. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Certified registered nurse anesthetist: is a s defined in chapter 34. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Chief of the division of oral health: means the chief of the division of oral health of the Rhode Island department of health who is a licensed dentist possessing a masters degree in public health or a certificate in public health from an accredited program. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Client: means any person or entity who or that contracts with, or otherwise enters into an agreement with, an appraisal management company for the management of residential real estate appraisal services. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Closing: means the time at which real estate is transferred from seller to buyer and consideration is delivered to the seller or to a settlement agent with the intention of imminent delivery upon the recording of pertinent documents and other ministerial acts associated with settlement. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Controlling person: means :

    (i) An owner, officer, or director of a corporation, partnership, or other business entity seeking to offer appraisal management services in this state; or

    (ii) An individual employed, appointed, or authorized by an appraisal management company who has the authority to enter into a contractual relationship with clients for the performance of appraisal management services and has the authority to enter into agreements with independent appraisers for the performance of residential real estate appraisal services; or

    (iii) An individual who possesses, directly or indirectly, the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of an appraisal management company. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deficient conditions: means any land restrictions, defect, malfunction, breakage, or unsound condition existing on, in, across, or under the real estate of which the seller has knowledge. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Dental administrator: means the administrator of the Rhode Island board of examiners in dentistry. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • dental assistant: is a ny person not licensed under the provisions of this chapter who performs dental services, procedures, or duties in aid of a licensed and registered dentist. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-31
  • Dental hygienist: means a person with a license to practice dental hygiene in this state under the provisions of this chapter. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Dentist: means a person with a license to practice dentistry in this state under the provisions of this chapter. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Department: means the department of business regulation. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Department: means the department of business regulation. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Department: means the Rhode Island department of health. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-25-2
  • Department: means the Rhode Island department of health. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Department: means the department of health. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Department: means the department of environmental management (DEM). See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Direct visual supervision: means supervision by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon (with a permit to administer deep sedation and general anesthesia) by verbal command and under direct line of sight. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Director: means the director of business regulation for the state. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.5-1
  • Director: means the director of the department of business regulation. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Director: means the director of the department of business regulation. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Director: means the director of the Rhode Island department of health. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-25-2
  • Director: means the director of the Rhode Island department of health. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental management or his or her duly authorized agent or agents. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the division of professional regulation within the department of health established in chapter 26 of this title. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-25-2
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Electrologist: means a person who is licensed by the department of health to perform electrolysis and/or laser hair removal. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-32-1
  • Electrolysis: means the method of removing hair from the human body by the application of an electrical current or any form of energy to the hair-papilla or hair germination by means of a needle or any other instrument or device to cause decomposition, coagulation, dehydration, or other form of tissue destruction, to permanently disable the hair follicle from producing hair. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-32-1
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Floodplain: means that land area adjacent to a river or stream or other body of flowing water which is, on the average, likely to be covered with flood waters resulting from a one-hundred (100) year frequency storm. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freshwater wetlands: includes , but is not limited to, those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration to support, and that under normal circumstances do support a prevalence of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Funeral planning agent: means a person who is at least eighteen (18) years of age; who has been duly and lawfully designated, and who has accepted the designation, to act for the principal; and who has authority and responsibility to make all arrangements, regarding funeral preparation, planning, the nature of the funeral goods and services to be provided, the manner in which funeral services are to be conducted, burial, and/or the disposition of the principal's remains, including cremation, upon the death of the principal. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-33.3-2
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health: means optimum well-being. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Health care: means those services provided to promote the optimum well-being of individuals. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Health-maintenance organization: means a public or private organization licensed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 17 of title 23 or chapter 41 of title 27. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Healthcare facility: means any institutional health service provider licensed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 17 of title 23. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Holiday: whenever used in this chapter includes: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Fourth of July, Victory Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veteran's Day, Thanksgiving Day (but only in those years that the governor by public proclamation designates it as a legal holiday), and Christmas, or on any day that any enumerated holiday is officially celebrated. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-23-1
  • in writing: include printing, engraving, lithographing, and photo-lithographing, and all other representations of words in letters of the usual form. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-16
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent fee appraiser: means :

    (i) A natural person who is a state-licensed or state-certified appraiser and receives a fee for performing an appraisal, but who is not an employee of the person engaging the appraiser; or

    (ii) An organization that, in the ordinary course of business, employs state-licensed or state-certified appraisers to perform appraisals, receives a fee for performing the appraisals, and is not subject to § 1124 of the federal Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 ("FIRREA"), 12 U. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2

  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisdictional area: means the following lands and waters, as defined herein except as provided for in § 2-1-22(k), that shall be subject to regulation under this chapter:

    (i) Freshwater wetlands;

    (ii) Buffers;

    (iii) Floodplains;

    (iv) Areas subject to storm flowage;

    (v) Areas subject to flooding; and

    (vi) Contiguous areas that extend outward:

    (A) Two hundred feet (200') from the edge of a river or stream;

    (B) Two hundred feet (200') from the edge of a drinking water supply reservoir; and

    (C) One hundred feet (100') from the edge of all other freshwater wetlands. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20

  • Laser: means the acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-32-1
  • Laser hair removal: means using laser light to perform hair removal or reduction or electrolysis performed with laser light. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-32-1
  • Laser light: means an intense, coherent, directional beam of light produced by stimulated emission of photons. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-32-1
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Licensed: means the status of qualified individuals who have completed a designated process by which the board of nursing grants permission to individuals accountable and/or responsible for the practice of nursing and to engage in that practice, prohibiting all others from legally doing so. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Limited registrant: means a person holding a limited registration certificate pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Marsh: means a place wholly or partly within the state where a vegetational community exists in standing or running water during the growing season and/or is made up of one or more of, but not limited to nor necessarily including all of, the following plants or groups of plants: hydrophytic reeds (Phragmites), grasses (Cramineae), mannagrasses (Glyceria), cutgrasses (Leersia), pickerelwoods (Pontederiaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), cattails (Typha), water plantains (Alismataceae), bur-reeds (Sparganiazceae), pondweeds (Zosteraceae), frog's bits (Hydrocharitaceae), arums (Araceae), duckweeds (Lemmaceae), water lilies (Nymphaeceae), water-milfoils (Haloragaceae), water-starworts (Callitrichaeceae), bladder-worts (Utricularia), pipeworts (Eriocaulon), sweet gale (Myrica gale), and buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis). See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Medical director: means a Rhode Island licensed physician. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-32-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nursing: means the provision of services that are essential to the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health throughout the continuum of life. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • oath: includes affirmation; the word "sworn" includes affirmed; and the word "engaged" includes either sworn or affirmed. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-11
  • Opinion of value: means an analysis, opinion, or conclusion prepared by a person licensed under this chapter, in the ordinary course of his or her business relating to the price of specified interests in or aspects of identified real estate or identified real property or by comparison to other real property currently or recently sold in the marketplace for the purpose of listing, purchase, or sale, excluding an appraisal prepared by a person licensed under the provisions of chapter 20. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.5-1
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Peer-review board: means any committee of a state, local, dental or dental hygiene association or society, or a committee of any licensed healthcare facility, or the dental staff of the committee, or any committee of a dental care foundation or health-maintenance organization, or any staff committee or consultant of a hospital, medical, or dental service corporation, the function of which, or one of the functions of which, is to evaluate and improve the quality of dental care rendered by providers of dental care service or to determine that dental care services rendered were professionally indicated or were performed in compliance with the applicable standard of care or that the cost for dental care rendered was considered reasonable by the providers of professional dental care services in the area and includes a committee functioning as a utilization review committee under the provisions of P. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • person: extends to and includes co-partnerships and bodies corporate and politic. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-6
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, firm, corporation, association, trust or estate, state or political subdivision, or instrumentality of a state. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pond: means a place natural or man-made, wholly or partly within the state, where open-standing or slowly moving water is present for at least six (6) months a year. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Population foci: means focus of the patient population. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-34-3
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Principal: means the person designating another individual or individuals to serve as his or her funeral planning agent upon the person's death. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-33.3-2
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real estate: as used in this chapter , includes leaseholds as well as any and every interest or estate in land, whether corporeal or incorporeal, freehold or non-freehold, and whether the property is situated in this state or elsewhere. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.5-1
  • Real estate: means an identified parcel or tract of land, including improvements, if any. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • real estate: may be construed to include lands, tenements, and hereditaments and rights thereto and interests therein. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-10
  • Real estate: means vacant land or real property and improvements consisting of a house or building containing one to four (4) dwelling units. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • real estate appraisal: means an analysis, opinion, or conclusion relating to the nature, quality, value, or utility of specified interests in, or aspects of, identified real estate. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Real estate appraisal services: means the practice of developing an appraisal by a licensed or certified appraiser in conformance with the USPAP. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Real estate salesperson: means and includes any person employed or engaged as an independent contractor by or on behalf of a licensed real estate broker to do or deal in any activity as included or comprehended by the definitions of a real estate broker in subsection (5) of this section, for compensation or otherwise. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.5-1
  • Real property: means one or more defined interests, benefits, and rights inherent in the ownership of real estate. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Relative: means any person defined pursuant to the provisions of § 5-33. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-33.3-2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail establishment: whenever used in this chapter , includes any business making sales at retail in this state, but this definition does not include victualing houses principally serving prepared food for consumption on and off the premises, including those houses licensed under chapter 24 of this title. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-23-1
  • River: means a body of water designated as a perennial stream by the United States Department of Interior geologic survey on 7. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • seal: shall be construed to include an impression of the seal made with or without the use of wax or wafer on the paper. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-15
  • Seller: means any individual or entity seeking to transfer title to real estate to a buyer for consideration. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State-certified real estate appraiser: means a person who develops and communicates real estate appraisals and who holds a current, valid certificate issued to him or her for either general or residential real estate under the provisions of this chapter. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stream: means any flowing body of water or watercourse that flows long enough each year to develop and maintain a channel and that may carry groundwater discharge or surface runoff. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Swamp: means a place, wholly or partly within the state, where ground water is near or at the surface of the ground for a significant part of the growing season or runoff water from surface drainage collects frequently and/or where a vegetational community is made up of a significant portion of one or more of, but not limited to nor necessarily including all of, the following: red maple (Acer rubum), elm (Ulmus americana), black spruce (Picea mariana), white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides), ashes (Fraximus), poison sumac (Rhus vernix), larch (Larix laricina), spice bush (Lindera benzoin), alders (Alnus), skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus), hellebore (Veratrum viride), hemlock (Thuja canadensis), sphagnums (Sphagnum), azaleas (Rhododendron), black alder (Ilex verticillata), coast pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia), marsh marigold (Caltha palustris), blueberries (Vaccinium), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), willow (Salicaceae), water willow (Decodon verticillatus), tupelo (Nyssa sylbatica), laurels (Kalmia), swamp white oak (Quercus biscolor), or species indicative of marsh. See Rhode Island General Laws 2-1-20
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • town: may be construed to include city; the words "town council" include city council; the words "town clerk" include city clerk; the words "ward clerk" include clerk of election district; the words "town treasurer" include city treasurer; and the words "town sergeant" include city sergeant. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-9
  • town council: include city council; the words "town clerk" include city clerk; the words "ward clerk" include clerk of election district; the words "town treasurer" include city treasurer; and the words "town sergeant" include city sergeant. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-9
  • Town council: whenever used in this chapter , includes "city council" except in the city of Providence where it means "bureau of licenses" and any duly constituted licensing authority existing in any other city or town. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-23-1
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: means the sale or conveyance, exchange of, or option to purchase any real estate. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.8-1
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • United States: include the several states and the territories of the United States. See Rhode Island General Laws 43-3-8
  • unprofessional conduct: as used in this chapter includes, but is not limited to, the following items or any combination of them and may be further defined by regulations established by the board with the approval of the director:

    (1) Fraudulent or deceptive procuring or use of a license of limited registration;

    (2) All advertising of podiatry business that is intended or has a tendency to deceive the public;

    (3) Conviction of a crime involving moral turpitude, conviction of a felony, or conviction of a crime arising out of the practice of podiatry;

    (4) Abandonment of a patient;

    (5) Dependence upon a controlled substance, habitual drunkenness, or rendering professional services to a patient while the podiatrist or limited registrant is intoxicated or incapacitated by the use of drugs;

    (6) Promotion by a podiatrist or limited registrant of the sale of drugs, devices, appliances, or goods or services provided for a patient in a manner that exploits the patient for the financial gain of the podiatrist or limited registrant;

    (7) Immoral conduct of a podiatrist or limited registrant in the practice of podiatry;

    (8) Willfully making and filing false reports or records in the practice of podiatry;

    (9) Willful omission to file or record, or willfully impeding or obstructing a filing or recording, or inducing another person to omit to file or record podiatry/medical or other reports as required by law;

    (10) Failure to furnish details of a patient's medical record to a succeeding podiatrist or medical facility upon proper request pursuant to this chapter;

    (11) Solicitation of professional patronage by agents or persons or profiting from acts of those representing themselves to be agents of the licensed podiatrist or limited registrant;

    (12) Division of fees or agreeing to split or divide the fees received for professional services for any person for bringing to or referring a patient;

    (13) Agreeing with clinical or bioanalytical laboratories to accept payments from those laboratories for individual tests or test series for patients, or agreeing with podiatry laboratories to accept payment from those laboratories for work referred;

    (14) Willful misrepresentation in treatment;

    (15) Practicing podiatry with an unlicensed podiatrist except in accordance with the rules and regulations of the board, or aiding or abetting those unlicensed persons in the practice of podiatry;

    (16) Gross and willful overcharging for professional services, including filing of false statements for collection of fees for which services are not rendered or willfully making or assisting in making a false claim or deceptive claim or misrepresenting a material fact for use in determining rights to podiatric care or other benefits;

    (17) Offering, undertaking, or agreeing to cure or treat disease by a secret method, procedure, treatment, or medicine;

    (18) Professional or mental incompetence;

    (19) Incompetent, negligent, or willful misconduct in the practice of podiatry that includes the rendering of unnecessary podiatry services and any departure from or the failure to conform to the minimal standards of acceptable and prevailing podiatry practice in his or her area of expertise as is determined by the board. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-29-16

  • unprofessional conduct: as used in this chapter includes, but is not limited to, the following items or any combination of them and may be defined by regulations established by the board with the approval of the director:

    (1) Fraudulent or deceptive procuring or use of a license or limited registration;

    (2) All advertising of dental, dental hygiene, or DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting business that is intended, or has a tendency, to deceive the public or a dentist advertising as a specialty in an area of dentistry unless the dentist:

    (i) Is a diplomat of or a fellow in a specialty board accredited or recognized by the American Dental Association; or

    (ii) Has completed a postgraduate program approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association;

    (3) Conviction of a crime involving moral turpitude; conviction of a felony; conviction of a crime arising out of the practice of dentistry, dental hygiene, or DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting;

    (4) Abandonment of a patient;

    (5) Dependence upon controlled substances, habitual drunkenness, or rendering professional services to a patient while the dentist, dental hygienist, DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting, or limited registrant is intoxicated or incapacitated by the use of drugs;

    (6) Promotion by a dentist, dental hygienist, DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assistant, or limited registrant of the sale of drugs, devices, appliances, or goods or services provided for a patient in a manner as to exploit the patient for the financial gain of the dentist, dental hygienist, DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assistant, or limited registrant;

    (7) Immoral conduct of a dentist, dental hygienist, DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assistant, or limited registrant in the practice of dentistry, dental hygiene, or DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting;

    (8) Willfully making and filing false reports or records in the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene;

    (9) Willful omission to file or record, or willfully impeding or obstructing a filing or recording, or inducing another person to omit to file or record dental or other reports as required by law;

    (10) Failure to furnish details of a patient's dental record to succeeding dentists or dental care facility upon proper request pursuant to this chapter;

    (11) Solicitation of professional patronage by agents or persons or profiting from acts of those representing themselves to be agents of the licensed dentist, dental hygienist, or limited registrant;

    (12) Division of fees, or agreeing to split or divide the fees, received for professional services for any person for bringing to or referring a patient;

    (13) Agreeing with clinical or bioanalytical laboratories to accept payments from those laboratories for individual tests or test series for patients, or agreeing with dental laboratories to accept payment from those laboratories for work referred;

    (14) Willful misrepresentation in treatments;

    (15) Practicing dentistry with an unlicensed dentist or practicing dental hygiene with an unlicensed dental hygienist or practicing DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting with an unlicensed DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assistant, except in an accredited training program, or with a dental assistant in accordance with the rules and regulations of the board or aiding or abetting those unlicensed persons in the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene;

    (16) Gross and willful overcharging for professional services, including filing of false statements for collection of fees for which services are not rendered, or willfully making or assisting in making a false claim or deceptive claim or misrepresenting a material fact for use in determining rights to dental care or other benefits;

    (17) Offering, undertaking, or agreeing to cure or treat disease by a secret method, procedure, treatment, or medicine;

    (18) Professional or mental incompetence;

    (19) Incompetent, negligent, or willful misconduct in the practice of dentistry, dental hygiene, or DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting, including the rendering of unnecessary dental services and any departure from, or the failure to conform to, the minimal standards of acceptable and prevailing dental, dental hygiene, or DAANCE-certified maxillofacial surgery assisting practice in his or her area of expertise as is determined by the board. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-31.1-10

  • valuation: is a n estimate of the value of real estate or real property. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.7-2
  • valuation: is a n estimate of the value of real estate or real property. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-20.9-2
  • Veterinarian: means a person who practices veterinary medicine. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-25-2
  • Veterinary dentistry: means that part of veterinary science that deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases, developmental conditions, and injuries of the teeth, gums, and oral cavity in animals. See Rhode Island General Laws 5-25-2
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.