Article 1 General Provisions
Article 3 Academic Standards and Assessments
Article 5 Academic Plans for Students [Omitted]
Article 7 Materials and Accreditation
Article 9 Reporting
Article 11 Awarding Performance
Article 13 District Accountability Systems
Article 15 Intervention and Assistance
Article 17 Public Information
Article 19 Miscellaneous

Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 59 > Chapter 18

  • Academic achievement standards: means statements of expectations for student learning. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Department: means the State Department of Education. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division of Accountability: means the special unit within the oversight committee established in Section 59-6-100. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Longitudinally matched student data: means examining the performance of a single student or a group of students by considering their test scores over time. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Oversight Committee: means the Education Oversight Committee established in Section 59-6-10. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120
  • Performance rating: means the classification a school will receive based on the percentage of students meeting standard on the state's standards-based assessment, student growth or student progress from one school year to the next, graduation rates, and other indicators as determined by federal guidelines and the Education Oversight Committee, as applicable. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Standards-based assessment: means an assessment where an individual's performance is compared to specific performance standards and not to the performance of other students. See South Carolina Code 59-18-120