As used in this title:

(1)  “Activity regulated under this title” means an act, attempted act, or activity prohibited or regulated under this title or the rules, and proclamations promulgated under this title pertaining to protected wildlife including:

Terms Used In Utah Code 23-13-2

  • Aquaculture facility: means the same as that term is defined in Section 4-37-103. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Aquatic wildlife: means species of fish, mollusks, crustaceans, aquatic insects, or amphibians. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Armed forces: means the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Space Force, and Coast Guard. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Big game: means species of hoofed protected wildlife. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Division: means the Division of Wildlife Resources. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Domicile: means the place:
(i) where an individual has a fixed permanent home and principal establishment;
(ii) to which the individual if absent, intends to return; and
(iii) in which the individual, and the individual's family voluntarily reside, not for a special or temporary purpose, but with the intention of making a permanent home. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Endangered: means wildlife designated as endangered according to Section 3 of the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Fee fishing facility: means the same as that term is defined in Section 4-37-103. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Feral: means an animal that is normally domesticated but has reverted to the wild. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Fishing: means to take fish or crayfish by any means. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Guide: means a person who receives compensation or advertises services for assisting another person to take protected wildlife, including the provision of food, shelter, or transportation, or any combination of these. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Highway: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Hunting: means to take or pursue a reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal by any means. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Land: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Natural flowing stream: includes perennial or intermittent water flows in a:
    (i) realigned or modified channel that replaces the historic, natural flowing stream channel; and
    (ii) dredged natural flowing stream channel. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Nonresident: means a person who does not qualify as a resident. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Permit: means a paper-based or electronic document, including a stamp, that grants authority to engage in specified activities under this title or a rule or proclamation of the Wildlife Board. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Person: means an individual, association, partnership, government agency, corporation, or an agent of the foregoing. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Possession: means actual or constructive possession. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Private fish pond: means a pond, reservoir, or other body of water, including a fish culture system, located on privately owned land where privately owned fish:
    (i) are propagated or kept for a private noncommercial purpose; and
    (ii) may be taken without a fishing license. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Private stocking: means an authorized release of privately owned, live fish in the waters of the state not eligible as a private fish pond under Section 23-15-10 or aquaculture facility or fee fishing facility under Title 4, Chapter 37, Aquaculture Act. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Proclamation: means the publication used to convey a statute, rule, policy, or pertinent information as it relates to wildlife. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Protected wildlife: means wildlife as defined in Subsection (54), except as provided in Subsection (38)(b). See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Resident: means a person who:
    (i) has been domiciled in the state for six consecutive months immediately preceding the purchase of a license; and
    (ii) does not claim residency for hunting, fishing, or trapping in any other state or country. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Short-term fishing event: means an event when privately acquired fish are held or confined for a period not to exceed 10 days for the purpose of providing fishing or recreational opportunity and where no fee is charged as a requirement to fish. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Tag: means a card, label, or other paper-based or electronic means of identification used to document harvest of protected wildlife. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Take: means to:
    (a) hunt, pursue, harass, catch, capture, possess, angle, seine, trap, or kill any protected wildlife; or
    (b) attempt any action referred to in Subsection (48)(a). See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • Trapping: means taking protected wildlife with a trapping device. See Utah Code 23-13-2
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Wildlife: means :
    (a) crustaceans, including brine shrimp and crayfish;
    (b) mollusks; and
    (c) vertebrate animals living in nature, except feral animals. See Utah Code 23-13-2
    (a)  fishing;

    (b)  hunting;

    (c)  trapping;

    (d)  taking;

    (e)  permitting any dog, falcon, or other domesticated animal to take;

    (f)  transporting;

    (g)  possessing;

    (h)  selling;

    (i)  wasting;

    (j)  importing;

    (k)  exporting;

    (l)  rearing;

    (m)  keeping;

    (n)  using as a commercial venture; and

    (o)  releasing to the wild.
  • (2)  “Aquaculture facility” means the same as that term is defined in Section 4-37-103.

    (3)  “Aquatic animal” means the same as that term is defined in Section 4-37-103.

    (4)  “Aquatic wildlife” means species of fish, mollusks, crustaceans, aquatic insects, or amphibians.

    (5)  “Bag limit” means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of protected wildlife that one person may legally take during one day.

    (6)  “Big game” means species of hoofed protected wildlife.

    (7)  “Carcass” means the dead body of an animal or its parts.

    (8)  “Certificate of registration” means a paper-based or electronic document issued under this title, or any rule or proclamation of the Wildlife Board granting authority to engage in activities not covered by a license, permit, or tag.

    (9)  “Closed season” means the period of time during which the taking of protected wildlife is prohibited.

    (10)  “Conservation officer” means a full-time, permanent employee of the Division of Wildlife Resources who is POST certified as a peace or a special function officer.

    (11)  “Dedicated hunter program” means a program that provides:

    (a)  expanded hunting opportunities;

    (b)  opportunities to participate in projects that are beneficial to wildlife; and

    (c)  education in hunter ethics and wildlife management principles.

    (12)  “Division” means the Division of Wildlife Resources.

    (13) 

    (a)  “Domicile” means the place:

    (i)  where an individual has a fixed permanent home and principal establishment;

    (ii)  to which the individual if absent, intends to return; and

    (iii)  in which the individual, and the individual’s family voluntarily reside, not for a special or temporary purpose, but with the intention of making a permanent home.

    (b)  To create a new domicile an individual shall:

    (i)  abandon the old domicile; and

    (ii)  be able to prove that a new domicile has been established.

    (14)  “Endangered” means wildlife designated as endangered according to Section 3 of the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973.

    (15)  “Fee fishing facility” means the same as that term is defined in Section 4-37-103.

    (16)  “Feral” means an animal that is normally domesticated but has reverted to the wild.

    (17)  “Fishing” means to take fish or crayfish by any means.

    (18)  “Furbearer” means species of the Bassariscidae, Canidae, Felidae, Mustelidae, and Castoridae families, except coyote and cougar.

    (19)  “Game” means wildlife normally pursued, caught, or taken by sporting means for human use.

    (20)  “Guide” means a person who receives compensation or advertises services for assisting another person to take protected wildlife, including the provision of food, shelter, or transportation, or any combination of these.

    (21)  “Guide’s agent” means a person who is employed by a guide to assist another person to take protected wildlife.

    (22)  “Hunting” means to take or pursue a reptile, amphibian, bird, or mammal by any means.

    (23)  “Intimidate or harass” means to physically interfere with or impede, hinder, or diminish the efforts of an officer in the performance of the officer’s duty.

    (24) 

    (a)  “Natural flowing stream” means a topographic low where water collects and perennially or intermittently flows with a perceptible current in a channel formed exclusively by forces of nature.

    (b)  “Natural flowing stream” includes perennial or intermittent water flows in a:

    (i)  realigned or modified channel that replaces the historic, natural flowing stream channel; and

    (ii)  dredged natural flowing stream channel.

    (c)  “Natural flowing stream” does not include a human-made ditch, canal, pipeline, or other water delivery system that diverts and conveys water to an approved place of use pursuant to a certificated water right.

    (25) 

    (a)  “Natural lake” means a perennial or intermittent body of water that collects on the surface of the earth exclusively through the forces of nature and without human assistance.

    (b)  “Natural lake” does not mean a lake where all surface water sources supplying the body of water originate from groundwater springs no more than 100 yards upstream.

    (26)  “Nonresident” means a person who does not qualify as a resident.

    (27)  “Open season” means the period of time during which protected wildlife may be legally taken.

    (28)  “Pecuniary gain” means the acquisition of money or something of monetary value.

    (29)  “Permit” means a paper-based or electronic document, including a stamp, that grants authority to engage in specified activities under this title or a rule or proclamation of the Wildlife Board.

    (30)  “Person” means an individual, association, partnership, government agency, corporation, or an agent of the foregoing.

    (31)  “Possession” means actual or constructive possession.

    (32)  “Possession limit” means the number of bag limits one individual may legally possess.

    (33) 

    (a)  “Private fish pond” means a pond, reservoir, or other body of water, including a fish culture system, located on privately owned land where privately owned fish:

    (i)  are propagated or kept for a private noncommercial purpose; and

    (ii)  may be taken without a fishing license.

    (b)  “Private fish pond” does not include an aquaculture facility, fee fishing facility, short-term fishing event, or private stocking.

    (34) 

    (a)  “Private stocking” means an authorized release of privately owned, live fish in the waters of the state not eligible as a private fish pond under Section 23-15-10 or aquaculture facility or fee fishing facility under Title 4, Chapter 37, Aquaculture Act.

    (b)  Fish released under private stocking become the property of the state and subject to the fishing regulations set forth in this title and the rules and proclamations of the Wildlife Board.

    (35)  “Private wildlife farm” means an enclosed place where privately owned birds or furbearers are propagated or kept and that restricts the birds or furbearers from:

    (a)  commingling with wild birds or furbearers; and

    (b)  escaping into the wild.

    (36)  “Proclamation” means the publication used to convey a statute, rule, policy, or pertinent information as it relates to wildlife.

    (37) 

    (a)  “Protected aquatic wildlife” means aquatic wildlife as defined in Subsection (3), except as provided in Subsection (37)(b).

    (b)  “Protected aquatic wildlife” does not include aquatic insects.

    (38) 

    (a)  “Protected wildlife” means wildlife as defined in Subsection (54), except as provided in Subsection (38)(b).

    (b)  “Protected wildlife” does not include coyote, field mouse, gopher, ground squirrel, jack rabbit, muskrat, and raccoon.

    (39)  “Released to the wild” means to be turned loose from confinement.

    (40) 

    (a)  “Reservoir constructed on a natural stream channel” means a body of water collected and stored on the course of a natural flowing stream by impounding the stream through excavation or diking.

    (b)  “Reservoir constructed on a natural stream channel” does not mean an impoundment on a natural flowing stream where all surface water sources supplying the impoundment originate from groundwater springs no more than 100 yards upstream.

    (41) 

    (a)  “Resident” means a person who:

    (i)  has been domiciled in the state for six consecutive months immediately preceding the purchase of a license; and

    (ii)  does not claim residency for hunting, fishing, or trapping in any other state or country.

    (b)  A Utah resident retains Utah residency if that person leaves this state:

    (i)  to serve in the armed forces of the United States or for religious or educational purposes; and

    (ii)  the person complies with Subsection (41)(a)(ii).

    (c) 

    (i)  A member of the armed forces of the United States and dependents are residents for the purposes of this chapter as of the date the member reports for duty under assigned orders in the state if the member:

    (A)  is not on temporary duty in this state; and

    (B)  complies with Subsection (41)(a)(ii).

    (ii)  A copy of the assignment orders shall be presented to a wildlife division office to verify the member’s qualification as a resident.

    (d)  A nonresident attending an institution of higher learning in this state as a full-time student may qualify as a resident for purposes of this chapter if the student:

    (i)  has been present in this state for 60 consecutive days immediately preceding the purchase of the license; and

    (ii)  complies with Subsection (41)(a)(ii).

    (e)  A Utah resident license is invalid if a resident license for hunting, fishing, or trapping is purchased in any other state or country.

    (f)  An absentee landowner paying property tax on land in Utah does not qualify as a resident.

    (42)  “Sell” means to offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade, or the act of selling, bartering, exchanging, or trading.

    (43) 

    (a)  “Short-term fishing event” means an event when privately acquired fish are held or confined for a period not to exceed 10 days for the purpose of providing fishing or recreational opportunity and where no fee is charged as a requirement to fish.

    (b)  A fishing license is not required to take fish at a short-term fishing event.

    (44)  “Small game” means species of protected wildlife:

    (a)  commonly pursued for sporting purposes;

    (b)  not classified as big game, aquatic wildlife, or furbearers; and

    (c)  excluding turkey, cougar, and bear.

    (45)  “Spoiled” means impairment of the flesh of wildlife that renders the flesh unfit for human consumption.

    (46)  “Spotlighting” means throwing or casting the rays of any spotlight, headlight, or other artificial light on any highway or in any field, woodland, or forest while having in possession a weapon by which protected wildlife may be killed.

    (47)  “Tag” means a card, label, or other paper-based or electronic means of identification used to document harvest of protected wildlife.

    (48)  “Take” means to:

    (a)  hunt, pursue, harass, catch, capture, possess, angle, seine, trap, or kill any protected wildlife; or

    (b)  attempt any action referred to in Subsection (48)(a).

    (49)  “Threatened” means wildlife designated as such pursuant to Section 3 of the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973.

    (50)  “Trapping” means taking protected wildlife with a trapping device.

    (51)  “Trophy animal” means an animal described as follows:

    (a)  deer – a buck with an outside antler measurement of 24 inches or greater;

    (b)  elk – a bull with six points on at least one side;

    (c)  bighorn, desert, or rocky mountain sheep – a ram with a curl exceeding half curl;

    (d)  moose – a bull with at least one antler exceeding five inches in length;

    (e)  mountain goat – a male or female;

    (f)  pronghorn antelope – a buck with horns exceeding 14 inches; or

    (g)  bison – a bull.

    (52)  “Waste” means to abandon protected wildlife or to allow protected wildlife to spoil or to be used in a manner not normally associated with the protected wildlife’s beneficial use.

    (53)  “Water pollution” means the introduction of matter or thermal energy to waters within this state that:

    (a)  exceeds state water quality standards; or

    (b)  could be harmful to protected wildlife.

    (54)  “Wildlife” means:

    (a)  crustaceans, including brine shrimp and crayfish;

    (b)  mollusks; and

    (c)  vertebrate animals living in nature, except feral animals.

    Amended by Chapter 125, 2019 General Session