Sections
Subchapter 1 Meetings and Actions Without Meetings 7.01. – 7.08.
Subchapter 2 Voting 7.20. – 7.27.
Subchapter 3 Voting Agreements 7.30.

Terms Used In Vermont Statutes > Title 11B > Chapter 7 - Members, Meetings and Voting

  • Adjacent: means those lands and waters directly abutting a site on the register, including lands and waters separated from the site by highways or bodies of water where such separated lands and waters are an integral part of the site's ecosystem. See
  • Administrative amendment: means an amendment to an individual permit, general permit, or notice of intent under a general permit that corrects typographical errors, changes the name or mailing address of a permittee, or makes other similar changes to a permit that do not require technical review of the permitted activity or the imposition of new conditions or requirements. See
  • Administratively complete application: means an application for a permit for which all initially required documentation has been submitted, and any required permit fee, and the information submitted initially addresses all application requirements but has not yet been subjected to a complete technical review. See
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual meeting: when applied to towns shall mean the annual town meeting in March or an adjournment thereof. See
  • articles: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of merger. See
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • bulletin: means the website and e-mail notification system required by 3 V. See
  • Bylaws: means the code or codes of rules (other than the articles) adopted pursuant to this title for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation, stored or depicted in any tangible or electronic medium, and irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See
  • Class: refers to a group of memberships which have the same rights with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption, and transfer. See
  • Clean Air Act: means the federal statutes on air pollution prevention and control, 42 U. See
  • Clean Water Act: means the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U. See
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: means public benefit and mutual benefit corporation. See
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Delegates: means those persons elected or appointed to vote in a representative assembly for the election of a director or directors or on other matters. See
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and electronic transmission. See
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Conservation. See
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Directors: means individuals, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and individuals elected or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the board. See
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; business corporation and foreign business corporation; profit and nonprofit unincorporated association; business trust, estate, partnership, trust, and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States; and foreign government. See
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fees: shall mean earnings due for official services, aside from salaries or per diem compensation. See
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • filing: means filed in the Office of the Secretary of State. See
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a section of the law shall mean the next preceding or following section. See
  • Fragile area: means an area of land or water that has unusual or significant flora, fauna, geological, or similar features of scientific, ecological, or educational interest. See
  • General permit: means a permit that applies to a class or category of discharges, emissions, disposal, facilities, or activities within a common geographic area, including the entire State or a region of the State. See
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Meeting: means any structured communications conducted by participants in person or through the use of an electronic or telecommunications medium permitting simultaneous or sequentially structured communications. See
  • Member: means (without regard to what a person is called in the articles or bylaws) any person or persons who on more than one occasion, pursuant to a provision of a corporation's articles or bylaws, have the right to vote for the election of a director or directors. See
  • Membership: refers to the rights and obligations a member or members have pursuant to a corporation's articles, bylaws, and this title. See
  • Minor amendment: means an amendment to an individual permit or notice of intent under a general permit that requires a change in a condition or requirement, does not necessitate technical review, and is not an administrative amendment. See
  • Municipality: shall include a city, town, town school district, incorporated school or fire district or incorporated village, and all other governmental incorporated units. See
  • Mutual benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which is required to be a mutual benefit corporation pursuant to section 17. See
  • Permit: includes any permit, certification, license, registration, determination, or similar form of permission required from the Department by law. See
  • Person: shall include any natural person, corporation, municipality, the State of Vermont or any department, agency, or subdivision of the State, and any partnership, unincorporated association, or other legal entity. See
  • Principal office: means the office (in or outside this State) so designated in the biennial report filed pursuant to section 16. See
  • Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator.
  • Public benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which is required to be a public benefit corporation pursuant to section 17. See
  • Qualified organization: means :

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Record date: means the date established under chapter 6 or 7 of this title on which a corporation determines the identity of its members for the purposes of this title. See
  • Register: means the fragile areas register that lists those fragile areas designated by the Secretary. See
  • Register of fragile areas: means the listing of fragile areas that are being managed by the owner of the fragile area according to guidelines adopted by the Secretary. See
  • Registry: means the act of voluntary agreement between the owner of a fragile area and the Secretary for designation of the fragile area and its placement on the register of fragile areas. See
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under subsection 8. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Natural Resources or designee. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Agency of Natural Resources. See
  • signature: includes any manual, facsimile, conformed, or electronic signature. See
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States may apply to the District of Columbia and any territory and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See
  • State agency: means the Agency of Natural Resources or any of its departments, Agency of Transportation, Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets, or Vermont Housing and Conservation Board. See
  • tax: means ad valorem taxes levied by the State and its municipalities. See
  • Town: shall include city and wards or precincts therein; "selectboard members" and "board of civil authority" shall extend to and include the mayor and aldermen of cities; "trustees" shall extend to and include bailiffs of incorporated villages; and the laws applicable to the inhabitants and officers of towns shall be applicable to the inhabitants and similar officers of all municipal corporations. See
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See
  • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote which is contingent upon the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See