Sections
§ 31 Commencement of proceedings
§ 32 Production and examination of books; witnesses
§ 33 Right of inspection
§ 34 Refusal to show books; false oath; penalties
§ 35 Depositions
§ 36 Service of process
§ 37 Members; terms; retirement; appeal
§ 38 Fees of witnesses; duties of Executive Secretary; duties of Secretary of Agency
§ 39 Joint hearings and investigations
§ 40 Pleadings; rules of practice; findings of fact
§ 41 Decree of Transportation Board; enforcement
§ 42 Injunctive proceedings
§ 43 Review by Superior Court
§ 44 Powers of Superior Court
§ 45 Additional personnel; compensation
§ 46 Assessment of costs

Terms Used In Vermont Statutes > Title 5 > Chapter 3

  • Abuse: means the occurrence of one or more of the following acts between family or household members:

  • Accredited: means accredited by any regional, national, or programmatic institutional accrediting agency recognized by the U. See
  • Acknowledged parent: means a person who has established a parent-child relationship under chapter 3 of this title. See
  • Adjudicated parent: means a person who has been adjudicated by a court of competent jurisdiction to be a parent of a child. See
  • Adoptee: means a person who is adopted or is to be adopted. See
  • Adult: means a person who has attained 18 years of age. See
  • Adult education and literacy: means a program of public education adapted to the needs of persons who are beyond compulsory school age, and who have not completed high school education. See
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means the Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets. See
  • Agency: means the Agency of Transportation. See
  • Agency: means the Department or a child-placing public or private entity that is licensed in this State to place minors for adoption. See
  • Agency of Education: means the Secretary and staff necessary to carry out the functions of the Agency. See
  • agricultural waste: means material originating or emanating from a farm that is determined by the Secretary or the Secretary of Natural Resources to be harmful to the waters of the State, including: sediments; minerals, including heavy metals; plant nutrients; pesticides; organic wastes, including livestock waste, animal mortalities, compost, feed and crop debris; waste oils; pathogenic bacteria and viruses; thermal pollution; silage runoff; untreated milk house waste; and any other farm waste as the term "waste" is defined in 10 V. See
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alleged genetic parent: means a person who is alleged to be, or alleges that the person is, a genetic parent or possible genetic parent of a child whose parentage has not been adjudicated. See
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Application: means a request under the Convention by an obligee or obligor, or on behalf of a child, made through a central authority for assistance from another central authority. See
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved education program: includes an "approved teen parent education program. See
  • Approved independent school: means an independent school that is approved under section 166 of this title. See
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assisted reproduction: means a method of causing pregnancy other than sexual intercourse and includes:

  • between: as used in this title in respect to a specified age of a student, shall mean the period of time commencing on the birthday of the child when he or she becomes the age first specified and ending on the day next preceding the birthday of the child when he or she becomes the age last specified. See
  • biennially: shall mean the year in which a regular session of the General Assembly is held. See
  • Birth: includes stillbirth. See
  • Bullying: means any overt act or combination of acts, including an act conducted by electronic means, directed against a student by another student or group of students and that:

  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, profession, and other lawful purpose, whether or not carried on for profit. See
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Central authority: means the entity designated by the United States or a foreign country to perform the functions specified in the Convention. See
  • Certified Vermont Environmental Steward: means an owner or operator of a farm who has achieved the thresholds for the Vermont Environmental Stewardship Program to be certified as a farm that improves soil health and contributes to improving water quality. See
  • Child: means a minor or an adult son or daughter, by birth or adoption. See
  • Child: means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent. See
  • Child: means a person of any age whose parentage may be determined under this title. See
  • Child support order: means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state or foreign country. See
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Constituent limited liability company: means a constituent organization that is a limited liability company. See
  • Constituent organization: means an organization that is party to a merger. See
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Convention: means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at the Hague on November 23, 2007. See
  • Convention support order: means a support order of a tribunal of a foreign country. See
  • Conversion: means a transaction authorized by sections 4142 through 4147 of this title. See
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • custom applicator: means a person who is engaged in the business of applying manure or nutrients to land and who charges or collects other consideration for the service. See
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Degree: means any award that is given by a postsecondary school for completion of a program or course and that is designated by the term degree, associate, bachelor, baccalaureate, master's, or doctorate, or any similar award that the State Board includes by rule. See
  • Department: means the Department for Children and Families. See
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Direct request: means a petition filed by an individual in a tribunal of this State in a proceeding involving an obligee, obligor, or child residing outside the United States. See
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Document: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See
  • Domestic: when applied to a corporation, company, association, or copartnership shall mean organized under the laws of this State; "foreign" when so applied, shall mean organized under the laws of another state, government, or country. See
  • Domestic assault: shall include any offense as set forth in 13 V. See
  • Domesticated company: means the company that exists after a domesticating foreign limited liability company or limited liability company effects a domestication pursuant to sections 4152 through 4155 of this title. See
  • Domesticating company: means the company that effects a domestication pursuant to sections 4152 through 4155 of this title. See
  • Donor: means a person who contributes a gamete or gametes or an embryo or embryos to another person for assisted reproduction or gestation, whether or not for consideration. See
  • Duty of support: means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support. See
  • Electorate: means the qualified voters in a school district voting at a properly warned school district meeting. See
  • Elementary education: means a program of public school education adapted to the needs of students in prekindergarten, kindergarten, and the first six grades. See
  • Embryo: means a cell or group of cells containing a diploid complement of chromosomes or a group of such cells, not including a gamete, that has the potential to develop into a live born human being if transferred into the body of a person under conditions in which gestation may be reasonably expected to occur. See
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fees: shall mean earnings due for official services, aside from salaries or per diem compensation. See
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a section of the law shall mean the next preceding or following section. See
  • foreign abuse prevention order: means any protection order issued by the court of any other state that contains provisions similar to relief provisions authorized under this chapter, the Vermont Rules for Family Proceedings, 33 V. See
  • Foreign country: means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the U. See
  • Foreign limited liability company: means an unincorporated entity organized under laws, other than the laws of this State, which afford limited liability to its owners comparable to the liability under section 4042 of this title. See
  • Foreign support agreement:

  • Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See
  • Foreign tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity of a foreign country which is authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See
  • Former parent: means the parent of the adoptee whose rights were terminated, voluntarily or involuntarily. See
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gamete: means a sperm, an egg, or any part of a sperm or egg. See
  • gender identity: means an individual's actual or perceived gender identity, or gender-related characteristics intrinsically related to an individual's gender or gender-identity, regardless of the individual's assigned sex at birth. See
  • Gestational carrier: means an adult person who is not an intended parent and who enters into a gestational carrier agreement to bear a child conceived using the gametes of other persons and not the gestational carrier's own, except that a person who carries a child for a family member using the gestational carrier's own gametes and who fulfills the requirements of chapter 8 of this title is a gestational carrier. See
  • Gestational carrier agreement: means a contract between an intended parent or parents and a gestational carrier intended to result in a live birth. See
  • Governing statute: means the statute that governs an organization's internal affairs. See
  • governor: includes an individual performing the functions of governor or the executive authority of a state covered by this title. See
  • Grades: means the division of the educational work of the public schools into 13 school year units beginning with kindergarten and thereafter numbered from one to 12 beginning with the lowest. See
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guardian: means a person, other than a parent, appointed by a court to act as a parent for another individual and specifically authorized by the Court to place the individual for adoption. See
  • Harassment: includes conduct that violates subdivision (A) of this subdivision (26) and constitutes one or more of the following:

  • Hazing: means any act committed by a person, whether individually or in concert with others, against a student in connection with pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization that is affiliated with an educational institution; and that is intended to have the effect of, or should reasonably be expected to have the effect of, humiliating, intimidating, or demeaning the student or endangering the mental or physical health of a student. See
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Home study program: means an educational program offered through home study that provides a minimum course of study and that is offered to not more than:

  • Identifying information: means any information which might establish the current whereabouts of an adoptee, the adoptee's former parent or other family member, including full name, date and place of birth, and last known address. See
  • Income: includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this State. See
  • Income withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor, as defined by 15 V. See
  • Independent school: means a school other than a public school, which provides a program of elementary or secondary education, or both. See
  • independent school meeting education quality standards: means an independent school in Vermont that undergoes the education quality standards process and meets the requirements of subsection 165(b) of this title. See
  • Initiating tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country from which a petition or comparable pleading is forwarded or in which a petition or comparable pleading is filed for forwarding to another state or foreign country. See
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intended parent: means a person, whether married or unmarried, who manifests the intent to be legally bound as a parent of a child resulting from assisted reproduction or a gestational carrier agreement. See
  • issuing state: shall mean any state other than Vermont and any federally recognized Indian tribe, territory or possession of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia. See
  • Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage of a child. See
  • Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage of a child. See
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Justice: when applied to a person, other than a Justice of the Supreme Court, shall mean a justice of the peace for the county for which he or she is elected or appointed. See
  • Kindergarten: means an educational program for children of one year adapted to the needs of students who will attend first grade the following year. See
  • Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See
  • Legal custody: means the right and duty to exercise continuing general supervision of a minor as authorized by law. See
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • low-profit limited liability company: means a limited liability company that elects to be a low-profit limited liability company pursuant to section 4161 of this title and meets the requirements of section 4162 of this title. See
  • Magistrate: shall mean any Supreme Court Justice, Superior judge, District judge, or Probate judge. See
  • Manure: means livestock waste in solid or liquid form that may also contain bedding, spilled feed, water, or soil. See
  • Marriage: includes civil union and any legal relationship that provides substantially the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriage and is recognized as valid in the state or jurisdiction in which it was entered. See
  • Media adviser: means an individual employed, appointed, or designated by a school or its governing body to supervise or provide instruction relating to school-sponsored media. See
  • Member: means a person that has become a member of a limited liability company under section 4051 of this title and has not dissociated under section 4081 of this title. See
  • Minor: means a person who has not attained 18 years of age. See
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: shall mean a calendar month and "year" shall mean a calendar year and be equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See
  • Municipality: shall include a city, town, town school district, incorporated school or fire district or incorporated village, and all other governmental incorporated units. See
  • Oath: shall include affirmation where by law an affirmation may be substituted. See
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligee: means :

  • Obligor: means an individual or the estate of a decedent that:

  • Offer: includes the use in the name of an institution or in its promotional material of a term such as "college" "university" or "institute" that is intended to indicate that it is an institution that offers postsecondary education. See
  • Operate: means to establish, keep, or maintain any facility or location from or through which education is offered or given, or educational degrees are offered or granted. See
  • Operating agreement: means any form of description of membership rights and obligations under section 4003 of this title, stored or depicted in any tangible or electronic medium, which is agreed to by the members, including amendments to the agreement. See
  • Organization:

  • Organizational documents: means , whether or not in a record, documents governing the internal affairs of an organization that are binding on all its interest holders, including:

  • Parent: means a person who is legally recognized as a mother or father or whose consent to the adoption of a minor is required under subdivision 2-401(a)(1)-(4) or (6) of this title. See
  • Parent: means a person who has established parentage that meets the requirements of this title. See
  • Parentage: means the legal relationship between a child and a parent as established under this title. See
  • Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association, or body politic, including a trustee, receiver, assignee, or other similar representative. See
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See
  • Personal liability: means :

  • Physical custody: means the physical care and supervision of a minor. See
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Postsecondary school: means any person who offers or operates a program of college or professional education for credit or a degree and enrolls or intends to enroll students. See
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presumed parent: means a person who is recognized as the parent of a child under section 401 of this title. See
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • protection order: means any injunction or other order issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts or harassment against, or contact or communication with or physical proximity to, another person, including temporary and final orders issued by civil and criminal courts, other than support or child custody orders, whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to a complaint, petition or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection. See
  • Public school: means an elementary school or secondary school operated by a school district. See
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See
  • Records: means all documents, exhibits and data pertaining to an adoption, whether collected prior to or after the decree of adoption. See
  • Regenerative farming: means a series of cropland management practices that:

  • Register: means to file in a tribunal of this State a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or a foreign country. See
  • Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See
  • Registry: means the adoption registry administered by the Department. See
  • Relative: means a grandparent, great-grandparent, sibling, first cousin, aunt, uncle, great-aunt, great-uncle, niece, or nephew of a person, whether related to the person by the whole or the half blood, affinity, or adoption. See
  • Relinquishment: means the voluntary surrender to an agency by a minor's parent or guardian, for purposes of the minor's adoption, of the rights of the parent or guardian with respect to the minor, including legal and physical custody of the minor. See
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Responding state: means a state in which a petition or comparable pleading for support or to determine parentage of a child is filed or to which a petition or comparable pleading is forwarded for filing from another state or a foreign country. See
  • Responding tribunal: means the authorized tribunal in a responding state or foreign country. See
  • School: means a public postsecondary school operating in the State. See
  • School board: means the board of school directors elected to manage the schools of a school district, the prudential committee of an incorporated school district, the supervisory union board of directors, and the supervisors of unorganized towns and gores. See
  • School district: means town school districts, union school districts, interstate school districts, city school districts, unified union districts, and incorporated school districts, each of which is governed by a publicly elected board. See
  • School district meeting: means a duly warned meeting of a school district at which questions are presented to the electorate. See
  • School year: means the year beginning July 1 and ending the next June 30. See
  • School-sponsored media: means any material that is prepared, written, published, or broadcast as part of a school-supported program or activity by a student journalist and is distributed or generally made available as part of a school-supported program or activity to an audience beyond the classroom in which the material is produced. See
  • seal: shall include an impression of the official seal made upon paper alone or by means of a wafer or wax affixed thereto. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Education. See
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Sexual assault: shall include sexual assault as provided in 13 V. See
  • Sexual exploitation: shall include sexual exploitation of an inmate as provided in 13 V. See
  • sexual orientation: means female or male homosexuality, heterosexuality, or bisexuality. See
  • Sign: means , with the intent to authenticate or adopt a record, to:

  • Signatory: means a person who signs a record and is bound by its terms. See
  • Spouse: includes a partner in a civil union or a partner in a legal relationship that provides substantially the same rights, benefits, and responsibilities as marriage and is recognized as valid in the state or jurisdiction in which it was entered. See
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U. See
  • State Board: means the State Board of Education established by chapter 3 of this title. See
  • State-placed student: means :

  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stepparent: means a person who is the spouse or surviving spouse of a parent of a child but who is not a parent of the child. See
  • Student journalist: means a student enrolled at a school who gathers, compiles, writes, edits, photographs, records, or prepares information for dissemination in school-sponsored media. See
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superintendent: means the chief executive officer of a supervisory union and each school board within it. See
  • Supervisory district: means a supervisory union that consists of only one school district, which may be a unified union district. See
  • Supervisory union: means an administrative, planning, and educational service unit created by the State Board under section 261 of this title, that consists of two or more school districts; if the context clearly allows, the term also means a supervisory district. See
  • Support enforcement agency: means a public official, governmental entity, or private agency authorized to:

  • Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision, or directive whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, which provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support, or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See
  • Surviving organization: means an organization into which one or more other organizations are merged whether the organization preexisted the merger or was created by the merger. See
  • sworn: shall include affirmed. See
  • Teen parent education program: means a program designed to provide educational and other services to pregnant pupils or parenting pupils, or both. See
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Town: shall include city and wards or precincts therein; "selectboard members" and "board of civil authority" shall extend to and include the mayor and aldermen of cities; "trustees" shall extend to and include bailiffs of incorporated villages; and the laws applicable to the inhabitants and officers of towns shall be applicable to the inhabitants and similar officers of all municipal corporations. See
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.