§ 55-217 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Applicability; right to terminate tenant
§ 55-217.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Grantees and assignees to have same rights against lessees as lessors, etc.
§ 55-218 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Lessees, etc., to have same rights against grantees, etc., as against lessors
§ 55-218.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Appointment of resident agent by nonresident property owner; service of process, etc., on such agent or on Secretary of the Commonwealth
§ 55-219 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Apportionment on purchase of part of land by holder of rent, etc.
§ 55-220 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) What powers to pass to grantee or devisee; when attornment unnecessary
§ 55-220.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Perfection of lien or interest in leases, rents and profits
§ 55-221 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When attornment void
§ 55-221.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Community land trusts not considered landlords
§ 55-222 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Notice to terminate a tenancy in nonresidential premises; notice of change in use of multifamily residential building
§ 55-223 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Effect of failure of tenant in nonresidential premises to vacate premises at expiration of term
§ 55-224 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When tenant deserts nonresidential premises, how landlord may enter, etc.
§ 55-225 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Failure to pay certain rents after five days’ notice forfeits right of possession
§ 55-225.01 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Sections applicable only to certain residential tenancies
§ 55-225.02 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Definitions for residential dwelling units subject to this chapter
§ 55-225.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Recovery of possession limited
§ 55-225.2 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Remedies for landlord’s unlawful ouster, exclusion or diminution of service
§ 55-225.3 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Landlord to maintain dwelling unit
§ 55-225.4 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Tenant to maintain dwelling unit
§ 55-225.5 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Access following entry of certain court orders
§ 55-225.6 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Inspection of dwelling unit
§ 55-225.7 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Disclosure of mold in dwelling units
§ 55-225.9 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Relocation of tenant where mold remediation needs to be performed in the dwelling unit
§ 55-225.10 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Notice to tenant in event of foreclosure
§ 55-225.11 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Required disclosures for properties with defective drywall; remedy for nondisclosure
§ 55-225.11:1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Required disclosures for properties located adjacent to a military air installation; remedy for nondisclosure
§ 55-225.12 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Tenant’s assertion; rent escrow; dwelling units
§ 55-225.12:1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Wrongful failure to supply heat, water, hot water, or essential services
§ 55-225.13 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Noncompliance by landlord in the rental of a dwelling unit
§ 55-225.13:1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Landlord’s noncompliance as defense to action for possession for nonpayment of rent
§ 55-225.14 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Rent escrow required for continuance of tenant’s case in the rental of a dwelling unit
§ 55-225.15 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Receipt required for certain rental payments; upon request
§ 55-225.16 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Early termination of rental agreements by victims of family abuse, sexual abuse, or criminal sexual assault
§ 55-225.17 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Required disclosures for property previously used to manufacture methamphetamine; remedy for nondisclosure
§ 55-225.18 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Retaliatory conduct prohibited
§ 55-225.19 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Security deposits
§ 55-225.20 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Notice
§ 55-225.21 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Application deposit and application fee
§ 55-225.22 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Terms and conditions of rental agreement; copy for tenant; rental payments
§ 55-225.22:1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Prohibited provisions in rental agreements
§ 55-225.23 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Prepaid rent; maintenance of escrow account
§ 55-225.24 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Landlord may obtain certain insurance for tenant
§ 55-225.25 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Effect of unsigned or undelivered rental agreement
§ 55-225.26 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Confidentiality of tenant records
§ 55-225.27 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Landlord and tenant remedies for abuse of access
§ 55-225.28 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Actions to enforce remedies pertaining to residential tenancies
§ 55-225.29 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Disclosure
§ 55-225.30 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Notice to tenants for insecticide or pesticide use
§ 55-225.31 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Limitation of liability
§ 55-225.32 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Tenancy at will; effect of notice of change of terms or provisions of tenancy
§ 55-225.33 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Rules and regulations
§ 55-225.34 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Access; consent; correction of nonemergency conditions; relocation of tenant
§ 55-225.35 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Fire or casualty damage
§ 55-225.36 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Use and occupancy by tenant
§ 55-225.37 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Tenant to surrender possession of dwelling unit
§ 55-225.38 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Periodic tenancy; holdover remedies
§ 55-225.39 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Remedies for absence, nonuse and abandonment
§ 55-225.40 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Disposal of property abandoned by tenants
§ 55-225.41 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Authority of sheriff to store and sell personal property removed from residential premises; recovery of possession by owner; disposition or sale
§ 55-225.42 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Disposal of property of deceased tenants
§ 55-225.43 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Noncompliance with rental agreement; monetary penalty
§ 55-225.44 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Barring guest or invitee of tenants
§ 55-225.45 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Sheriff authorized to serve certain notices; fees therefor
§ 55-225.46 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Remedy by repair, etc.; emergencies
§ 55-225.47 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Landlord’s acceptance of rent with reservation
§ 55-225.48 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Remedy after termination
§ 55-225.49 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Early termination of rental agreement by military personnel
§ 55-225.50 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Failure to deliver possession
§ 55-226 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Nonresidential buildings destroyed or lessee deprived of possession; covenant to pay rent or repair; reduction of rent
§ 55-226.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Security systems for commercial rental property
§ 55-226.2 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Energy submetering, energy allocation equipment, sewer and water submetering equipment, ratio utility billings systems; local government fees
§ 55-227 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Remedy for rent and for use and occupation
§ 55-228 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Who may recover rent, etc.
§ 55-229 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Who liable for rent
§ 55-230 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When and by whom distress made
§ 55-230.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Procedure for trial on warrant in distress
§ 55-231 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) on what goods levied; to what extent goods liable; priorities between landlord and other lienors
§ 55-232 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Procedure when distress levied and tenant unable to give forthcoming bond; what defense may be made
§ 55-232.2 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Review of decision to issue ex parte order or process; claim of exemption
§ 55-233 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) on what terms purchasers and lienors inferior to landlord may remove goods; certain liens not affected
§ 55-234 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When goods of an undertenant may be removed from leased premises
§ 55-235 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When officer may enter by force to levy distress or attachment
§ 55-236 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When distress not unlawful because of irregularity, etc.
§ 55-237 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Return of execution; process of sale thereunder
§ 55-237.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Authority of sheriffs to store and sell personal property removed from nonresidential premises; recovery of possession by owner; disposition or sale
§ 55-238 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Remedy when rent is to be paid in other thing than money
§ 55-239 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Proceedings to establish right of reentry, and judgment therefor
§ 55-240 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When defendant barred of relief
§ 55-241 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) How trustee or mortgagee relieved from the forfeiture
§ 55-242 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) How owner, etc., relieved in equity
§ 55-243 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) How judgment of forfeiture prevented
§ 55-244 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) When suit for reentry brought
§ 55-245 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Written act of reentry to be returned and recorded, and certificate thereof published
§ 55-246 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Fee of clerk
§ 55-246.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Who may recover rent or possession
§ 55-247 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) How person entitled, etc., to lands may be restored to his possession
§ 55-248 (Repealed effective October 1, 2019) Limitation of suit, etc., against person in possession by reentry

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 55 > Chapter 13

  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agent: means a person not less than 16 years of age charged by an entity with the responsibility of navigating and operating an electric personal delivery device. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bicycle: means a device propelled solely by human power, upon which a person may ride either on or astride a regular seat attached thereto, having two or more wheels in tandem, including children's bicycles, except a toy vehicle intended for use by young children. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Camping trailer: means every vehicle that has collapsible sides and contains sleeping quarters but may or may not contain bathing and cooking facilities and is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Circular intersection: means an intersection that has an island, generally circular in design, located in the center of the intersection, where all vehicles pass to the right of the island. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-208
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • counterfeit controlled substance: means a controlled substance that, without authorization, bears, is packaged in a container or wrapper that bears, or is otherwise labeled to bear, the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint or device or any likeness thereof, of a drug manufacturer, processor, packer, or distributor other than the manufacturer, processor, packer, or distributor who did in fact so manufacture, process, pack or distribute such drug. See Virginia Code 18.2-247
  • Crosswalk: means that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; or any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of State Police. See Virginia Code 18.2-265.6
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • driver: means every person who either (i) drives or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle on a highway or (ii) is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • drug paraphernalia: means all equipment, products, and materials of any kind which are either designed for use or which are intended by the person charged with violating § Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Electric power-assisted bicycle: means a vehicle that travels on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and is equipped with (i) pedals that allow propulsion by human power and (ii) an electric motor with an input of no more than 1,000 watts that reduces the pedal effort required of the rider and ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches a speed of no more than 20 miles per hour. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • electronic system: means a real-time electronic recordkeeping and monitoring system for the sale of ephedrine or related compounds. See Virginia Code 18.2-265.6
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Ephedrine or related compounds: means ephedrine and pseudoephedrine base or their salts, isomers, or salts of isomers. See Virginia Code 18.2-265.6
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as context may require. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in the Commonwealth, including the streets and alleys, and, for law-enforcement purposes, (i) the entire width between the boundary lines of all private roads or private streets that have been specifically designated "highways" by an ordinance adopted by the governing body of the county, city, or town in which such private roads or streets are located and (ii) the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place used for purposes of vehicular travel on any property owned, leased, or controlled by the United States government and located in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • imitation controlled substance: when used in this article means (i) a counterfeit controlled substance or (ii) a pill, capsule, tablet, or substance in any form whatsoever which is not a controlled substance subject to abuse, and:

    1. See Virginia Code 18.2-247

  • in writing: include any representation of words, letters, symbols, numbers, or figures, whether (i) printed or inscribed on a tangible medium or (ii) stored in an electronic or other medium and retrievable in a perceivable form and whether an electronic signature authorized by Chapter 42. See Virginia Code 1-257
  • Includes: means includes, but not limited to. See Virginia Code 1-218
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Intersection: means (i) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways that join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling on different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict; (ii) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection, in the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection; or (iii) for purposes only of authorizing installation of traffic-control devices, every crossing of a highway or street at grade by a pedestrian crosswalk. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • lane: means that portion of a roadway designed or designated to accommodate the forward movement of a single line of vehicles. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Lane-use control signal: means a signal face displaying indications to permit or prohibit the use of specific lanes of a roadway or to indicate the impending prohibition of such use. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of this title or local ordinances authorized by law. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • License plate: means a device containing letters, numerals, or a combination of both, attached to a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer to indicate that the vehicle is properly registered with the Department. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Light: means a device for producing illumination or the illumination produced by the device. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • marijuana: when used in this article means any part of a plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not, its seeds or resin; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds, or its resin. See Virginia Code 18.2-247
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Moped: means every vehicle that travels on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground that (i) has a seat that is no less than 24 inches in height, measured from the middle of the seat perpendicular to the ground; (ii) has a gasoline, electric, or hybrid motor that (a) displaces 50 cubic centimeters or less or (b) has an input of 1500 watts or less; (iii) is power-driven, with or without pedals that allow propulsion by human power; and (iv) is not operated at speeds in excess of 35 miles per hour. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Motor vehicle: means every vehicle as defined in this section that is self-propelled or designed for self-propulsion except as otherwise provided in this title. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and is capable of traveling at speeds in excess of 35 miles per hour. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Motorized skateboard or scooter: includes vehicles with or without handlebars but does not include "electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • notice: means notice given in writing by either regular mail or hand delivery, with the sender retaining sufficient proof of having given such notice, which may be either a United States postal certificate of mailing or a certificate of service confirming such mailing prepared by the sender. See Virginia Code 55-225.20
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who holds the legal title to a vehicle; however, if a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for its conditional sale or lease with the right of purchase on performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee or if a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then the conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be the owner for the purpose of this title. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Pharmacy: means any establishment or institution from which drugs, medicines, or medicinal chemicals are dispensed or offered for sale or on which a sign is displayed bearing the words "apothecary" "druggist" "drugs" "drug store" "drug sundries" "medicine store" "pharmacist" "pharmacy" or "prescriptions filled" or any similar words intended to indicate that the practice of pharmacy is being conducted pursuant to a license issued under Chapter 33 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 18.2-265.6
  • Pickup or panel truck: means (i) every motor vehicle designed for the transportation of property and having a registered gross weight of 7,500 pounds or less or (ii) every motor vehicle registered for personal use, designed to transport property on its own structure independent of any other vehicle, and having a registered gross weight in excess of 7,500 pounds but not in excess of 10,000 pounds. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • real estate: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights and appurtenances thereto and interests therein, other than a chattel interest. See Virginia Code 1-219
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail distributor: means an entity licensed to conduct business in the Commonwealth that offers for sale to the public at a retail outlet any nonprescription compound, mixture, or preparation containing ephedrine or related compounds. See Virginia Code 18.2-265.6
  • revocation: means that the document or privilege revoked is not subject to renewal or restoration except through reapplication after the expiration of the period of revocation. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Safety zone: means the area officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and that is protected or is so marked or indicated by plainly visible signs. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • School bus: means any motor vehicle, other than a station wagon, automobile, truck, or commercial bus, which is: (i) designed and used primarily for the transportation of pupils to and from public, private or religious schools, or used for the transportation of the mentally or physically handicapped to and from a sheltered workshop; (ii) painted yellow and bears the words "School Bus" in black letters of a specified size on front and rear; and (iii) is equipped with warning devices prescribed in § Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Trailer: means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, including manufactured homes. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Truck: means every motor vehicle designed to transport property on its own structure independent of any other vehicle and having a registered gross weight in excess of 7,500 pounds. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 1-255
  • Vehicle: means every device in, on or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except electric personal delivery devices and devices moved by human power or used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.