(a) The city is empowered to utilize a photographic traffic signal enforcement system to detect and record traffic signal violations, to issue notices of civil violations by mail, and to prosecute civil violations for the recorded traffic signal violations which may occur within the corporate limits of the city as provided in this part. A civil fine assessed under this part shall not exceed one hundred dollars ($100), and municipal court costs shall be assessed only in contested cases in the same manner and in the same amounts prescribed for a municipal criminal traffic-control device violation prosecuted as a misdemeanor under Sections 32-5A-31, 32-5A-32, and 32-5A-35, or any combination thereof. An additional fee of ten dollars ($10) shall be collected in connection with notices issued under this part. Court costs collected pursuant to this part shall be distributed in the same manner as prescribed by law for the distribution of municipal court costs for misdemeanor violations. An additional fee of ten dollars ($10) shall be collected by the Opelika Municipal Court in connection with notices issued under this part to be paid to the Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center and deposited in the State Treasury as compensation for record keeping and transaction processing with respect to violation notices issued under this part.
Terms Used In Alabama Code 45-41A-41.03
- city: The City of Opelika, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41A-41.02
- CIVIL FINE: The monetary amount assessed by the city pursuant to this part for an adjudication of civil liability for a traffic signal violation, including municipal court costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-41A-41.02
- following: means next after. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- PHOTOGRAPHIC TRAFFIC SIGNAL ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A camera system which is designed and installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic-control device using vehicle sensors synchronized to automatically record, either by conventional film or digital imaging, sequenced photographs or full motion video of the rear of a motor vehicle while proceeding through a signalized intersection. See Alabama Code 45-41A-41.02
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
(b) The city shall cause a sign to be posted at each of a minimum of five roadway entry points to the city to provide motorists with notice that photographic traffic signal enforcement systems are in use. The sign shall comply with this requirement if it states substantially the following: “AUTOMATED CAMERAS USED IN RED LIGHT ENFORCEMENT,” or if it otherwise gives sufficient notice.
(c) Prior to operating a photographic traffic signal enforcement system, the city shall make a public announcement and conduct a public awareness campaign of the use of a photographic traffic signal enforcement system a minimum of 30 days before using the devices. The city may place photographic traffic signal enforcement systems at locations without notice of the specific location, may change locations without public notice, and may install and move as needed decoy devices designed to resemble photographic traffic signal enforcement systems.
(d) The city shall post a sign or signs at each intersection at which a device is located informing motorists that a photographic traffic signal enforcement system is in operation at the intersection.