(a) If the owner fails, neglects, or refuses to abate the nuisance, or the nuisance is not otherwise abated, (1) within the time permitted to do so as stated in the enforcing official’s notice, where such notice was not suspended by the request for a hearing before the administrative official; or (2) within the time permitted to do so as stated in the administrative official’s written determination, then the city may enter upon the property and abate the nuisance using its own forces, or it may provide by contract for the abatement. However, if an appeal has been taken to the circuit court as provided in subsection (h) of Section 45-45A-41.21, then the city may not abate the nuisance until the determination or judgment authorizing abatement becomes final as provided by law.

Terms Used In Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 1-1-1

(b) Upon completion of the abatement work performed by the city, including work by contractors employed by the city, the enforcing official shall compute the city’s expenses in causing the abatement of the nuisance including, but not limited to, cost of labor, value of the use of the equipment, advertising expenses, postage, administrative expense, legal expense, and materials purchased, which were incurred by the city as a result of the work. An itemized statement of the expenses shall be given by first class mail to the last known address of the owner of the property. This notice shall be sent at least five days in advance of the time fixed by the city council to consider the assessment of the cost against property.

(c) At the time fixed for receiving and considering the statement, the city council shall hear the same, together with any objections which may be raised by the owner whose property is liable to be assessed for the city’s expenses in causing the abatement of the nuisance, and thereupon make modifications in the statement as deemed necessary, after which a resolution may assess the cost. The cost stated in the resolution shall constitute a lien on the property, and shall be referred to as a weed lien on the property.

(d) A copy of the resolution shall be given to the county revenue commissioner. It shall be the duty of the revenue commissioner to add the costs of the weed lien to the next regular bill for taxes levied against the property subject to the weed lien, and thereafter, the costs shall be collected and remitted to the city at the same time and in the same manner as ordinary municipal ad valorem taxes are collected, and shall be subject to the same penalties and the same procedure under foreclosure and sale in case of delinquency; provided, however, that if the foreclosure and sale is the result of a delinquency caused by a weed lien, the municipality shall reimburse the county tax collector or revenue commissioner for all costs associated with the foreclosure and sale unless the costs are collected at the time of sale as part of the sale.

(e) The city clerk may also cause a certified copy of the resolution showing the weed lien to be filed for recording in the office of the judge of probate.

(Act 2016-205, § 4.)