Article 1 General Provisions 15-13-1 – 15-13-8
Article 2 Entry and Return 15-13-20 – 15-13-26
Article 3 Cash Deposit 15-13-40 – 15-13-43
Article 4 Effect of Undertaking and Discharge of Bail 15-13-60 – 15-13-65
Article 5 Forfeiture 15-13-80 – 15-13-82
Article 6 Alabama Bail Reform Act of 1993 15-13-100 – 15-13-164
Article 7 Bail for Persons Arrested for Certain Domestic Violence Offenses or Violation of Protection Order 15-13-190

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 13

  • account: Any one of the three accounts created by Section 27-42-6. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • ADJUSTED FOR INFLATION: Increased in accordance with the formula for inflation adjustment set forth in Exhibit C to the Master Settlement Agreement. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • ADMITTED ASSET: Any asset of an insurer permitted by the Commissioner of Insurance to be taken into account in any determination of the financial condition of the insurer. See Alabama Code 15-10-46
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person who directly, or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person on December 31 of the year immediately preceding the date the insurer becomes an insolvent insurer. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • affiliate: A person who directly or indirectly owns or controls, is owned or controlled by, or is under common ownership or control with, another person. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • APPARENT OWNER: A person whose name appears on the records of a holder as the person entitled to property held, issued, or owing by the holder. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • APPEARANCE BOND: An appearance bond is an undertaking to pay the clerk of the circuit, district, or municipal court, for the use of the State of Alabama or the municipality, a specified sum of money upon the failure of a person released to comply with its conditions. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: The Alabama Insurance Guaranty Association created under Section 27-42-6. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • authority: A corporation created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefit year: as used in this chapter with respect to any individual, means the one-year period beginning with the first day of the first week with respect to which an individual who is unemployed first files a valid claim for benefits or a claim is filed by an employer on behalf of an employee working less than full time, and thereafter the one-year period beginning with the first day of the first week with respect to which such individual next files a valid claim for benefits or such claim is filed by an employer on behalf of an employee working less than full time, after the termination of his last preceding benefit year. See Alabama Code 25-4-3
  • Benefits: as used in this chapter , means the money payable to an individual with respect to his unemployment as provided in this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-2
  • board: means the civil service board created by this part; "appointing authority" means in the case of employees in the offices of the elected officers of the city, such elected officers in the case of all other city employees, the city governing body, or board or other agency supervising their work. See Alabama Code 45-8A-130.01
  • broker: A broker as defined in Section 34-27-2. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • bureau: The Bureau of Loans of the State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • BUSINESS ASSOCIATION: A corporation, joint stock company, investment company, partnership, unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, business trust, trust company, safe deposit company, financial organization, insurance company, mutual fund, utility, or other business entity consisting of one or more persons, whether or not for profit. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Calendar quarter: as used in this chapter , means the period of three consecutive calendar months ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 or December 31, except as the secretary shall by regulation otherwise prescribe. See Alabama Code 25-4-4
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CASH ADVANCE: The amount of cash or its equivalent that the borrower actually receives or is paid at his direction or on his behalf. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • check: A debit authorization or a check signed by the maker and made payable to a person licensed under this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • cigarette: includes "roll-your-own" i. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • city: means the City of Weaver in Calhoun County; "employee" means any person including public works employees, assistant city clerk, city clerk and policemen, not excepted by Section 45-8A-130. See Alabama Code 45-8A-130.01
  • claimant: Any insured making a first party claim or any person instituting a liability claim. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • client: A person or entity having an interest in commercial real estate that has entered into a written brokerage or agency agreement with a real estate broker relative to the commercial real estate. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • Commercial or nongame fish: as used in this article shall be limited to those freshwater fish designated as such by the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources and all species of saltwater fish. See Alabama Code 36-27-51.1
  • COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE: Any real estate including real estate classified as agricultural for tax assessment purposes other than real estate containing one to four residential units. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Contributions: as used in this chapter , means the money payments to the State Unemployment Compensation Fund, required by this chapter, on the basis of a percentage of wages. See Alabama Code 25-4-5
  • control: The possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • conveyance: A sale, lease, or other transfer of commercial real estate. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • COVERED CLAIM: An unpaid claim, including one of unearned premiums, which arises out of, and is within the coverage and not in excess of, the applicable limits of an insurance policy to which this chapter applies, issued by an insurer, if such insurer becomes an insolvent insurer after January 1, 1981, and (i) the claimant or insured is a resident of this state at the time of the insured event; or (ii) the property from which the claim arises is permanently located in this state. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • DEFERRED PRESENTMENT SERVICES: A transaction pursuant to a written agreement involving the following combination of activities in exchange for a fee:

    a. See Alabama Code 35-11-454

  • department: The State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depositor: An individual member or customer of a financial institution who meets all of the following requirements:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-27-72

  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domicile: The state of incorporation of a corporation and the state of the principal place of business of a holder other than a corporation. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT: Any investment permitted by Sections 27-41-7 to 27-41-35, inclusive, provided the investment meets all the other requirements of this chapter. See Alabama Code 15-10-46
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: as used in this chapter , means any individual employed by an employer subject to this chapter, in which employment the relationship of master and servant exists between the employee and the person employing him. See Alabama Code 25-4-7
  • Employing unit: as used in this chapter , means any individual or type of organization, including any partnership, association, trust estate, joint stock company or corporation, whether domestic or foreign, or the receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, trustee or successor thereof, or the legal representative of a deceased person, which has, or subsequent to January 1, 1935, had in its employ one or more individuals performing services for it within this state. See Alabama Code 25-4-9
  • employment: shall include service constituting employment under any unemployment compensation law of another state or of this state. See Alabama Code 25-4-16
  • enterprise: The business, undertaking or enterprise of furnishing services. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entry: A chance or chances obtained by a depositor to win a designated prize or prizes in a savings promotion contest by complying with the terms and conditions of a savings promotion contest. See Alabama Code 36-27-72
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • FINANCIAL INSTITUTION: A bank, savings institution, or credit union authorized to do business in Alabama under federal or state law. See Alabama Code 36-27-72
  • FINANCIAL ORGANIZATION: A savings and loan association, building and loan association, industrial loan organization, credit union, cooperative bank, bank, or banking organization. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: as used in this chapter , means the Unemployment Compensation Fund established by this chapter, to which all contributions and payments in lieu of contributions and from which all benefits required under this chapter shall be paid. See Alabama Code 25-4-12
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: The body or board, by whatsoever name it may be known, having charge of the finances of a municipality. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • HIGH NET WORTH INSURED: Any insured whose net worth exceeds twenty-five million dollars ($25,000,000) on December 31 of the year prior to the year in which the insurer becomes an insolvent insurer; provided that an insured's net worth on that date shall be deemed to include the aggregate net worth of the insured and all of its subsidiaries and affiliates as calculated on a consolidated basis. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • holder: A person in possession of property belonging to another, or who is a trustee in case of a trust, obligated to hold for the account of, or deliver to, or pay to, the owner or apparent owner as applicable, property that is subject to this article. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • importer: Any person in the United States to whom non-tax paid tobacco products or cigarette papers or tubes, or any processed tobacco, manufactured in a foreign country, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or a possession of the United States are shipped or consigned; any person who removes cigars or cigarettes for sale or consumption in the United States from a customs bonded manufacturing warehouse; and any person who smuggles or otherwise unlawfully brings tobacco products or cigarette papers or tubes, or any processed tobacco, into the United States. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • INSOLVENT INSURER: An insurer licensed to transact insurance in this state, either at the time the policy was issued or when the insured event occurred, and against whom an order of liquidation with a finding of insolvency has been entered after January 1, 1981, by a court of competent jurisdiction in the insurer's state of domicile or of this state under the provisions of Chapter 32 of this title, which order of liquidation has not been stayed or been the subject of a writ of supersedeas bonds or other comparable order. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • INSURANCE COMPANY: An association, corporation, or fraternal or mutual benefit organization, whether or not for profit, engaged in the business of providing life endowments, annuities, or insurance, including, but not limited to, accidental, burial, casualty, credit life, contract performance, dental, disability, fidelity, fire, health, hospitalization, illness, life, malpractice, marine, mortgage, surety, wage protection, and workers' compensation insurance. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • insured: Any named insured, additional insured, vendor, lessor, or other party identified as an insured under a policy. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • insurer: The term shall have the meaning ascribed in Section 27-1-2 and shall include health maintenance organizations. See Alabama Code 15-10-46
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • investment: Any asset owned by an insurer. See Alabama Code 15-10-46
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • JUDICIAL OFFICER: Any supreme court, appellate court, circuit court, district court, or municipal court judge or any magistrate of any court in this state. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: A license, issued under the authority of this chapter, to make loans in accordance with the provisions of this chapter at a single place of business. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • license tax: as used in this title , shall be deemed to include any tax prescribed by a license tax schedule, but shall not exclude any license tax otherwise prescribed. See Alabama Code 40-12-344
  • licensee: A person to whom one or more licenses have been issued. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • licensee: A person licensed to provide deferred presentment services pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • MASTER SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT: The settlement agreement, and related documents, entered into on November 23, 1998, by the state and leading United States tobacco product manufacturers. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • MEMBER INSURER: Any person who (i) writes any kind of insurance to which this chapter applies under Section 27-42-3, including the exchange of reciprocal or interinsurance contracts, and (ii) is licensed to transact insurance in this state. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • mineral: Gas; oil; coal; other gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons; oil shale; cement material; sand and gravel; road material; building stone; chemical raw material; gemstone; fissionable and nonfissionable ores; colloidal and other clay; steam and other geothermal resource; or any other substance defined as a mineral by the law of this state. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • MINERAL PROCEEDS: Amounts payable for the extraction, production, or sale of minerals, or, upon the abandonment of those payments, all payments that become payable thereafter. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Minimum finance charge: The minimum, or fixed, finance charge that will be imposed during a billing cycle. A minimum finance charge usually applies only when a finance charge is imposed, that is, when you carry over a balance. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • municipality: Any city or town incorporated under the laws of the State of Alabama and the inhabitants of an area containing not less than 250 qualified electors outside of an unincorporated city or town who shall become incorporated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • NET DIRECT WRITTEN PREMIUMS: Direct gross premiums written in this state on insurance policies to which this chapter applies, less return premiums thereon and dividends paid or credited to, policyholders on such direct business. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • NET WORTH: The total assets of a person, less the total liabilities against those assets as determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • officer: The term includes every person authorized to enforce the game and fish laws of this state, and whenever the possession, use, importation, transportation, storage, sale, offering, or exposing for sale of game birds, animals, or fish is prohibited or restricted, the prohibition or restriction shall extend to and include every part of the game, bird, animal, or fish, and a violation as to each animal, bird, or fish, or part thereof, shall be a separate offense. See Alabama Code 35-11-415
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person who has a legal or equitable interest in property subject to this article or the person's legal representative. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • PARTICIPATING FINANCIAL INSTITUTION: A financial institution, as defined above, that is sponsoring a savings promotion contest. See Alabama Code 36-27-72
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payments in lieu of contributions: as used in this chapter , means the money payments to the State Unemployment Compensation Fund, required by this chapter, from employers who reimburse the fund for the amount of regular benefits and extended benefits paid that is attributable to service in the employ of such employers as is required by this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-5
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Any individual or legal entity, including governmental entities. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, copartnerships, associations, trusts, corporations and any other legal entities. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • person: An individual, group of individuals, partnership, association, corporation, or any other business unit or legal entity. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • person: means an individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, or any other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • person: Natural persons, partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations, and other legal entities. See Alabama Code 25-4-77
  • person: An individual, business association, financial organization, estate, trust, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • PROFESSIONAL BAIL COMPANY: A person, individual proprietor, partnership, corporation, or other entity, other than a professional surety company, that furnishes bail or becomes surety for a person on an appearance bond and does so for a valuable consideration. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • PROFESSIONAL BONDSMAN: An individual person or agent employed by a professional surety company or professional bail company to solicit and execute appearance bonds or actively seek bail bond business for or on behalf of a professional surety company or a professional bail company. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • PROFESSIONAL SURETY COMPANY: An insurance company, domestic or foreign corporation, or association engaged in the business of insurance, or a surety with a bail line of insurance to which has been issued a certificate of authority or certificate of compliance by the Alabama Department of Insurance to execute appearance bonds or bail bonds in criminal cases in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • property: Tangible property held in a safe deposit box or other safekeeping depository in this state, and fixed and certain interest in intangible property that is held, issued, or owed in the course of a holder's business, or by a government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, and all income or increments therefrom. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PUBLIC AGENCY: The State of Alabama, and any county, city, town, school district, or other political subdivision of the state, any public trust, any public entity specifically created by the statutes of the State of Alabama or as a result of statutory authorization therefor, and any department, agency, board, bureau, commission, committee, or authority of any of the foregoing public entities. See Alabama Code 25-5-30
  • PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT: Any beneficial or valuable change or addition, betterment, enhancement, or amelioration of or upon any real property, or interest therein, belonging to a public agency intended to enhance its value, beauty, or utility or to adapt it to new or further purposes. See Alabama Code 25-5-30
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • QUALIFIED ESCROW FUND: An escrow arrangement with a federally or state chartered financial institution having no affiliation with any tobacco product manufacturer and having assets of at least one billion dollars ($1,000,000,000), where such arrangement requires that such financial institution hold the escrowed funds' principal for the benefit of releasing parties and prohibits the tobacco product manufacturer placing the funds into escrow from using, accessing, or directing the use of the funds' principal except as consistent with subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of Section 6-12-3. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • QUALIFYING ACCOUNT: A savings account or other savings product that is offered by a participating financial institution and that meets all of the following requirements:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-27-72

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • REAL ESTATE: Real property as defined in subdivision (7) of Section 1-1-1. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: Federal law that, among other things, requires lenders to provide "good faith" estimates of settlement costs and make other disclosures regarding the mortgage loan. RESPA also limits the amount of funds held in escrow for real estate taxes and insurance. Source: OCC
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • record: Information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • rollover: Any deferred presentment transaction where the transaction is not paid in full and the licensee agrees to allow the customer to pay the fee only for a new deferred presentment transaction. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • rules: Rules necessary to carry out this article adopted pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Secretary: as used in this chapter , means the Secretary of Labor or his authorized representatives; except, that during any interim in which there is no duly appointed and qualified Secretary of Labor, the same shall mean the Director of Unemployment Compensation, provided for in Section 25-2-3. See Alabama Code 25-4-6
  • secretary: shall mean the Secretary of the "Department of Labor". See Alabama Code 25-5-2
  • SELF-INSURER: A person that covers its liability through a qualified individual or group self-insurance program or any other formal program created for the specific purpose of covering liabilities typically covered by insurance. See Alabama Code 15-13-21
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • services: Any one or more or all of the following: water, sewerage, telephone, gas or electric heat, light, or power services, commodities or facilities. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Spearing: as used in this article shall be limited to the use of a spear or similar instrument that is held in the hand of the person using same and the use of a weapon, other than a firearm, which propels or forces a projectile, arrow or similar device therefrom to which a wire, rope, line, cord or other means of recovering the propelled projectile, arrow or similar device is attached and is secured to the weapon or to the person using the weapon. See Alabama Code 36-27-51.1
  • State: as used in this chapter , includes, in addition to the states of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and Canada. See Alabama Code 25-4-14
  • state: A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervisor: The Supervisor of the Bureau of Loans of the State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • supervisor: The Supervisor of the Bureau of Loans or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • territory: The geographical area coterminous with the boundaries of a municipality. See Alabama Code 25-4-134
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TOBACCO PRODUCT MANUFACTURER: An entity that, after June 9, 1999, directly, and not exclusively through any affiliate:

    a. See Alabama Code 37-1-36

  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • treasurer: The Treasurer of the State of Alabama, or the designee of the Treasurer. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Unemployment Administration Fund: as used in this chapter , means the Unemployment Compensation Administration Fund established by this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-4-15
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • UNITS SOLD: The number of individual cigarettes sold in the state by the applicable tobacco product manufacturer, whether directly or through a distributor, retailer, or similar intermediary or intermediaries, during the year in question, as measured by excise taxes collected by the state on packs, or roll-your-own tobacco containers, bearing the excise tax stamp of the state. See Alabama Code 37-1-36
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • utility: Any person who owns or operates, for public use, any plant, equipment, real property, franchise, or license for the transmission of communications or the production, storage, transmission, sale, delivery, or furnishing of electricity, water, steam, or gas. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • wages: as used in this chapter , shall mean such remuneration as was defined in this section prior to such date. See Alabama Code 25-4-16
  • warden: The game and fish warden or agent provided for in the game and fish laws of this state. See Alabama Code 35-11-415
  • Week: as used in this chapter , means such period of seven consecutive days, as the secretary may by regulation prescribe. See Alabama Code 25-4-17
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.