Article 1 Search Warrants 15-5-1 – 15-5-19
Article 2 Searches, etc., of Persons in Public Places 15-5-30 – 15-5-31
Article 3 Stored Wire and Electronic Communications 15-5-40
Article 3A Criminal Surveillance 15-5-50
Article 3B Kelsey Smith Act 15-5-55
Article 4 Alabama Comprehensive Criminal Proceeds Forfeiture Act 15-5-60 – 15-5-65

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 5

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • ADDITIONAL RAIL SERVICE AREA: Any territory that is outside the boundaries or corporate limits, as the case may be, of any of its authorizing subdivisions and that the governing body of the county, and of any city or town, in which such territory is located has by resolution designated as an area in which the authority may render rail transportation service. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • AID TO DEPENDENT CHILDREN: Such term shall have the same meaning as "aid to dependent children" as defined by the Federal Social Security Act or amendments thereto. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • AID TO THE PERMANENTLY AND TOTALLY DISABLED: Money payments with respect to a person 18 years of age or older who is permanently and totally disabled. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • airport: Any area of existing land or man-made construction, except a restricted landing area, that is currently used, made available, or designed for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, whether or not facilities are provided for the shelter, servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft, and whether or not facilities are provided for receiving and discharging passengers or cargo, so long as such area meets the minimum requirements as to size, design, surfacing, marking, equipment, and management provided by the department for airports owned or operated by a political subdivision. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • AIRPORT HAZARD: Any structure, equipment, object of natural growth, or use of land that constitutes a hazard to air navigation as set forth in 14 C. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Alabama state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF UNDERGROUND FACILITIES: Information about an operator's underground facilities which is provided to a person by an operator and must be accurate to within 18 inches measured horizontally from the outside edge of each side of such operator's facility, or a strip of land 18 inches either side of the operator's field mark or the marked width of the facility plus 18 inches on each side of the marked width of the facility. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • authority: Any public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter or any law amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • authority: The Alabama Toll Road, Bridge, and Tunnel Authority created by this article, or any board, body, or commission succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to which the powers given by this article to the authority shall be given by law. See Alabama Code 23-2-142
  • authority: The Alabama Toll Road, Bridge and Tunnel Authority, as defined in Section 23-2-142. See
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county, city, or town in this state in which there are located railroad properties and facilities and whose governing body receives an application for permission to organize an authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • blasting: The use of an explosive device for the excavation of earth, rock, or other material or the demolition of a structure. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, and profession for profit. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CASE RECORD MATERIAL: The entire case record file pertaining to inquiries about, applicants for, or recipients of public assistance, including but not limited to, applications, narratives, budgets, face sheets, correspondence, authorizations of assistance, change of status forms, financial and statistical record cards and such other material or forms as have been used from time to time. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the State Department of Human Resources. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • CONTRACT LOCATOR: Any person contracted with an operator specifically to determine and mark the approximate location of the operator's utility lines that exist within the area specified by a notice served on the "One-Call Notification System. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • cost: As applied to a toll road, bridge, or tunnel project, the cost shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 23-2-142

  • COUNTY BOARD: The county board of human resources. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • COUNTY DEPARTMENT: The department of human resources in each of the 67 counties. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • COUNTY DIRECTOR: The director of each county department of human resources. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • damage: Includes, but is not limited to, the substantial weakening of structural or lateral support of an underground facility, penetration or destruction of any underground facility's protective coating, housing, or other protective device, and the severance (partial or complete) of any underground facility, but does not apply to any operator's abandoned underground facility. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • demolition: Any operation by which a structure or mass of material is wrecked, razed, rendered, moved, or removed by means of any tools, equipment, or explosives. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • department: The Alabama Department of Transportation and any successor agency. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • department: The Department of Transportation. See Alabama Code 23-1-430
  • department: The State Department of Transportation. See Alabama Code 23-2-142
  • department: The Department of Transportation. See
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • DEPENDENT CHILD: Any needy child coming within the definition of "dependent child" as defined in the Federal Social Security Act or amendments thereto. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • DESIGN OR SURVEY LOCATE REQUEST: Any communication to the "One-Call Notification System" or an in-house program of an operator which meets the operational requirements of receiving those excavation or demolition notifications described in subsection (a) of Section 37-15-5, specifically to request existing underground facilities to be located for bidding, predesign, or advance planning purposes. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of a board. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION: A method of collecting tolls or charges which is capable of charging an account holder the appropriate toll or charge including, but not limited to, either of the following:

    a. See

  • ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION: Any process of communication not directly involving the physical transfer of paper that is suitable for the retention, retrieval, and reproduction of information by the recipient. See
  • EMERGENCY EXCAVATION OR DEMOLITION: An excavation or demolition that is required to eliminate an imminent danger to life, health, property, or the environment or required for the repair or restoration of operator service that is required to be performed before the notification and response procedures required in Section 37-15-4 and 37-15-6 may be fully utilized. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • excavator: Any person who engages in excavation. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • faa: The Federal Aviation Administration and any successor agency. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • federal agency: means an agency of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • federal branch: means a branch of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: The United States of America or any department, division, commission, or agency and instrumentality thereof, including, without limitation, the Department of Transportation. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Foreign limited liability partnership: means a foreign partnership whose partners have limited liability for the debts, obligations, or other liabilities of the foreign partnership under a provision similar to Section 10A-8A-3. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fund: The Alabama Transportation Safety Fund. See Alabama Code 23-1-430
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPLIED EASEMENT: Any unwritten easement or right-of-way on private property required to provide utility or other services by means of underground facilities on property of the owner requesting such service. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement, or trust indenture executed by an authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • INTERESTED PARTY: Any person applying for a permit or the owner of the airport hazard which is adversely affected by a determination or order of the department. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • interstate branch: means a branch of a bank or a branch of a foreign bank, as the context may require, which is, or is to be, established after September 29, 1994, pursuant to the authority contained in the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, outside the home state of the bank or foreign bank. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • lessee: Any person, corporation, firm, partnership, agency, association, or organization that rents, leases, or contracts for the use of one or more vehicles and has exclusive use of the vehicles for any period of time. See
  • lessor: Any person, corporation, firm, partnership, agency, association, or organization renting or leasing vehicles to a lessee under a rental agreement, lease, or otherwise wherein the lessee has the exclusive use of the vehicle for any period of time. See
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • MECHANIZED EQUIPMENT: Equipment powered or energized by any motor, engine, hydraulic, or pneumatic device and is used for excavation or demolition work including, but not limited to, tractors, trenchers, bulldozers, power shovels, augers, backhoes, scrapers, pile drivers, drills, cable and pipe plows, or other equipment used for plowing-in or pulling-in cable or pipe. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • member: A person who participates in the "One-Call Notification System" to receive services and is in good standing with the "One-Call Notification System" in accordance with the guidelines set forth in the corporation's bylaws. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Not for profit activity: includes every undertaking not for profit. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • NOTIFICATION AREA: An area or territory which an operator designates as the area where the operator wishes to receive notifications for any excavation in that area. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • OBJECT OF NATURAL GROWTH: Any tree and other plants. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • old age assistance: is used in the laws of this state, such term shall mean "old age pensions. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • OLD AGE PENSIONS: Money payments with respect to a needy person who has attained the age of 65 years and who has complied with the requirements of this title. See Alabama Code 23-2-149
  • operator: Any person, governmental agency, or political subdivision, or its agents, who owns or operates a public or private underground facility which furnishes services, information, or materials, or transports or transmits electric energy, light, water, steam, oil, gases, gas, mixture of gases, petroleum, petroleum products, hazardous or flammable liquids, toxic or corrosive fluids and gases, or items of like nature, and telecommunications, cable television, water, drainage, sewage, or other systems of like nature. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • operator: Any person who is or was driving a vehicle that is or was the subject of a toll violation, but who is not the owner of the vehicle. See
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • owner: Any person or entity who, at the time of a toll violation and with respect to the vehicle involved in the violation, is the registrant or coregistrant of the vehicle with the Motor Vehicle Division, of the Department of Revenue, or with another state, territory, district, province, nation, or jurisdiction. See
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partner: means a person that:

    (A) has become a partner in a partnership under Section 10A-8A-4. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05

  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partnership: means an association of two or more persons formed under Section 10A-8A-2. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partnership agreement: means any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the business or not for profit activity of a partnership. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • payment: Paying a toll by cash, by permitting a charge against a valid account with the authority, department, or private toll entity, or by any other means of payment approved by the authority, department, or private toll entity. See
  • permit: Written approval issued by the department for the construction, erection, alteration, modification, or replacement of any structure or object of natural growth which qualifies as an airport hazard. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: An individual, a corporation, a partnership, or a foreign domestic association. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • person: An individual, joint venture, partnership, association, authority, cooperative, firm, corporation, governmental entity, or any subdivision or instrumentality of that entity and its employees, agents, or legal representatives. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, company, or other entity, governmental body, administrative agency, personal representative, trustee, or receiver. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: The state and any county, municipality, city, town, or subdivision thereof, or any state authority, commission, district, or agency authorized to establish or operate airports in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • PRIVATE TOLL ENTITY: An individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or any other legal entity licensed pursuant to Section 23-1-81 or Section 23-2-144(12), to operate toll collection facilities. See
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • railroad: A common carrier by railroad as defined in Section 1(3) of Part I of the Interstate Commerce Act, codified as 49 U. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • RAILROAD PROPERTIES AND FACILITIES: Any real or personal property or interest in such property which is owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by a railroad or other person, including, without limitation, an authority, and which is used or is useful in rail transportation service, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing:

    a. See Alabama Code 23-1-386

  • Record date: means the date established under Article 6 or 7 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Statement: means a statement of partnership under Section 10A-8A-2. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • structure: Any man-made object constructed, erected, or installed on land or water, including, but not limited to, buildings, towers, smokestacks, utility poles, equipment, and overhead utility transmission and distribution lines. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Subscriber: means a person who subscribes for shares in a corporation, whether before or after incorporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TOLERANCE ZONE: The width of the underground facility plus 18 inches on either side of the outside edge of the underground facility on a horizontal plane. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • TOLL VIOLATION: The passage of a vehicle through a toll collection point without payment of the required toll. See
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transferable interest: means a partner's right to receive distributions from a partnership. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • Transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a partner. See Alabama Code 45-8-172.05
  • Treasury shares: means shares of a corporation that have been issued, have been subsequently acquired by and belong to the corporation, and have not been canceled or restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • UNDERGROUND FACILITY: Any cable, pipeline, duct, wire, conduit, or other similar installation, installed underground or underwater, by which an operator transports or delivers materials, information, or services. See Alabama Code 23-2-121
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-8-82.22
  • vehicle: Any motor-propelled device in, upon, or by which any person or property is transported or drawn upon a road or highway, except devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See