Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 17 > Chapter 16
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
Chambers: A judge's office.
Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
expenses: shall include the following items and any other items approved as reimbursable expenses by the Election Expense Reimbursement Committee pursuant to Section 17-16-2. See Alabama Code 17-16-2
Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Probate: Proving a will
Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 2-16-1
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1