Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 26 > Chapter 1A
Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
axle: A shaft on which a wheel or wheels run and, for the purposes of this article, two such shafts connected in tandem and commonly known as a tandem axle shall be considered one axle when not equipped with dual wheels on either end of either shaft of such tandem axle. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
dealer: A person who in violation of Alabama law manufactures, produces, ships, sells, uses, distributes, transports, or imports into Alabama or in any manner acquires or possesses more than 42 1/2 grams of marihuana, or seven or more grams of any controlled substance, or 10 or more dosage units of any controlled substance which is not sold by weight, or dosage units, shall include the weight or dosage units of the substance whether pure, impure, or diluted, in the dealer's possession. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
license tax: as used in this title , shall be deemed to include any tax prescribed by a license tax schedule, but shall not exclude any license tax otherwise prescribed. See Alabama Code 40-12-344
Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
MOTOR CARRIER: Any person, firm, partnership, association, joint stock company, corporation, lessee, trustee, or receiver appointed by any court controlling, operating, or managing any motor vehicle used for the transportation of persons or property for hire. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, receiver, trustee, or any other group or combination acting as a unit, and the plural as well as the singular number, unless the intention to give a more limited meaning is disclosed by the context. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
possession: For the purposes of this chapter, to include either actual possession, or constructive possession, or a combination of both actual and constructive possession. See Alabama Code 40-17A-1
President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
REGULAR PASSENGER-CARRYING SEATS: A seat ordinarily and customarily used by one passenger but does not include folding or collapsible emergency aisle seats. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
SEATING CAPACITY: The actual number of regular passenger-carrying seats in a motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
taxpayer: Any person, firm, partnership, association, joint stock company, corporation, lessee, trustee, or receiver appointed by any court liable for taxes under this chapter. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
TOUR BUS: Any motor vehicle used for hire for transportation of persons and their personal property on a charter which originates within or without the boundaries of the State of Alabama, the itinerary of which is not of an established, repetitively scheduled nature utilizing routes and time schedules approved by the Public Service Commission. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
VEHICLE TRANSPORTING PROPERTY: A straight truck with two axles, a trailer, a truck semitrailer with three axles, and a straight truck with three axles. See Alabama Code 40-19-1
Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.