Article 1 General Provisions 2-10-1
Article 2 Marketing Associations Generally 2-10-20 – 2-10-35
Article 3 Incorporated Marketing Associations 2-10-50 – 2-10-74
Article 4 Mutual Farming or Trucking Associations 2-10-90 – 2-10-108

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 2 > Chapter 10

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include horticultural, viticultural, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, fish, aquatic and seafood products and any farm products. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: The products of field, pasture, meadow and garden; fruits, melons, berries, nuts, vegetables, livestock, poultry and poultry products, dairy products, fish, aquatic and seafood products and all other things commonly known as agricultural products. See Alabama Code 45-39-245.07
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • association: as used in this article , shall refer to agricultural cooperative marketing associations and other organizations, whether incorporated or not, which have for their objects engaging in activities similar to those of a cooperative marketing association. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • association: Any corporation organized under this article. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: The Shoals Economic Development Authority. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 34-13-50
  • board: The board of directors of the authority comprised of the members of the Shoals Economic Development Authority. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 34-13-50
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FEED DISTRIBUTOR: Any person residing in Alabama, or any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that sells directly to a ratite producer feed of any sort that is intended for ratite consumption regardless of where the feed is manufactured. See Alabama Code 34-13-50
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • member: Such term shall include actual members of associations without capital stock and holders of common stock in organizations organized with capital stock. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • member: An individual resident and registered voter of Lauderdale County or Colbert County, who has been appointed to the authority by their respective governing bodies to serve in a representative capacity. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, firms, partnerships and associations. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PRODUCERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Individual persons, partnerships, associations and corporations who produce such products either directly or as landlords, tenants or sharecroppers. See Alabama Code 45-39-245.07
  • PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include fishing activities and the harvesting of aquatic and seafood products as well as the production of other agricultural or farm products hereinabove defined in subdivision (1) of this section. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • ratite: One of a variety of flightless birds including an ostrich, emu, rhea, cassowary, or kiwi. See Alabama Code 34-13-50
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • salary: as used in this division , is not intended to include or cover costs and charges of court or fees, commissions, percentages, or allowances of public officers, and such are not subject to writs of garnishment under the provisions of this division. See Alabama Code 45-8A-23.263
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shoals: The geographic region of the State of Alabama comprising the Counties of Colbert and Lauderdale. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stop: When required, means complete cessation from movement. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.