Article 1 General Provisions 36-22-1 – 36-22-19
Article 2 Sheriffs’ Retirement System 36-22-40 – 36-22-45
Article 3 Supernumerary Sheriffs 36-22-60 – 36-22-65

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 36 > Chapter 22

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • broker: A broker as defined in Section 34-27-2. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • bureau: The Bureau of Loans of the State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • check: A debit authorization or a check signed by the maker and made payable to a person licensed under this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • client: A person or entity having an interest in commercial real estate that has entered into a written brokerage or agency agreement with a real estate broker relative to the commercial real estate. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE: Any real estate including real estate classified as agricultural for tax assessment purposes other than real estate containing one to four residential units. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • conveyance: A sale, lease, or other transfer of commercial real estate. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • DEFERRED PRESENTMENT SERVICES: A transaction pursuant to a written agreement involving the following combination of activities in exchange for a fee:

    a. See Alabama Code 35-11-454

  • department: The State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • license: A license, issued under the authority of this chapter, to make loans in accordance with the provisions of this chapter at a single place of business. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • licensee: A person to whom one or more licenses have been issued. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • licensee: A person licensed to provide deferred presentment services pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Minimum finance charge: The minimum, or fixed, finance charge that will be imposed during a billing cycle. A minimum finance charge usually applies only when a finance charge is imposed, that is, when you carry over a balance. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • officer: The term includes every person authorized to enforce the game and fish laws of this state, and whenever the possession, use, importation, transportation, storage, sale, offering, or exposing for sale of game birds, animals, or fish is prohibited or restricted, the prohibition or restriction shall extend to and include every part of the game, bird, animal, or fish, and a violation as to each animal, bird, or fish, or part thereof, shall be a separate offense. See Alabama Code 35-11-415
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, copartnerships, associations, trusts, corporations and any other legal entities. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • person: An individual, group of individuals, partnership, association, corporation, or any other business unit or legal entity. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • REAL ESTATE: Real property as defined in subdivision (7) of Section 1-1-1. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • rollover: Any deferred presentment transaction where the transaction is not paid in full and the licensee agrees to allow the customer to pay the fee only for a new deferred presentment transaction. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervisor: The Supervisor of the Bureau of Loans of the State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • supervisor: The Supervisor of the Bureau of Loans or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • warden: The game and fish warden or agent provided for in the game and fish laws of this state. See Alabama Code 35-11-415