Article 2 Art Commission 41-9-20 – 41-9-23
Article 3 Council on the Arts 41-9-40 – 41-9-47
Article 4 Board of Adjustment 41-9-60 – 41-9-84
Article 5 State Athletic Commission 41-9-90.1 – 41-9-96
Article 6 Building Commission and Building Code 41-9-140 – 41-9-174
Article 7A Alabama Industrial Development Advisory Board 41-9-185 – 41-9-188
Article 7B Recycling Industry and Market Development Council 41-9-190 – 41-9-196
Article 8 Department of Commerce 41-9-200 – 41-9-204
Article 8A Office of State Planning and Federal Programs 41-9-205 – 41-9-214
Article 8B State Economic Development Funds Committment; Parties Required to Enter Written Contract within Specified Time 41-9-215
Article 8C Alabama New Markets Development Act 41-9-216 – 41-9-219.7
Article 9 Memorial Boards 41-9-220 – 41-9-222
Article 9A Alabama Memorial Preservation Act 41-9-230 – 41-9-237
Article 10 Historical Commissions 41-9-240 – 41-9-337
Article 11 USS Alabama Battleship Commission 41-9-340 – 41-9-358
Article 12 Commission on Uniform State Laws 41-9-370 – 41-9-374
Article 14 Continuing Women’s Commission 41-9-410 – 41-9-416
Article 15 Space Science Exhibit Commission 41-9-430 – 41-9-439
Article 16 Sports Hall of Fame Board 41-9-450 – 41-9-454
Article 17 Motor Sports Hall of Fame Commission 41-9-470 – 41-9-478
Article 18 Beautification Board 41-9-490 – 41-9-498
Article 19 State Capitol Advisory Committee 41-9-510 – 41-9-513
Article 20 Governor’s Mansion Advisory Board 41-9-530 – 41-9-532
Article 20A Governor’s Mansion Authority 41-9-540 – 41-9-549
Article 21 Women’s Hall of Fame 41-9-550 – 41-9-554
Article 22 Criminal Justice Advisory Commission 41-9-570 – 41-9-574
Article 23 Criminal Justice Information Center Commission 41-9-590 – 41-9-649
Article 24 Foreign Trade and Relations Commission 41-9-660 – 41-9-664
Article 25 Music Hall of Fame Board 41-9-680 – 41-9-684
Article 26 Alabama Indian Affairs Commission 41-9-708 – 41-9-717
Article 27 Aviation Hall of Fame Board 41-9-720 – 41-9-722
Article 28 Alabama Senior Citizens Hall of Fame 41-9-740 – 41-9-745
Article 29 Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy 41-9-760 – 41-9-767
Article 30 Tennessee Valley Exhibit Commission 41-9-780 – 41-9-787
Article 31 Cahaba Trace Commission 41-9-800 – 41-9-810
Article 32 Alabama Turkey Hunters Hall of Fame 41-9-830 – 41-9-833
Article 33 Alabama Men’s Hall of Fame 41-9-850 – 41-9-853
Article 34 Alabama Peace Officers’ Hall of Fame 41-9-870 – 41-9-873
Article 35 Alabama Chiropractors’ Hall of Fame 41-9-880 – 41-9-883
Article 36 Alabama Insurance Board 41-9-900 – 41-9-906
Article 37 Alabama Agricultural Museum Board 41-9-920 – 41-9-929
Article 37A North Alabama Agriplex and Board of Directors 41-9-930 – 41-9-935
Article 38 Alabama Legislative Commission on Total Quality 41-9-940 – 41-9-945
Article 39 Tuskegee Airmen Commission 41-9-950 – 41-9-967
Article 40 Alabama Holocaust Commission 41-9-980 – 41-9-984
Article 41 International Voting Rights Trail and Commission 41-9-990 – 41-9-992
Article 42 Alabama Military Hall of Honor 41-9-1000 – 41-9-1006
Article 43 Alabama Athletic Commission 41-9-1020 – 41-9-1040
Article 44 Commission on Girls and Women in the Criminal Justice System 41-9-1060 – 41-9-1062
Article 45 Alabama Industrial Development and Training Institute 41-9-1080 – 41-9-1086

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 41 > Chapter 9

  • acjic: The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • acjicc: The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • adapt: The Alabama Drought Assessment and Planning Team as created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • ADCNR COMMISSIONER: The Commissioner of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • adeca: The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • ADEM DIRECTOR: The Director of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • administrator: A third party other than the warrantor who is designated by the warrantor to be responsible for the administration of vehicle protection product warranties. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • advertisement: All representations, other than those on the label, disseminated in any manner or by any means, relating to seed within the scope of this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • ADVISORY PLANNING: Continuing and systematic studies of the land economics and land policies of a region in terms of social and economic betterment of said region, together with the submission of interim and final results of said systematic and continuous studies to the governing bodies of constituent governmental units for review, adoption, rejection, or implementation thereof in whole or in part. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • AEMA DIRECTOR: The Director of the Alabama Emergency Management Agency. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGI COMMISSIONER: The Commissioner of the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • AGING PROGRAMS: Any program for the operation of the the Department of Senior Services. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • AGRICULTURAL SEED: The seeds of grasses, forage, cereal and fiber crops and any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural or field seeds and mixtures of such seeds. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • agriculture: The art or science of cultivating the ground and raising and harvesting crops, including also feeding, breeding, and management of livestock and poultry; tillage; husbandry; or farming. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • ALABAMA ADJUTANT GENERAL: The Commanding General of the Alabama National Guard. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • ALARM MONITORING SERVICE: A service that uses a device located at a residence, place of business, or other fixed premises for both of the following purposes:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • ALLOCATED FUNDS: That portion of the funds appropriated to the commission that are allocated by the commission to the soil and water conservation district in each county of the state. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • amateur: A person who engages in a match, contest, or exhibition of boxing, tough man contests, wrestling, or mixed martial arts, for no compensation or thing of value for participating, which is governed or authorized by any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021

  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • APPLICABLE PERCENTAGE: Zero percent for the first credit allowance date, 8. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • applicant: Any county, or municipality; or state, county or municipal agency having legal authority to hold title to real property, or any combination of the above named entities. See Alabama Code 41-10-22
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • APPROPRIATED FUNDS: Net TVA payments to the extent such payments are pledged and appropriated to the authority pursuant to Section 41-10-550. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • APPROPRIATED FUNDS: The tobacco revenues deposited in the special fund to the extent such revenues are appropriated to the authority pursuant to Section 41-10-630. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • AREA OF OPERATION: The area specified in the certificate of incorporation of the authority, within which the authority is empowered to carry on its business and activities under this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Attorney: as used in this chapter , refers to the attorney-in-fact of a reciprocal insurer. See Alabama Code 45-45A-40
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • authority: The Alabama 21st Century Authority authorized to be established pursuant to Section 41-10-623. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • authority: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of Article 1 of this chapter, as amended. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • authority: The Shoals Economic Development Authority, an agency or instrumentality of the county and Lauderdale County created pursuant to Subpart 1 and Act 95-409, and includes its successors and assigns, if any, and any agency or instrumentality that may succeed to its functions. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • AUTHORITY: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-16-81.03
  • authority: The Public School and College Authority. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • Authority: means Alabama Public School and College Authority. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • authority: The Private Colleges and Universities Facilities Authority created by this chapter and any successor or successors thereto. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • AUTHORITY GUARANTY: An agreement of the authority pursuant to which the payment of debt service referable to bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness of a development agency is guaranteed by the authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • AUTHORITY OBLIGATIONS: Bonds of the authority and authority guaranties. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • AUTHORITY-GUARANTEED OBLIGATIONS: Bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness of a development agency that are issued solely for the purpose in financing a project and that are guaranteed, in whole or in part, by an authority guaranty. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • AUTHORIZED INVESTMENTS: Bonds or other obligations of, or guaranteed by, the United States of America or the state, or interest bearing bank and savings and loan association deposits or obligations, obligations of any agency of the United States of America, any obligations in which a state chartered savings and loan association may invest its funds, any agreement to repurchase any of the foregoing, or any thereof. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • BASELINE DATE: January 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Alabama Liquefied Petroleum Gas Board. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • board: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Local Government Training Institute. See Alabama Code 45-35-244
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • board: The Office of State Planning and Federal Programs established pursuant to Sections 41-9-205 through 41-9-214. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • board: The civil service board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • board: The civil service board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • board: The Tuscumbia Utilities Board, created pursuant to the enabling law, and includes its successors and assigns, if any, and any agency or instrumentality that may succeed to its functions. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Revolving Loan Fund Authority. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • BOLL WEEVIL: Anthonomus grandis Boheman in any stage of development. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • BOND FINANCING AGREEMENT: An agreement or other document relating to the sale or issuance of bonds including, but not limited to, a bond purchase agreement, a loan agreement, a refinancing agreement, or documents providing for bonds sold or issued on a competitive sale basis. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • bonds: Such term shall include bonds, notes, debentures and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • bonds: Bonds of the authority issued for any authorized purpose. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • bonds: The bonds issued under this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • bonds: Bonds, bond anticipation notes, warrants, warrant anticipation notes, or indebtedness issued or entered into on behalf of the county or by the county commission for a term of at least three years or more. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • bonds: Those bonds, including refunding bonds, issued pursuant to this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-16-81.03
  • BOXING REGISTRY: A registry created or designated pursuant to subsection (k) of Section 41-9-1024. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • BRAC IMPACTED AREA: The geographic area within Madison County and the City of Huntsville described by a closed perimeter boundary consisting of Cummings Research Park, East and West, Thornton Research Park, Redstone Gateway EUL Area, and Redstone Arsenal. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • branch: A local unit of an LP-gas business that is one or more of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-63

  • CABLE SERVICE: A service that provides both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • CABLE SYSTEM: A facility, consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service which includes video programming and which is provided to multiple subscribers within a community, but the term does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20

  • CAPITAL EQUIPMENT: Any items of movable machinery, equipment, furniture, or other personal property to efficiently carry out the functions of state government provided that each item has an anticipated useful life of not less than 10 years. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • center: The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • certificate: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with boll weevils. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • city: The City of Muscle Shoals, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • city: The City of Tuscumbia, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • CITY COUNCIL: The governing body of the City of Tuscumbia, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • COASTAL AREA: The coastal waters, including the lands therein and thereunder, and the adjacent shorelands, including the waters therein and thereunder, strongly influenced by each and in proximity to the shorelines of Alabama and including transitional and intertidal areas, salt marshes, wetlands, and beaches. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • COASTAL WATERS: Those waters, adjacent to the shoreline, which contain a measurable quantity or percentage of sea water, including but not limited to, sounds, bays, lagoons, bayous, ponds and estuaries. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • code: The state building code to be adopted by the state Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • commission: The Alabama Legislative Commission on Total Quality Government established by this article. See Alabama Code 41-9-942
  • commission: The Alabama Athletic Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • commission: The state Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • commission: The Alabama Historical Commission, acting as the custodian of cultural resources for the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • commission: The Alabama Agricultural and Conservation Development Commission organized pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, and this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • commission: The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance of this state. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. See Alabama Code 41-10-22
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his designated representative. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his authorized representatives. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • committee: The Shoals Industrial Development Committee, an agency or instrumentality of the county and Lauderdale County, created pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 45-17-91. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNITY PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A public water system which serves at least 15 service connections used by year-round residents or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • COMPREHENSIVE ADVISORY PLANNING: Comprehensive studies of the present and future development of the land economics and land policies of a region, with due regard to neighboring regions and the state as a whole. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • CONCISE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: A reasonably concise description of a particular geographic area which may be by metes and bounds or by reference to government surveys, recorded maps and plats, municipal, county, or state boundary lines, well-defined landmarks and other monuments, or any combination of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • consumer: A natural person residing in this state. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • CONSUMER CREDIT REPORT: A consumer report, as defined in 15 U. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • CONSUMER CREDIT REPORTING AGENCY: Any person who, for monetary fees, dues, or on a cooperative nonprofit basis, regularly engages in whole or in part in the practice of assembling or evaluating consumer credit information or other information on consumers for the purpose of furnishing consumer credit reports to third parties. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • COST-SHARE GRANT: An award of money made pursuant to the terms of this chapter with no requirement that such money be repaid except in the events outlined herein. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • costs: As applied to a project or any portion thereof financed under the provisions of this chapter, all or any part of the cost of construction, acquisition, alteration, enlargement, reconstruction and remodeling of a project including all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, approvals, licenses and certificates and the securing of such permits, approvals, licenses and certificates, and interests acquired or used for or in connection with a project, the cost of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the cost of acquiring any lands to which such buildings or structures may be moved, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, underwriters' commissions or discounts, interest prior to, during and for a period of six months following estimated completion of such construction and acquisition, provisions for reserves for principal and interest and for extensions, enlargements, additions and improvements, the cost of architectural, engineering, financial and legal services, plans, specifications, studies, surveys, estimates of cost and revenues, administrative expenses, expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing the project and such other expenses as may be necessary or incident to the construction and acquisition of the project, the financing of such construction and acquisition and the placing of the project in operation. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • cotton: Any cotton plant or cotton plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • COTTON BUYER: A person who buys cotton from a producer on a forward contract. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • COTTON GROWER: Any person who is engaged in and has an economic risk in the business of producing or causing to be produced, for market, cotton. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • COTTON PRODUCER: A person who grows cotton. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • council: The Alabama Propane Education and Research Council created pursuant to Section 9-17-175. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • county: Any county in this state or in contiguous states. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • county: A county in the state. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • county: Colbert County in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The governing body as created in Section 11-3-1 and each county governing body created by local act. See Alabama Code 45-35-244
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • CREDIT ALLOWANCE DATE: With respect to any qualified equity investment, the date on which such investment is initially made and each of the six anniversary dates of that date thereafter. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES: Such term shall include those public agencies at all levels of government which perform as their principal function activities or planning for such activities relating to the identification, apprehension, prosecution, adjudication or rehabilitation of civil, traffic and criminal offenders. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • cruel: as used in this article shall mean: Every act, omission, or neglect, including abandonment, where unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering, including abandonment, is caused or where unnecessary pain or suffering is allowed to continue. See Alabama Code 45-45-110
  • CULTURAL RESOURCES: All abandoned shipwrecks or remains of those ships and all underwater archaeological treasures, artifacts, treasure troves, or other cultural articles and materials, whether or not associated with any shipwreck, that are contained in or on submerged lands belonging to the State of Alabama and the sea within the jurisdiction of the state, and that have remained unclaimed for more than 50 years, excluding therefrom sunken logs, cants, and timber resources of any other type not associated as part of a shipping vessel, and are eligible for, or listed in, the National Register of Historic Places or the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • dealer: Any person who buys and sells seed in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • dealer: Any person, corporation, or partnership that engages in the business of purchasing precious items for the purpose of reselling such items in any form. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • dealer: Any person not a grower of nursery stock who buys, receives on consignment or otherwise acquires and has in his possession nursery stock for the purpose of offering or exposing for sale, reselling, reshipping or distributing same. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • DEBT SERVICE: The principal of and interest (and premium, if any) on an obligation (including, without limitation, any principal required to be paid prior to its stated maturity) and any ongoing trustee or paying agent fees or fees of providers of credit enhancement or liquidity facilities. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • demotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a position of a lesser class involving less responsibility and less complex duties. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • demotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a position of a lesser class involving less responsibility and less complex duties. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • department: The Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • department: The Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • department: The Alabama Department of Environmental Management. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • department: The Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • department: The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DETERMINATION DATE: September 30 of the fiscal year in which the Authority obtains certification that the jobs requirements of this chapter have been satisfied. See Alabama Code 45-17-80.02
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-88-3. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • DEVELOPMENT AGENCY: A county, municipality, or industrial development authority organized under Chapter 92A of Title 11; an industrial development board organized under Article 4, Chapter 54 of Title 11, or the State Industrial Development Authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Digital textbooks: means an interactive, multimedia electronic book or digital resources that can be used creatively by learners. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • director: A member of the board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • director: The Director of the Technical Staff of the state Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • director: A member of the board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • directors: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Incentives Financing Authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • directors: The members of the Board of Directors of the Tuscumbia Utilities Board. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • distribution: The movement of nursery stock from the property where it is grown or kept to any other property that is not contiguous thereto, regardless of the ownership of the properties concerned. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • district: A geographical area designated by the Governor as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.28
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • dog or cat: as used in this article shall mean any domesticated member of the dog or cat family. See Alabama Code 45-45-110
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DROUGHT CONSERVATION PLAN: A written plan that addresses graduated drought response procedures with implementation of specific measures based on drought severity. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • DROUGHT DECLARATION: A written summary, issued by OWR, containing a description of drought conditions throughout the state. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • DROUGHT EMERGENCY: A written declaration by the Governor that drought conditions in all or any part of the state are of such severity that public health or safety is threatened. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • DROUGHT MONITOR: The assessment of drought conditions throughout the United States published weekly by the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) on the "drought. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • education: Any action to provide information regarding propane and the use of propane to consumers and members of the propane gas industry. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • ELIGIBLE PERSON: An individual, partnership, family-owned corporation the owners of all the stock of which are related by blood or marriage, estate, or trust who, as an owner, landlord, lessee, tenant or sharecropper, participates in the operation of (1) a farm lying within a soil and water conservation district, or (2) a tract of land devoted to the growth of timber lying within a soil and water conservation district. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN: A written emergency response plan. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • employee: A person in the classified service herein set up and appointed by the appointing authority, unless herein expressly excepted. See Alabama Code 45-35A-51.01
  • employer: An employer, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, as amended from time to time, that is either a general contractor or subcontractor that primarily holds itself out for hire to the general public as a general contractor or subcontractor and who receives more than five percent of its annual gross revenue from business described in either North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 236, 237, or 238 of the United States Department of Commerce in effect as of January 1, 2009. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • ENABLING LAW: Act No. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • equity security: when used in this chapter, means any stock or similar security or any security convertible, with or without consideration, into such a security, or carrying any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase such a security, or any such warrant or right or any other security which the commissioner shall deem to be of similar nature and consider necessary or appropriate, by such rules and regulations as he may prescribe in the public interest or for the protection of investors, to treat as an equity security. See Alabama Code 45-45-171
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • excavation: The study and intentional removal from submerged land belonging to the state, by accepted scientific methods, of any objects recognized as cultural resources. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • exhibition: A contest where the participants engage in the use of boxing skills and techniques, tough man skills and techniques, wrestling skills and techniques, or mixed martial arts skills and techniques, or any or all of these, and where the objective is to display the skills and techniques without striving to win. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • exploration: The systematic examination by actual survey of an area of submerged land belonging to the state for the purpose of locating and recognizing cultural resources. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • fee: The tax levied by this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • FINANCED PROPERTY: All property whether real, personal, or mixed, the costs of which were or are to be paid or reimbursed in whole or in part with the proceeds of bonds of the authority or the proceeds of authority-guaranteed obligations. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • FINANCING AGREEMENT: Any loan, lease, agreement, grant agreement, financing agreement, credit agreement, security agreement, mortgage, indenture, guaranty agreement, or other type of agreement entered into by the authority in connection with the incurring of authority obligations. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, fire engines, fire hydrants, ladders, equipment, hoses, alarm apparatus, chemicals, uniforms, supplies, or any combination of any thereof used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing fire protection service and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in furnishing fire protection service. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • FIRE PROTECTION SERVICE: All services involved in protecting property and life from fires, including but not limited to discovering, ascertaining, extinguishing, preventing the spread of or fighting fires, or inspecting property for fire hazards, or any part or combination thereof. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • FLOWER SEED: The seeds of all plants grown for ornamental purposes, either for domestic or commercial purposes, and which are generally known and sold under the name of flower seed in this state. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fund: The Alabama Recreation Capital Development Assistance Fund. See Alabama Code 41-10-22
  • FUNDING AGREEMENT: An agreement between the state and the authority under which the state shall agree to make funds available to the authority to be used for the payment, or to enhance the payment, of debt service on bonds issued by the authority; provided (i) such agreement shall have an initial term from the date of execution thereof through the September 30 immediately succeeding the date of execution, and shall be subject to renewal, at the sole option of the state, for successive terms of twelve (12) months each, each such term to coincide with the fiscal year of the state beginning on October 1 and continuing until and including the next succeeding September 30, and (ii) any obligation on the part of the state to pay amounts required to be paid during any fiscal year of the state under such agreement shall constitute a limited obligation of the state payable solely out of the revenues and receipts appropriated to and received by the state during the fiscal year of the state during which any such amount is to be payable. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • GENERAL OBLIGATION INDEBTEDNESS: A bond financing agreement which, according to its terms, will be repaid from any funds at the disposal of the county commission. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES: Any expense incurred by a county in the general operation and function of the county. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • germination: The percentage of seeds capable of producing normal seedlings under ordinarily favorable conditions (not including seeds which produce weak, malformed or obviously abnormal sprouts nor hard seeds). See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • Government securities: means any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • governor: The Governor of the state. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • grantee: A county, municipality or local industrial development board organized as a public corporation in this state, or an airport authority organized as a public corporation in this state pursuant to Chapter 3 of Title 4, or whether created by general, special or local laws, or general acts of local application, if such authority governs an airport operated by a county and at least one municipality therein jointly, to which a grant of money is made as provided in Section 41-10-26. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • GROSS RECEIPTS: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021

  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HEAD OF DEPARTMENT: Any individual designated by the city council as head of a major activity or department. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • HEAD OF DEPARTMENT: Any individual designated by the city council as head of a major activity or department. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • host: Any plant or plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • hotel: Any public inn or lodging house of 15 or more bedrooms, in which transient guests are lodged for pay. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • HYBRID SEED CORN: The first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two, three or four inbred lines or by combining one inbred line or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMS: Any new programs, procedures, or administrative costs, which state agencies are required to implement and maintain under the laws of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-591
  • improvement: Any sanitary sewage treatment or sewage disposal plant or any sanitary sewer, including mains, laterals, trunk lines, collector lines, outfall lines, force mains, and appurtenant facilities. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS: In-kind contributions represent the value of contributions provided by the applicant, other public agencies and institutions, and private organizations and individuals which directly benefit and are specifically identifiable to the project. See Alabama Code 41-10-22
  • INCIDENTAL COSTS: Expenses specified in the warranty incurred by the warranty holder related to the failure of the vehicle protection product to perform as provided in the warranty. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • incorporators: The persons who form a public corporation pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • INDUSTRIAL SITES: Land owned by a grantee or potential grantee on which industrial facilities have been or will be constructed for sale or lease to an individual, private association or private corporation. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • INERT MATTER: All matter not seeds, including, among others, broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies and stones, etc. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • infestation: The actual presence of plant pests and/or noxious weeds or the existence of circumstances that make it reasonable to believe plant pests and/or noxious weeds are present. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • infested: Actually infested with a boll weevil or so exposed to infestation that it would be reasonable to believe that an infestation exists. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • institute: The Alabama Local Government Training Institute. See Alabama Code 45-35-244
  • INSTITUTION FOR HIGHER EDUCATION: A not-for-profit educational institution which is not owned or controlled by the state or any political subdivision, agency, instrumentality, district or municipality thereof, which is authorized by law to provide a program of education beyond the high school level and which:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04

  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE: Any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and the systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • internet: The international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: One or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively are known by one common name, for example, wheat, oat, vetch, sweet clover, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic representations in any form whatsoever accompanying and pertaining to any seed, whether in bulk or in containers, and such term includes invoices and other bills of shipment. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • landowner: Any person, firm, or corporation holding title to land lying within a soil and water conservation district. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • LAUDERDALE COUNTY: Lauderdale County in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED OBLIGATION INDEBTEDNESS: Bonds which, according to their terms, are required to be paid solely from the proceeds of a specific tax, fee, license, charge, or other specific revenue stream. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS: Any material having vapor pressure not exceeding that allowed for commercial propane composed predominantly of the following hydrocarbons, either by themselves or as mixtures: propane, propylene, butanes (normal butane or isobutane), and butylenes. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS RESEARCH AND EDUCATION FUND: A fund created to finance activities relating to research, development, and the implementation of marketing, advertising, and informational programs relating to LP-gas directed toward the consumer as well as for the education of industrial members and employees. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS SYSTEM: Any assembly consisting of one or more containers with a means for conveying LP-gas from the container(s) to dispensing or consuming devices (either continuously or intermittently) and which incorporates components intended to achieve control of quality, flow, pressure, or state (either liquid or vapor). See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY: The chief of police for businesses located within the jurisdiction of a municipality and the county sheriff for businesses located outside the jurisdiction of a municipality. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • LONG-TERM DEBT SECURITY: Any debt instrument issued by a qualified community development entity, at par value or a premium, with an original maturity date of at least seven years from the date of its issuance, with no acceleration of repayment, amortization, or prepayment features prior to its original maturity date. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • LOT OF SEED: A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors which appear in the labeling. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • LP-GAS: Liquefied petroleum gas. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • MAINTENANCE FUND: A fund established by resolution of the directors for the purpose of holding amounts directed by resolution of the authority to be maintained and used to pay the costs and expenses of acquiring, operating, and maintaining any project or other property owned, acquired or operated by the authority and to pay any other costs, expenses or obligations of the authority. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • MANAGEMENT PROGRAM: Such term includes, but is not limited to, a comprehensive statement in words, maps, illustrations or other media of communication, prepared and adopted by the state in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, setting forth objectives, policies and standards to guide public and private users of lands and waters in the coastal area. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • manager: A person who, under contract, agreement, or other arrangement with a boxer or a mixed martial arts competitor, undertakes to control or administer, directly or indirectly, a matter on behalf of a boxer or a mixed martial arts competitor. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • matchmaker: A person who is employed by or associated with a promoter in the capacity of booking and arranging professional matches, contests, or exhibitions of boxing or mixed martial arts between opponents or who proposes professional matches, contests, or exhibitions of boxing or mixed martial arts and selects and arranges for the participants in such events and for whose activities in this regard the promoter is legally responsible. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • mig: The Monitoring and Impact Group Subcommittee of ADAPT as created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • MIG CHAIR: The Chair of the Monitoring and Impact Group Subcommittee as created by this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • MIXED MARTIAL ARTS: Unarmed combat involving the use of any combination of techniques from different disciplines of the martial arts, including, without limitation, grappling, submission holds, throws, and striking or kicking with the hands, feet, knees, or elbows. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • mixture: Seed consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOVING PICTURE THEATRE: Any building in which moving pictures are featured regularly for charge of admission. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • municipality: The incorporated City of Elba. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • municipality: Any city or town which is incorporated. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • municipality: Such term shall include cities and towns. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • NET PRESENT VALUE SAVINGS: The projected cost savings to the county from refinancing any bonds, by comparing the net present value of the costs of the bonds proposed for refunding, including the original costs of issuance and the payment of principal and interest on the bonds proposed for refunding, with the net present value of the costs of the proposed bonds, including the costs of issuance and refinancing and the payment of principal and interest on the proposed bonds. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • NEW TERRITORY: Any territory added, by amendment to the certificate of incorporation of an authority, to the area or areas in which that authority is authorized to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • NORMAL BUSINESS HOURS: Any day between the hours of 8:00 A. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • NOXIOUS WEED: Any living stage, including, but not limited to, seeds and productive parts of a parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which may be a serious agricultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • nursery: Any grounds or premises on or in which nursery stock is grown or propagated for sale or distribution. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • NURSERY STOCK: All plants, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions and buds grown or kept for or capable of propagation, distribution or sale, unless specifically excluded by the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • nurseryman: Any person engaged in the production of nursery stock for sale or distribution to include any person who obtains nursery stock for the purpose of growing it to a more mature size over a period of one growing season or more. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • ODORIZED PROPANE: Propane which has an odorant added to it. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • offense: Any act which is a felony or is a misdemeanor as described in Section 41-9-622. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
  • OFFICE OF WATER RESOURCES DIVISION DIRECTOR: The Division Director of the Office of Water Resources. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • OTHER CROP SEED: The seed of all kinds or varieties of agricultural or vegetable seeds not of the kind or variety declared on the label or tag. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PERMANENT PLACE OF BUSINESS: A fixed premises either owned by the dealer or leased by the dealer for at least one year. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • permit: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted designations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government Securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: Bank for Cooperatives; federal intermediate credit banks; Federal Financing Bank; federal home loan banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; federal land banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of the Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes, or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits (including interest thereon) are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in items (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in items (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a perfected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Ratings Group and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a private firm, a private association, a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county or an agency, department or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint stock company, reciprocal, syndicate, or any other entity, or combination of persons acting in concert. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, trust, estate, cooperative, association, government or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • person: An individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation, or combination of individuals of whatever form or character. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county or an agency, department or instrumentality of a state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation organized under the laws of Alabama or of another state, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department or instrumentality of a county or municipality, of one or more of the several states, or of the United States. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • person: Any and all persons, natural or artificial, including, but not limited to, any individual, partnership, association, society, joint stock company, firm, company, corporation, institution, trust, estate, other legal entity or business organization or any state or local governmental entity and any successor of the foregoing. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a private firm, a private association, a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • person: An individual, association, partnership, corporation or other private entity. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.21
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, or association, or other business entity. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, association or other business entity. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, association or agency. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • physician: A doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy licensed to practice medicine in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • places: Vessels, railroad cars, automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles, buildings, docks, nurseries, orchards and other premises where plants or plant products are grown, kept or handled. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • PLANT PEST: Any living stage of any insects, mites, nematodes, slugs, snails, protozoa, or other invertebrate animals, bacteria, fungi, other parasitic plants or reproductive parts thereof, or viruses, or any organisms similar to or allied with any of the foregoing, or any infectious substances which can directly or indirectly injure or cause disease or damage in any plants or parts thereof or any processed, manufactured, or other products of plants and which may be a serious agricultural or horticultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-83.41
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • PRECIOUS ITEM: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-80

  • PREPARATION OF INDUSTRIAL SITES: The grading and draining of industrial sites and the means of access thereto. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • processing: The passing of seed through a cleaning machine for the purpose of removing some constituent or through a blending machine or grinding of the seed for other uses. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • professional: A person who is participating or has participated in a match, contest, or exhibition of boxing, wrestling, or mixed martial arts which is not governed or authorized by one or more of the organizations listed in subdivision (1) and any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021

  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL WRESTLING: Any organized event between two unarmed contestants in which participants compete primarily for the purpose of providing entertainment to spectators that may or may not comprise a bona fide athletic contest or competition. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • PROGRAM YEAR: The period from October 1 to September 30. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • project: Any land, building, or other improvement, and all real and personal properties deemed necessary or useful in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, that are or are to be located in the state and that have been or are to be acquired, constructed, expanded, or installed for use (i) by an industrial or research enterprise, (ii) by a manufacturing, aviation or transportation enterprise, (iii) by any enterprise engaged in manufacturing, processing, cultivating or assembling any agricultural or manufactured product, (iv) as a training facility, or (v) by any entity in promoting economic development or the recruitment of industrial, research, manufacturing, aviation or transportation prospects to the state. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • project: A structure or structures available for use as a dormitory or other student housing facility, a dining hall, student union, administration building, academic building, library, laboratory, research facility, classroom, athletic facility, health care facility, maintenance, storage or utility facility and other structures or facilities related thereto or required or useful for the instruction of students or the conducting of research or the operation of an institution of higher education, whether proposed, under construction or completed, including parking and other facilities or structures essential or convenient for the orderly conduct of such institution for higher education, and shall also include landscaping, site preparation, furniture, equipment and machinery and other similar items necessary or convenient for the operation of a particular facility or structure in the manner for which its use is intended but shall not include any items the costs of which are customarily deemed to result in a current operating charge, and shall not include any facility used or to be used for sectarian instruction or as a place of religious worship nor any facility which is used or to be used primarily in connection with any part of the program of a school or department of divinity for any religious denomination. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • PROJECT COSTS: All costs and expenses incurred by the authority or any person in connection with the acquisition, construction, installation, and equipping of a project, including, without limitation, any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-10-541

  • promoter: The person primarily responsible for organizing, promoting, and producing a match, contest, or exhibition of professional boxing, tough man contest, professional wrestling, or mixed martial arts and who is legally responsible for the lawful conduct of such professional match, contest, or exhibition. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • promotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a higher job class involving definite and defined increase in duties and responsibilities and a corresponding increase in remuneration. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • promotion: The reassignment of a covered employee to a higher job class involving a definite and defined increase in duties and responsibilities and a corresponding increase in remuneration. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • propane: Hydrocarbon whose chemical composition is predominately C3H8, whether recovered from natural gas or crude oil, and includes liquefied petroleum gases and mixtures thereof. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • PROPANE GAS INDUSTRY: Those persons involved in the production, transportation, and sale of propane. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • PROPER IDENTIFICATION: Information generally deemed sufficient to identify a person for consumer reporting agency purposes under 15 U. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Such term shall include real, personal and mixed property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 41-9-598
  • property: Such term means and includes real and personal property, and interests therein. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • property: Real and personal property and interests therein. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • property: Only land which has been subdivided and platted. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • property: Any real, personal or mixed property, or any interest therein, including, without limitation, any real estate, appurtenances, buildings, easements, equipment, furnishings, furniture, improvements, machinery, rights-of-way and structures, or any interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: A person who administers, makes, provides, sells, or offers to sell a service contract, who is contractually obligated to provide service under a service contract. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • PUBLIC FIRE PROTECTION FACILITY: A fire protection facility which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.27
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC MEMBER: A member of the council, other than a representative of wholesalers or retail marketers, representing significant users of propane, public safety officials, state regulatory officials, or other groups knowledgeable about propane. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • PUBLIC SEWER SYSTEM: A sewer system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: A water system which is owned or operated by the United States of America, the state, a county, a municipality, a public corporation organized under the laws of the state, any combination of any thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof or in which any one or more thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more thereof holds a reversionary or remainder interest. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • purchase: The acquisition of a precious item or items for a consideration of cash, goods, or another precious item. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • PURCHASE PRICE: The amount paid to the issuer of a qualified equity investment for that qualified equity investment. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • QUALIFIED ACTIVE LOW-INCOME COMMUNITY BUSINESS: The same meaning given that term in Section 45D(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • QUALIFIED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ENTITY: The same meaning given that term in Section 45D of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; provided, that the entity has entered into, or is controlled by an entity that has entered into, an allocation agreement with the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund of the U. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • QUALIFIED EQUITY INVESTMENT: Any equity investment in, or long-term debt security issued by, a qualified community development entity that does all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-218

  • QUALIFIED INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION: The Alabama Propane Gas Association or its successor. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • QUALIFIED LOW-INCOME COMMUNITY INVESTMENT: Any capital or equity investment in, or loan to, any qualified active low-income community business. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • reassignment: The promotion or demotion of a covered employee. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • reassignment: The promotion or demotion of a covered employee. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • RECREATIONAL USE: Participation in or observation of outdoor activities by the general public including, but not limited to, hunting, fishing, water sports, aerial sports, hiking, camping, winter sports, animal or vehicular riding and any related activity. See Alabama Code 41-10-22
  • RED TAG: A red card or device containing an official printed notice of the condemnation of a liquefied petroleum gas system or any connected or disconnected LP-gas component, LP-gas storage container, LP-gas container appurtenance, or LP-gas motor vehicle, transport, or delivery unit placed as a result of a violation of the liquefied petroleum gas safety code provisions and regulations, or as a result of a mechanical defect found on the LP-gas motor vehicle, transport, or delivery unit that could cause a danger to the public if allowed to continue to operate. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • REFUNDING BONDS: Those refunding bonds issued pursuant to this division. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in the establishment of a region for planning as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-240.22
  • REGULAR STATUS: A condition of employment that covered employees are afforded upon completion of the established probationary period and approval by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-50.01
  • REGULAR STATUS: A condition of employment that covered employees are afforded upon completion of the established probationary period and approval by the appointing authority. See Alabama Code 45-17A-82.01
  • REGULATED ARTICLE: Any article of any character carrying or capable of carrying the boll weevil, including but not limited to, cotton plants, seed cotton, other hosts, gin trash, and mechanical cotton pickers. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.29
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • research: Any type of study, investigation, or other activities designed to advance the image, desirability, usage, marketability, and efficient use of propane gas and to further the development and distribution of the information. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • RESERVE FUND: Any fund or account established by the authority in which moneys are placed in reserve to be used to pay the principal of or interest on bonds issued by the authority in the event funds pledged for the payment of debt service on such bonds are insufficient to timely satisfy the payment requirements. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE: A new or existing building constructed for habitation by one to four families, including detached garages. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • RESIDENTIAL ROOFING CONTRACTOR: A person or entity in the business of contracting or offering to contract with an owner or possessor of residential real estate to repair or replace roof systems. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • RESORT AREA: An area located outside the corporate limits of any municipality in which the primary use of the majority of the real property is for recreational pursuits or those associated with relaxation, avocation, or pleasure, including vacation homes and facilities and commercial amusement or recreational establishments providing such facilities or goods or services with respect thereto. See Alabama Code 45-45-82.25
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RETAIL MARKETER: A person engaged primarily in the sale of odorized propane gas to the end user or to retail propane dispensers. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • revenues: With respect to any project, the rents, purchase installments, loan repayment proceeds, fees, charges and other moneys derived by the authority therefrom in connection with the lease, sale or financing thereof. See Alabama Code 45-17A-83.04
  • REVIEW AND COMMENT: Review and comment of the Office of State Planning and Federal Programs as directly related to those federal programs covered under currently effective Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-95, A-102, and other appropriate OMB circulars. See Alabama Code 41-9-205
  • REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS: The monies provided by the sale of the bonds pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • RULES AND REGULATIONS: A prescribed course of procedure adopted by the board to promote the administration of this part and the system hereby created. See Alabama Code 45-35A-51.01
  • schoolhouse: Any building or other structure erected or acquired by the public schools of Alabama and also shall mean any private building in which 25 or more persons are congregated regularly for the purpose of instruction in any branch of knowledge. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • SECURITY FREEZE: A restriction placed on a consumer credit report at the request of the consumer that prohibits a consumer credit reporting agency from releasing the consumer's consumer credit report for a purpose relating to the extension of credit without the express authorization of the consumer. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which an authority is authorized by its certificate of incorporation or any amendment thereto to render water service, fire protection service, sewer service or any thereof, which area may include not only territory located outside the boundaries of any municipality but also territory located within the boundaries of one or more municipalities. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • SERVICE CONTRACT: A contract or agreement for a separately stated consideration for a specific duration to perform the repair, replacement, or maintenance of property or indemnification for repair, replacement, or maintenance, for the operational or structural failure due to a defect in materials or workmanship, or normal wear and tear, with or without additional provision for incidental payment or indemnity under limited circumstances, for related expenses, including, but not limited to, towing, rental, and emergency road service. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • SERVICE CONTRACT: A contract or agreement as defined in subdivision (13) of Section 8-32-2. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEWER SERVICE: All services involved in collecting, transporting, treating, and disposing of sanitary sewage and the performing of all functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a sewer system. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • SEWER SYSTEM: A sanitary sewer system, including mains, laterals, sewage disposal plants, and sewage treatment plants and all appurtenances to such a system and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering sewer services. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • SHOALS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND: That certain special or trust fund or account created pursuant to Section 45-17-91. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • SKILLED LABOR: Includes all labor or services performed by employees directly engaged in construction operations at the location of any construction, alteration, maintenance, repair, rehabilitation, remediation, reclamation, demolition, highway, sewer, structure, grading, paving, or improvement project in Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT: A governmental subdivision of this state and a public body corporate and politic organized pursuant to Article 2 of Chapter 8 of Title 9. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PRACTICES: The measures approved by the commission and applied to the land that prevent soil erosion in the state or improve the quality of water from agricultural sources in the state or improve the forest resources of the state. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • SPECIAL FUND: The Alabama 21st Century Fund established pursuant to Section 41-10-629. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45A-41.22
  • state: The State of Alabama and any department, board, bureau, commission, or other agency thereof. See Alabama Code 45-35-244
  • state: In the absence of clear implication herein otherwise, such term means the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-630
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-44-244.34
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-16-81.03
  • State: means the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-241.01
  • STATE BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION: All buildings and other structures erected or acquired by or in behalf of the State of Alabama or any of its agencies or instrumentalities. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • STATE CLIMATOLOGIST: The State Climatologist of Alabama as appointed by the Governor and qualified to meet the roles and standards established by the American Association of State Climatologists as a Recognized State Climate Office. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • STATE DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE: The Department of Revenue of the state. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE FORESTER: The Director of the Alabama Forestry Commission. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • STATE GEOLOGIST: The Director of the Geological Survey of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-10-676
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Division 1 of Article 1 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the taxes levied in Division 1 and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Division 1 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION COMMITTEE: The agency of the state established and existing pursuant to Section 9-8-22. See Alabama Code 41-10-37
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • STATE USE TAX STATUTES: Article 2 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in Article 2 and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of Article 2 and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-17-243
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • subcontractor: Any individual, person, corporation, limited liability entity, trust, association, or any other business enterprise performing work under contract to a general contractor, but not licensed residential home builders building homes as defined in Chapter 14A of Title 34, or those specifically exempted under Chapter 14A of Title 34, except for subdivision (3) of Section 34-14A-6. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • SWAP AGREEMENT: A swap agreement as defined in Article 3, commencing with Section 41-1-40, of Chapter 1 of Title 41. See Alabama Code 45-17A-84
  • synfuel: Such term means synthetic fuel which is any solid, liquid or gas, or combination thereof, which can be used as a substitute for petroleum or natural gas (or any derivative thereof, including chemical feedstock) and which is produced by chemical or physical transformation (other than washing, coking, desulfurizing) of domestic sources of:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-630

  • TAX CREDIT: A credit against the state-distributed portion of the tax otherwise due under Section 27-4A-3, 27-3-29, 40-16-4, 40-18-5, or 40-18-31. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • taxpayer: Any individual or entity subject to the tax imposed in Section 27-4A-3, 27-3-29, 40-16-4, 40-18-5, or 40-18-31. See Alabama Code 41-9-218
  • telecommunications: The transmission, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing, without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services, except that the term does not include aggregators of telecommunications services as defined in the provisions of 47 U. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT: Equipment, other than customer premises equipment, used by a provider of telecommunications to provide telecommunications services, and includes software integral to the equipment, including upgrades. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications, including servicing and repairing related equipment, for a fee directly to the public, or to the classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public regardless of the facilities used, including, but not limited to, voice, data, imaging, and video transmissions and local telephone exchange service. See Alabama Code 45-16A-20
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TOBACCO REVENUES: Revenues received by the state pursuant to any federal tobacco-related settlement, any tobacco-related appropriations made by the United States Congress to the State of Alabama, or any revenues received by the state from litigation against any tobacco-related industry. See Alabama Code 41-10-622
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TOTAL QUALITY: A strategic, customer-focused management approach that focuses on continual quality improvement processes, products, and services of an entire organization; the basic principles of Total Quality include:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-942

  • TOUGH MAN CONTEST: A boxing match and tournament where each contestant wears headgear and oversized gloves. See Alabama Code 41-9-1021
  • TRAINING FACILITY: Any facility to be used for the purpose of providing vocational, technical, or other training for employees or prospective employees of any industry for the manufacturing, processing, cultivating, or assembling of any agricultural or manufactured product. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • TRAINING FACILITY MANAGEMENT FEES: Fees payable to any person as compensation for managing a training facility under a management agreement entered into pursuant to Section 41-10-551, including payments to be made to reimburse such person for the costs of operating and maintaining a training facility. See Alabama Code 41-10-541
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TREE AND SHRUB SEED: The seeds of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree or shrub seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • variety: A subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, period of maturation or other characters by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind, for example, Redhart wheat, Flat Dutch cabbage, Otootan soybeans, Chantenay carrot, etc. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • VEGETABLE SEED: The seeds of those crops which are grown in gardens or on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seeds in this state. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • VEHICLE PROTECTION PRODUCT: A vehicle protection device, system, or service that is all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • wages: The gross earnings paid by an employer to an employee covered by this division, including all forms of compensation such as salaries, hourly payments, commissions, remuneration, dismissal pay, bonuses, and vacation and sick leave pay, prior to deductions for items such as Social Security contributions, withholding taxes, group health insurance, union dues, and savings bonds. See Alabama Code 41-10-727
  • WARRANTY HOLDER: The person who purchases a vehicle protection product or who is a permitted transferee. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • WARRANTY REIMBURSEMENT INSURANCE POLICY: A policy of insurance that is issued to the vehicle protection product warrantor to provide reimbursement to the warrantor or to pay on behalf of the warrantor all covered contractual obligations incurred by the warrantor under the terms and conditions of the insured vehicle protection product warranties sold by the warrantor. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • WATER SERVICE: The providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing of water and the performing of all of the functions and activities reasonably incident to the operation of a water system, including the provision of water to a fire protection authority to be used in the rendition of fire protection service. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • WATER SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, and other property, or any combination of any thereof, which are used or useful or capable of future use in providing, furnishing, supplying, or distributing water, including but not limited to water supply systems, water distribution systems, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, aqueducts, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, meters, valves, and all necessary appurtenances and equipment, and all properties, rights, easements, and franchises deemed necessary or desirable by the authority for use in rendering water service. See Alabama Code 45-45-81.01
  • WATER USE: Activities which are conducted in or on the water, but such term does not mean or include the establishment of any water quality standard or criteria or the regulation of the discharge or runoff of water pollutants except the standards, criteria or regulations which are incorporated in any program as required by the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-9-642
  • WEED SEEDS: The seeds, bulblets and tubers of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this state, including noxious weed seeds, bulblets and tubers. See Alabama Code 45-45-233.23
  • wholesaler: A company engaged primarily in the sale of odorized propane gas to the retail marketer or to the end user. See Alabama Code 41-9-242