§ 45-31-120 Definitions
§ 45-31-120.01 Division into exempt and classified services
§ 45-31-120.02 Status of employees
§ 45-31-120.03 Board members
§ 45-31-120.04 Meetings; personnel, compensation
§ 45-31-120.05 Rules, classification plans, and pay plans
§ 45-31-120.06 Amendments and repeal
§ 45-31-120.07 Job classification plan
§ 45-31-120.08 Pay plan
§ 45-31-120.09 Examination
§ 45-31-120.10 Temporary appointment
§ 45-31-120.11 Lists of names of persons available for appointment
§ 45-31-120.12 Method of filling vacancies
§ 45-31-120.13 Probation
§ 45-31-120.14 Absences; hours of work
§ 45-31-120.15 Reduction in employees
§ 45-31-120.16 Dismissal, demotion, and suspension of employees
§ 45-31-120.17 Procedure for protesting certain disciplinary action
§ 45-31-120.18 Appeal to the court
§ 45-31-120.19 Recordkeeping
§ 45-31-120.20 Political activities prohibited
§ 45-31-120.21 Expenses of board
§ 45-31-120.22 Right of governing body

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 45 > Chapter 31 > Article 12 > Part 1

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • authority: A nonprofit public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality to which application has been made for authority to incorporate an authority under this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • corporation: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-31-120.22
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • county: Any county in this state that abuts on a navigable river or through which a navigable river runs. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-31-120.22
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of the board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fiduciary: A trustee of a testamentary trust or of any express trust, a guardian of the estate of a minor, a guardian, committee or conservator of the estate of an incompetent person, an executor of a will, an administrator of the estate of a decedent or an advisor or consultant exercising control over a testamentary or express trust. See Alabama Code 45-31-120.14
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, the county commission and, with respect to a municipality, the council, commission or other governing body of such municipality. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • indenture: Any mortgage, indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by an authority as security for its bonds. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town in this state. See Alabama Code 45-31-84.10
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of the state. See Alabama Code 45-31-120.22
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-31-120.22
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • WAR SERVICE: Such term shall include the following, during the period that the United States shall be engaged in war with any foreign nation:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-31-120.14

  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608