Article 1 General and Miscellaneous Provisions 45-39-10
Article 2 Alcoholic Beverages 45-39-20
Article 3 Boards and Commissions 45-39-30 – 45-39-30.05
Article 4 Business, Labor, and Occupations 45-39-40 – 45-39-40.28
Article 5 Contables 45-39-50
Article 6 Coroner 45-39-60 – 45-39-60.01
Article 7 County Commissions 45-39-70 – 45-39-72
Article 8 Courts 45-39-80 – 45-39-85.41
Article 9 Economc and Industrial Development and Tourism 45-39-90 – 45-39-92.54
Article 10 Education 45-39-100
Article 11 Elections 45-39-110 – 45-39-111
Article 12 Employees 45-39-120
Article 14 Fire Protection and Emergency Medical Services 45-39-140 – 45-39-140.08
Article 16 Government Operations 45-39-160
Article 17 Health and Environment 45-39-170
Article 19 Legislature 45-39-190
Article 20 Licenses and Licensing 45-39-200 – 45-39-201.02
Article 21 Motor Vehicles and Transportation 45-39-210
Article 22 Parks, Historic Preservation, Museums, and Recreation 45-39-220 – 45-39-221.12
Article 23 Sheriff 45-39-230 – 45-39-234
Article 24 Taxation 45-39-240 – 45-39-246
Article 25 Utilities 45-39-250 – 45-39-251

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 45 > Chapter 39

  • abortion: The use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device with the intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination by those means will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • abortion: as used in this chapter , does not include a procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman with an ectopic pregnancy, nor does it include the procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman when the unborn child has a lethal anomaly. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • ABORTION INDUCING DRUG: A medicine, drug, or any other substance prescribed or dispensed with the intent of terminating the clinically diagnosable pregnancy of a woman, with the knowledge that the termination will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • ABORTION OR REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CENTER: A facility defined and regulated as an abortion or reproductive health center by the rules of the Alabama State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • ACCUMULATED CONTRIBUTIONS: The sum of all the amounts deducted from the compensation of a member credited to his or her individual account in the Annuity Savings Fund, together with regular interest thereon, as provided in Section 36-27-24. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • ACCUMULATED CONTRIBUTIONS: The sum of all the amounts deducted from the compensation of a member credited to his or her individual account in the Judges' and Clerks' Plan, together with regular interest thereon. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • action: Any suit, counterclaim, crossclaim or third party claim filed at law or in equity, including any claim therein asserted by one or more parties or against one or more parties in a multi-party action or suit, or an appeal thereof. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.08
  • ACTUARIAL EQUIVALENT: A benefit of equal value when computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • ACTUARIAL EQUIVALENT: A benefit of equal value when computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • administer: To give or apply a pharmacologic or other therapeutic agent to a patient. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include horticultural, viticultural, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, fish, aquatic and seafood products and any farm products. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: The products of field, pasture, meadow and garden; fruits, melons, berries, nuts, vegetables, livestock, poultry and poultry products, dairy products, fish, aquatic and seafood products and all other things commonly known as agricultural products. See Alabama Code 45-39-245.07
  • ALARM MONITORING SERVICE: A service that uses a device located at a residence, place of business, or other fixed premises for both of the following purposes:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-39-250

  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • annuity: Payments for life derived from the "accumulated contributions" of a member. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • annuity: Payments for life derived from the accumulated contributions of a member. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • ANNUITY RESERVE: The present value of all payments to be made on account of any annuity or benefit in lieu of any annuity computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • APPARENT OWNER: A person whose name appears on the records of a holder as the person entitled to property held, issued, or owing by the holder. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • APPOINTING AUTHORITY: The officer, board, commission, person or group of persons having the power to make appointments to offices or positions of trust or employment in the state service. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • association: The Alabama Peace Officers' Association, as now or hereafter constituted. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • association: as used in this article , shall refer to agricultural cooperative marketing associations and other organizations, whether incorporated or not, which have for their objects engaging in activities similar to those of a cooperative marketing association. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • association: Any corporation organized under this article. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ASSOCIATION OF CHIEFS OF POLICE: The Alabama Association of Chiefs of Police, as now or hereafter constituted. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • authority: The Shoals Economic Development Authority. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: The resolution adopted by the governing body of the City of Florence or the county, in accordance with this part, that authorizes the organization of the tourism board. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • AVERAGE FINAL COMPENSATION: For any Tier I plan member, the average annual compensation of the member, with respect to which he or she had made contributions pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 36-27-24 during the three years, in his or her last 10 years of creditable service for which the average is highest or during his or her entire period of creditable service if less than three years; except, that for any period prior to November 1, 1959, the compensation used in computing the average shall include compensation in excess of the maximum amount with respect to which members were required to contribute. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • AVERAGE FINAL COMPENSATION: The average annual compensation of a judge or clerk with respect to which he or she had made contributions pursuant to Section 12-18-152 during the five years in his or her last 10 years of membership service for which the average is highest or during his or her entire period of membership service if less than five years. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • beneficiary: Any person in receipt of a pension, an annuity, a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by this article. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • beneficiary: Any person in receipt of a pension, an annuity, a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by this article. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The board of commissioners of the fund and any successors thereto. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • board: The State Employees' Insurance Board. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • board: Tuition Eligibility Board. See Alabama Code 36-21-101
  • board: The board of commissioners of the fund and any successors thereto. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • board: The State Personnel Board. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • board: The Flexible Employees Benefits Board. See Alabama Code 36-29-21
  • board: The board of directors of the tourism board. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • board: The board of directors of the authority comprised of the members of the Shoals Economic Development Authority. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • BOARD OF CONTROL: The board provided for in Section 36-27-23 to administer the retirement system. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • BOARD OF CONTROL: The board provided for in Section 36-27-23 to administer the retirement system. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • BODILY REMAINS: The physical remains, corpse, or body parts of a dead unborn infant who has been expelled or extracted from his or her mother. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • broker: A broker as defined in Section 34-27-2. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • bureau: The Bureau of Loans of the State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • BUSINESS ASSOCIATION: A corporation, joint stock company, investment company, partnership, unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, business trust, trust company, safe deposit company, financial organization, insurance company, mutual fund, utility, or other business entity consisting of one or more persons, whether or not for profit. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CABLE SERVICE: A service that provides both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-39-250

  • CABLE SYSTEM: A facility, consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service which includes video programming and which is provided to multiple subscribers within a community, but the term does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-39-250

  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CASH ADVANCE: The amount of cash or its equivalent that the borrower actually receives or is paid at his direction or on his behalf. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • check: A debit authorization or a check signed by the maker and made payable to a person licensed under this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • class: An employee or retiree shall be included in one of the following classes: (i) active employee single, (ii) active employee family, (iii) non-Medicare retiree single, (iv) non-Medicare retiree family, (v) Medicare retiree single, (vi) Medicare retiree family, (vii) non-Medicare retiree with Medicare eligible dependent(s), or (viii) Medicare retiree with non-Medicare dependent(s). See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • CLASSIFIED SERVICE: All offices or positions of trust or employment in the state service now or hereafter created except those placed in the unclassified service or exempt service by this article. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • client: A person or entity having an interest in commercial real estate that has entered into a written brokerage or agency agreement with a real estate broker relative to the commercial real estate. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE: Any real estate including real estate classified as agricultural for tax assessment purposes other than real estate containing one to four residential units. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • commission: The Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission established by Section 36-21-41. See Alabama Code 36-21-40
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • conveyance: A sale, lease, or other transfer of commercial real estate. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • county: Lauderdale County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • COUNTY LODGING TAX: That certain tax levied pursuant to Part 5, commencing with Section 45-39-244, of Article 24 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • CREDITABLE SERVICE: "Prior service" plus "membership service" rendered since last becoming a member. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • defense: Any affirmative defense under Rule 8(c), Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure, filed in any action at law or in equity. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.08
  • DEFERRED PRESENTMENT SERVICES: A transaction pursuant to a written agreement involving the following combination of activities in exchange for a fee:

    a. See Alabama Code 35-11-454

  • department: The State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 45-39-70
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The State Director of Personnel. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • director: A member of the board. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • dispense: To sell, distribute, administer, leave with, give away, dispose of, deliver, or supply a drug or medicine to the ultimate user or the user's agent. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • domicile: The state of incorporation of a corporation and the state of the principal place of business of a holder other than a corporation. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • EARNABLE COMPENSATION: The full rate of compensation that would be payable to an employee if he or she worked the full normal work-time. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • employee: A person who works full time for the State of Alabama or for a county health department and who receives his or her full compensation on a monthly basis through means of a state warrant drawn upon the State Treasury or by check drawn by the Treasurer of the Alabama State Port Authority or by check drawn by the treasurer of the Alabama state agency for surplus property other than those employees covered by the federal Railroad Retirement Act. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • employee: Any regular employee of the State of Alabama whose salary is paid by state warrant by the state, except a member of the Legislature of the state, a person who is covered or eligible to be covered under the Teachers' Retirement System of Alabama or any other retirement system to which contributions are made by the state, an elective official of the state government, and a temporary employee or person engaged under retainer or special agreement. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • employee: A person who is employed by the State of Alabama, its agencies, departments, or for a county health department, and who receives his compensation through means of a state warrant drawn upon the State Treasury, or by check drawn by the Alabama State Port Authority, or from the treasury of the Department of Mental Health, other than those employees covered by the federal Railroad Retirement Act. See Alabama Code 36-29-21
  • EMPLOYEE CONTRIBUTION: The amount of the total health insurance premium to be paid by the employee or retiree as determined by the board. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • employer: The State of Alabama or any department, commission, institution, or any other agency of and within the state by which an employee is paid, including employers as provided in Section 36-27-6. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • employer: The State of Alabama or any department, agency, or local governing body by which a judge or clerk is paid. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION: The amount of the total health insurance premium to be paid by the employer as determined by the board. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • EMPLOYMENT REGISTER: A record containing the names of those persons who have successfully competed in tests, have been ranked in order of their final earned average from highest to lowest and are considered qualified to hold a position in the class for which the test was held. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • ers: The Employees' Retirement System of Alabama. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: The executive director of the board. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: The executive director of the board. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • father: The biological father of the human fetus. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • FEDERAL POVERTY LEVEL: Income level determined in Section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act 2 (42 U. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or authorized by this title to be filed by or for an entity with the filing officer in accordance with Article 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FINAL DISPOSITION: The burial, interment, cremation, or other legal disposition of the bodily remains of a deceased unborn infant. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • FINANCIAL ORGANIZATION: A savings and loan association, building and loan association, industrial loan organization, credit union, cooperative bank, bank, or banking organization. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • firefighter: Any firefighter as certified by the Alabama Firefighters Personnel Standards and Education Commission. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • florence: The City of Florence, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fund: The Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Fund provided for in Section 36-21-47. See Alabama Code 36-21-40
  • fund: The Alabama Peace Officers' Annuity and Benefit Fund created in Section 36-21-66. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • fund: The Alabama Firefighters Annuity and Benefit Fund created in this article. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • fund: The Judicial Retirement Fund provided for in this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to the county, its county commission, and, with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • HEALTH INSURANCE PREMIUM: The total health insurance cost under the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan with respect to each class of employees or retirees. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • holder: A person in possession of property belonging to another, or who is a trustee in case of a trust, obligated to hold for the account of, or deliver to, or pay to, the owner or apparent owner as applicable, property that is subject to this article. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • INMATE HELP: Persons committed to a state institution who have been granted special privileges and employment due to good conduct. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • INSURANCE COMPANY: An association, corporation, or fraternal or mutual benefit organization, whether or not for profit, engaged in the business of providing life endowments, annuities, or insurance, including, but not limited to, accidental, burial, casualty, credit life, contract performance, dental, disability, fidelity, fire, health, hospitalization, illness, life, malpractice, marine, mortgage, surety, wage protection, and workers' compensation insurance. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE: Any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and the systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • INTERNAL REVENUE CODE: The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Alabama Code 36-29-21
  • internet: The international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • JUDGE OR CLERK: Any justice of the Supreme Court, judge of the Court of Civil Appeals, judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals, circuit judge, district judge, probate judge, or circuit clerk who is not a member of the Judicial Retirement Fund or Clerks' and Registers' Supernumerary Fund on November 7, 2016 and who is first elected or appointed to his or her position on or after November 8, 2016. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • JUDICIAL OFFICER: Any supreme court, appellate court, circuit court, district court, or municipal court judge or any magistrate of any court in this state. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY: The state Department of Public Safety, the Alabama Board of Corrections, the police department of each incorporated city or town, the department of each sheriff of the state, including all deputy sheriffs, the Enforcement Division of the State Department of Conservation and Natural Resources and the Public Service Commission, and each public agency in the state charged with the enforcement of any laws and the officers or employees of which have power as such officials or employees to make arrests. See Alabama Code 36-21-40
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A policeman, deputy sheriff, deputy constable and other official who has authority as such official to make arrests. See Alabama Code 36-21-40
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of the state. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • license: A license, issued under the authority of this chapter, to make loans in accordance with the provisions of this chapter at a single place of business. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • licensee: A person to whom one or more licenses have been issued. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • licensee: A person licensed to provide deferred presentment services pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • MEDICAL BOARD: The board of physicians provided for in Section 36-27-23. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • MEDICAL BOARD: The board of physicians provided for in Section 36-27-23. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • member: Any peace officer who is a member of the fund and who is in good standing by virtue of having paid all sums required by this article to be paid by him. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • member: Any firefighter who is a member of the fund and who is in good standing by virtue of having paid all sums required by this article. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • member: Any employee included in the membership of the system as provided in Section 36-27-4. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • member: Any judge or clerk included in membership of the plan. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • member: Such term shall include actual members of associations without capital stock and holders of common stock in organizations organized with capital stock. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • member: An individual resident and registered voter of Lauderdale County or Colbert County, who has been appointed to the authority by their respective governing bodies to serve in a representative capacity. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: The period of employment of a member as a peace officer from the date he or she becomes a member. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: The period of employment of a member as a firefighter from the date he or she becomes a member. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: Service as an employee rendered while a member of the retirement system and on account of which contributions are made. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: Service as a judge or clerk on account of which contributions are made. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • mineral: Gas; oil; coal; other gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons; oil shale; cement material; sand and gravel; road material; building stone; chemical raw material; gemstone; fissionable and nonfissionable ores; colloidal and other clay; steam and other geothermal resource; or any other substance defined as a mineral by the law of this state. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • MINERAL PROCEEDS: Amounts payable for the extraction, production, or sale of minerals, or, upon the abandonment of those payments, all payments that become payable thereafter. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Minimum finance charge: The minimum, or fixed, finance charge that will be imposed during a billing cycle. A minimum finance charge usually applies only when a finance charge is imposed, that is, when you carry over a balance. Source: Federal Reserve
  • MISSING SENIOR CITIZEN ALERT: A voluntary program entered into by the department and other local and state law enforcement agencies and the Alabama Association of Broadcasters and broadcasters licensed to serve in the state, which provides that if the department verifies that a senior citizen is missing or lost and in danger, a media alert is transmitted. See Alabama Code 45-39-70
  • month: A period of 30 days. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • month: A period of 30 days. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • mother: The female who is pregnant with a live human fetus which may be subject to a partial-birth abortion under this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • municipality: Any incorporated municipality located wholly within the county. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town in Lauderdale County. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • officer: The term includes every person authorized to enforce the game and fish laws of this state, and whenever the possession, use, importation, transportation, storage, sale, offering, or exposing for sale of game birds, animals, or fish is prohibited or restricted, the prohibition or restriction shall extend to and include every part of the game, bird, animal, or fish, and a violation as to each animal, bird, or fish, or part thereof, shall be a separate offense. See Alabama Code 35-11-415
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • order: The Fraternal Order of Police. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • OTHER EMPLOYER GROUP HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE: Group health insurance coverage available to an employee or retiree through an employer other than the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • owner: A person who has a legal or equitable interest in property subject to this article or the person's legal representative. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTION: An abortion in which the person performing the abortion partially vaginally delivers a living fetus before killing the fetus and completing the delivery. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PATHOLOGICAL STUDY: The examination of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes, and any related activities necessary to perform such study. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • PEACE OFFICER: A person duly sworn as a peace officer of the State of Alabama possessing powers of arrest and employed by the state, any political subdivision thereof, or any municipal corporation therein who is required by the terms of employment, whether the employment exists by virtue of election or appointment, to give full time to the preservation of public order and the protection of life or property or the detection of crime in the state. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • pension: Payments for life derived from money provided by the employer. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • pension: Payments for life derived from money provided by the employer. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • PENSION RESERVE: The present value of all payments to be made on account of any pension or benefit in lieu of any pension computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, copartnerships, associations, trusts, corporations and any other legal entities. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: An individual, group of individuals, partnership, association, corporation, or any other business unit or legal entity. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, firms, partnerships and associations. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • person: An individual, business association, financial organization, estate, trust, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • physician: A doctor of medicine or osteopathy legally authorized to practice medicine and surgery by the state or any other individual legally authorized by the state to perform abortions. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.01
  • physician: A person currently licensed by the Medical Licensure Commission, State of Alabama, to practice medicine or osteopathy pursuant to Section 34-24-50, et seq. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • plan: The Judges' and Clerks' Plan provided for in Section 12-18-151. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • PLANNING JURISDICTION: A municipality's planning jurisdiction but excludes any portion of the planning jurisdiction located outside of the county. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • position: Any office or place of employment in the state service. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or device for a patient. See Alabama Code 45-39-221.09
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • PRIOR SERVICE: The period of employment of a member as a peace officer from the time of initial employment as a peace officer to September 12, 1969. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • PRIOR SERVICE: The period of employment of a member as a firefighter from the time of initial employment as a firefighter to October 1, 2010. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • PRIOR SERVICE: Service rendered prior to the date of establishment of the retirement system for which credit is allowable under Section 36-27-11. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PRODUCERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Individual persons, partnerships, associations and corporations who produce such products either directly or as landlords, tenants or sharecroppers. See Alabama Code 45-39-245.07
  • PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include fishing activities and the harvesting of aquatic and seafood products as well as the production of other agricultural or farm products hereinabove defined in subdivision (1) of this section. See Alabama Code 45-39-92.44
  • PROFESSIONAL BAIL COMPANY: A person, individual proprietor, partnership, corporation, or other entity, other than a professional surety company, that furnishes bail or becomes surety for a person on an appearance bond and does so for a valuable consideration. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • PROFESSIONAL BONDSMAN: An individual person or agent employed by a professional surety company or professional bail company to solicit and execute appearance bonds or actively seek bail bond business for or on behalf of a professional surety company or a professional bail company. See Alabama Code 15-13-101
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Tangible property held in a safe deposit box or other safekeeping depository in this state, and fixed and certain interest in intangible property that is held, issued, or owed in the course of a holder's business, or by a government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, and all income or increments therefrom. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROVISIONAL APPOINTMENT: An appointment made for a period of not more than 156 work days to fill a competitive position pending the establishment of an employment register for the classification. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC HEARING: A meeting of the board open to the public held after five days' public notice has been given thereof whereat any citizen, taxpayer or interested party may appear and be heard subject to such rules and regulations as may be fixed by the board. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC RECORD: A record which the public shall have the right to inspect in a reasonable manner during ordinary business hours. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • QUALIFIED SERVICE: The prior service plus membership service of a member. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • QUALIFIED SERVICE: The prior service plus membership service of a member. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • REAL ESTATE: Real property as defined in subdivision (7) of Section 1-1-1. See Alabama Code 35-11-450
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • record: Information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Record date: means the date established under Article 6 or 7 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • REGULAR INTEREST: Interest compounded annually at the rate determined by the Board of Control in accordance with subsection (f) of Section 36-27-25. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • RESCUE SQUAD MEMBER: A member of an organized rescue squad of a city, town, county, or other subdivision of the state or of a public corporation, organized for the purpose of providing, within the scope of his or her practice: First aid, treatment or transport of the sick or injured; rescue or recovery operations at incidents of drowning; search and rescue of individuals lost or incapable of self rescue; or any other emergency or non-emergency incident where the services provided by the rescue squad are deemed necessary for incident stabilization. See Alabama Code 36-21-101
  • research: A systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge but does not include treatment, medication, diagnostic or remedial tests, surgical procedures, or observations which have the purpose of determining or improving the life or health of the unborn infant or preserving the life or health of the unborn infant or the unborn infant's mother or pathological study. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retiree: An employee who retires from the service of the State of Alabama, who, at the time of such retirement has at least 10 years of creditable coverage, meets the criteria set out in this chapter and who, following such retirement, draws a monthly benefit from the Employees' Retirement System of Alabama, the Judicial Retirement System of Alabama, the Teachers' Retirement System of Alabama, or the Alabama State Port Authority. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • retirement: Withdrawal from active service with a retirement allowance or optional benefit in lieu thereof granted under this article. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • retirement: Withdrawal from active service with a retirement allowance or optional benefit in lieu thereof granted under this article. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • RETIREMENT ALLOWANCE: The sum of the "annuity" and the "pension. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • RETIREMENT ALLOWANCE: The sum of the annuity and the pension. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • RETIREMENT SYSTEM: The Employees' Retirement System of Alabama as defined in Section 36-27-2. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • RETIREMENT SYSTEM: The Employees' Retirement System of Alabama as defined in Section 36-27-2. See Alabama Code 45-38-243.05
  • rollover: Any deferred presentment transaction where the transaction is not paid in full and the licensee agrees to allow the customer to pay the fee only for a new deferred presentment transaction. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • rules: Rules necessary to carry out this article adopted pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • SALARY REDUCTION AGREEMENT: A written agreement between a participating employee and a state agency, department, or county health department, whereby the employee agrees to reduce his salary by a stated amount, or an amount equal to the cost of benefits selected under a flexible employee benefit plan, and the state agency, department, or county health department agrees to contribute such amounts to cover the cost of benefits selected by the participating employee, including related administrative expenses. See Alabama Code 36-29-21
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • service: Service as an employee paid for by an employer. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • shoals: The geographic region of the State of Alabama comprising the Counties of Colbert and Lauderdale. See Alabama Code 45-39-92
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 36-21-40
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • state: A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • STATE POLICE ASSOCIATION: The Alabama State Police Association, as now or hereafter constituted. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • STATE POLICEMAN: An employee in the classified service under the Merit System Act approved by the State Personnel Board to perform the duties of highway patrolman or a beverage control agent or a crime investigator. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • STATE SERVICE: All offices and positions of trust or employment in the service of the Alabama state government, irrespective of whether the remuneration or compensation of such offices and positions of trust or employment is paid out of the State Treasury or not. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • STATE TROOPER ASSOCIATION: The Alabama State Trooper Association, Inc. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • subscriber: A person who agrees with or makes an offer to an entity to purchase by subscription an ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Subscriber: means a person who subscribes for shares in a corporation, whether before or after incorporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervisor: The Supervisor of the Bureau of Loans of the State Banking Department. See Alabama Code 35-11-351
  • supervisor: The Supervisor of the Bureau of Loans or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 35-11-454
  • SUPPLEMENTAL COVERAGE: Coverage offered to employees and retirees by the State Employees' Insurance Board in lieu of coverage in the basic medical plan of the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan that supplements an employee's or retiree's other employer group health insurance coverage. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • telecommunications: The transmission, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing, without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services, except that the term does not include aggregators of telecommunications services as defined in 47 U. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT: Equipment, other than customer premises equipment, used by a provider of telecommunications to provide telecommunications services, and includes software integral to the equipment, including upgrades. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications, including servicing and repairing related equipment, for a fee directly to the public, or to the classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public regardless of the facilities used, including, but not limited to, voice, data, imaging, and video transmissions and local telephone exchange service. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TEMPORARY APPOINTMENT: An appointment for a period not to exceed 104 work days. See Alabama Code 36-26-2
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • THIRD PARTY ADMINISTRATOR: An entity contracted by the State Employees' Insurance Board to provide certain administrative services as it deems appropriate and necessary to carry out its obligations under this chapter. See Alabama Code 36-29-1
  • TIER I PLAN: The defined benefit pension plan provided by the Retirement System to Tier I plan members. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • TIER I PLAN MEMBER: Any member of the Retirement System who had service for which he or she received credit in the Employees' Retirement System or in the Teachers' Retirement System prior to January 1, 2013. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • TIER II PLAN: The defined benefit pension plan provided by the Retirement System to Tier II plan members. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • TIER II PLAN MEMBER: Any member of the Retirement System who first began eligible employment with an Employees' Retirement System or a Teachers' Retirement System participating employer on or after January 1, 2013, and who had no eligible service in the Employees' Retirement System or the Teachers' Retirement System prior to January 1, 2013. See Alabama Code 36-27-1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TOURISM BOARD: The public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-39-221
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • treasurer: The Treasurer of the State of Alabama, or the designee of the Treasurer. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • tuition: The cost of instruction and fees to the student as stated in the institution's catalog, plus the cost of books and supplies. See Alabama Code 36-21-101
  • UNBORN INFANT: A human being in utero at any stage of development regardless of viability. See Alabama Code 45-39-234
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • utility: Any person who owns or operates, for public use, any plant, equipment, real property, franchise, or license for the transmission of communications or the production, storage, transmission, sale, delivery, or furnishing of electricity, water, steam, or gas. See Alabama Code 35-12-71
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTER: Any person who meets all requirements set forth by his or her department, as attested by the chief of that department, and who is any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-21-101

  • warden: The game and fish warden or agent provided for in the game and fish laws of this state. See Alabama Code 35-11-415
  • without substantial justification: when used with reference to any action, claim, defense or appeal, including without limitation any motion, means that such action, claim, defense or appeal (including any motion) is frivolous, groundless in fact or in law, or vexatious, or interposed for any improper purpose, including without limitation, to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation, as determined by the court. See Alabama Code 45-39-200.08
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • year: A period of 365 days. See Alabama Code 36-21-60
  • year: A period of 365 days. See Alabama Code 36-21-180
  • YEARS OF CREDITABLE COVERAGE: The number of years and months that an employee is covered under the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan prior to retirement as determined by the State Employees' Insurance Board, including any periods of full-time permanent employment subsequent to retirement up to a maximum of five years. See Alabama Code 36-29-1