Sections
Part 1 Board of Education 45-4-100 – 45-4-100.01
Part 2 Superintendent of Education 45-4-101

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 45 > Chapter 4 > Article 10

  • agency: Any state agency responsible for administering programs under Title IV-D or Title XIX of the Social Security Act. See Alabama Code 27-21B-2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • AUTHORIZING AMENDMENT: That certain amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, proposed by Act 88-479 enacted at the 1988 Regular Session of the Legislature. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION: Any benevolent, philanthropic, or patriotic person, or one purporting to be such, consistent with the then-controlling definition provided in the Internal Revenue Code of the United States of America, which solicits and collects funds for charitable purposes and includes each local, county, or area division within this state of the charitable organization; provided the local, county, or area division has authority and discretion to disburse funds or property otherwise than by transfer to any parent organization. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION: A person or nonprofit corporation who is or holds himself or herself out to be established for a benevolent, educational, philanthropic, humane, scientific, artistic, patriotic, social welfare or advocacy, public health, environmental, conservation, civic, or other eleemosynary purpose, or a person who employs a charitable appeal as the basis for any solicitation or appeal that suggests, directly or indirectly, that the solicitation is for a charitable purpose. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80
  • CHARITABLE PURPOSE: Any charitable, benevolent, philanthropic, or patriotic purpose which is consistent with the then-controlling definition provided in the Internal Revenue Code of the United States of America. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • CHARITABLE PURPOSE: Any charitable, benevolent, philanthropic, humane, patriotic, scientific, artistic, public health, social welfare, advocacy, environmental, conservation, civic, or other eleemosynary purpose as defined and amended, from time to time, by the Internal Revenue Code. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80
  • CIVIL RIGHTS ORGANIZATION: Any charitable organization exempt from taxation pursuant to Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code that is organized to protect the rights of persons against deprivation, discrimination, or denial of their right to equal protection of the laws under the Constitution of the United States of America because of color, race, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975, as amended. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • COMMERCIAL BUILDING: Any building, structure, or other improvement to real property, excluding, however, any dwelling that:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-141

  • COMMERCIAL CO-VENTURER: Any person who for profit or other commercial consideration conducts, promotes, underwrites, arranges, or sponsors a sale, performance, or event of any kind which is advertised, and which will benefit, to any extent, a charitable or religious organization. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • commission: The Lee County Commission or other governing body of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • container: Box, carton, package, receptacle, canister, jar, dispenser, or machine that offers a product for sale or distribution, for solicitation purposes. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • contribution: The promise or grant of any money or property of any kind or value, including the promise to pay, except payments by members of an organization for membership fees, dues, fines, or assessments, or for services rendered to individual members, if membership in the organization confers a bona fide right, privilege, professional standing, honor, or other direct benefit, other than the right to vote, elect officers, or hold offices, and except money or property received from any governmental authority. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • county: Lee County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • DISCLOSURE LABEL: A printed or typed notice affixed to a container, in a conspicuous place and accessible to the public, that is easily readable and legible that informs the public of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80

  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • district: A fire fighting district established pursuant to Amendment 392 or any law providing for the implementation of the authorizing amendment of Amendment 392. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • DISTRICT FIRE PROTECTION FUND: A district fire protection fund established and maintained in the county treasury pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • dwelling: Any building, structure, or other improvement to real property used or expected to be used as a dwelling or residence for one or more human beings, including specifically and without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-141

  • EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION: A school, college, or other institution which has a defined curriculum, student body, and faculty and which conducts classes on a regular basis. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • enrollee: An individual who is enrolled in a health maintenance organization. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • FAIR MARKET VALUE: The fair and reasonable market value (or, if applicable, the current use value) of a commercial building or dwelling (as the case may be), as such value is appraised by the tax assessor or the State Department of Revenue pursuant to applicable provisions of the code, prior to the assessment thereof for purposes of state or county ad valorem taxation pursuant to Section 40-8-1. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • FINANCIAL CHARGE: A financial charge or assessment levied by the commission in accordance with the authorizing amendment and this part. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • FIRE PROTECTION CORPORATION: Any public corporation, district, or authority that is:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-141

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • HEALTH CARE SERVICES: Any services included in the furnishing to any individual of medical or dental care, or hospitalization or incident to the furnishing of such care or hospitalization, as well as the furnishing to any person of any and all other services for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury, or physical disability. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION: Any person that undertakes to provide or arrange for basic health care services through an organized system which combines the delivery and financing of health care to enrollees. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insurer: Every insurer authorized in this state to issue contracts of accident and sickness insurance. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • insurer: A health insurer, including a group health plan as defined in Section 607(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, a health maintenance organization, or an entity offering a service benefit plan. See Alabama Code 27-21B-2
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • owner: A person owning one or more dwellings or commercial buildings. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • person: Any individual, organization, group, association, partnership, corporation, trust, or any combination of them. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • POLITICAL ORGANIZATION: A party, committee, association, fund, or other organization, whether or not incorporated, which is organized and operated primarily for the purpose of directly or indirectly accepting contributions or making expenditures, or both, for an exempt function pursuant to 26 U. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • PROFESSIONAL FUND RAISER: Any person who for compensation or other consideration plans, conducts, manages, or carries on any drive or campaign in this state for the purpose of soliciting contributions for or on behalf of any charitable organization or any other person, or who engages in the business of, or holds himself or herself out to persons in this state as independently engaged in the business of soliciting contributions for such purposes. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • PROFESSIONAL SOLICITOR: Any person who is employed or retained for compensation by a professional fund raiser to solicit contributions for charitable purposes in this state. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: Any physician, hospital, or other person which is licensed or otherwise authorized in this state to furnish health care services. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION: Any society, sect, persuasion, mission, church, parish, congregation, temple, convention, or association of any of the foregoing, diocese or presbytery, or other organization, whether or not incorporated, or any employee thereof, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private party or individual associated with such an organization and that otherwise qualifies as an exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26, United States Code, as amended. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which a fire protection corporation is authorized, whether by statute, by its certificate of incorporation, or similar corporate charter (as such may from time to time be amended), or otherwise, to provide or render fire protection, fire prevention, and related services, as such area or areas may from time to time exist. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • TAX ASSESSOR: The tax assessor of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • TAX COLLECTOR: The tax collector of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • treasurer: The county treasurer of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • UNIT OF PROPERTY: Any dwelling or commercial building, together with the real property on which it is situated or to which it is appurtenant. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT: Any volunteer fire department with which the commission, pursuant to Amendment 392, may enter into an agreement or agreements with respect to providing fire protection, fire prevention, and related services and facilities within the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1