§ 6-5-180 Import of accusations of false swearing or commission of crime
§ 6-5-181 Words falsely imputing woman’s chastity actionable
§ 6-5-182 Libel or slander – Burden of proof
§ 6-5-183 Libel or slander – Mitigation of damages – Evidence of truth or circumstances
§ 6-5-184 Libel or slander – Mitigation of damages – Retraction
§ 6-5-185 Libel or slander – Mitigation of damages – When only actual damages recoverable
§ 6-5-186 Prerequisites to recovery of vindictive or punitive damages in action for libel
§ 6-5-187 Truth of charges against public persons may be proved
§ 6-5-188 Effect of retraction and tender of money
§ 6-5-189 Effect of tender of money

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 6 > Chapter 5 > Article 11

  • ADULT MOVIE HOUSE: A place where obscene "adult films" depicting sexual conduct are shown. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • ADULT-ONLY ENTERTAINMENT: Any commercial establishment or private club where entertainers, employees, dancers, or waiters appear nude or semi-nude. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • DISPLAY FOR SALE: To expose, place, exhibit, show, or in any fashion display any material for the purpose of the sale of such material to any person in a manner that a minor can physically examine or see the material. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • DISSEMINATE PUBLICLY: To expose, place, perform, exhibit, show or in any fashion display, in any location, public or private, any material in a manner that the material can either be readily seen and its content or character distinguished by normal unaided vision or be physically examined, by viewing or examining the material from any public place or any place to which members of the general public are invited. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • distribute: To import, export, sell, rent, lend, transfer possession of or title to, display, exhibit, show, present, provide, broadcast, transmit, retransmit, communicate by telephone, play, orally communicate or perform. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HARMFUL TO MINORS: The term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • knowingly: The term means knowingly, as defined by Section 13A-2-2(2), doing an act involving a material when the person knows the nature of the material. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • material: Any book, magazine, newspaper, printed or written matter, writing, description, picture, drawing, animation, photograph, motion picture, film, video tape, pictorial representation, depiction, image, electrical or electronic reproduction, broadcast, transmission, telephone communication, sound recording, article, device, equipment, matter, oral communication, live performance, or dance. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • minor: Any unmarried person under the age of 18 years. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • obscene: The term means that:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Any individual and, except where inappropriate, any partnership, firm, association, corporation or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • produce: Create, make, write, film, produce, reproduce, direct, or stage. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • recklessly: The term means recklessly, as defined by Section 13A-2-2(3), doing an act involving a material when the person knows the nature of the material. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEXUAL CONDUCT: The term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.