§ 44-1001 Definitions
§ 44-1002 Insolvency
§ 44-1003 Value
§ 44-1004 Transfers fraudulent as to present and future creditors
§ 44-1005 Transfers fraudulent as to present creditors
§ 44-1006 When transfer is made or obligation is incurred
§ 44-1007 Remedies of creditors
§ 44-1008 Defenses, liability and protection of transferee
§ 44-1009 Extinguishment of claim for relief
§ 44-1010 Supplementary provisions

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 44 > Chapter 8 > Article 1

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Asset: means property of a debtor, but asset does not include any of the following:

    (a) Property to the extent it is encumbered by a valid lien. See Arizona Laws 44-1001

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Claim: means a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured or unsecured. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Creditor: means a person who has a claim. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Debt: means liability on a claim. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Debtor: means a person who is liable on a claim. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: means a charge against or an interest in property to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation and includes a security interest created by agreement, a judicial lien obtained by legal or equitable process or proceedings, a common law lien or a statutory lien. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, organization, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust or any other legal or commercial entity. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Transfer: means every mode, direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, voluntary or involuntary, of disposing of or parting with an asset or an interest in an asset and includes payment of money, release, lease and creation of a lien or other encumbrance. See Arizona Laws 44-1001
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215