Sections
Part I General Regulations 134-1 – 134-29
Part II Firearms, Dealers’ Licenses 134-31 – 134-34
Part III Dangerous Weapons 134-51 – 134-53
Part IV Gun Violence Protective Orders 134-61 – 134-72

Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 134

  • Acquire: means gain ownership of. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in section 1(b)(1) of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Animal: means any invertebrate or vertebrate species of the animal kingdom including but not limited to mammal, bird, fish, reptile, mollusk, crustacean, insect, mite, and nematode, other than common domestic animal such as dog and cat. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Antique motor vehicle: means any motor vehicle, including a motorcycle or a motor scooter which produces not more than twelve horsepower, of the age of thirty-five years or more from the date of manufacture, that is of the original factory specification or restored to the original specifications in an unaltered or unreconstructed condition, operated or moved over the highway primarily for the purpose of historical exhibition or other similar purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • Antique pistol or revolver: means any pistol or revolver manufactured before 1899 and any replica thereof if it either is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition or is designed or redesigned to use rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition that is no longer manufactured in the United States and is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriate federal regulatory agency: means , with respect to a financial institution or financial institution holding company, any one or more regulatory agencies of the federal government referred to in the following sentence which either (1) insures the deposits of the financial institution or financial institution holding company, or (2) has the power and duty to conduct periodic general examinations of the affairs of the financial institution or financial institution holding company by virtue of the legal characterization of the financial institution or financial institution holding company under federal law, and not by virtue of the fact of affiliation of the financial institution or financial institution holding company with any other person or an alleged violation of a specific law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assault pistol: means a semiautomatic pistol that accepts a detachable magazine and has two or more of the following characteristics:

         (1)  An ammunition magazine that attaches to the pistol outside of the pistol grip;

         (2)  A threaded barrel capable of accepting a barrel extender, flash suppressor, forward hand grip, or silencer;

         (3)  A shroud that is attached to or partially or completely encircles the barrel and permits the shooter to hold the firearm with the second hand without being burned;

         (4)  A manufactured weight of fifty ounces or more when the pistol is unloaded;

         (5)  A centerfire pistol with an overall length of twelve inches or more; or

         (6)  It is a semiautomatic version of an automatic firearm;

    but does not include a firearm with a barrel sixteen or more inches in length, an antique pistol as defined in this section, or a curio or relic as those terms are used in 18 United States Code section 921(a)(13) or 27 Code of Federal Regulations section 478. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Automatic firearm: means any firearm that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily modified to shoot automatically more than one shot, without a manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Bank: means any bank as defined in: section 2(c) of the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Bank Holding Company Act: means the federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bicycle: means :

         (1)  A device propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels sixteen inches in diameter or greater, and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels; or

         (2)  A low-speed electric bicycle, as defined under title 15 United States Code section 2085. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1

  • Board: means the board of agriculture. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, has the same meaning as is set forth in section 1(b)(3) of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Capital: means :

         (1)  The aggregate par value or other amount received and allocated to the issued and outstanding capital stock of a financial institution; or

         (2)  The total amount of a credit union's outstanding and unimpaired membership shares or share accounts. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109

  • Capital stock: means the units of interest, whether or not having a par value, common or preferred, legally issued by a financial institution or other corporation, which represents a fractional ownership interest in the institution or corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Chief of police: means the chief of police of the counties of Hawaii, Maui, Kauai, or the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Circuit court: means the court established in each of the judicial circuits of this State pursuant to chapter 603 and which has jurisdiction under section 412:1-108 over a matter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of financial institutions of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Company: means any corporation, partnership, trust (business or otherwise), association, joint venture, pool syndicate, unincorporated organization, or any form of business entity not specifically listed herein and, unless specifically excluded, a financial institution; provided that "company" does not mean any trust existing on July 1, 1993, which under its terms must terminate within twenty-five years, or not later than twenty-one years and ten months after the death of individuals living on the effective date of the trust. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Compensation: means all benefits accorded by this chapter to an employee or the employee's dependents on account of a work injury as defined in this section; it includes medical and rehabilitation benefits, income and indemnity benefits in cases of disability or death, and the allowance for funeral and burial expenses. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contributions: means the amounts of money authorized by this chapter to be withheld from employees' wages for the payment of temporary disability benefits. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3
  • Control: means , unless the context clearly requires otherwise, directly or indirectly, solely or through another person or transaction, or in concert with another:

         (1)  Owning or having the power to vote twenty-five per cent or more of any class of voting securities;

         (2)  Owning or having the power to exercise twenty-five per cent or more of the votes of a mutual association, credit union, or other entity whose voting rights are not determined by voting securities;

         (3)  Owning or having the power to vote ten per cent or more of any class of voting securities if:  (A) the issuer of that class of securities has issued any class of securities under section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; or (B) immediately after the acquisition, no other person will own a greater percentage of that class of voting securities;

         (4)  Having the power to elect by any means a majority of the directors; or

         (5)  Having the power to exercise a dominant influence over management, if so determined by the commissioner after notice and a hearing. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the county council of each county concerned. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 248-1
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Crime of violence: means any offense, as defined in title 37, that involves injury or threat of injury to the person of another, including sexual assault in the fourth degree under section 707-733 and harassment by stalking under section 711-1106. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3
  • Department: means the department of agriculture. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Depository institution: means any institution that is included for any purpose within the definitions of "insured depository institution" as set forth in section 3(c)(2) and (3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Depository institution: means a financial institution that is authorized to accept deposits under its chartering or licensing authority and includes a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, depository financial services loan company, credit union, or intra-Pacific bank. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • deposits: means money or its equivalent received or held by a person in the usual course of business and for which it has given or is obligated to give credit, either conditionally or unconditionally, to a demand, checking, savings, time, passbook, negotiable order of withdrawal, thrift, or share account, or which is evidenced by its passbook, certificate of deposit, thrift certificate, investment certificate, certificate of indebtedness, or other similar instrument, or a check, draft, or share draft drawn against a deposit account and certified by a person, on which the person is primarily liable. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Development rights: means the rights permitted for a lot, parcel, or area of land under a zoning ordinance or local law respecting permissible use, area, density, bulk, or height of improvements thereon. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-162
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Director: means the state director of finance unless otherwise stated or indicated in context. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 248-1
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3
  • Director: means any member of the board of directors of a financial institution, whether or not receiving compensation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Director of finance: means the director of finance of each county or of the county concerned, and includes the director's duly authorized deputies and subordinates. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • Disability: means total inability of an employee to perform the duties of the employee's employment caused by sickness, pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, organ donation, or accident other than a work injury as defined in section 386‑3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the division of financial institutions of the department of commerce and consumer affairs of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Electric gun: means any portable device that is electrically operated to project a missile or electromotive force. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • employed: means service, including service in interstate commerce, performed for wages under any contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied, with an employer, except as otherwise provided in sections 392-4 and 392-5. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3
  • Employee: means any individual in the employment of another person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Employer: means any person having one or more persons in the person's employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Employer: means any individual or type of organization, including the State, any of its political subdivisions, any instrumentality of the State or its political subdivisions, any partnership, association, trust, estate, joint stock company, insurance company, or corporation, whether domestic or foreign, or receiver or trustee in bankruptcy, or the legal representative of a deceased person, who has one or more individuals in employment during any day or portion of a day. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3
  • Employment: means any service performed by an individual for another person under any contract of hire or apprenticeship, express or implied, oral or written, whether lawfully or unlawfully entered into. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Federal: means belonging to, part of, or related to the government of the United States of America. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Federal agency: means an agency of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to section 4 of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Federal branch: means a branch of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to section 4 of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal financial institution: means a national banking association, federal savings bank, federal savings and loan association or federal credit union. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial institution: means a Hawaii financial institution, and unless the context indicates otherwise, a federal financial institution or foreign financial institution. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Financial institution holding company: means a holding company which controls a Hawaii financial institution or which controls another financial institution holding company. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Firearm: means any weapon, for which the operating force is an explosive, including but not limited to pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, automatic firearms, noxious gas projectors, mortars, bombs, and cannon. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fuel: has the meaning defined by section 243-1. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 248-1
  • Fugitive from justice: means any person (1) who has fled from any state, territory, the District of Columbia, or possession of the United States, to avoid prosecution for a felony or to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding or (2) who has fled from any country other than the United States and is avoiding lawful extradition back to that country. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good cause: means a substantial reason amounting in law to be a legal excuse for failing to perform an act required by law considered under the circumstances of the individual case. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hawaii financial institution: means :

         (1)  A corporation or credit union that holds a charter or license under this chapter or under prior Hawaii law, authorizing it to accept deposits, to make loans in excess of the rates permitted in chapter 478, or to engage in the business of a trust company; or

         (2)  A resulting bank as defined in article 12,

    and includes a corporation or credit union existing and chartered as a Hawaii financial institution or licensed to transact business in this State on July 1, 1993. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109

  • Hawaii state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, means an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this State and licensed pursuant to this chapter, part II, of this article. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Hawaii state bank: means a bank organized under the laws of Hawaii. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Hawaii state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, means a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this State and licensed pursuant to this chapter, part II, of this article. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Holding company: means any company which controls another company. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Import: means shipment to the State from any point outside of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvency: means , with respect to a financial institution, that the value of its assets is insufficient to pay its depositors and its creditors. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Inspect: means to examine material to ascertain the presence or absence of quarantine pests and to otherwise determine compliance with the provisions of this chapter or any rule adopted under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Inspector: means any employee or official of the department authorized by the board to administer and enforce the provisions of this law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Institution-affiliated party: means any of the following:

         (1)  Any director, officer, employee or controlling shareholder of, or agent for, or other person that controls a financial institution;

         (2)  Any person who has filed or is required to file an application to become a financial institution with the commissioner or an application to acquire control of a Hawaii financial institution or financial institution holding company with the commissioner;

         (3)  Any shareholder, consultant, joint venture partner, and any other person as determined by the commissioner (by rule or case-by-case) who participates in the conduct of the affairs of a financial institution; or

         (4)  Any independent contractor (including any attorney, appraiser, or accountant) who knowingly or recklessly participates in any of the following which caused or is likely to cause more than a minimal financial loss to, or a significant adverse effect on, the financial institution:

              (A)  Any violation of law or rule,

              (B)  Any breach of fiduciary duty, or

              (C)  Any unsafe or unsound practice. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109

  • Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act: means the federal Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, Public Law No. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Interstate branch: means a branch of a bank or a branch of a foreign bank, as the context may require, which is established after September 29, 1994, pursuant to the authority contained in the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, outside the home state of the bank or foreign bank. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Limited branch: means a branch of a foreign bank that accepts only those deposits as would be permissible for a corporation organized under section 25A of the Federal Reserve Act in accordance with section 5(a)(7) of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • loaded firearm: means a firearm with ammunition present within the firing chamber, revolving cylinder, or within a magazine which is inserted in a firearm. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Loans and extensions of credit: includes a contractual commitment to advance funds. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Microbial product: means any product manufactured with known cultures of microorganisms for the purpose of bioremediation or bioaugmentation, including products such as microbial pesticides. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Microorganism: means any unicellular microscopic organism including but not limited to algae, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Moped: means a device upon which a person may ride which has two or three wheels in contact with the ground, a motor having a maximum power output capability measured at the motor output shaft, in accordance with the Society of Automotive Engineers standards, of two horsepower (one thousand four hundred ninety-two watts) or less and, if it is a combustion engine, a maximum piston or rotor displacement of 3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Motor vehicle: means every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power but which is not operated upon rails, but excludes mopeds. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • net weight: means the actual weight of such vehicle, as determined on a standard scale, including all equipment and accessories ordinarily attached to and used on the vehicle and, in the case of a motor vehicle, the maximum fuel, oil, and water possible of being carried for its operation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-21
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means a natural person, entity or organization, including without limitation an individual, corporation, joint venture, partnership, sole proprietorship, association, cooperative, estate, trust, or governmental unit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Person: means an individual, group, partnership, firm, association, corporation, trust, governmental agency, governmental official, administrative body, or tribunal or any form of business or legal entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-122
  • Personal injury: includes death resulting therefrom. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Pest: means any animal, insect, disease agent or other organism in any stage of development that is detrimental or potentially harmful to agriculture, or horticulture, or animal or public health, or natural resources including native biota or has an adverse effect on the environment as determined by the board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • real property: means and includes all land and appurtenances thereof and the buildings, structures, fences, and improvements erected on or affixed to the same, and any fixture that is erected on or affixed to such land, buildings, structures, fences, and improvements, including all machinery and other mechanical or other allied equipment and the foundations thereof, whose use thereof is necessary to the utility of such land, buildings, structures, fences, and improvements, or whose removal therefrom cannot be accomplished without substantial damage to such land, buildings, structures, fences, and improvements, excluding, however, any growing crops. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 248-1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • revolver: means any firearm of any shape with a barrel less than sixteen inches in length and capable of discharging loaded ammunition or any noxious gas. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Semiautomatic: means the mode of operation by which a firearm uses the energy of the explosive in a fixed cartridge to extract a fired cartridge and chamber a fresh cartridge with each single pull of a trigger. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Soil: means that part of the upper layer of earth in which plants can grow; this material may or may not contain organic matter and includes such planting media as deteriorated peat, except clean coral, sand, pottery and industrial clay, volcanic cinders and other similar soil-free material. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subsidiary: means a corporation, joint venture, partnership, or other company that is controlled by another corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • surplus: includes retained earnings, whether or not transferred or allocated to surplus. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • this State: means the State of Hawaii, its political subdivisions, agencies, and departments. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:1-109
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transfer of development rights: means the process by which development rights are transferred from one lot, parcel, or area of land in any sending district to another lot, parcel, or area of land in one or more receiving districts. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-162
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Truck: means any motor vehicle designed or used primarily for the carriage of property other than effects of the driver or passengers, and includes a motor vehicle to which has been added a box, platform, or other equipment for such carriage. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 412:13-102
  • Unlisted microorganism: means any microorganism not on the lists of nonrestricted or restricted microorganisms or on the list of select human pathogen microorganisms. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 150A-2
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, but excludes devices moved by human power or devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks and mopeds. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 249-1
  • Wages: means all remuneration for services constituting employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
  • Wages: means all remuneration for services from whatever source, including commissions, bonuses, tips or gratuities received in the course of employment from others than the employer to the extent that they are customary and expected in that type of employment and reported to the employer for payroll tax deduction purposes, and the cash value of all remuneration in any medium other than cash. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 392-3