§ 4.2001 Representative districts; division; composition; numbering
§ 4.2001a Representative districts; division after January 1, 2013; numbering
§ 4.2002 Senatorial districts; division; composition; numbering
§ 4.2002a Senatorial districts; terms of office beginning after January 1, 2015
§ 4.2003 Map; preparation by secretary of state; legal description; appropriation
§ 4.2004 Transmission of conference committee report; filing with office of the great seal
§ 4.2005 Applicable provisions
§ 4.2005a Redistricting plans; principles
§ 4.2006 “Block” and “tract” defined

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 4 > Act 116 of 2001

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative admission: means the admission of an individual with a developmental disability to a center pursuant to section 509. See Michigan Laws 330.1500
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attended terminal: means a terminal, other than a remote control terminal, where an individual knowledgeable in the aboveground liquid storage tank filling operation is physically in attendance and control during the entire delivery of a flammable liquid and has as his or her primary responsibility supervising the storage tank filling operation. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.2006
  • Board: means the state fire safety board created in section 3b. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Board: means a river management board created as the governing body of a river management district in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Building: means a structure, framework, or place for housing 1 or more persons or a tank, receptacle, or container for the storage of commodities or other materials. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Bureau: means the bureau of fire services created in section 1b. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Certified health department: means a city, county, or district department of health certified under section 11716. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chief of an organized fire department: means the chief operating officer of an organized fire department. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Clinical certificate: means the written conclusion and statements of a physician or a licensed psychologist that an individual is a person requiring treatment, together with the information and opinions, in reasonable detail, that underlie the conclusion, on the form prescribed by the department or on a substantially similar form. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Combustible liquid: means a liquid with a flash point at or above 100 degrees Fahrenheit and below 200 degrees Fahrenheit. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Commission: means the Michigan law enforcement officers memorial monument fund commission created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 28.782
  • Commission: means the school safety commission created in section 5. See Michigan Laws 28.803
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means a watershed council created under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Court: means the probate court or the court with responsibility with regard to mental health services for the county of residence of the subject of a petition, or for the county in which the subject of a petition was found. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Court: means the probate court or the court with responsibility with regard to mental health matters for the county in which an individual with a developmental disability resides or was found. See Michigan Laws 330.1500
  • Criteria for judicial admission: means the criteria specified in section 515 for admission of an adult with a developmental disability to a center, private facility, or alternative program of care and treatment under section 518. See Michigan Laws 330.1500
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.803
  • Department: means the department of labor and economic growth. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Director: means the director of the department of labor and economic growth. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • District: means a river management district established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Domestic septage: means liquid or solid material removed from a septic tank, cesspool, portable toilet, type III marine sanitation device, or similar storage or treatment works that receives only domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • election precinct: as used in this act shall mean a political subdivision, the area of which is embraced in its entirety within the confines of a city, ward, township or village, and for which not more than 1 polling place is provided for all qualified and registered electors residing therein. See Michigan Laws 168.654
  • Elector: means an individual who has the qualifications of an elector under section 492 of the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fire alarm system: means an assemblage of components that indicates or provides a warning of a fire emergency, installation of which is required by the bureau under rules promulgated under section 3c. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Fire hazard: means a building, premises, place, or thing that, because of its nature, location, occupancy, condition, or use, may cause loss, damage, or injury to persons or property by fire, explosion, or action of the elements. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Fire suppression system: means an integrated combination of a fire alarm system and fire suppression equipment that, as a result of predetermined temperature, rate of temperature rise, products of combustion, flame, or human intervention, will discharge a fire extinguishing substance over a fire area, installation of which is required by the bureau under rules promulgated under section 3c. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Firefighter: means a member of an organized fire department, including a volunteer member or a member paid on call, who is responsible for, or is in a capacity that includes responsibility for, the extinguishment of fires, the directing of the extinguishment of fires, the prevention and detection of fires, and the enforcement of the general fire laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Firm: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, association, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Flammable liquid: means a liquid with a flash point below 100 degrees Fahrenheit and a vapor pressure that does not exceed 40 pounds per square inch absolute at 100 degrees Fahrenheit. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Food establishment septage: means material pumped from a grease interceptor, grease trap, or other appurtenance used to retain grease or other fatty substances contained in restaurant wastes and that is blended into a uniform mixture, consisting of not more than 1 part of that restaurant-derived material per 3 parts of domestic septage, prior to land application or disposed of at a receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • general November election: means the election held on the November regular election date in an even numbered year. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hazardous material: means explosives, pyrotechnics, flammable gas, flammable compressed gas, nonflammable compressed gas, flammable liquid, combustible liquid, oxidizing material, poisonous gas, poisonous liquid, irritating material, etiologic material, radioactive material, corrosive material, or liquefied petroleum gas. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Incorporation: means the mechanical mixing of surface-applied septage waste with the soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • inhabitant: means a resident of a city, township, village, district or county. See Michigan Laws 8.3f
  • Injection: means the pressurized placement of septage waste below the surface of soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Involuntary mental health treatment: means court-ordered hospitalization, alternative treatment, or combined hospitalization and alternative treatment as described in section 468. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law enforcement officer: means that term as defined in section 2 of the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.782
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agencies: means local units of government, special districts, or other legally constituted agencies of local units of government exercising powers that may affect water resources. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Mental illness: means a substantial disorder of thought or mood that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality, or ability to cope with the ordinary demands of life. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Metropolitan district: means a district incorporated under the metropolitan district act, 1929 PA 312, MCL 119. See Michigan Laws 168.17
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Missing senior or vulnerable adult: means a resident of this state who is 1 of the following:

    (i) At least 60 years of age and is believed to be incapable of returning to his or her residence without assistance and is reported missing by a person familiar with that individual. See Michigan Laws 28.712

  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Monument fund: means the Michigan police officers memorial monument fund created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 28.782
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Noncommercial transportation: means the occasional transportation of personal property by an individual not for compensation or in the furtherance of a commercial enterprise, and transportation not regulated under the motor carrier safety act of 1963, 1963 PA 181, MCL 480. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Officer: means the village president, clerk, or treasurer, a village trustee, or an appointed person authorized by the council. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • Operating plan: means a plan developed by a receiving facility for receiving septage waste that specifies at least all of the following:

    (i) Categories of septage waste that the receiving facility will receive. See Michigan Laws 324.11701

  • Organized fire department: means a department, authority, or other governmental entity that safeguards life and property from damage from explosion, fire, or disaster and that provides fire suppression and other related services in this state. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Owner: means a person with an ownership interest in property, and includes a trustee, a board of trustees of property, and a person with a freehold interest in property. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Peace officer: means a sheriff or sheriff's deputy, a village or township marshal, an officer of the police department of any city, village, or township, any officer of the Michigan state police, any peace officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, or voluntary association. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Person familiar with the missing senior or vulnerable adult: means a missing senior's or vulnerable adult's guardian, custodian, or guardian ad litem or an individual who provides the missing senior or vulnerable adult with home health aid services, possesses a health care power of attorney for the missing senior or vulnerable adult, has proof that the missing senior or vulnerable adult has a medical condition, or otherwise has information regarding the missing senior or vulnerable adult. See Michigan Laws 28.712
  • person requiring treatment: means (a), (b), (c), or (d):

    (a) An individual who has mental illness, and who as a result of that mental illness can reasonably be expected within the near future to intentionally or unintentionally seriously physically injure himself, herself, or another individual, and who has engaged in an act or acts or made significant threats that are substantially supportive of the expectation. See Michigan Laws 330.1401

  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Pipeline: means a pipeline that conveys a flammable liquid from a crude petroleum wellhead collection site to a refinery or terminal or from a refinery to a terminal. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Place of public assemblage: means a room or other space in a building if the room or other space can accommodate 50 or more individuals, including connected rooms and spaces that share a common means of entrance and egress. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preadmission screening unit: means a service component of a community mental health services program established under section 409. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Premises: means a lot or parcel of land, exclusive of buildings, and includes a parking lot, tourist camp, trailer camp, airport, stockyard, junkyard, wharf, pier, and any other place or enclosure. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • primary election: as used in this act , shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions. See Michigan Laws 168.7
  • Private facility: means an adult foster care facility operated under contract with a community mental health services program or on a private pay basis that agrees to do both of the following:

    (i) Accept the judicial admission of an individual with developmental disability. See Michigan Laws 330.1500

  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Quorum: means , except as otherwise defined, 1 of the following:

    (i) Three council members, if the village has adopted an ordinance reducing the number of trustees under chapter II. See Michigan Laws 61.1a

  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Receiving facility: means a structure that is designed to receive septage waste for treatment at a wastewater treatment plant or at a research, development, and demonstration project authorized under section 11511b to which the structure is directly connected, and that is available for that purpose as provided for in an ordinance of the local unit of government where the structure is located or in an operating plan. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Release: means the transfer of an individual who is subject to an order of combined hospitalization and alternative treatment from 1 treatment program to another in accordance with his or her individual plan of services. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remote control terminal: means a terminal where filling an aboveground liquid storage tank with a flammable liquid is controlled at a remote location by the individual who conveyed the flammable liquid to the terminal. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • River management: means the control of river flow by the operation of dams, reservoirs, conduits, and other human-made devices in order to improve and expand the uses of the river for those who depend upon it for a variety of private and public benefits. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • School: means a public school, nonpublic school, or public school academy as those terms are defined in section 5 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 28.803
  • School district: means a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Septage waste: means the fluid mixture of untreated and partially treated sewage solids, liquids, and sludge of human or domestic origin that is removed from a wastewater system. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste servicing license: means a septage waste servicing license as provided for under sections 11703 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled or towed and that includes a tank used to transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste vehicle license: means a septage waste vehicle license as provided for under sections 11704 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • service area: means the territory for which a receiving facility has the capacity and is available to receive and treat septage waste, except that the geographic service area of a receiving facility shall not extend more than 25 radial miles from the receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • servicing: means cleaning, removing, transporting, or disposing, by application to land or otherwise, of septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Site: means a location or locations on a parcel or tract, as those terms are defined in section 102 of the land division act, 1967 PA 288, MCL 560. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Site permit: means a permit issued under section 11709 authorizing the application of septage waste to a site. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Special election: means an election to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, a partial term in office or to submit a ballot question to the electors. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State fire marshal: means the individual appointed by the director under section 1b. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Storage facility: means a structure that receives septage waste for storage but not for treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Subject of a petition: means an individual regarding whom a petition has been filed with the court asserting that the individual is or is not a person requiring treatment or for whom an objection to involuntary mental health treatment has been made under section 484. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Survivor: means any of the following:

    (i) A spouse of a law enforcement officer killed on duty. See Michigan Laws 28.782

  • Tank: means an enclosed container placed on a septage waste vehicle to carry or transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Terminal: means a location where an aboveground liquid storage tank containing a flammable liquid is located. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.2006
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Vehicle: means a tank vehicle or bulk transportation vehicle, excluding the tractor of a tank vehicle or bulk transportation vehicle. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • village: as used in this act , shall mean an incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 168.9
  • Watershed: means the drainage area of a stream. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.