|Trial and Judgment|
|Enforcement and Setoff of Judgments; Executions|
Terms Used In Oregon Statutes > Chapter 52
- Academic year: means the year beginning July 1 of each year and ending June 30 of the following year running concurrently with the fiscal year. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Accessory building or structure: means any portable, demountable or permanent structure, including but not limited to cabanas, ramadas, storage sheds, garages, awnings, carports, decks, steps, ramps, piers and pilings, that is:
(a) Owned and used solely by a tenant of a manufactured dwelling or floating home; or
(b) Provided pursuant to a written rental agreement for the sole use of and maintenance by a tenant of a manufactured dwelling or floating home. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- Action: includes recoupment, counterclaim, setoff, suit in equity and any other proceeding in which rights are determined, including an action for possession. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Administrative license: means a license issued under ORS 342. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Administrator: includes but is not limited to all superintendents, assistant superintendents, principals and academic program directors in public schools or education service districts who have direct responsibility for supervision or evaluation of licensed teachers and who are compensated for their services from public funds. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
- agency: means each state branch, institution, department, board, commission or activity of whatever nature. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- agricultural product: includes straw. See Oregon Statutes 174.102
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Antidote: means a practical immediate treatment in case of poisoning and includes first-aid treatment. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Any other state: includes any state and the District of Columbia. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Applicant screening charge: means any payment of money required by a landlord of an applicant prior to entering into a rental agreement with that applicant for a residential dwelling unit, the purpose of which is to pay the cost of processing an application for a rental agreement for a residential dwelling unit. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- applicator: means an individual who:
(a) Is spraying or applying pesticides for others;
(b) Is authorized to work for and is employed by a pesticide operator; and
(c) Is in direct charge of or supervises the spraying or other application of pesticides or operates, uses, drives or physically directs propulsion of equipment, apparatus or machinery during the spraying or other application of pesticides, either on the ground or, if certified under ORS 634. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Approved educator preparation program: means a licensure program that is offered by an approved educator preparation provider and meets the standards of the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Approved educator preparation provider: means an entity that meets the standards of the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission for preparation of licensed educators for preprimary programs through grade 12. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Bequest: Property gifted by will.
- Board: means the board of education of a community college district. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Board member: means a member of the board of education of a community college district. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Building and housing codes: includes any law, ordinance or governmental regulation concerning fitness for habitation, or the construction, maintenance, operation, occupancy, use or appearance of any premises or dwelling unit. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Child with a disability: means a school-age child who is entitled to a free appropriate public education as specified by ORS 339. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- City: includes any incorporated village or town. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- community college: means a public institution operated by a community college district for the purposes of providing courses of study limited to not more than two years' full-time attendance and designed to meet the needs of a geographical area by providing educational services, including but not limited to career and technical education programs or lower division collegiate programs. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Community college district: includes a community college service district. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Conduct: means the commission of an act or the failure to act. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Control point: means a horizontal or vertical survey position set within the stated precision of the survey. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
- County court: includes board of county commissioners. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
- county court: includes board of county commissioners. See Oregon Statutes 202.010
- County surveyor: means an individual appointed or elected to the office of county surveyor and who is responsible for performing the duties of such office as described by law. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Data: means information previously converted to language or symbols in a form which can be directly read by the information processing equipment. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- DBH: means the diameter at breast height, which is measured as the width of a standing tree at four and one-half feet above the ground on the uphill side. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Dealer: means any person in the business of selling, leasing or distributing new or used manufactured dwellings or floating homes to persons who purchase or lease a manufactured dwelling or floating home for use as a residence. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Decision: means the decision of the hearing officer. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Defoliant: which means any substance or mixture of substances intended for causing the leaves or foliage to drop from a plant with or without causing abscission;
(b) 'Desiccant' which means any substance or mixture of substances intended for artificially accelerating the drying of plant tissue;
(c) 'Fungicide' which means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any fungus;
(d) 'Herbicide' which means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any weed;
(e) 'Insecticide' which means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any insects which may be present in any environment whatsoever;
(f) 'Nematocide' which means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating nematodes;
(g) 'Plant regulator' which means any substance or mixture of substances intended, through physiological action, to accelerate or retard the rate of growth or rate of maturation or to otherwise alter the behavior of ornamental or crop plants or the produce thereof, but does not include substances to the extent that they are intended as plant nutrients, trace elements, nutritional chemicals, plant inoculants or soil amendments; or
(h) Any substance, or mixture of substances intended to be used for defoliating plants or for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating all insects, plant fungi, weeds, rodents, predatory animals or any other form of plant or animal life which is, or which the department declares to be a pest, which may infest or be detrimental to vegetation, humans, animals, or be present in any environment thereof. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Department: means the State Department of Agriculture. See Oregon Statutes 622.010
- Department: means the State Department of Agriculture. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Department: means the Oregon Department of Administrative Services. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Deputy county surveyor: means an individual appointed by the county surveyor to the office of deputy county surveyor. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- Determination: means the determination by the school district concerning the identification, evaluation or educational placement of a child with a disability or the provision of a free appropriate public education to the child in a program paid for by the district. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Device: means any instrument or contrivance containing pesticides or other chemicals intended for trapping, destroying, repelling or mitigating insects or rodents or destroying, repelling or mitigating fungi, nematodes or such other pests as may be designated by the department, but does not include equipment used for the application of pesticides or other chemicals when sold separately from such pesticides or chemicals. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Devise: To gift property by will.
- Director: means the Director of the Office of Community Colleges and Workforce Development appointed under ORS 350. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- district: means a district formed under this chapter to operate one or more community colleges or to secure educational services available at a community college. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- district: means a cemetery maintenance district organized under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 265.005
- District: means a metropolitan service district established under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 268.020
- District charter: means a home rule charter enacted by the electors of a district under section 14, Article XI, Oregon Constitution. See Oregon Statutes 268.020
- Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
- Donor: The person who makes a gift.
- Dwelling unit: means a structure or the part of a structure that is used as a home, residence or sleeping place by one person who maintains a household or by two or more persons who maintain a common household. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Early childhood special education: means instruction that is:
(a) Free, appropriate and specially designed to meet the unique needs of a preschool child with a disability;
(b) Provided from three years of age until the age of eligibility for kindergarten; and
(c) Provided in any of the following settings:
(A) The home, a hospital, an institution, a special school, a classroom or a community child care setting;
(B) A preschool; or
(C) A combination of a setting described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and a preschool. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Early intervention services: means services for preschool children with disabilities from birth until three years of age that are:
(a) Designed to meet the developmental needs of children with disabilities and the needs of the family related to enhancing the child's development;
(b) Selected in collaboration with the parents; and
(A) Under public supervision;
(B) By personnel qualified in accordance with criteria established by rules of the State Board of Education; and
(C) In conformity with an individualized family service plan. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
- Engineering specifications: means those records which provide detailed documentation of the construction, wiring, arrangement and related engineering details of the information processing equipment. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
- Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
- Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
- Facility: means a manufactured dwelling park or a marina. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
- Fee: means a nonrefundable payment of money. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
- You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
- The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
- The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
- Fixed term tenancy: means a tenancy that has a fixed term of existence, continuing to a specific ending date and terminating on that date without requiring further notice to effect the termination. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Floating home: has the meaning given that term in ORS 830. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Geodetic control: means horizontal or vertical survey monuments that are primarily intended to be used as reference positions for other surveys or that serve to extend the national geodetic control network. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- Good faith: means honesty in fact in the conduct of the transaction concerned. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
- Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
- Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Hazard tree: means a tree that:
(a) Is located on a rented space in a manufactured dwelling park;
(b) Measures at least eight inches DBH; and
(c) Is considered, by an arborist licensed as a landscape construction professional pursuant to ORS 671. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
- Highly toxic: means a pesticide or device determined by the department to be capable of causing severe injury, disease or death to human beings. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Individualized education program: means a written statement of an educational program for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed and revised in a meeting in accordance with criteria established by rules of the State Board of Education for each child eligible for special education and related services under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Individualized family service plan: means a written plan of early childhood special education, related services, early intervention services and other services developed in accordance with criteria established by rules of the State Board of Education for each child eligible for services under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Informal dispute resolution: includes voluntary consultation between the landlord or landlord's agent and one or more tenants or voluntary mediation utilizing the services of a third party, but does not include mandatory mediation or arbitration. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Instruction: includes preparation of curriculum, assessment and direction of learning in class, in small groups, in individual situations, online, in the library and in guidance and counseling, but does not include the provision of related services, as defined in ORS 343. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Instruction: means providing children and families with information and skills that support the achievement of the goals and outcomes in the child's individualized family service plan and working with preschool children with disabilities in one or more of the following developmental areas:
(a) Communication development;
(b) Social or emotional development;
(c) Physical development, including vision and hearing;
(d) Adaptive development; and
(e) Cognitive development. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Instructional assistant: means a classified school employee who does not require a license to teach, who is employed by a school district or education service district and whose assignment consists of and is limited to assisting a licensed teacher in accordance with rules established by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
- Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
- Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
- Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
- Landlord: includes a person who is authorized by the owner, lessor or sublessor to manage the premises or to enter into a rental agreement. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Landowner: means a person:
(a) Owning three acres or more within a proposed protected area; and
(b) In the case of multiple ownership of land:
(A) Whose interest is greater than an undivided one-half interest in the land; or
(B) Who holds an authorization in writing from one or more of the other owners whose interest, when added to the interest of the person, are greater than an undivided one-half interest in the land. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- local government: means all cities, counties and local service districts located in this state, and all administrative subdivisions of those cities, counties and local service districts. See Oregon Statutes 174.116
- local public health authority: has the meaning given that term in ORS 431. See Oregon Statutes 624.005
- Manufactured dwelling: includes an accessory building or structure. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Manufactured dwelling park: means a place where four or more manufactured dwellings are located, the primary purpose of which is to rent space or keep space for rent to any person for a charge or fee. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Marina: means a moorage of contiguous dwelling units that may be legally transferred as a single unit and are owned by one person where four or more floating homes are secured, the primary purpose of which is to rent space or keep space for rent to any person for a charge or fee. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Media: means all active information processing material including all forms of data, program material and related engineering specifications employed in the agency's information processing operation except property which the agency elects not to cover. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- Mediation: means a voluntary process in which an impartial mediator assists and facilitates two or more parties to a controversy in reaching a mutually acceptable resolution of the controversy and includes all contacts between a mediator and any party or agent of a party, until such time as a resolution is agreed to by the parties or the mediation process is terminated. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Metropolitan area: means that area which on October 4, 1997, lies within the boundaries of Clackamas, Multnomah and Washington Counties. See Oregon Statutes 268.020
- Metropolitan significance: means having major or significant district-wide impact. See Oregon Statutes 268.020
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Month-to-month tenancy: means a tenancy that automatically renews and continues for successive monthly periods on the same terms and conditions originally agreed to, or as revised by the parties, until terminated by one or both of the parties. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Monument: means any permanent material object or collection of objects, either natural or man-made, that indicates the position on the ground of a survey station, public land survey corner or accessories, or a land boundary corner established by a qualified surveyor. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
- National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
- National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
- Order: has the meaning given that term in ORS chapter 183. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Organization: includes a corporation, government, governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, and any other legal or commercial entity. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Other services: means those services that may be provided to preschool children with disabilities and to their families that are not early childhood special education or early intervention services and are not paid for with early childhood special education or early intervention funds. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Owner: includes a mortgagee in possession and means one or more persons, jointly or severally, in whom is vested:
(a) All or part of the legal title to property; or
(b) All or part of the beneficial ownership and a right to present use and enjoyment of the premises. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Parent: means the parent, person acting as a parent or a legal guardian, other than a state agency, of the child or the surrogate parent. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Paying agent and registrar: means the county treasurer or county fiscal officer of the county in which the chief administrative officer of the community college district maintains the administrative office. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Person: includes an individual or organization. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Personal property: means tangible personal property owned, leased, controlled or possessed by a state agency and includes all chattels and movables, such as merchandise, furniture, goods, livestock, vehicles, aircraft, movable machinery, movable tools, movable equipment, general operating supplies and media. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- Pesticide consultant: means a person who offers or supplies technical advice, supervision, aid or recommendations to the user of pesticides classified by the department as restricted-use or highly toxic pesticides, whether licensed as a pesticide dealer or not. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Pesticide dealer: means a person who sells, offers for sale, handles, displays or distributes any pesticide classified by the department as a restricted-use or highly toxic pesticide. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Pesticide operator: means a person who owns or operates a business engaged in the application of pesticides upon the land or property of another. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Pesticide trainee: means an individual who:
(a) Is employed by a pesticide operator; and
(b) Is working and engaged in a training program under special certificate to qualify as a pesticide applicator. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- Preschool child with a disability: means a child from:
(a) Birth until three years of age who is eligible for early intervention services because the child is experiencing developmental delay or has a diagnosed mental or physical condition that will result in developmental delay; or
(b) Three years of age to eligibility for entry into kindergarten who needs early childhood special education services because the child has been evaluated as having one of the conditions listed under subsection (1) of this section. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Principal county: means the county in which the chief administrative officer of the community college district maintains the administrative office. See Oregon Statutes 341.005
- Private applicator: means an individual who uses or supervises the use of any pesticide, classified by the department as a restricted-use or highly toxic pesticide, for the purpose of producing agricultural commodities or forest crops on land owned or leased by the individual or the employer of the individual. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probate: Proving a will
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Professed standard of quality: means a plain and true statement of the name and percentage of each active ingredient and the total percentage of all inert ingredients contained in any pesticide. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Program material: means stored data used to direct the information processing equipment as to which input or memory to use, how to use it, and the type of results to obtain, including any diagrams or other records which can be used to reproduce such instructions. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- Property: means real and personal property as defined in this section, and any other property under the control of the state in which the state has an insurable interest as determined by the department. See Oregon Statutes 278.005
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Protected area: means an area established under the provisions of this chapter to prohibit or restrict the application of pesticides. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Public applicator: means an individual who is an employee of the State of Oregon or its agencies, counties, cities, municipal corporations, other governmental bodies or subdivisions thereof, irrigation districts, drainage districts and public utilities and telecommunications utilities and who performs or carries out the work, duties or responsibilities of a pesticide applicator. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Public land survey corner: means a section corner, one-quarter section corner, Donation Land Claim corner, meander corner, witness corner or any other corner established by the General Land Office or its successor. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- public notice: means any legal publication which requires an affidavit of publication as required in ORS 193. See Oregon Statutes 174.104
- Public trainee: means an individual who is an employee of the State of Oregon or its agencies, counties, cities, municipal corporations, other governmental bodies or subdivisions thereof, irrigation districts, drainage districts and public utilities and telecommunications utility and who performs or carries out the work, duties or responsibilities of a pesticide trainee. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
- Regional framework plan: means the Metro regional framework plan defined in ORS 197. See Oregon Statutes 268.020
- Registered professional land surveyor: has the meaning given that term in ORS 672. See Oregon Statutes 209.005
- Registrant: means a person registering any pesticide pursuant to this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Related services: means transportation and such developmental, corrective and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, including:
(A) Speech-language and audiology services;
(B) Interpreting services;
(C) Psychological services;
(D) Physical and occupational therapy;
(E) Recreation, including therapeutic recreation;
(F) Social work services;
(G) School nurse services designed to enable a child with a disability to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child;
(H) Early identification and assessment of disabilities in children;
(I) Counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling;
(J) Orientation and mobility services;
(K) Medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes;
(L) Parent counseling and training; and
(M) Assistive technology. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Rent: means any payment to be made to the landlord under the rental agreement, periodic or otherwise, in exchange for the right of a tenant and any permitted pet to occupy a dwelling unit to the exclusion of others and to use the premises. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Rental agreement: includes a lease. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Restricted area: means an area established under the provisions of this chapter to restrict, but not prohibit, the application of pesticides. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
- Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
- School district: means a common or union high school district that is charged with the duty or contracted with by a public agency to educate children eligible for special education. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Screening or admission criteria: means a written statement of any factors a landlord considers in deciding whether to accept or reject an applicant and any qualifications required for acceptance. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Sexual orientation: means an individual's actual or perceived heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality or gender identity, regardless of whether the individual's gender identity, appearance, expression or behavior differs from that traditionally associated with the individual's sex at birth. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
- Special education: includes instruction that:
(a) May be conducted in the classroom, the home, a hospital, an institution, a special school or another setting; and
(b) May involve physical education services, speech-language services, transition services or other related services designated by rule to be services to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- state government: means the executive department, the judicial department and the legislative department. See Oregon Statutes 174.111
- State Treasury: includes those financial assets the lawful custody of which are vested in the State Treasurer and the office of the State Treasurer relating to the custody of those financial assets. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
- Statement of policy: means the summary explanation of information and facility policies to be provided to prospective and existing tenants under ORS 90. See Oregon Statutes 90.100
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Teacher: includes all licensed employees in the public schools or employed by an education service district who have direct responsibility for instruction or coordination of educational programs and who are compensated for their services from public funds. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Teaching license: means a license issued under ORS 342. See Oregon Statutes 342.120
- Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
- Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
- Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
- Testate: To die leaving a will.
- Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- trademark: means any word, name, symbol or any combination thereof adopted or used by a person to identify pesticides manufactured, compounded, delivered, distributed, sold or offered for sale in this state and to distinguish them from pesticides manufactured, compounded, delivered, distributed, sold or offered for sale by others. See Oregon Statutes 634.006
- Transition services: means a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that:
(a) Is designed to be within a results-oriented process;
(b) Is focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of the child to facilitate the child's transition from school to post-school activities, including post-secondary education, competitive employment, independent living and community inclusion;
(c) Is based on the individual child's needs, taking into account the child's preferences and interests; and
(d) May be special education, or related services, and may include earning credit at a community college or public university listed in ORS 352. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Unaccompanied homeless youth: has the meaning given that term in the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, 42 U. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
- Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
- Violate: includes failure to comply. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
- Violation: means an offense described in ORS 153. See Oregon Statutes 153.005
- Violation proceeding: means a judicial proceeding initiated by issuance of a citation that charges a person with commission of a violation. See Oregon Statutes 153.005
- Ward of the state: means a child who is temporarily or permanently in the custody of, or committed to, a public or private agency through the action of the juvenile court. See Oregon Statutes 343.035
- Weed: means any plant that grows where not wanted. See Oregon Statutes 634.006