Article 1 When, Where and How Elections Held
Article 3 Ballots for General and Special Elections
Article 5 Ballots for Primary Elections
Article 7 Voting Provisions Applicable to All Elections
Article 9 Voting Provisions Applicable to Primary Elections Only
Article 11 Canvassing and Counting of Ballots
Article 13 Vote Recorders
Article 15 Voting Machines
Article 17 Explanation of Proposed Constitutional Amendments
Article 19 General, Special, and Primary Elections Resulting in a Tie

Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 7 > Chapter 13

  • Academic personnel: shall mean presidents, provosts, vice-presidents, deans, teaching and research staffs, and others of academic rank employed by the State educational institutions of higher learning, or medical institutions of education and research. See South Carolina Code 8-11-220
  • Accumulated contributions: shall mean the member's aggregate contributions, together with regular interest thereon. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Accumulated contributions: means the member's aggregate contributions, together with regular interest thereon. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Actuarial equivalent: shall mean a benefit of equal value when computed on the basis of the tables and regular interest rate last adopted by the Board, as provided in Section 9-9-30. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Agency: shall mean any department, institution, commission, board or any other unit of government of the State. See South Carolina Code 8-11-220
  • Agency: includes a body corporate and politic established as an instrumentality of the State. See South Carolina Code 1-23-350
  • Agency head: shall mean the chief executive of a State agency in whom is vested final appointing authority for the agency. See South Carolina Code 8-11-220
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assessment: means a charge against the real property belonging to an owner within an improvement district created pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Beneficiary: shall mean any person in receipt of a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by the System. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Beneficiary: means any person in receipt of a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by the System. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the South Carolina Public Employee Benefit Authority. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the South Carolina Public Employee Benefit Authority, acting pursuant to the provisions of this chapter through its Division of Retirement Systems. See South Carolina Code 8-11-155
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the South Carolina Public Employee Benefit Authority acting as trustee of the retirement systems and acting through its Division of Retirement Systems. See South Carolina Code 8-11-186
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the South Carolina Public Employee Benefit Authority. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Circuit public defender: means a person holding the office defined in Section 17-3-5(4). See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Classified service: shall mean all of those positions in the State service which are subject to the classification policies and regulations as authorized by the provisions of this article. See South Carolina Code 8-11-220
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Compensation: means the total salary paid to a judge, solicitor, or circuit public defender for service rendered to the State. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credited service: shall mean service for which credit is allowable as provided in Section 9-9-50. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Credited service: means service for which credit is allowable as provided in Section 9-8-50. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Date of establishment: shall mean January 1, 1966. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Date of establishment: means July 1, 1979. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of the National Guard Retirement System. See South Carolina Code 8-11-155
  • District: means an area within the county or municipality designated by the governing body and proposed by petition and approved by the governing body pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and within which an improvement plan is to be accomplished. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Earnable compensation: means forty times the daily rate of renumeration, plus twelve thousand dollars, of a member of the General Assembly, as from time to time in effect. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Earned service: means paid employment as a judge, solicitor, or circuit public defender where the judge, solicitor, or circuit public defender makes regular contributions to the system. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee annuity: shall mean annual payments for life derived from the accumulated contributions of a member. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Employer annuity: shall mean annual payments for life derived from money provided by the State. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Employing agency: means the agency in which the leave recipient is employed. See South Carolina Code 8-11-700
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means , as appropriate, the county council or the municipal council or councils with authority over the geographic area in which the district lies and acting under this chapter. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Government entity: means the county or municipality in which the district is located and the governing body of which acts under this chapter to create such district and impose assessments therein. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Improvement plan: means an overall plan by which the governing body proposes and the owner accepts to effect improvements within a district and service area to preserve property values, prevent deterioration of urban areas, and preserve the tax base, and includes an overall plan by which the governing body proposes to effect improvements within an improvement district in order to encourage and promote private or public development within the improvement district. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Improvements: include , but are not limited to, public infrastructure improvements, such as a parkway, park, and playground; a recreation facility, athletic facility, and pedestrian facility; sidewalk; parking facility ancillary to another public facility; facade redevelopment; storm drain; the relocation, construction, widening, and paving of a street, road, and bridge including demolition of them; underground utility dedicated or to be dedicated to public use; all improvements permitted under Chapter 35, Title 4 and Chapter 37, Title 5; a building or other facility for public use; public works eligible for financing under the provisions of Section 6-21-50; and things incidental to an improvement including, but not limited to, planning, engineering, promotion, marketing, administrative fees, and acquisition of necessary easements and land, and may include a facility for lease or use by a private person, firm, or corporation. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Internal Revenue Code: means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time. See South Carolina Code 8-11-186
  • Judge: means a justice of the Supreme Court or a judge of the court of appeals, circuit or family court of the State of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Leave recipient: means an employee of an employing agency who has a personal emergency and is selected to receive annual or sick leave from the pool leave account of his employing agency. See South Carolina Code 8-11-700
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Member of the System: shall mean any person included in the membership of the System, as set forth in Section 9-9-40. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Member of the System: means any person included in the membership of the System, as set forth in Section 9-8-40. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • No true bill: A legal procedure to dismiss charges against a defendant when the grand jury does not find enough evidence to charge the defendant with violating a law. Also called a "no bill."
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Owner: means any person eighteen years of age, or older, or the proper legal representative for any person younger than eighteen years of age or otherwise incapacitated person as defined in Section 62-5-101(1), and any firm or corporation, who or which owns legal title to a present possessory interest in real estate equal to a life estate or greater, expressly excluding leaseholds, easements, equitable interests, inchoate rights, dower rights, and future interests, and who owns, at the date of the petition required by Section 6-35-118, at least an undivided one-tenth interest in a single tract and whose name appears on the county tax records as an owner of real estate, and any duly organized group whose total interest is equal to at least a one-tenth interest in a single tract. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Personal emergency: means a catastrophic and debilitating medical situations, severely complicated disabilities, severe accident cases, family medical emergencies or other hardship situations that are likely to require an employee's absence from duty for a prolonged period of time and to result in a substantial loss of income to the employee because of the unavailability of paid leave. See South Carolina Code 8-11-700
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Position: shall mean any employment requiring the paid services of one person, or any office or employment in any agency requiring specific duties to be performed by one person. See South Carolina Code 8-11-220
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • QEBA: means a Qualified Excess Benefit Arrangements under Section 415(m) of the Internal Revenue Code. See South Carolina Code 8-11-186
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Regular interest: shall mean interest compounded annually at such rate as shall be determined by the Board in accordance with Section 9-9-30. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Regular interest: means interest compounded annually at such rates as shall be determined by the Board for a particular purpose in accordance with Section 9-8-30. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retirement allowance: shall mean monthly payments for life under the System payable as provided in Section 9-9-80. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • Retirement allowance: means monthly payments for life under the System payable as provided in Section 9-8-80. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Retirement system: means the South Carolina Retirement System, Retirement System for Judges and Solicitors, Retirement System for Members of the General Assembly, and Police Officers Retirement System established pursuant to Chapters 1, 8, 9, and 11 of this title. See South Carolina Code 8-11-186
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Service area: means , based on sound planning or engineering principles, or both, a defined geographic area served by a particular improvement. See South Carolina Code 6-35-20
  • Solicitor: means the person holding office as described under Section 1-7-310 of the 1976 Code. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • State: shall mean the State of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • State: means the State of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • System: shall mean the Retirement System for members of the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 8-11-35
  • system: means the National Guard Retirement System established pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 8-11-155
  • System: means the Retirement System for Judges and Solicitors of the State of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 7-17-230
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.