Terms Used In South Dakota Codified Laws > Title 22 > Chapter 14
- Antique firearm: any firearm, including any firearm with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap or similar type of ignition system, manufactured before 1899, and any replica of any firearm described in this section if such replica is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition or if it uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Concealed: any firearm that is totally hidden from view. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Controlled weapon: includes any firearm silencer, machine gun, or short shotgun, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (17), (23), and (46) of this section. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Crime of violence: any of the following crimes or an attempt to commit, or a conspiracy to commit, or a solicitation to commit any of the following crimes: murder, manslaughter, rape, aggravated assault, riot, robbery, burglary in the first degree, arson, kidnapping, felony sexual contact as defined in § . See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Dangerous weapon: or "deadly weapon" any firearm, stun gun, knife, or device, instrument, material, or substance, whether animate or inanimate, which is calculated or designed to inflict death or serious bodily harm, or by the manner in which it is used is likely to inflict death or serious bodily harm. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Firearm: any weapon from which a projectile or projectiles may be discharged by gunpowder. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Law enforcement officer: any officer, prosecutor, or employee of the state or any of its political subdivisions or of the United States, or, while on duty, an agent or employee of a railroad or express company or security personnel of an airline or airport, who is responsible for the prevention, detection, or prosecution of crimes, for the enforcement of the criminal or highway traffic laws of the state, or for the supervision of confined persons or those persons on supervised release or probation. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Machine gun: any firearm, whatever its size and usual designation, that automatically discharges two or more cartridges by a single function of the firing device. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Motor vehicle: any automobile, motor truck, motorcycle, house trailer, trailer coach, cabin trailer, or any vehicle propelled by power other than muscular power. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
- Municipality: any municipality organized as provided in Title 9. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2
. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
Occupied structure: any structure:
. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2
Offense: or "public offense" any crime, petty offense, violation of a city or county ordinance, or act prohibited by state or federal law. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2 Person: any natural person, unborn child, association, limited liability company, corporation, firm, organization, partnership, or society. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2 Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts Pistol: any firearm with a barrel less than sixteen inches in length, designed to expel a projectile or projectiles by the action of an explosive. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2 Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed. Service: labor that does not include a tangible commodity. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2 Short shotgun: any shotgun having a barrel less than eighteen inches long or an overall length of less than twenty-six inches. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2 State: the State of South Dakota. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2 Statute: A law passed by a legislature. Structure: any house, building, outbuilding, motor vehicle, watercraft, aircraft, railroad car, trailer, tent, or other edifice, vehicle or shelter, or any portion thereof. See South Dakota Codified Laws 22-1-2 Year: a calendar year. See South Dakota Codified Laws 2-14-2