Part 1 Exemptions 26-2-101 – 26-2-115
Part 2 Garnishment 26-2-201 – 26-2-225
Part 3 Homestead Exemptions 26-2-301 – 26-2-312
Part 4 Executions and Garnishments in Aid of Executions 26-2-401 – 26-2-410

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 26 > Chapter 2 - Exemptions--garnishment

  • Accredited investor: means accredited investor, as that term is defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933 (17 C. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a person who directly, or indirectly through one (1) or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, another person. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Agent: means any individual, other than a broker-dealer, who represents a broker-dealer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities from, in, or into this state. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign corporation is authorized to issue. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board of directors: means the governing board of a corporation, whether denominated the board of directors or otherwise, except that no person or group of persons is the board of directors because of powers delegated to that person or group pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
  • board of governors: means the board of governors of an LLC electing to be board-managed or, in the case of a foreign limited liability company, its equivalent. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Broker-dealer: means any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others, or any person engaged in the business of buying or selling securities issued by one (1) or more other persons for such person's own account and as part of a regular business rather than in connection with such person's investment activities. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets whether or not carried on for profits. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Bylaws: means the code or codes of rules (other than the charter) adopted pursuant to Chapters 51 68 of this title for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
  • Canadian retirement account: means a trust or other arrangement, including, but not limited to, a "registered retirement savings plan" or "registered retirement income fund" administered under Canadian law, that is managed by the natural person who contributes to, or is or will be entitled to receive the income and assets from such account. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Charter: includes amended and restated charters and articles of merger. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
  • Class: when used with reference to membership interests, means a category of membership interests that differs in one (1) or more rights or preferences from another category of membership interests of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Clerk: means a clerk of a court of general sessions, the courts of record or any other courts duly established under the laws of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 26-2-201
  • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Confirmation of good standing: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that at the time such confirmation is issued an LLC or a foreign LLC is current on all taxes and penalties to the satisfaction of the commissioner. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Conspicuous: means so written that a reasonable person against whom the writing is to operate should have noticed it. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court: includes every court and judge having jurisdiction in the case. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Court: means the court of general sessions, the courts of record or any other courts duly established under the law of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 26-2-201
  • Covered security: means a security that is, or upon completion of a transaction will be, a covered security under §. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Designated adult: means :

    An individual sixty-five (65) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102

  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the charter or bylaws or elected or appointed by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons elected or appointed to act as members of the board, irrespective of the names or titles by which such persons are described. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Disposable earnings: means that part of the earnings of an individual remaining after the deduction from those earnings of any amounts required by law to be withheld. See Tennessee Code 26-2-102
  • Dissolution: means that the LLC has incurred an event under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property (except its own membership interests) with or without consideration, or an incurrence or issuance of indebtedness, (whether directly or indirectly, including through a guaranty) by an LLC to or for the benefit of any of its members in respect of membership interests. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means :

    1. Any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    2. domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the Tennessee Business Corporation Act, compiled in Chapters 11 27 of this title, as amended. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    3. Earnings: means the compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise, and includes periodic payments pursuant to a pension or retirement program. See Tennessee Code 26-2-102
    4. Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    5. Electronic record: means information that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice, unless otherwise authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    6. Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    7. Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
    8. Entity: includes the following, whether foreign or domestic: LLCs. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    9. Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
    10. Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
    11. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
    12. Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
    13. Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    14. Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
    15. Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
    16. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
    17. Financial exploitation: means :

      The wrongful or unauthorized taking, withholding, appropriation, or use of money, assets, or property of a designated adult. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102

    18. Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
    19. Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit incorporated under a law other than the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    20. Foreign nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state, which would be a nonprofit corporation if incorporated under the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    21. Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
    22. Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
    23. Garnishment: means any legal or equitable procedure through which the earnings of an individual are required to be withheld for payment of any debt. See Tennessee Code 26-2-102
    24. Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
    25. Governing body: means the board of governors in the case of a board-managed LLC, the members in the case of a member-managed LLC, and the board of directors in the case of a corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    26. Governor: means a natural person or entity serving on the board of governors of a board-managed LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    27. Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
    28. Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
    29. Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
    30. Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
    31. Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    32. Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
    33. Institutional investor: means a bank (unless the bank is acting as a broker-dealer as such term is defined in §. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
    34. Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
    35. Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:

      1. The right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      2. Investment adviser: means any person who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, buying, or selling securities, or who for compensation and as a part of a regular business issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      3. Investment adviser representative: means any partner, officer, or director of (or person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions) an investment adviser, or other individual, except clerical or ministerial personnel, who is employed by or associated with an investment adviser and does any of the following:

        Makes any recommendation or otherwise renders advice regarding securities. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102

      4. Investment-related: means any activities connected to any of the following business areas:

        Securities. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102

      5. Issuer: means every person who issues any security, except that:

        With respect to certificates of deposit, voting-trust certificates, collateral-trust certificates, certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust which is of the fixed, restricted management or unit type or which does not have either a board of directors or persons performing similar functions, "issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the trust or other agreement under which such securities are issued. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102

      6. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
      7. Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      8. Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
      9. Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
      10. Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
      11. Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
      12. life settlement investment: means the contractual right to receive any portion of the death benefit or ownership of a life insurance policy or certificate, for consideration that is less than the expected death benefit of the life insurance policy or certificate. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      13. Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
      14. Loan closing: means that time agreed upon by the borrower and lender, when the execution of the loan documents by the borrower occurs. See Tennessee Code 47-32-102
      15. Loan documents: means the note evidencing the debt due the lender, the deed of trust, or mortgage securing the debt due to the lender, and any other documents required by the lender to be executed by the borrower as a part of the transaction. See Tennessee Code 47-32-102
      16. Majority vote: means with respect to a vote of the members, if voting on a per capita basis, a majority in number of the members entitled to vote on a specific matter, or if the voting is determined otherwise, a majority of the voting interest (which may be expressed as a percentage) entitled to vote on a specific matter, and with respect to a vote of the governors, a majority in number of the governors entitled to vote on a specific matter. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      17. Manager: means a person elected, appointed, or otherwise designated as a manager by the governing body, and any other person considered elected as a manager pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      18. Member: means a person reflected in the required records of an LLC as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      19. Membership: means the rights and obligations a member has pursuant to a corporation's charter, bylaws and Chapters 51 68 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
      20. Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      21. Month: means the time from any day of any month to the corresponding day of the succeeding month, if any, and if none, the last day of the succeeding month. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      22. Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      23. Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
      24. Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
      25. Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
      26. Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      27. Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
      28. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
      29. offer to sell: includes every attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      30. Organic document: means a public organic document or a private organic document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      31. Organic law: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation or unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      32. Owners: means members in the case of an LLC, shareholders in the case of a corporation, partners in the case of general or limited partnerships and the equivalent with respect to other entities. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      33. Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
      34. Person: means a natural person, a sole proprietorship, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a limited liability company, a joint-stock company, a trust, a governmental entity or agency, or any other unincorporated organization. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      35. Person: includes individual and entity. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      36. Personal property: All property that is not real property.
      37. Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      38. Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
      39. Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
      40. Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
      41. Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
      42. Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
      43. Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
      44. Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      45. Private organic document: means any document (other than the public organic document, if any) that determines the internal governance of an unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      46. Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      47. Promoter: means :

        Any person who, acting alone or in conjunction with one (1) or more persons, directly or indirectly takes the initiative in founding and organizing the business or enterprise of an issuer. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102

      48. Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      49. Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
      50. Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
      51. Public organic document: means the document, if any, that is filed of public record to create an unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      52. Qualified individual: means any agent, investment adviser representative, or person who serves in a supervisory, compliance, or legal capacity for a broker-dealer or investment adviser. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      53. Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
      54. Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
      55. real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      56. Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      57. Record date: means the date established under chapter 16 or 17 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders for purposes of Chapters 11 27 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      58. Registered office: means the place in this state designated in the articles as the registered office of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      59. Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
      60. Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
      61. Representative: means a governor, manager, employee or other agent of a foreign LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      62. Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      63. Savings and loan association: includes a building and loan association, a federal or state savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, and any other financial institution, the accounts of which are insured by the federal savings and loan insurance corporation (FSLIC) or any successor of such corporation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      64. Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the bylaws or the board of directors has delegated responsibility under §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      65. Secretary of state: means the person who holds the office of secretary of state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      66. Security: means any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, a life settlement investment or any fractional or pooled interest in a life insurance policy or life settlement investment, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      67. sell: includes every contract of sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of, a security or interest in a security for value. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
      68. Series: means a category of membership interests, within a class of membership interests, that have some of the same rights and preferences as other membership interests within the same class, but that differ in one (1) or more rights and preferences from another category of membership interests within that class. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      69. Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
      70. Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
      71. Share: means the unit into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      72. Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      73. signature: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document:

        1. To execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, and includes any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        2. signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        3. Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
        4. Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
        5. Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
        6. Subscriber: means a person who subscribes for shares in a corporation, whether before or after incorporation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        7. Subscription: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        8. Subsidiary: means a corporation more than fifty percent (50%) of whose outstanding voting shares are owned by its parent and/or the parent's other wholly-owned subsidiaries. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        9. Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
        10. Tax clearance for termination or withdrawal: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that an LLC or a foreign LLC has filed all applicable reports, including, but not limited to, a final report, and has paid all fees, penalties and taxes as required by the revenue laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        11. Termination: means the end of an LLC's existence as a legal entity and occurs when the articles of termination are filed with the secretary of state under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        12. Testify: Answer questions in court.
        13. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
        14. Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
        15. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
        16. under common control with: means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or compel the direction of the management or policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract, or otherwise. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
        17. Underwriter: means any person who has purchased from an issuer or an affiliate of an issuer with a view to, or who sells for an issuer or an affiliate of an issuer in connection with, the distribution of any security, or participates or has a direct or indirect participation in any such undertaking, or participates or has a participation in the direct or indirect underwriting of any such undertaking. See Tennessee Code 48-1-102
        18. Unincorporated entity: means an organization or artificial legal person that either has a separate legal existence or has the power to acquire an estate in real property in its own name and that is not any of the following: a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation, an estate, a trust, a state, the United States, or a foreign government. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        19. United States: includes district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        20. Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
        21. Voting group: means all shares of one (1) or more classes or series that under the charter or Chapters 11 27 of this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        22. Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
        23. written: means any information in the form of a document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        24. written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        25. Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105