Part 1 Sovereignty and Jurisdiction 4-1-101 – 4-1-109
Part 2 Grand Divisions and State Capital 4-1-201 – 4-1-205
Part 3 State Symbols 4-1-301 – 4-1-343
Part 4 Miscellaneous 4-1-401 – 4-1-420
Part 5 Three Stars of Tennessee Award 4-1-501 – 4-1-504

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 4 > Chapter 1

  • Access: means that a provider is capable of providing cable service or video service at the household address regardless of whether any customer has ordered service or whether the owner or landlord or other responsible person has granted access to the household. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
  • Accumulated contributions: means the sum of all the amounts deducted from the compensation of a member, together with any amount transferred to the account of the member established pursuant to chapters 34-37 of this title from the respective account of the member under one (1) or more of the superseded systems, with interest thereon, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative judge: means an agency member, agency employee or employee or official of the office of the secretary of state, licensed to practice law and authorized by law to conduct contested case proceedings pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age of majority: means eighteen (18) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
  • Agency: means each state board, commission, committee, department, officer, or any other unit of state government authorized or required by any statute or constitutional provision to make rules or to determine contested cases. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
  • Agriculture: means :

    • (i) The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105

    • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
    • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
    • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
    • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
    • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
    • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
    • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
    • Assembly building: means a building where a number of persons congregate for amusement, civic, educational, recreational, religious or social purposes. See Tennessee Code 7-62-101
    • Assessed value: means value as assessed for municipal property tax purposes. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
    • Assessed value: means value as assessed for municipal property tax purposes. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
    • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    • association: means the Ladies' Hermitage Association. See Tennessee Code 4-13-102
    • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
    • Attorney general: means the attorney general and reporter and any assistant thereto by whatever name known, any district attorney general and any assistant thereto by whatever name called, and any officer or full-time employee of the general assembly or any committee thereof established by statute, who is duly licensed to practice law in Tennessee, whose duty it is to provide facilities for drafting bills or to assist individual legislators in drafting bills or who renders legal advice and services to the members of the general assembly or committees thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
    • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
    • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
    • Base personnel policies: means the policies that are required to be adopted under this chapter and that are enumerated in §. See Tennessee Code 5-23-102
    • Beneficiary: means any person, persons or institution receiving a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided in chapters 34-37 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
    • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
    • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
    • board: means the board provided for in part 3 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
    • Board: means the board of trustees of an authority. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
    • Board: means the board of assessment commissioners. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
    • Cable service: means :

      • (A) The one-way transmission to subscribers of video programming or other programming service. See Tennessee Code 7-59-201

      • Cable service: has the meaning set forth in 47 U. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
      • Cable service provider: means a provider of cable service. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
      • Cable system: means a facility consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service that includes video programming and that is provided to multiple subscribers within a community. See Tennessee Code 7-59-201
      • Cable system: has the meaning set forth in 47 U. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
      • central business improvement district: means the central business improvement district created by the establishment ordinance of the municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
      • Chambers: A judge's office.
      • Charter: means a document containing a unified government structure, pursuant to this chapter, that constitutes the fundamental law of the unified government. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
      • Charter commission: means a commission established to propose the charter to the voters for adoption as provided in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
      • Chief executive officer of the county: means the officer vested by either the county charter or general law with the executive powers of the county government. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
      • chief legislative body: means the county legislative body. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
      • City: means any city or territory to be incorporated that may adopt chapters 30-36 of this title. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
      • City legislative body: means the city council, board of mayor and aldermen or other body possessing the legislative power and authority of the government of a municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
      • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Code: means any published compilation of rules and regulations that has been prepared by technical trade associations or model code organizations regulating building construction, plumbing and gas installation, fire prevention, any portion of such rules, or any amendment of such rules. See Tennessee Code 5-20-101
      • Collector: includes any person entrusted with the collection of public revenue. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Commission: means the state building commission. See Tennessee Code 4-15-107
      • Commissioner: means any person in office as a member of the public service commission, as prescribed by title 65, chapter 1, prior to June 30, 1996. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
      • Committee: means the county financial management committee. See Tennessee Code 5-21-102
      • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
      • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
      • Consideration: means the consideration charged, whether or not received, for the occupancy in a hotel valued in money whether to be received in money, goods, labor or otherwise, including all receipts, cash, credits, property and services of any kind or nature without any deduction therefrom whatsoever. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
      • Contested case: means a proceeding, including a declaratory proceeding, in which the legal rights, duties or privileges of a party are required by any statute or constitutional provision to be determined by an agency after an opportunity for a hearing. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
      • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
      • Convention center: means any land, improvement, structure, building or part of a building comprised of facilities for conventions, public assemblies, conferences, trade exhibitions or other business, social, cultural, scientific and public interest events, along with any associated hotel accommodations. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
      • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
      • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
      • County: means the county in which any such city or territory to be incorporated under chapters 30-36 of this title is located, or in which the major portion of the population of any such city or territory to be incorporated is located as indicated by the last federal census. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
      • County: means any county whose voters have adopted a county charter government. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
      • County: means any county or any metropolitan form of government in this state having a population of two hundred thousand (200,000) or more, according to the 1980 federal census or any subsequent federal census, that by resolution has made the findings and determinations required by §. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
      • County employees: means employees of the county as defined under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (29 U. See Tennessee Code 5-23-102
      • County governing body: means that body in a particular county that is vested with the power to levy property taxes. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
      • County legislative body: means that body vested by either the county charter or general law with the legislative powers of the county government. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
      • County mayor: means and includes "county executive" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • County official: means a county clerk, a clerk of a circuit court, a criminal court, or a probate court, a clerk and master of a chancery court, a clerk of a general sessions court where such general sessions court has an independent clerk who serves such court only, a register of deeds, a county trustee, a sheriff, a county road superintendent elected by a county legislative body, by a county road commission or commissioners, or by popular vote, and an assessor of property, any county commissioner elected by popular vote, serving in a county having a county commission form of government. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
      • Creating municipality: means any city or metropolitan government having a population of not less than two hundred thousand (200,000), according to the 1970 federal census or any subsequent federal census, or any county in which any such city shall be situated, that shall create an authority pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
      • Creditable service: means prior service plus membership service, as provided in part 6 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
      • customer: means a person who receives a bill for utility services and pays money for such services. See Tennessee Code 7-82-102
      • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
      • Days: means calendar days. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
      • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
      • Defective condition: means a condition of a product that renders it unsafe for normal or anticipatable handling and consumption. See Tennessee Code 29-28-102
      • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
      • Department: means the finance department. See Tennessee Code 5-21-102
      • Department: means the Tennessee public utility commission. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
      • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
      • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
      • Devise: To gift property by will.
      • Director: means the director of the finance department. See Tennessee Code 5-21-102
      • disabled: means the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve (12) months. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
      • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
      • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
      • District: means the central business district created by ordinance or resolution by a municipality, or a corridor of central business districts created by joint agreement of two (2) or more municipalities. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
      • District management corporation: means the board or organization created or appointed pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
      • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
      • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
      • Earnable compensation: includes , but is not limited to, any bonus or incentive payment. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
      • Economic development agreement: includes , but is not limited to, leases or other agreements with private entities under the industrial development program provided in title 7, chapter 53, and redevelopment plans and agreements containing tax increment financing provisions authorized under title 13, chapter 20, including development authorities created by private act, as authorized pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 4-17-302
      • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
      • Employer: means :

        • (A) The state or any department, commission, institution, board or agency of the state government by which a member is paid, with respect to members in its employ. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101

        • Entry regulation: means :

          • (A) Any rule promulgated by a licensing authority for the purpose of regulating an occupational or professional group, including, but not limited to, any rule prescribing qualifications or requirements for a person's entry into, or continued participation in, any business, trade, profession, or occupation in this state. See Tennessee Code 4-5-501

          • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
          • Establishment ordinance: means the ordinance of the governing body adopted pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
          • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
          • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
          • Executive officer: means the mayor, county mayor, or other chief executive officer of any creating or participating municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
          • Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
          • farm products: means forage and sod crops. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • Federal government: includes the United States or any agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the United States. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
          • Federal law: means the Mortgage Subsidy Bond Tax Act of 1980 (26 U. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
          • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
          • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
          • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
          • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
          • Franchise: means an initial authorization or renewal of an authorization issued by a franchising authority, whether such authorization is designated as a franchise, permit, license, resolution, contract, certificate, agreement, or otherwise, that authorizes the construction or operation of a cable system. See Tennessee Code 7-59-201
          • Franchise: has the meaning set forth in 47 U. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
          • Franchise area: means , with respect to a large telecommunications provider that is a holder of a state-issued certificate of franchise authority, the aggregate geographic area containing its basic local exchange wire-line telephone service areas within the state. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
          • Franchise authority: means "franchising authority" as set forth in 47 U. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
          • Franchising authority: means any governmental entity empowered by federal, state, or local law to grant a franchise. See Tennessee Code 7-59-201
          • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
          • Garbage and rubbish collection service: means and includes all operations of all manpower and equipment, whether employed or owned by the county or by some other entity, public or private, with which the county may choose to contract, for the gathering, removal and transporting of refuse produced by the area to be served. See Tennessee Code 5-19-102
          • Garbage and rubbish disposal service: means and includes all composting or other processing plants, incinerators, sanitary landfills and all other sites or facilities for the receiving, processing and getting rid of collected refuse, whether publicly or privately owned or operated, or both. See Tennessee Code 5-19-102
          • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
          • General employee: means any person who is a state official, including legislative officials elected by the general assembly, or who is employed in the service of, and whose compensation is payable in whole or in part by, the state, including employees under supervision of the state whose compensation is paid, in whole or in part, from federal or other funds, or any person in the employ of a political subdivision participating under chapter 35, part 2 of this title, or of the Tennessee County Services Association, but does not include any teacher, state police officer, wildlife officer, firefighter, police officer, state judge, county judge, attorney general, governor, or county official or public service commissioner, or any person performing services on a contractual or percentage basis. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
          • General services district: means a service district within a metropolitan government whose geographical limits are coextensive with the total area in which the government functions. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
          • genuine signatures: means written, original signatures and excludes facsimile and electronic signatures of any kind. See Tennessee Code 7-82-102
          • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
          • Governing body: means the county legislative body, board of commissioners, county council, or other body in which the general legislative powers of a county are vested. See Tennessee Code 5-20-101
          • Governing body: means the council, commission, board or other body exercising general legislative power in the municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
          • Governing body: means the chief legislative body of any creating or participating municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
          • Governing body: means the council or commission or other municipal body exercising general legislative power in the municipality or any county legislative body. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
          • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
          • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
          • Gross revenues: means :

            • (A) With respect to a holder of a state-issued certificate of franchise authority, all revenues received from subscribers in the applicable municipality or unincorporated county area for providing cable or video services, and all revenues received from nonsubscribers in the applicable municipality or unincorporated county area for advertising services and as commissions from home shopping services, as allocated pursuant to subdivision (11)(B). See Tennessee Code 7-59-303

            • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
            • Hearing officer: means an agency member, agency employee or employee or official of the office of the secretary of state, not licensed to practice law, and authorized by law to conduct a contested case proceeding pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
            • Highway: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
            • Home: means residential housing, including real property and improvements on real property, consisting of one (1) or more dwelling units, including, but not limited to, condominium units, owned by one (1) person or family of lower or moderate income that occupies or intends to occupy one (1) of such units. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
            • Home mortgage: means an interest-bearing loan to a person or family of lower or moderate income for the purpose of purchasing or improving a home, constituting a first lien on real property and evidenced by a promissory note and secured by a mortgage, deed of trust or other security instrument on such home, but does not include a loan primarily for the purpose of refinancing an existing loan. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
            • hospital authority: means a public body and a body corporate and public organized in accordance with this chapter for the purposes, with the powers, and subject to the restrictions set forth in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
            • hospital project: means and includes any one (1) or more hospitals and related facilities, including, but not limited to, land and interests in land, facilities and equipment for the treatment of all classes of patients, laboratories, clinics, treatment centers, nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, extended care facilities, dormitories, training facilities for medical students, doctors, nurses and all other medical or paramedical personnel, administration and office buildings, garages, parking lots and such other structures, facilities and improvements necessary or convenient to the development and maintenance of hospitals, and for the provision of health care. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
            • Hotel: means any structure, or any portion of any structure, that is occupied or intended or designed for occupancy by transients for dwelling, lodging or sleeping purposes, and includes any hotel, inn, tourist court, tourist camp, tourist cabin, motel or any place in which rooms, lodgings or accommodations are furnished to transients for a consideration. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
            • Household: means an apartment, a house, a mobile home, or any other structure or part of a structure intended for residential occupancy as separate living quarters. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
            • Housing for lower and moderate income persons and families: means modest housing that is decent, safe, sanitary and adequate for the needs of the size of the family within sales price limits that do not exceed the sales price limits established and published by the Tennessee housing development agency for each county or metropolitan government having a population of two hundred thousand (200,000) or more by the 1980 federal census or any subsequent federal census. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
            • Improvement to real property: means :

              • (A) The construction or erection of new buildings or structures in which the state of Tennessee or any of its departments, institutions or agencies have an interest, whether financed by public or private funds or both. See Tennessee Code 4-15-107

              • Incumbent cable service provider: means any cable service provider who provided cable service in a municipality or in an unincorporated area of a county on July 1, 2008, under a franchise whether or not the franchise had expired on July 1, 2008. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
              • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
              • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
              • Initiating petition: means the petition filed pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
              • Initiating resolution: means the resolution adopted by the governing body pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
              • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
              • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
              • internal management: means the administration of an agency's internal operations for the purpose of facilitating operational effectiveness and efficiency. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
              • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
              • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
              • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              • Large telecommunications provider: means a cable or video service provider using telecommunications facilities to provide cable or video service that, as of January 1, 2008, directly or through any subsidiary or affiliate, had more than one million (1,000,000) telecommunications access lines in this state. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
              • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
              • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
              • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
              • Lending institution: means any bank, trust company, savings bank, national banking association, federal national mortgage association approved mortgage banker, savings and loan association, building and loan association, credit union, mortgage banker or other financial institution or governmental agency that customarily provides service or otherwise aids in the financing of mortgages on residential housing in the state or any holding company for any of the lending institutions and that is located in the state. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
              • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
              • License: includes the whole or part of any agency, permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter or similar form of permission required by law. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
              • Licensing: includes the agency process respecting the grant, denial, renewal, revocation, suspension, withdrawal or amendment of a license. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
              • Licensing authority: means any state regulatory board, commission, council, or committee in the executive branch of state government established by statute or rule that issues any license, certificate, registration, certification, permit, or other similar document for the purpose of entry into, or regulation of, any occupational or professional group. See Tennessee Code 4-5-501
              • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
              • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
              • Livestock: means all equine as well as animals that are being raised primarily for use as food or fiber for human utilization or consumption including, but not limited to, cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and poultry. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              • Local retirement fund: means any teachers' retirement fund or other arrangement for payment of retirement benefits to teachers, except this retirement system, supported wholly or in part by contributions made by an employer as defined by chapters 34-37 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
              • Major maintenance: means the repair or renovation of any building or structure or any portion thereof in which the state of Tennessee or any of its departments, institutions or agencies have an interest and that is being funded by direct appropriations for major maintenance or that will cost in excess of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000). See Tennessee Code 4-15-107
              • Manufacturer: means the designer, fabricator, producer, compounder, processor or assembler of any product or its component parts. See Tennessee Code 29-28-102
              • Mayor: means such officer vested by either the city charter or general law with the executive powers of a municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
              • Member: means any person included in the membership of the retirement system, as provided in chapter 35, part 1 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
              • Metropolitan council: means the council of a county having a metropolitan form of government that has a population in excess of five hundred thousand (500,000), according to the 2000 federal census or any subsequent federal census. See Tennessee Code 7-4-201
              • Metropolitan government: means the political entity created by consolidation of all, or substantially all, of the political and corporate functions of a county and a city or cities. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
              • Metropolitan government: means any county having a metropolitan form of government that has a population in excess of five hundred thousand (500,000), according to the 2000 federal census or any subsequent federal census. See Tennessee Code 7-4-201
              • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              • Minority-owned business: means a business that is solely owned, or at least fifty-one percent (51%) of the assets or outstanding stock of which is owned, by an individual who personally manages and controls the daily operations of the business and who is impeded from normal entry into the economic mainstream because of:

                • (A) Past practices of discrimination based on race, religion, ethnic background, or sex. See Tennessee Code 7-4-201

                • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
                • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
                • Municipality: means any incorporated city, town or metropolitan government of this state exercising general governmental functions in the state. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
                • Municipality: means an incorporated city or town located within the boundaries of a county whose voters have adopted a county charter government. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                • Municipality: means any incorporated city, town, metropolitan government, or county of this state exercising general governmental functions in the state. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
                • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                • notes: means the bonds and notes respectively authorized to be issued by counties under this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
                • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                • Occupancy: means the use or possession, or the right to the use or possession, of any room, lodgings or accommodations in a hotel for a period of less than thirty (30) continuous days. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                • Officer: means the mayor, aldermen, city attorney and city judge. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
                • Operator: means the person operating the hotel, whether as owner, lessee or otherwise. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
                • Order: means an agency action of particular applicability that determines the legal rights, duties, privileges, immunities or other legal interests of a specific person or persons. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                • Ordinance: means any ordinance adopted by governing bodies pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
                • Other governing body: means only that body having the taxing authority. See Tennessee Code 5-16-101
                • Other governing body: means only that body having the taxing authority. See Tennessee Code 5-19-102
                • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
                • Owner: means record owner in fee. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
                • Owner: means record owner in fee, or a duly authorized representative. See Tennessee Code 7-84-503
                • Part-time employee: includes any interim teacher who is employed on a temporary basis to teach for a regular teacher who is on unpaid leave. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                • Participating governmental unit: means a county whose voters have adopted a county charter government or a municipality located within that county's boundaries that has elected to participate in the preparation of a charter pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                • Participating municipality: means any city, town or county, which city, town or county, pursuant to a resolution of its governing body and an agreement with the creating municipality, shall have sold, leased, dedicated, donated or otherwise conveyed its hospitals to the authority for operation by the authority in order to make such hospital an operational part of its health care system. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
                • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                • Party: means each person or agency named or admitted as a party, or properly seeking and entitled as of right to be admitted as a party. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, social club, fraternal organization, joint stock company, corporation, estate, trust, business trust, receiver, trustee, syndicate, or any other group or combination acting as a unit. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental subdivision, or public or private organization of any character, including another agency. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, social club, fraternal organization, joint stock company, corporation, estate, trust, business trust, business organization, receiver, trustee, syndicate, or any other group or combination acting as a unit. See Tennessee Code 7-4-201
                • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Persons and families of low and moderate income: means persons and families, regardless of race, creed, national origin, age or sex, deemed to require such assistance as is made available by this chapter with the income limits established for each county by the governing body of such county, except that the income limits cannot exceed the income limits set by the Tennessee housing development agency for its programs. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
                • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                • plan of improvement: means the detailed design plan of all proposed improvements in the district, including all such engineering studies, blueprints, architects' renderings, photographs, diagrams, maps, schematics, specifications, and drawings as may be required or desired to fully effectuate the construction of improvements and the purchase of equipment or other items. See Tennessee Code 7-84-103
                • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
                • Policy: means any statement, document, or guideline prepared or issued by any agency pursuant to its delegated authority that merely defines or explains the meaning of a statute or a rule. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
                • Principal city: means :

                  • (A) That municipal corporation having the largest population of any municipality in a particular county. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101

                  • Principal city: means that municipality having the largest population of any municipality in a particular county. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                  • Prior service: means service rendered prior to the date of membership in the retirement system for which credit was given under the terms of one (1) or more of the superseded systems as provided in part 6 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                  • Probate: Proving a will
                  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
                  • Product: means any tangible object or goods produced. See Tennessee Code 29-28-102
                  • Product liability action: includes , but is not limited to, all actions based upon the following theories: strict liability in tort. See Tennessee Code 29-28-102
                  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
                  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
                  • Public right-of-way: means the area on, along, below, or above a public roadway, highway, street, sidewalk, alley, bridge or waterway that is not private property. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
                  • Public school: means any school conducted within the state under the authority and supervision of a duly elected or appointed city or county school board, and any educational institution supported by and under the control of the state. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Publication: means a posting of materials on the appropriate web site by the secretary of state that have been submitted in accordance with this chapter or any other information for which the secretary of state is responsible. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                  • Purposes of this chapter: means ameliorating the deterioration of counties by preserving and expanding employment opportunities in the construction and related industries and the tax base of counties by undertaking or assisting in the financing of home mortgages for persons and families of lower and moderate income. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
                  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                  • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
                  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • relative: means a parent, foster parent, parent-in-law, child, spouse, brother, foster brother, sister, foster sister, grandparent, grandchild, son-in-law, brother-in-law, daughter-in-law, sister-in-law, or other family member who resides in the same household. See Tennessee Code 3-1-202
                  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
                  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
                  • Renovation: means the change in the functional use or operation of space in existing buildings or structures in which the state of Tennessee or any of its departments, institutions or agencies have an interest. See Tennessee Code 4-15-107
                  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                  • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Resolution: means any resolution adopted by governing bodies pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
                  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                  • Retirement: means withdrawal from membership with a retirement allowance granted under chapters 34-37 of this title. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Retirement allowance: means the sum of the member annuity and the state annuity. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Retirement system: means the Tennessee consolidated retirement system as defined in §§. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Rule: includes the establishment of a fee and the amendment or repeal of a prior rule. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                  • Savings and loan association: includes a building and loan association, a federal or state savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, and any other financial institution, the accounts of which are insured by the federal savings and loan insurance corporation (FSLIC) or any successor of such corporation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Seller: includes a retailer, wholesaler, or distributor, and means any individual or entity engaged in the business of selling a product, whether such sale is for resale, or for use or consumption. See Tennessee Code 29-28-102
                  • Service: means service as a general employee, a teacher, a state police officer, a wildlife officer, a firefighter, a police officer, a state judge, a county judge, an attorney general, a commissioner or a county official which is paid for by an employer, and also includes service for which a former member of the general assembly is entitled to under former §§ 3-401 and 3-406. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                  • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Small business: means a business entity, including its affiliates, that employs fifty (50) or fewer full-time employees. See Tennessee Code 4-5-102
                  • Smaller city: means any municipality within a county other than the principal city. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
                  • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
                  • State judge: means any person in office as a judge of a court of record in this state, whose salary for the judge's judicial position has been paid during the period of the judge's service wholly from the treasury of the state, including the administrative director of the courts. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                  • Subscription: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
                  • Superseded system: means , where applicable, the Tennessee state retirement system, the Tennessee teachers' retirement system, the Tennessee judges' retirement system, the retirement system for county paid judges of Tennessee, the attorneys general retirement system of Tennessee, the public service commissioners' retirement system, and the Tennessee retirement system for county officials, any one (1) of them, or any combination thereof. See Tennessee Code 8-34-101
                  • Tax collection official: means the department of finance of the county or municipality, as applicable, or the county clerk, if so designated by ordinance of the legislative body of any municipality having a metropolitan form of government and a population of more than four hundred fifty thousand (450,000), according to the 1990 federal census or any subsequent federal census. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                  • Tax collection official: means the department of finance of the county or municipality, as applicable, or the county clerk, if so designated by ordinance of the legislative body of any municipality having a metropolitan government. See Tennessee Code 7-4-201
                  • Tennessee state museum: means the facility operated as the military branch of the Tennessee state museum in the War Memorial Building, the facility in the James K. See Tennessee Code 4-12-203
                  • Tennessee state museum: means the facility operated as the military branch of the Tennessee state museum in the War Memorial Building, the facility located in the James K. See Tennessee Code 4-12-302
                  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
                  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
                  • Tourism: means the planning and conducting of programs of information and publicity designed to attract to the county tourists, visitors and other interested persons from outside the area and also to encourage and coordinate the efforts of other public and private organizations or groups of citizens to publicize the facilities and attractions of the area for the same purposes. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                  • Tourist commission: means a seven-person body established subject to the same local organic law as other boards and commissions established by the charter of the metropolitan government. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
                  • Transient: means any person who exercises occupancy or is entitled to occupancy for any rooms, lodgings or accommodations in a hotel for a period of less than thirty (30) days. See Tennessee Code 7-4-101
                  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                  • Trustee: means one (1) of the members of the board of an authority appointed in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-57-103
                  • unified: means consolidation or consolidated pursuant to this chapter and that power granted by the Constitution of Tennessee, Article XI, § 9 to consolidate any or all of the governmental and corporate functions now, or hereafter, vested in a county government with one (1) or more municipalities located within that county's boundaries. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                  • Unified government: means the governmental entity created by the unification of the governmental and corporate functions of a charter county government with the governmental and corporate functions of one (1) or more municipalities within that county's boundaries. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                  • Unified municipality: means a former municipality that has merged into a unified government pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-21-104
                  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
                  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Unreasonably dangerous: means that a product is dangerous to an extent beyond that which would be contemplated by the ordinary consumer who purchases it, with the ordinary knowledge common to the community as to its characteristics, or that the product because of its dangerous condition would not be put on the market by a reasonably prudent manufacturer or seller, assuming that the manufacturer or seller knew of its dangerous condition. See Tennessee Code 29-28-102
                  • Urban services district: means a service district within a metropolitan government in which are furnished by the metropolitan government municipal services additional to those provided in the general services district. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
                  • Urban type public facilities: means and includes sanitary and storm sewer lines and facilities, plants for the collection, treatment and disposal of sewage and waste matter, facilities and plants for the incineration or other disposal of garbage, trash, ashes and other waste matter, or water supply and distribution lines, facilities and plants, chemical pipelines and docks, or all of these things, and fire protection and emergency medical services. See Tennessee Code 5-16-101
                  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
                  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
                  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
                  • Video programming: means programming provided by, or generally considered comparable to programming provided by, a television broadcast station or cable system. See Tennessee Code 7-59-201
                  • Video programming: means programming provided by, or generally considered comparable to programming provided by a television broadcast station, as set forth in 47 U. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
                  • Video service: means the provision of video programming through wireline facilities located, at least in part, in the public rights-of-way without regard to delivery technology, including Internet protocol technology or any other technology. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
                  • Video service provider: means a provider of video service. See Tennessee Code 7-59-303
                  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
                  • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105