Part 1 Capitol Grounds and Annexes 4-8-101 – 4-8-105
Part 2 Capitol Parking 4-8-201 – 4-8-206
Part 3 State Capitol Commission 4-8-301 – 4-8-305
Part 4 David Crockett Commission 4-8-401 – 4-8-405

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 4 > Chapter 8

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agency: means that organization that has been designated pursuant to the terms of this chapter to administer the Tennessee homestead program. See Tennessee Code 7-66-102
  • agreement: means that contract between the homesteader and the administering agency relative to participation in the homestead program. See Tennessee Code 7-66-102
  • Agriculture: means :

    • (i) The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105

    • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    • Annual report: means the form required by §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
    • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
    • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
    • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
    • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
    • Approved system: means a solid waste disposal facility that has as its primary purpose the creation and recovery of energy from solid waste, as defined in subdivision (a)(4), and has as a secondary or incidental purpose the recovery of recyclable commodities, and which facility has been approved by the department of environment and conservation under authority granted to it by title 68, chapter 211. See Tennessee Code 7-58-101
    • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
    • Articles of conversion: means the form of articles provided for in chapter 204 of this title creating a new LLC and evidencing the conversion of an existing partnership or corporation to the new LLC which shall have all of the assets and liabilities of the former partnership. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • articles of organization: means , in the case of an LLC, articles of organization or, to the extent applicable with respect to an LLC initially formed under and governed by the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act, compiled in chapters 201-248 of this title, articles of conversion, taken together with all of the following, to the extent they modify, correct, restate or otherwise affect the articles of organization or articles of conversion: articles of amendment, articles of correction, certificates of merger and all documents required to be filed with any of the articles of amendment, articles of correction and certificates of merger, as part of the formation and continuation of an LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    • Authority: means a water and wastewater treatment authority created pursuant to this part. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
    • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
    • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
    • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
    • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
    • Board: means the governing body of any authority created pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
    • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
    • Board: means the board of commissioners of an authority. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
    • board of directors: means the governing board of a corporation, whether denominated the board of directors or otherwise, except that no person or group of persons is the board of directors because of powers delegated to that person or group pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
    • Board-managed: means an LLC organized pursuant to this title that elected pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Bonds: means bonds, notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority issued by its board of directors pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
    • Bonds: includes notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
    • Business: means every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity, and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets, whether or not carried on for profit. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Business: includes every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets whether or not carried on for profits. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Chambers: A judge's office.
    • Charter: includes amended and restated charters and articles of merger. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    • Class: when used with reference to membership interests, means a category of membership interests that differs in one (1) or more rights or preferences from another category of membership interests of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Code: means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Commissioner: means the commissioner of finance and administration. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
    • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
    • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    • Confirmation of good standing: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that at the time such confirmation is issued an LLC or a foreign LLC is current on all taxes and penalties to the satisfaction of the commissioner. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
    • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
    • Contribution agreement: means a binding agreement between a person and an LLC under which:

      • (A) The person has an obligation to make a contribution to the LLC in the future. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101

      • Conveyance property: means that real property that shall be subject to conveyance by sale or by lease upon compliance with certain conditions and terms. See Tennessee Code 7-66-102
      • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
      • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
      • County mayor: means and includes "county executive" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Court: includes every court and judge having jurisdiction in the case. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Creating governmental entity: means any city, metropolitan government or county which creates an authority pursuant to this part. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
      • customer: means a person who receives a bill for utility services and pays money for such services. See Tennessee Code 7-82-102
      • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
      • Decedent: A deceased person.
      • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
      • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
      • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      • Department: means the department of environment and conservation. See Tennessee Code 7-58-101
      • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
      • Devise: To gift property by will.
      • Director: means an individual who is vested with authority as a director under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
      • Director-managed LLC: means an LLC that is so designated in its articles. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
      • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the charter or bylaws or elected or appointed by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons elected or appointed to act as members of the board, irrespective of the names or titles by which such persons are described. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
      • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
      • Disqualified person: means an individual or entity that for any reason is or becomes ineligible under this part to be a member of a PLLC or holder of financial rights of a PLLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
      • Dissolution: means that the LLC has incurred an event under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property by an LLC, except for the issuance of its own membership interests or financial rights, with or without consideration, or an incurrence or issuance of indebtedness, whether directly or indirectly, including through a guaranty, to or for the benefit of any of its members or holders of financial rights, as applicable, in respect of membership interests or financial rights. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
      • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property (except its own membership interests) with or without consideration, or an incurrence or issuance of indebtedness, (whether directly or indirectly, including through a guaranty) by an LLC to or for the benefit of any of its members in respect of membership interests. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
      • Document: means :

        • (A) Any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

        • domestic: means a professional LLC that is formed under this chapter, an LLC for which professional LLC status has been elected under this part or, where expressly indicated, a professional LLC that is formed under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act, compiled in chapters 201-248 of this title, or an LLC that is formed under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act for which professional LLC status has been elected under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
        • domestic: means a limited liability company formed under this chapter, or a limited liability company formed under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act, compiled in chapters 201-248 of this title, that has elected to be governed by this chapter, or, where expressly indicated, a limited liability company formed under and governed by the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
        • domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the Tennessee Business Corporation Act, compiled in chapters 11-27 of this title, as amended. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Domestic entity: means any entity formed under the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-701
        • Drug court treatment program: means any drug court treatment program created within the state that follows the general principles referenced in §. See Tennessee Code 16-22-103
        • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Eligible project: means a project for the construction of waterworks for which approval is required under this part, which conforms with the applicable rules and regulations of the department, and which in the judgment of the department is economically feasible. See Tennessee Code 68-221-502
        • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Enterprise: means the industrial operation or operations to be carried on in an industrial building. See Tennessee Code 7-55-102
        • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
        • Entity: means , whether foreign or domestic and whether for profit or not-for-profit, limited liability companies, corporations, unincorporated associations, real estate investment trusts, statutory or business trusts or associations, estates, general partnerships, limited partnerships, registered or unregistered limited liability partnerships, limited liability limited partnerships or similar organizations, trusts, joint ventures, two (2) or more persons having a joint or common economic interest, and local, municipal, state, United States and foreign governments. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
        • Entity: includes the following, whether foreign or domestic: LLCs. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
        • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
        • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
        • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
        • Executive officer: means , with respect to a city or town, the mayor or other officer of the city or town exercising similar executive powers, and with respect to a county, means the county mayor or other officer of the county exercising similar executive powers. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
        • Executive officer: means the mayor, county mayor or other chief executive officer of any creating or participating governmental entity. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
        • Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Existing parking authority: means any public corporation or body politic and corporate or agency of the state of Tennessee or of any city or town in the state created by special or private act primarily for the purpose of planning, constructing, financing or operating parking facilities. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
        • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
        • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
        • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
        • Financial rights: means a member's or holder's rights to:

          • (A) Share in profits and losses, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102

          • Financial rights: means a member's rights to:

            • (A) Share in profits and losses as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101

            • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
            • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
            • foreign: means a foreign LLC that is formed under a law other than the law of this state for the purpose of rendering professional services under a law other than the law of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
            • foreign: means a limited liability company that is formed under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
            • Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit incorporated under a law other than the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
            • Foreign entity: means any entity formed under the laws of any state of the United States other than this state, the laws of the United States or the laws of any foreign country or other foreign jurisdiction. See Tennessee Code 48-249-701
            • Foreign LLC: means an entity that is:

              • (A) Not incorporated. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101

              • Foreign trade zone: means a foreign trade zone established pursuant to 19 U. See Tennessee Code 7-85-102
              • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
              • Governance rights: means a member's right to vote on one (1) or more matters, all of a member's other rights as a member in the LLC under the LLC documents or this chapter, other than financial rights, and the right to transfer the voting and other rights described in this subdivision (13). See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
              • Governance rights: means a right to vote on one (1) or more matters and all a member's rights as a member in the LLC other than financial rights and the right to assign financial rights. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Governing body: includes bodies and boards, by whatsoever names they may be known, charged with the governing of a municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-55-102
              • Governing body: means the body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality, county, or counties having a metropolitan form of government are vested. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
              • Governing body: means the body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality are vested, and in the case of counties means the legislative body of any county. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
              • Governing body: means the legislative body of the creating municipality or municipalities. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
              • Governing body: means the chief legislative body of any creating or participating governmental entity. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
              • Governor: means a natural person or entity serving on the board of governors of a board-managed LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
              • holder: means a person, other than a member, owning any financial rights in an LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
              • Homesteader: means that person, corporation, partnership, or joint venture that has been designated pursuant to this chapter to receive, lease, occupy, rehabilitate or renovate real properties declared to be held for the program as provided in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-66-102
              • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
              • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
              • Industrial building: means any one (1) or combination of two (2) or more buildings, structures, or facilities to be used as a factory, mill, shop, processing plant, assembly plant, fabricating plant, ship canal, port or port facility, dock or dock facility, harbor facility, and railroads, railway terminals, railway belt lines and switches, to be rented or leased to an industrial concern by the municipality. See Tennessee Code 7-55-102
              • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
              • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
              • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:

                • (A) The right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

                • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
                • judicial department: means the court system, district attorneys general conference, district public defenders conference, and the office of post-conviction defender. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
                • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • Law: includes rules promulgated in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-248-102
                • Law: includes rules promulgated in accordance with §§. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
                • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
                • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
                • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
                • Licensing authority: means the officer, board, agency, court or other authority in this state empowered to license or otherwise authorize the rendition of a professional service. See Tennessee Code 48-248-102
                • Licensing authority: means the officer, board, agency, court or other authority in this state empowered to license or otherwise authorize the rendition of a professional service. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
                • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
                • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
                • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
                • LLC: means a limited liability company, organized under chapters 201-248 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                • LLC documents: means either, or both:

                  • (A) An LLC's articles. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102

                  • Loan agreement: means an agreement providing for an authority to loan the proceeds derived from the issuance of revenue bonds pursuant to this chapter to one (1) or more contracting parties to be used to pay the cost of one (1) or more projects and providing for the repayment of such loan by the other contracting party or parties, and which may provide for such loans to be secured by or evidenced by one (1) or more notes, debentures, bonds or other secured or unsecured debt obligations of the contracting party or parties, delivered to the authority or to a trustee under the indenture pursuant to which the bonds were issued. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                  • Local governmental entity: means a governing body, board, commission, committee, department, or law enforcement agency of a municipality, county, or other political subdivision of this state. See Tennessee Code 7-68-102
                  • Majority vote: means , with respect to a vote of the members, managers, or directors, as applicable:

                    • (A) If voting on a per capita basis, a majority in number of the members, managers or directors, as applicable, entitled to vote on a specific matter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102

                    • Manager: means a person who is vested with authority as a manager under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Manager: means a person elected, appointed, or otherwise designated as a manager by the governing body, and any other person considered elected as a manager pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Manager-managed LLC: means an LLC that is so designated in its articles. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Member: means a person that has been admitted to an LLC as a member, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Member: means a person reflected in the required records of an LLC as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Member-managed: means an LLC organized pursuant to this title that has elected pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Membership: means the rights and obligations a member has pursuant to a corporation's charter, bylaws and chapters 51-68 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
                    • Membership interest: means a member's interest in an LLC, which shall consist of the member's financial rights and governance rights. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Membership interest: means a member's interest in an LLC consisting of a member's financial rights, a member's right to assign financial rights as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Metropolitan government: means the political entity created by consolidation of all, or substantially all, of the political and corporate functions of a county and a city or cities. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
                    • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
                    • Month: means the time from any day of any month to the corresponding day of the succeeding month, if any, and if none, the last day of the succeeding month. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                    • Municipal corporation: means an incorporated city or town. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
                    • Municipality: includes any county, or incorporated city or town of the state. See Tennessee Code 7-55-102
                    • Municipality: means any county or incorporated city or town in this state with respect to which an authority may be organized. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
                    • Municipality: means any county, metropolitan government or incorporated city or town in this state with respect to which an authority may be organized. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                    • Municipality: means any municipality or county incorporated or existing under the laws of Tennessee, or any combination of any municipality or county incorporated or existing under the laws of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
                    • Municipality: means any county, metropolitan government, incorporated town or city, or special district of this state empowered to provide water services, or any combination of two (2) or more of the foregoing acting jointly, in connection with an eligible project. See Tennessee Code 68-221-502
                    • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                    • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                    • Officer: means an individual, who is vested with authority as an officer under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Official: means an agent, employee, member, or representative of a local governmental entity. See Tennessee Code 7-68-102
                    • Operating agreement: means an agreement described in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Operating agreement: means a written agreement described in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • other contracting party: means any party, including a municipality, to a sale contract, lease agreement or loan agreement, other than the authority. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                    • Outcome: means an indicator of the actual impact or public benefit of a program. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                    • Output: means the actual service or product delivered by a state agency. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                    • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
                    • Owners: means members in the case of an LLC, shareholders in the case of a corporation, partners in the case of general or limited partnerships and the equivalent with respect to other entities. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • parking authority: means any public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
                    • Participating governmental entity: means any utility district, metropolitan government, city, town or county. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
                    • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                    • Performance measure: means a quantitative or qualitative indicator used to assess state agency performance, including outcome and output indicators. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                    • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Person: means an individual or an entity. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Person: includes individual and entity. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Personal representative: means , as to an individual, the executor, administrator, guardian, conservator, trustee or other legal representative of the individual, and, as to an entity, the legal representative or successor of the entity. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                    • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                    • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
                    • PLLC: means an LLC, other than a foreign professional LLC, which has elected to become subject to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-248-102
                    • PLLC: has the meaning set forth in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
                    • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
                    • Principal executive office: means the office, in or out of this state, that is designated as the principal executive office of a domestic or foreign LLC in its articles or in an application for a certificate of authority, as applicable, as thereafter changed from time to time in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
                    • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                    • Probate: Proving a will
                    • Probate court: means the court having jurisdiction over the administration of the estates of decedents. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Proceeding: means any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, and whether formal or informal. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Professional service: means a service that may be lawfully rendered only by a person licensed or otherwise authorized by a licensing authority in this state to render the service and that may not be lawfully rendered by a corporation under the Tennessee Business Corporation Act, compiled in chapters 11-27 of this title or by an LLC under chapters 201-248 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-248-102
                    • Professional service: means a service that may be lawfully rendered only by a person licensed or otherwise authorized by a licensing authority in this state to render the service. See Tennessee Code 48-249-1102
                    • Program: means a set of activities undertaken in accordance with a plan of action organized to realize identifiable goals and objectives. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                    • Project: means a lot or lots, buildings and structures above, at or below the surface of the earth, including, but not limited to, rights-of-way, equipment, entrances, exits, driveways, approaches, ramps, garages, meters, pedestrian ways, fencing, landscaping and all other facilities and accessories necessary or desirable for or in connection with the parking or storing of vehicles of any kind, and ancillary spaces, uses, and structures related to, located within or adjacent to the facilities and accessories. See Tennessee Code 7-65-102
                    • Project: means any building, sports complex, stadium, arena, sports and recreational facility, or any other structure or facility constructed, leased, equipped, renovated or acquired for any of the purposes set forth in this chapter, and also includes, but is not limited to, roads, streets, highways, curbs, bridges, flood control facilities, and utility services, such as water, sanitary sewer, electricity, gas and natural gas, and telecommunications that are constructed, leased, equipped, renovated or acquired as a supporting system or facility for any of the purposes set forth in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                    • Project: means any facilities or group of facilities to be owned or controlled (either through ownership, lease or an easement) by the authority or other governmental entity and that is available for use by the public including, without limitation, visitor centers, recreational facilities such as greenways and trails, and other governmentally-owned tourist attractions. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
                    • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
                    • Public corporation: means the state of Tennessee, any political subdivision or public agency of the state, any municipal corporation formed under the laws of the state of Tennessee, or any corporate instrumentality of the state of Tennessee, of any political subdivision or public agency of the corporate instrumentality, or of such a municipal corporation. See Tennessee Code 7-85-102
                    • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                    • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
                    • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Record: means information that is inscribed in a tangible medium, or that is stored in an electronic or other medium, and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Record date: means the date established under chapter 16 or 17 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders for purposes of chapters 11-27 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
                    • Registered agent: means the person designated as the registered agent of a domestic or foreign LLC in its articles or in an application for a certificate of authority, as applicable, as thereafter changed from time to time in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Registered office: means the office in this state that is designated as the registered office of a domestic or foreign LLC in its articles or in an application for a certificate of authority, as applicable, as thereafter changed from time to time in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
                    • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                    • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Representative: means , as to a foreign LLC, a director, manager, officer, employee or other agent of a foreign LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority issued pursuant to this chapter, or pursuant to any other law, as supplemented by, or in conjunction with, this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                    • Sale contract: means a contract providing for the sale of one (1) or more projects to one (1) or more contracting parties and includes a contract providing for payment of the purchase price in one (1) or more installments. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                    • Sanctuary policy: means any directive, order, ordinance, resolution, practice, or policy, whether formally enacted, informally adopted, or otherwise effectuated, that:

                      • (A) Limits or prohibits any local governmental entity or official from communicating or cooperating with federal agencies or officials to verify or report the immigration status of any alien. See Tennessee Code 7-68-102

                      • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the bylaws or the board of directors has delegated responsibility under §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                      • Secretary of state: means the individual who holds the office of secretary of state of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                      • Secretary of state: means the person who holds the office of secretary of state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                      • Series: means a category of membership interests, within a class of membership interests, that have some of the same rights and preferences as other membership interests within the same class, but that differ in one (1) or more rights and preferences from another category of membership interests within that class. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                      • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                      • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                      • Share: means the unit into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                      • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                      • signature: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document:

                        • (A) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, and includes any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

                        • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                        • Solid waste: means all municipal, commercial, or industrial solid waste normally collected and disposed of by local governments, such as garbage, rubbish, refuse, and other such similar and related materials, except those excluded by the department, which shall designate as "special waste" any hazardous or other waste it determines should not be processed in an approved system for reasons of public health or safety, or because the nature of the waste is such that it is not suitable for processing in an approved system, and such materials as are normally collected or accepted by private industry for the purpose of recycling and are not normally collected or accepted by local governments. See Tennessee Code 7-58-101
                        • Sports and recreational facilities: means and includes facilities for any and all types of sports and recreational pursuits, including, but not limited to, football, basketball, baseball, soccer, track and field meets, swimming and diving meets, and any and all other sports, games, events or exhibitions that add to the recreational enrichment of the community. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                        • sports authority: means any public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                        • Standard: means the desired level of performance of a program, measured by outcome or output. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                        • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                        • State: means the state of Tennessee and, unless otherwise indicated by the context, any agency, authority, branch, bureau, commission, corporation, department or instrumentality of the state, now or hereafter existing. See Tennessee Code 7-67-103
                        • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
                        • state agency: means any unit organization of the executive department, including any official, department, board, commission, division, bureau, section, district, office, authority, committee, or council or any other unit of state government, however designated, including, without limitation, higher education. See Tennessee Code 9-4-5604
                        • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                        • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
                        • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                        • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
                        • Tax clearance for termination or withdrawal: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that an LLC or a foreign LLC has filed all applicable reports, including, but not limited to, a final report, and has paid all fees, penalties, and taxes as required by the revenue laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                        • Tennessee homestead program: means the plan of procedure as provided in this chapter by the Tennessee Homestead Act. See Tennessee Code 7-66-102
                        • Termination: means the end of an LLC's existence as a legal entity and occurs when the articles of termination are filed with the secretary of state under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                        • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                        • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
                        • Tourism: means the planning and conducting of programs of information and publicity designed to attract tourists, visitors and other interested persons from outside the area of the municipality or municipalities creating the authority and also encouraging and coordinating the efforts of other public and private organizations or groups of citizens to publicize the facilities and attractions of the area, and shall also include the acquisition, construction, and remodeling of facilities useful in the attraction and promoting of tourists, conventions, and recreational business. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
                        • Transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift and transfer by operation of law. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                        • Treatment works: means any devices and systems used in the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the state's waters, or any devices and systems used in the treatment and distribution of water, including intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, water storage facilities, water transmission lines, pumping, power and other equipment, and their appurtenances, extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions and alterations thereof. See Tennessee Code 68-221-603
                        • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                        • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                        • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
                        • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                        • United States: includes district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                        • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
                        • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
                        • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
                        • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                        • Violent offender: means a person who:

                          • (i) Is convicted of an offense, during the course of which:

                            • (a) The person carried, possessed or used a firearm or dangerous weapon. See Tennessee Code 16-22-103

                            • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote which is contingent upon the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
                            • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
                            • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                            • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                            • Written action: means a written document signed by those persons required to take the action described. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                            • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105