A. For the purposes of this section and § 2.2-1160:
Terms Used In Virginia Code 2.2-1159
- City: means an independent incorporated community which became a city as provided by law before noon on July 1, 1971, or which has within defined boundaries a population of 5,000 or more and which has become a city as provided by law. See Virginia Code 2.2-815
- Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 2.2-1113
- State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands. See Virginia Code 2.2-1138
- Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 2.2-1147
“Building” means any building or facility, used by the public, which is constructed in whole or in part or altered by the use of state, county or municipal funds, or the funds of any political subdivision of this Commonwealth. “Building” shall not include public school buildings and facilities, which shall be governed by standards established by the Board of Education pursuant to § 22.1-138.
“Persons with physical disabilities” means persons with:
1. Impairments that, regardless of cause or manifestation, for all practical purposes, confine individuals to wheelchairs;
2. Impairments that cause individuals to walk with difficulty or insecurity;
3. Total blindness or impairments affecting sight to the extent that the individual functioning in public areas is insecure or exposed to dangers;
4. Deafness or hearing handicaps that might make an individual insecure in public areas because he is unable to communicate or hear warning signals;
5. Faulty coordination or palsy from brain, spinal, or peripheral nerve injury; or
6. Those manifestations of the aging processes that significantly reduce mobility, flexibility, coordination and perceptiveness but are not accounted for in the aforementioned categories.
B. The Division shall prescribe standards for the design, construction, and alteration of buildings constructed in whole or in part or altered by the use of state funds, other than school funds, necessary to ensure that persons with physical disabilities will have ready access to, and use of, such buildings.
C. The governing body of a county, city or town or other political subdivision shall prescribe standards for the design, construction and alteration of buildings, not including public school facilities, constructed in whole or in part or altered by the use of the funds of such locality or political subdivision necessary to ensure that persons with physical disabilities will have ready access to, and use of, such buildings. The Division shall consult with the governing bodies upon request.
D. The Division, with respect to standards issued by it, and the governing body of any county, city or town or other political subdivision with respect to standards issued by it may:
1. Modify or waive any such standard, on a case-by-case basis, upon application made by the head of the department, agency or other instrumentality concerned, upon determining that a modification or waiver is clearly necessary; and
2. Conduct necessary surveys and investigations to ensure compliance with such standards.
E. The provisions of this section and § 2.2-1160 shall apply to temporary and emergency construction as well as permanent buildings.
1970, c. 539, §§ 2.1-109.01, 2.1-109.02, 2.1-109.03, 2.1-109.04, 2.1-109.06, 2.1-109.07; 1972, c. 223; 1977, c. 672, §§ 2.1-514, 2.1-515, 2.1-516, 2.1-517, 2.1-519, 2.1-520, 2.1-521; 1993, c. 226; 2001, c. 844.