Every householder shall be entitled, in addition to the property or estate exempt under §§ 23.1-707, 34-26, 34-27, 34-29, and 64.2-311, to hold exempt from creditor process arising out of a debt, real and personal property, or either, to be selected by the householder, including money and debts due the householder not exceeding $5,000 in value or, if the householder is 65 years of age or older, not exceeding $10,000 in value, and, in addition, real or personal property used as the principal residence of the householder or the householder’s dependents not exceeding $25,000 in value. In addition, upon a showing that a householder supports dependents, the householder shall be entitled to hold exempt from creditor process real and personal property, or either, selected by the householder, including money or monetary obligations or liabilities due the householder, not exceeding $500 in value for each dependent.

Terms Used In Virginia Code 34-4

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Creditor process: means all methods used by creditors to collect unsecured debts. See Virginia Code 34-1
  • Debt: means a legally enforceable monetary obligation or liability of any individual whether arising out of a contract or otherwise, but not an obligation resulting from an intentional tort. See Virginia Code 34-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Exempt: means protected from all forms of creditor process. See Virginia Code 34-1
  • Householder: means any resident of Virginia. See Virginia Code 34-1
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Process: includes subpoenas, the summons and complaint in a civil action, and process in statutory actions. See Virginia Code 1-237

For the purposes of this section, “dependent” means an individual who derives support primarily from the householder and who does not have assets sufficient to support himself, but in no case shall an individual be the dependent of more than one householder.

Code 1919, § 6531; 1918, p. 487; 1975, c. 466; 1977, c. 496; 1978, c. 231; 1990, c. 942; 1997, cc. 785, 861; 2009, c. 387; 2020, c. 328.