Apportionment is when political power is allocated to a group of constituent voters among their representatives in a governing body. The idea is that elections should give each voter’s intentions equal weight. But this principle is not followed absolutely or as a first priority for a variety of reasons. The problem of electoral representation hinges on the question of what is to be represented since geographic areas can have diverse boundaries and may have incompatible interests, all of which seek to be represented.
Here on LawServer you’ll find relevant federal and state laws about elections and apportionment, and related legal Questions & Answers.