Part 200 Informal Rules of Practice for Passenger Service
Part 207 Railroad Police Officers
Part 209 Railroad Safety Enforcement Procedures
Part 210 Railroad Noise Emission Compliance Regulations
Part 211 Rules of Practice
Part 212 State Safety Participation Regulations
Part 213 Track Safety Standards
Part 214 Railroad Workplace Safety
Part 215 Railroad Freight Car Safety Standards
Part 216 Special Notice and Emergency Order Procedures: Railroad Track, Locomotive and Equipment
Part 217 Railroad Operating Rules
Part 218 Railroad Operating Practices
Part 219 Control of Alcohol and Drug Use
Part 220 Railroad Communications
Part 221 Rear End Marking Device-Passenger, Commuter and Freight Trains
Part 222 Use of Locomotive Horns At Public Highway-Rail Grade Crossings
Part 223 Safety Glazing Standards-Locomotives, Passenger Cars and Cabooses
Part 224 Reflectorization of Rail Freight Rolling Stock
Part 225 Railroad Accidents/incidents: Reports Classification, and Investigations
Part 227 Occupational Noise Exposure
Part 228 Passenger Train Employee Hours of Service; Recordkeeping and Reporting; Sleeping Quarters
Part 229 Railroad Locomotive Safety Standards
Part 230 Steam Locomotive Inspection and Maintenance Standards
Part 231 Railroad Safety Appliance Standards
Part 232 Brake System Safety Standards for Freight and Other Non-Passenger Trains and Equipment; End-of-Train Devices
Part 233 Signal Systems Reporting Requirements
Part 234 Grade Crossing Safety
Part 235 Instructions Governing Applications for Approval of a Discontinuance or Material Modification of a Signal System or Relief From the Requirements of Part 236
Part 236 Rules, Standards, and Instructions Governing the Installation, Inspection, Maintenance, and Repair of Signal and Train Control Systems, Devices, and Appliances
Part 237 Bridge Safety Standards
Part 238 Passenger Equipment Safety Standards
Part 239 Passenger Train Emergency Preparedness
Part 240 Qualification and Certification of Locomotive Engineers
Part 241 United States Locational Requirement for Dispatching of United States Rail Operations
Part 242 Qualification and Certification of Conductors
Part 243 Training, Qualification, and Oversight for Safety-Related Railroad Employees
Part 244 Regulations On Safety Integration Plans Governing Railroad Consolidations, Mergers, and Acquisitions of Control
Part 250 Guarantee of Certificates of Trustees of Railroads in Reorganization
Part 260 Regulations Governing Loans and Loan Guarantees Under the Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing Program
Part 261 Credit Assistance for Surface Transportation Projects
Part 262 Implementation of Program for Capital Grants for Rail Line Relocation and Improvement Projects
Part 264 Environmental Impact and Related Procedures
Part 266 Assistance to States for Local Rail Service Under Section 5 of the Department of Transportation Act
Part 268 Magnetic Levitation Transportation Technology Deployment Program
Part 269 Competitive Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program
Part 270 System Safety Program
Part 271 Risk Reduction Program
Part 272 Critical Incident Stress Plans

Terms Used In CFR > Title 49 > Subtitle B > Chapter II

  • AAR: means the Association of American Railroads. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • AAR: means the Association of American Railroads. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • AAR: means the Association of American Railroads. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Accidental release: means an unanticipated emission of a regulated substance or other extremely hazardous substance into the ambient air from a stationary source. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Acquisition assistance: means funds granted to a State under section 5(f)(2) of the Department of Transportation Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Act: means the Department of Transportation Act, as amended. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Act: means the Department of Transportation Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Act: means the Clean Air Act as amended (42 U. See 40 CFR 56.1
  • Act: means the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (Pub. See 49 CFR 269.5
  • Act: means the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, as amended, 45 U. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Action level: means an eight-hour time-weighted-average sound level (TWA) of 85 dB(A), or, equivalently, a dose of 50 percent, integrating all sound levels from 80 dB(A) to 140 dB(A). See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Activation failure: means the failure of an active highway-rail grade crossing warning system to indicate the approach of a train at least 20 seconds prior to the train's arrival at the crossing, or to indicate the presence of a train occupying the crossing, unless the crossing is provided with an alternative means of active warning to highway users of approaching trains. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Actual time: means either the specific time of day, to the hour and minute, or the precise amount of time spent in an activity, in hours and minutes, that must be included in the hours of duty record, including, where appropriate, reference to the applicable time zone and either standard time or daylight savings time. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Actuator: means a self-contained brake system component that generates the force to apply the brake shoe or brake pad to the wheel or disc. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Adjacent rail modes of transportation: means other railroads, trolleys, light rail, heavy transit, and other vehicles operating on rails or electromagnetic guideways which are expressly identified in a railroad's emergency preparedness plan. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Adjacent tracks: means two or more tracks with track centers spaced less than 25 feet apart. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator or Deputy Administrator. See 49 CFR 211.71
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the FRA or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Administrator: The Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator, or the Federal Railroad Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 269.5
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator, or his or her representative. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator, the Deputy Administrator, or any official of the Federal Railroad Administration to whom the Administrator has delegated his authority under this part. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator or his or her delegate. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of FRA, the Deputy Administrator of FRA, or the delegate of either. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or any person to whom the Administrator has delegated authority in the matter concerned. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator, the Deputy Administrator, or any official of FRA to whom the Administrator has delegated authority to act in the Administrator's stead. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator or the Deputy Administrator or the delegate of either of them. See 49 CFR 211.1
  • Administrator: means the Federal Railroad Administrator or the Deputy Administrator or the delegate of either of them. See 49 CFR 212.3
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Air brake: means a combination of devices operated by compressed air, arranged in a system, and controlled manually, electrically, electronically, or pneumatically, by means of which the motion of a railroad car or locomotive is retarded or arrested. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Alcohol: means ethyl alcohol (ethanol) and includes use or possession of any beverage, mixture, or preparation containing ethyl alcohol. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Alcohol: means ethyl alcohol (ethanol) and includes use or possession of any beverage, mixture, or preparation containing ethyl alcohol. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Alerter: means a device or system installed in the locomotive cab to promote continuous, active locomotive engineer attentiveness by monitoring select locomotive engineer-induced control activities. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Alerter: means a device or system installed in the locomotive cab to promote continuous, active locomotive engineer attentiveness by monitoring select locomotive engineer-induced control activities. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allowable project costs: means those project costs for which Federal financial assistance may be expended under §256. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Alteration: Any change to the boiler which affects its pressure retention capability. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Amalgamation of operations: means the migration, combination, or unification of one set of railroad operations with another set of railroad operations, including, but not limited to, the allocation of resources affecting railroad operations (e. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Ambient air: means any portion of the atmosphere inside or outside a stationary source. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amtrak: means the National Railroad Passenger Corporation. See 49 CFR 269.5
  • Anchorage: means a secure point of attachment for lifelines, lanyards or deceleration devices that is independent of the means of supporting or suspending the employee. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • ANSI: American National Standards Institute. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Answering machine: means either a device or a voicemail system that allows a telephone caller to leave a recorded message to report an unsafe condition at a highway-rail or pathway grade crossing, as described in §234. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Anti-climbing mechanism: means the parts at the ends of adjoining vehicles in a train that are designed to engage when subjected to large buff loads to prevent the override of one vehicle by another. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • API: American Petroleum Institute. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means a Class I railroad or a Class II railroad engaging in a transaction subject to this part. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Applicant: means any State or local government, government sponsored authority or corporation, railroad, or group of two or more entities, at least one of which is a railroad, participating in a joint venture, that submits an application to the Administrator for a direct loan or the guarantee of an existing obligation under which it is an obligor or for a commitment to guarantee a new obligation. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriately equipped flagger: means a person other than a train crewmember who is equipped with a vest, shirt, or jacket of a color appropriate for daytime flagging such as orange, yellow, strong yellow green or fluorescent versions of these colors or other generally accepted high visibility colors. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • APTA: means the American Public Transportation Association. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety, Federal Railroad Administration, or the Associate Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety and Chief Safety Officer of the Federal Railroad Administration or that person's delegate as designated in writing. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Safety of the Federal Railroad Administration or the Associate Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Associate Administrator: means Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety and Chief Safety Officer, Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety, Associate Administrator for Safety. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety and Chief Safety Officer of the Federal Railroad Administration or that person's delegate. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Safety, Federal Railroad Administration, or that person's delegate as designated in writing. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety/Chief Safety Officer, Office of Railroad Safety, Federal Railroad Administration, or any person to whom he or she has delegated authority in the matter concerned. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Safety, Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), or the Deputy Associate Administrator for Safety, FRA. See 49 CFR 212.3
  • Associate Administrator for Safety: means the Associate Administrator for Safety of the Federal Railroad Administration or that person's delegate as designated in writing. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Associate Administrator for Safety: means the Associate Administrator for Safety of the Federal Railroad Administration or that person's delegate as designated in writing. See 49 CFR 217.4
  • Associate Administrator for Safety: means the Associate Administrator for Safety, FRA, or that person's delegate as designated in writing. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Associate Administrator for Safety: means the Associate Administrator for Safety, Federal Railroad Administration, or that person's delegate as designated in writing. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • At the behest of the railroad: refers to time spent by an employee in a railroad-required activity that compels an employee to perform service for the railroad as a condition of employment. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Audiogram: means a record of audiometric testing, showing the thresholds of hearing sensitivity measured at discrete frequencies, as well as other recordkeeping information. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Audiologist: means a professional, who provides comprehensive diagnostic and treatment/rehabilitative services for auditory, vestibular, and related impairments and who

    (1) Has a Master's degree or doctoral degree in audiology and

    (2) Is licensed as an audiologist by a State. See 49 CFR 227.5

  • Audiometry: means the act or process of measuring hearing sensitivity at discrete frequencies. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Authorized business purpose: means a purpose directly related to the tasks that a crewmember is expected to perform during the current tour of duty as specified by the railroad in writing. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Automated answering system: means a type of answering system that directs a telephone caller to a single menu of options, where the caller has the choice to select one of the available options to report an unsafe condition at a highway-rail or pathway grade crossing, as described in §234. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Automated recordkeeping system: means a recordkeeping system that--

    (1) An eligible smaller railroad, or a contractor or subcontractor to such a railroad, may use instead of a manual recordkeeping system or electronic recordkeeping system to create and maintain any records subpart B of this part requires. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Baseline audiogram: means an audiogram, recorded in accordance with §227. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bind: means restrict the intended movement of one or more brake system components by reduced clearance, by obstruction, or by increased friction. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Bind: means restrict the intended movement of one or more brake system components by obstruction, increased friction, or reduced clearance. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Body harness: means a device with straps that is secured about the person in a manner so as to distribute the fall arrest forces over (at least) the thighs, shoulders, pelvis, waist, and chest and that can be attached to a lanyard, lifeline, or deceleration device. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Borrower: means an Applicant that has been approved for, and has received, financial assistance under this part. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Brake indicator: means a device, actuated by brake cylinder pressure, which indicates whether brakes are applied or released. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Brake pipe: means the system of piping (including branch pipes, angle cocks, cutout cocks, dirt collectors, hoses, and hose couplings) used for connecting locomotives and all railroad cars for the passage of compressed air. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Brake pipe: means the system of piping (including branch pipes, angle cocks, cutout cocks, dirt collectors, hoses, and hose couplings) used for connecting locomotives and all rail cars for the passage of air to control the locomotive and car brakes. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Break: means a fracture resulting in complete separation into parts. See 49 CFR 215.5
  • Break: A fracture resulting in complete separation into parts. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Break: means a fracture resulting in complete separation into parts. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • By-pass: means a device designed to override a function. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Cab: means a compartment or space within a trainset that is designed to be occupied by an engineer and contain an operating console for exercising control over the trainset. See 49 CFR 238.702
  • Cab: means that portion of the superstructure designed to be occupied by the crew operating the locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Caboose: means a car in a freight train intended to provide transportation for crewmembers. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Calendar day: means a time period running from one midnight to the next midnight on a given date. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Calendar year: means the period of time beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31 of each year. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Camp car: means a trailer and/or on-track vehicle, including an outfit, camp, bunk car, or modular home mounted on a flatcar, or any other mobile vehicle or mobile structure used to house or accommodate an employee or MOW worker. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • carrier: means "railroad" as that term is defined below. See 49 CFR 231.0
  • Carrier: means railroad, as that term is in this section. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Cash: means an outlay of funds. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Category of regulated employee: means a broad class of either covered service or maintenance-of-way employees (as defined in this section). See 49 CFR 219.5
  • CBP: means U. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Center director: means the person who manages their designated Center and is responsible for certain trade decisions and functions concerning that Center and the importers that are processed by that Center. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Centers: refer to national CBP offices that are responsible for performing certain trade functions and making certain determinations as set forth in particular regulatory provisions regarding importations by importers that are considered by CBP to be in the industry sector, regardless of the ports of entry at which the importations occur. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Certification: means , either when used by itself or in the expression "certification of origin" the certification established under article 4. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Certified glazing: means a glazing material that has been certified by the manufacturer as having met the testing requirements set forth in appendix A of this part and that has been installed in such a manner that it will perform its intended function. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Chairman: means the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Channelization device: means a traffic separation system made up of a raised longitudinal channelizer, with vertical panels or tubular delineators, that is placed between opposing highway lanes designed to alert or guide traffic around an obstacle or to direct traffic in a particular direction. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Chicago Region: means the following six counties in the State of Illinois: Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry and Will. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Chief Counsel: means the Chief Counsel of FRA or his or her delegate. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the US-CFTA and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (d) Customs authority. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the SFTA to an originating good or other good specified in the SFTA, and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (b) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Claim for preferential tariff treatment: means a claim that a good is entitled to the duty rate applicable under the CAFTA-DR to an originating good or other good specified in the CAFTA-DR, and to an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (b) Claim of origin. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Claim of origin: means a claim that a textile or apparel good is an originating good or a good of a Party;

    (c) Claim for preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Claim of origin: means a claim that a textile or apparel good is an originating good or a good of a Party;

    (c) Customs authority. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Class I: has the meaning assigned by regulations of the Surface Transportation Board (49 CFR part 1201. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Class I: has the meaning assigned to that term by the regulations of the Surface Transportation Board (49 CFR part 1201. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • Class I brake test: means a complete passenger train brake system test and inspection (as further specified in §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Class IA brake test: means a test and inspection (as further specified in §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Class II brake test: means a test and inspection (as further specified in §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Clearance point: means the location near a turnout beyond which it is unsafe for passage on an adjacent track(s). See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Closed crossing: means a location where a previous crossing no longer exists because either the railroad tracks have been physically removed, or each pathway or roadway approach to the crossing has been physically removed, leaving behind no intersection of railroad tracks with either a pathway or roadway. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • CMAQ: means Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program (23 U. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Code of original construction: The manufacturer's or industry code in effect when the boiler was constructed. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Cohesion: is a measure of how strongly-related or focused the responsibilities of a system, subsystem, or component are. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Collision posts: means structural members of the end structures of a vehicle that extend vertically from the underframe to which they are securely attached and that provide protection to occupied compartments from an object penetrating the vehicle during a collision. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Collision posts: means structural members of the end structures of a rail vehicle that extend vertically from the underframe to which they are securely attached and that provide protection to occupied compartments from an object penetrating the vehicle during a collision. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Comingle: refers to the act of creating systems, subsystems, or components where the systems, subsystems, or components are tightly coupled and with low cohesion. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Commission: means the Interstate Commerce Commission or any successor Federal agency to the relevant activity. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Commissioned: means that a state official has certified or otherwise designated a railroad employee as qualified under the licensing requirements of that state to act as a railroad police officer in that state. See 49 CFR 207.2
  • Common carrier: means a person providing railroad transportation for compensation who is subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission under subchapter I of chapter 105 of title 49 of the U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Commuter railroad: means a railroad, as described by 49 U. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • Commuter service: means the type of railroad service described under the heading "Commuter Operations" in 49 CFR part 209, Appendix A. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Competent person: means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the workplace and who is authorized to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Component: means an electronic element, device, or appliance (including hardware or software) that is part of a system or subsystem. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Component: means an element, device, or appliance (including those whose nature is electrical, mechanical, hardware, or software) that is part of a system or subsystem. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Conductor: means the crewmember in charge of a "train or yard crew" as defined in part 218 of this chapter. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Configuration management: means a process that ensures that the configurations of all property, equipment, and system design elements are accurately documented. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Configuration management control plan: means a plan designed to ensure that the proper and intended product configuration, including the electronic hardware components and software version, is documented and maintained through the life-cycle of the products in use. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Configuration management control plan: means a plan designed to ensure that the proper and intended product configuration, including the hardware components and software version, is documented and maintained through the life-cycle of the products in use. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Consist of a locomotive and rail cars: means one or more locomotives coupled to a rail car or rail cars. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • Consolidation: means the creation of a new Class I railroad by combining existing Class I railroads or a Class I railroad and a Class II railroad where there is an amalgamation of operations, or by a railroad or a corporate parent of a Class I railroad taking over the assets or assuming the liabilities, or both, of another Class I railroad such that the resulting unified entity has the combined capital, powers, and subsidiaries and affiliates, if applicable, of all of its constituents. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Continuous noise: means variations in sound level that involve maxima at intervals of 1 second or less. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Contractor: means a contractor or subcontractor performing functions for a railroad. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Contractor: means a person under contract with a railroad, including, but not limited to, a prime contractor or a subcontractor. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Control cab locomotive: means a locomotive without propelling motors but with one or more control stands. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Control center: means a central location on a railroad with responsibility for directing the safe movement of trains. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Control center: means the locations on a railroad from which the railroad issues instructions governing railroad operations. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Control operator: means the railroad employee in charge of a remotely controlled switch or derail, an interlocking, or a controlled point, or a segment of controlled track. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Control valves: means that part of the air brake equipment on each rail car or locomotive that controls the charging, application, and release of the air brakes, in response to train line commands. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Controlled point: means a location where signals and/or other functions of a traffic control system are controlled from the control machine. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Controlled Substance: has the meaning assigned by 21 U. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Controlled substance: has the meaning assigned by 21 U. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Controlled substance: has the meaning assigned by 21 U. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Controlled track: means track upon which the railroad's operating rules require that all movements of trains must be authorized by a train dispatcher or a control operator. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Controlling locomotive: means a locomotive from where the operator controls the traction and braking functions of the locomotive or locomotive consist, normally the lead locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Controlling remote distributed power locomotive: means the locomotive in a distributed power consist that receives the coded signal from the lead locomotive consist of the train whether commanded automatically by the distributed power system or manually by the locomotive engineer. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corner posts: means structural members located at the intersection of the front or rear surface with the side surface of a rail vehicle and which extend vertically from the underframe to the roof. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Country: means the political entity known as a nation. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Country of origin: means the country of manufacture, production, or growth of any article of foreign origin entering the United States. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Covered data: means information that must be reported to FRA under this part concerning a railroad employee injury or illness case that is reportable exclusively because a physician or other licensed health care professional--

    (1) Recommended in writing that--

    (i) The employee take one or more days away from work when the employee instead reports to work (or would have reported had he or she been scheduled) and takes no days away from work in connection with the injury or illness,

    (ii) The employee work restricted duty for one or more days when the employee instead works unrestricted (or would have worked unrestricted had he or she been scheduled) and takes no days of restricted work activity in connection with the injury or illness, or

    (iii) The employee take over-the-counter medication at a dosage equal to or greater than the minimum prescription strength, whether or not the employee actually takes the medication. See 49 CFR 225.5

  • covered employee: includes a person applying to perform covered service in the United States. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Covered service: means service in the United States as a train employee, a dispatching service employee, or a signal employee, as those terms are defined at 49 U. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • covered service: Such commingled service is counted as time on duty pursuant to 49 U. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Crack: A fracture without complete separation into parts, except that castings with shrinkage cracks or hot tears that do not significantly diminish the strength of the member are not considered to be cracked. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Crack: means a fracture without complete separation into parts, except that, in a casting, a shrinkage crack or hot tear that does not significantly diminish the strength of the member is not a crack. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Crack: means a fracture without complete separation into parts, except that castings with shrinkage cracks or hot tears that do not significantly diminish the strength of the member are not considered to be cracked. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Cracked: means fractured without complete separation into parts, except that castings with shrinkage cracks or hot tears that do not significantly diminish the strength of the member are not considered to be "cracked". See 49 CFR 215.5
  • Crash energy management: means an approach to the design of rail passenger equipment which controls the dissipation of energy during a collision to protect the occupied volumes from crushing and to limit the decelerations on passengers and crewmembers in those volumes. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Crash refuge: means a volume with structural strength designed to maximize the survivability of crewmembers stationed in the locomotive cab during a collision. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • credible report of warning system malfunction at a highway-rail grade crossing: means a report that contains specific information regarding a malfunction of a highway-rail grade crossing warning system at an identified highway-rail grade crossing, supplied by a railroad employee, law enforcement officer, highway traffic official, or other employee of a public agency acting in an official capacity. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Credit risk premium: means that portion of the total subsidy cost to the Government of a direct loan or loan guarantee that is not covered by Federal appropriations and which must be paid by Applicant or its non-Federal infrastructure partner before that direct loan can be disbursed or loan guarantee can be issued. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Crewmember: means a person, other than a passenger, who is assigned to perform either:

    (1) On-board functions connected with the movement of the train (i. See 49 CFR 239.7

  • Crewmember: means a railroad employee called to perform service covered by the Federal hours of service laws at 49 U. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Critical incident: means either--

    (1) An accident/incident reportable to FRA under part 225 of this chapter that results in a fatality, loss of limb, or a similarly serious bodily injury. See 49 CFR 272.9

  • Cross-border operation: means a rail operation that crosses into the United States from Canada or Mexico. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Crossing Corridor Risk Index: means a number reflecting a measure of risk to the motoring public at public grade crossings along a rail corridor, calculated in accordance with the procedures in appendix D of this part, representing the average risk at each public crossing within the corridor. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Crossing Inventory: means the U. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Cruise control: means a device that controls locomotive power output to obtain a targeted speed. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Customs authority: means the competent authority that is responsible under the law of a Party for the administration of customs laws and regulations;

    (e) Customs Valuation Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Customs authority: means the competent governmental unit that is responsible under the law of a Party for the administration of customs laws and regulations;

    (d) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (f) Days. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (d) Days. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Customs Valuation Agreement: means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (f) Days. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • DAC: means a person who meets the credentialing and qualification requirements described in §242. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • damage to railroad property: means damage to railroad property (specifically, on-track equipment, signals, track, track structure, or roadbed) and must be calculated according to the provisions for calculating costs and reportable damage in the FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports (see §225. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Data element: means one or more data point or value reflecting on-board train operations at a particular time. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Date of entry: The "date of entry" or "time of entry" of imported merchandise shall be the effective time of entry of such merchandise, as defined in §141. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Date of importation: means , in the case of merchandise imported otherwise than by vessel, the date on which the merchandise arrives within the Customs territory of the United States. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Day: means calendar day. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Day away from work: means a day away from work as described in paragraph (1) of this definition or, if paragraph (1) does not apply, a day away from work solely for reporting purposes as described in paragraph (2) of this definition. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Day of restricted work activity: means a day of restricted work activity as described in paragraph (1) of this definition or, if paragraph (1) does not apply, a day of restricted work activity solely for reporting purposes as described in paragraph (2) of this definition. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Days: means calendar days, except where noted otherwise. See 40 CFR 1603.3
  • Days: means calendar days;

    (g) Customs duty. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Days: means calendar days;

    (e) Enterprise. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Days: means calendar days;

    (g) Enterprise. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Deadheading: means the physical relocation of a train employee from one point to another as a result of a railroad-issued verbal or written directive. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deceleration device: means any mechanism, including, but not limited to, rope grabs, ripstitch lanyards, specially woven lanyards, tearing or deforming lanyards, and automatic self-retracting lifelines/lanyards that serve to dissipate a substantial amount of energy during a fall arrest, or otherwise limit the energy on a person during fall arrest. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Dedicated service: means the exclusive assignment of cars to the transportation of freight between specified points under the following conditions:

    (1) The cars are operated--

    (i) Primarily on track that is inside an industrial or other non-railroad installation. See 49 CFR 215.5

  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Definite train location: means a system for establishing on-track safety by providing roadway workers with information about the earliest possible time that approaching trains may pass specific locations as prescribed in §214. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Demonstration funds: means funds authorized for the purpose set forth in paragraph (1)(A) of subsection 4(i) of the Act. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Department: includes any bureau, office, or other unit of the Department of the Interior, whether in Washington, DC, or in the field, and any officer or employee thereof. See 43 CFR 1.2
  • Departure track: means a track located in a classification yard where rolling equipment is placed and made ready for an outgoing train movement. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Design standard: means a criterion adopted by an industry or voluntary consensus standards body, which addresses the design of a locomotive with respect to its crashworthiness and crashworthiness features. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Designated instructor: means a person designated as such by an employer, training organization, or learning institution, who has demonstrated, pursuant to the training program submitted by the employer, training organization, or learning institution, an adequate knowledge of the subject matter under instruction and, where applicable, has the necessary experience to effectively provide formal training of the subject matter. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Designated official: means any person(s) designated by the employer to receive notification of non-complying conditions on on-track roadway maintenance machines and hi-rail vehicles. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Designated service: means exclusive operation of a locomotive under the following conditions:

    (1) The locomotive is not used as an independent unit or the controlling unit is a consist of locomotives except when moving for the purpose of servicing or repair within a single yard area. See 49 CFR 223.5

  • Designated service: means exclusive operation of a locomotive under the following conditions:

    (1) The locomotive is not used as an independent unit or the controlling unit in a consist of locomotives except when moving for the purposes of servicing or repair within a single yard area. See 49 CFR 229.5

  • Designated Supervisor of Locomotive Engineers: is a person designated as such by a railroad in accordance with the provisions of §240. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Designated terminal: means the home or away-from-home terminal for the assignment of a particular train crew. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct loan: means a disbursement of funds by the Government to a non-federal borrower under a contract that requires the repayment of such funds. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Directly-involved employee: means a railroad employee covered under §272. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • Discernable cause: means a causal factor capable of being recognized by the senses or the understanding. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dispatcher: means any individual who dispatches. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • dispatches trains: means dispatches or otherwise provides the authority for the movement of the train or trains through a highway-rail or pathway grade crossing. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Dispatching railroad: means a railroad that dispatches or otherwise provides the authority for the movement of one or more trains through a highway-rail or pathway grade crossing. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Dispatching service employee: means an operator, train dispatcher, or other train employee who by the use of an electrical or mechanical device dispatches, reports, transmits, receives, or delivers orders related to or affecting train movements. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Distributed power system: means a system that provides control of a number of locomotives dispersed throughout a train from a controlling locomotive located in the lead position. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Division headquarters: means the location designated by the railroad where a high-level operating manager (e. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Division headquarters: means the location designated by the railroad where a high-level operating manager (e. See 49 CFR 217.4
  • Division headquarters: means the location designated by the railroad where a high-level operating manager (e. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • DMU locomotive: means a diesel-powered multiple unit operated locomotive with one or more propelling motors designed to carry passenger traffic. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Docket Clerk: means the Docket Clerk, Office of Chief Counsel, Federal Railroad Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE. See 49 CFR 211.1
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Door isolation lock: means a cutout/lockout mechanism installed at each exterior side door panel to secure a door in the closed and latched position, provide a door-closed indication to the summary circuit, and remove power from the door motor or door motor controls. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Door summary circuit: means a trainline door circuit that provides an indication to the controlling cab of the train that all exterior side doors are closed as intended, or locked out with a door isolation lock, or both. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Drug: means any substance (other than alcohol) that has known mind or function-altering effects on a human subject, specifically including any psychoactive substance and including, but not limited to, controlled substances. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Drug: means any substance (other than alcohol) that has known mind or function-altering effects on a human subject, specifically including any psychoactive substance and including, but not limited to, controlled substances. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Drug: means any substance (other than alcohol) that has known mind- or function-altering effects on a human subject, specifically including any psychoactive substance and including, but not limited to, controlled substances. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Dual purpose vehicle: means a piece of on-track equipment that is capable of moving railroad rolling stock and may also function as roadway maintenance equipment. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Dual purpose vehicle: means a piece of on-track equipment that is capable of moving railroad rolling stock and may also function as roadway maintenance equipment. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Duties: means Customs duties and any internal revenue taxes which attach upon importation. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • duty tour: The information permitted in a quick tie-up process is limited to, at a maximum:

    (1) Board placement time. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • EAP Counselor: means a person qualified by experience, education, or training to counsel people affected by substance abuse problems and to evaluate their progress in recovering from or controlling such problems. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Earpiece: means a small speaker that is inserted in, or held next to, the ear for use in transmitting sounds related to an electronic device. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • ECP: means "electronically controlled pneumatic" when applied to a brake or brakes. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • ECP brake mode: means operating a car or an entire train using an ECP brake system. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • ECP brake system: means a train power braking system actuated by compressed air and controlled by electronic signals from the locomotive or an ECP-EOT to the cars in the consist for service and emergency applications in which the brake pipe is used to provide a constant supply of compressed air to the reservoirs on each car but does not convey braking signals to the car. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • ECP-EOT device: means an end-of-train device for an ECP brake system that is physically the last network node in the train, pneumatically and electrically connected at the end of the train to the train line cable operating with an ECP brake system. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Effective intensity: means that intensity of a light in candela as defined by the Illuminating Engineering Society's Guide for Calculating the Effective Intensity of Flashing Signal Lights, November, 1964. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Effective securing device: means a vandal and tamper resistant lock, keyed for application and removal only by the roadway worker(s) for whom the protection is provided. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Electronic device: means an electronic or electrical device used to conduct oral, written, or visual communication. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Electronic recordkeeping system: means a recordkeeping system that--

    (1) A railroad may use instead of a manual recordkeeping system or automated recordkeeping system to create and maintain any records required by subpart B of this part. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • Electronic signature: means an electronic sound, symbol, or process that--

    (1) Is attached to, or logically associated with, a contract or other record. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • Eligible petitioner: means one of the following entities, other than Amtrak, that has submitted a petition to FRA under §269. See 49 CFR 269.5
  • Eligible project costs: means the costs of preconstruction planning activities and the capital cost of the fixed guideway infrastructure of a Maglev project, including land, piers, guideways, propulsion equipment and other components attached to guideways, power distribution facilities (including substations), control and communications facilities, access roads, and storage, repair, and maintenance facilities, but eligible project costs do not include the cost of stations, vehicles, and equipment. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Eligible smaller railroad: means either:

    (1) A railroad that reported to FRA that it had less than 400,000 employee hours during the preceding three consecutive calendar years under §225. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Emergency: means an unexpected and unforeseeable event or situation that affects a railroad's ability to use a dispatcher in the United States to dispatch a railroad operation in the United States and that, absent the railroad's use of an extraterritorial dispatcher to dispatch the railroad operation, would either materially disrupt rail service or pose a substantial safety hazard. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Emergency application: means an irretrievable brake application resulting in the maximum retarding force available from the train brake system. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Emergency brake application: means an irretrievable brake application resulting in the maximum retarding force available from the train brake system. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Emergency Notification System: means a system in place by which a railroad receives, processes, and responds to telephonic reports of an unsafe condition at a highway-rail or pathway grade crossing. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Emergency preparedness plan: means one or more documents focusing on preparedness and response in dealing with a passenger train emergency. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Emergency responder: means a member of a police or fire department, or other organization involved with public safety charged with providing or coordinating emergency services, who responds to a passenger train emergency. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Emergency response communications center: means a central location, or a group of individuals, designated by a railroad with responsibility for establishing, coordinating, or maintaining communication with outside emergency responders, representatives of adjacent rail modes of transportation, or appropriate railroad officials during a passenger train emergency. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Emergency window: means the segment of a side-facing glazing panel that has been designed to permit rapid and easy removal from inside a passenger car in an emergency situation. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Emergency window: means the segment of a side-facing glazing panel that has been designed to permit rapid and easy removal from inside a passenger car in an emergency situation. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • employee: includes the classifications of Worker on Duty--Employee, Employee not on Duty, Worker on Duty--Contractor, and Worker on Duty--Volunteer. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Employee: means an individual who is engaged or compensated by a railroad or by a contractor to a railroad to perform any of the duties defined in this subpart. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Employee: means an individual who is engaged or compensated by a railroad or by a contractor to a railroad to perform any of the duties defined in this part. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Employee: means any individual (including a volunteer or a probationary employee) performing activities for a railroad or a contractor to a railroad. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Employee: means an individual who is engaged or compensated by a railroad or by a contractor to a railroad, who is authorized by a railroad to use its wireless communications in connection with railroad operations. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Employee: means any individual who is engaged or compensated by a railroad or by a contractor to a railroad to perform any of the duties defined in this part. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Employee: means an individual employed by a railroad or a contractor or subcontractor to a railroad who--

    (1) Is actually engaged in or connected with the movement of any train, including a person who performs the duties of a hostler. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • Employee: means an individual who is engaged or compensated by a railroad or by a contractor to a railroad to perform any of the duties defined in this part. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Employee human factor: includes any of the accident causes signified by the train accident cause codes listed under "Train Operation--Human Factors" in the current "FRA Guide for Preparing Accidents/Incidents Reports" except for those train accident cause codes pertaining to non-railroad workers. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Employer: means a railroad or a contractor of a railroad that employs at least one safety-related railroad employee. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Employer: means a railroad, or contractor to a railroad, that directly engages or compensates individuals to perform the duties specified in §236. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Employer: means a railroad, or a contractor to a railroad, that directly engages or compensates individuals to perform any of the duties defined in this part. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • End facing glazing location: means any exterior location where a line perpendicular to the plane of the glazing material makes a horizontal angle of 50 degrees or less with the centerline of the locomotive, caboose, or passenger car, including a dome or observation car, except for: The coupled ends of multiple-unit (MU) locomotives or other equipment that is semi-permanently connected to each other in a train consist. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • End structure: means the main support structure projecting upward from the underframe of a locomotive, passenger car, or other rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • End-of-train circuit: means a feature typically used to determine the physical end of the train, or the last passenger car in the train, or both, for the door summary circuit. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • ENS: means Emergency Notification System as defined in this section. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (i) GATT 1994. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Enterprise: means an entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately-owned or governmentally-owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (f) GATT 1994. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Enterprise: means any entity constituted or organized under applicable law, whether or not for profit, and whether privately owned or governmentally owned, including any corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or other association;

    (h) GATT 1994. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental documentation: means either an Environmental Assessment or Environmental Impact Statement prepared in accordance with the Surface Transportation Board's environmental rules at 49 CFR part 1105. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Equipment: means rolling stock of the kind generally used by American railroads in revenue freight service. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Equivalent: means alternative designs, materials, or methods that the railroad or railroad contractor can demonstrate will provide equal or greater safety for employees than the means specified in this part. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Establishment: means a single physical location where workers report to work, where railroad business is conducted, or where services or operations are performed. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Evacuation: means the mandatory or voluntary relocation of at least one person who is not a railroad employee for the purpose of avoiding exposure to a hazardous material release. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Event or exposure: includes an incident, activity, or occurrence. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Event recorder: means a device, designed to resist tampering, that monitors and records data, as detailed in §229. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Event recorder memory module: means that portion of the event recorder used to retain the recorded data as detailed in §229. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Excessive noise report: means a report by a locomotive cab occupant that the locomotive is producing an unusual level of noise that significantly interferes with normal cab communications or that is a concern with respect to hearing conservation. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Exchange rate: means the change in sound level, in decibels, which would require halving or doubling of the allowable exposure time to maintain the same noise dose. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Exclusive track occupancy: means a method of establishing working limits on controlled track in which movement authority of trains and other equipment is withheld by the train dispatcher or control operator, or restricted by flagmen, as prescribed in §214. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exportation: means a severance of goods from the mass of things belonging to this country with the intention of uniting them to the mass of things belonging to some foreign country. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Exterior side door safety system: means a system of safety features that enable the safe operation of the exterior side doors of a passenger car or train. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Extraterritorial dispatcher: means a dispatcher who, while located outside of the United States, dispatches a railroad operation that occurs in the United States. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Extraterritorial dispatching: means the act of dispatching a railroad operation that occurs on trackage in the United States by a dispatcher located outside of the United States. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Extremely hazardous substance: means any substance which may cause death, serious injury, or substantial property damage, including but not limited to, any "regulated substance" at or below any threshold quantity set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator under 42 U. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Facilities: means track, ties, roadbed and related structures including terminals, team tracks and appurtenances, bridges and tunnels, and other structures used or usable for rail service operations. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • False activation: means the activation of a highway-rail grade crossing warning system caused by a condition that requires correction or repair of the grade crossing warning system. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Farm grade crossing: means a type of highway-rail grade crossing where a private roadway used for the movement of farm motor vehicles, farm machinery, or livestock in connection with agricultural pursuits, forestry, or other land-productive purposes crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Federal hazardous material transportation law: means 49 U. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Federal Maglev funds: means such funds as are provided under the authority of 23 U. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Federal question: Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties.
  • Federal railroad safety laws: means the provisions of law generally at 49 U. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Federal railroad safety laws: means the following enactments, together with regulations and orders issued under their authority:

    (1) The Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970, as amended (45 U. See 49 CFR 212.3

  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Final System Plan: means the plan approved by the Congress under section 208 of the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial assistance: means a direct loan, or a guarantee of a new loan issued under this part. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Financial plan: means a plan that contains, for each Federal fiscal year fully or partially covered by the bid:

    (1) An annual projection of the revenues, expenses, capital expenditure requirements, and cash flows (from operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities, showing sources and uses of funds, including the operating subsidy amount) attributable to the route. See 49 CFR 269.5

  • Fire: Anything that produces products of combustion that heat transferring components of the locomotive are exposed to. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Flagman: when used in relation to roadway worker safety means an employee designated by the railroad to direct or restrict the movement of trains past a point on a track to provide on-track safety for roadway workers, while engaged solely in performing that function. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Foot-candle: means a one lumen of light density per square foot. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • For personal injury: A claim may be presented by the injured person or by a duly authorized agent or legal representative or, where the claimant is a minor, by a parent or a person in loco parentis. See 32 CFR 536.27
  • Foreign origin: refers to a country of origin other than the United States, as defined in paragraph (e) of this section, or its possessions and territories. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Foreign railroad: means a railroad that is incorporated outside the United States. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Formal training: means training that has a structured and defined curriculum, and which provides an opportunity for training participants to have questions timely answered during the training or at a later date. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Foul: means any condition which restricts the intended movement of one or more brake system components because the component is snagged, entangled, or twisted. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Foul: means restrict the intended movement of one or more brake system components because the component is snagged, entangled, or twisted. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Foul time: is a method of establishing working limits on controlled track in which a roadway worker is notified by the train dispatcher or control operator that no trains will operate within a specific segment of controlled track until the roadway worker reports clear of the track, as prescribed in §214. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Fouling a track: means the placement of an individual or an item of equipment in such proximity to a track that the individual or equipment could be struck by a moving train or on-track equipment, or in any case is within four feet of the field side of the near running rail. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Fouling a track: means the placement of an individual in such proximity to a track that the individual could be struck by a moving train or other on-track equipment, or in any case is within four feet of the nearest rail. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Fouling a track: means the placement of an individual or an item of equipment in such proximity to a track that the individual or equipment could be struck by a moving train or on-track equipment, or in any case is within four feet of the field side of the near running rail. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 216.3
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 217.4
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration, United States Department of Transportation. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration, United States Department of Transportation. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • FRA: The Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 269.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • FRA: means the Office of Railroad Safety, Federal Railroad Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration, 1200 New Jersey Ave. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration, U. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • FRA: means the Federal Railroad Administration. See 49 CFR 212.3
  • FRA Associate Administrator: means the FRA Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety/Chief Safety Officer. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • FRA Associate Administrator: means the Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety and Chief Safety Officer, Federal Railroad Administration, or the Associate Administrator's delegate. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • FRA representative: means the Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety of FRA and staff, the Associate Administrator's delegate (including a qualified State inspector acting under part 212 of this chapter), the Chief Counsel of FRA, the Chief Counsel's delegate, or FRA's Drug and Alcohol Program oversight contractor. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • FRA Safety Inspector: means an FRA safety inspector, a state inspector participating in railroad safety investigative and surveillance activities under part 212 of this chapter, or any other official duly authorized by FRA. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Free fall: means the act of falling before the personal fall arrest system begins to apply force to arrest the fall. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Free fall distance: means the vertical displacement of the fall arrest attachment point on a person's body harness between onset of the fall and the point at which the system begins to apply force to arrest the fall. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Freight car: means a vehicle designed to carry freight, or railroad personnel, by rail and a vehicle designed for use in a work or wreck train or other non-passenger train. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Fringe border dispatching: means the act of extraterritorial dispatching a railroad operation that occurs on trackage in the United States immediately adjacent to the border between the United States and Canada or the border between the United States and Mexico by a dispatcher who is a railroad employee located in Canada or Mexico. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Full automatic operation: means that mode of an automatic train control system capable of operating without external human influence, in which the locomotive engineer/operator may act as a passive system monitor, in addition to an active system controller. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Full project costs: means the total capital costs of a Maglev project, including Eligible Project Costs and the costs of stations, vehicles, and equipment. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Full service application: means a brake application which results in a brake cylinder pressure at the service limiting valve setting or equivalent. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Fully implemented: means that all elements of a system safety program as described in the SSP plan are established and applied to the safety management of the passenger rail operation. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Fully implemented: means that all elements of an RRP as described in the RRP plan are established and applied to the safety management of the railroad. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • General Counsel: means the Board's principal legal officer, or a CSB attorney serving as Acting General Counsel. See 40 CFR 1603.3
  • General public: means any person except for:

    (1) Workers, employees, or contractors working for (or on behalf of) the owner or operator of a stationary source from which an accidental release has occurred. See 40 CFR 1604.2

  • General railroad system of transportation: means the network of standard gage track over which goods may be transported throughout the nation and passengers may travel between cities and within metropolitan and suburban areas. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • General reporting criteria: means the criteria listed in §225. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • General system railroad: means a railroad that operates on track which is part of the general railroad system of transportation. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means domestic products as these are understood in the GATT 1994 or such goods as the Parties may agree, and includes originating goods of that Party. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Grade Crossing Inventory Form: means the U. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Gross ton miles per mile: means the combined weight of locomotives and all trailing cars and their contents used in revenue freight trains multiplied by the number of route miles traveled and divided by the number of route miles of the line. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • hand brake: means a brake that can be applied and released by hand to prevent movement of a stationary rail car or locomotive. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Hand-operated switch: means any type of switch when operated by manual manipulation. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Handrails: means safety appliances installed on either side of a rail vehicle's exterior doors to assist passengers and crewmembers to safely board and depart the vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Harmonized System: "Harmonized System (HS)" means the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Harmonized System: "Harmonized System (HS)" means the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • Harmonized System: means the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, including its General Rules of Interpretation, Section Notes, and Chapter Notes, as adopted and implemented by the Parties in their respective tariff laws;

    (j) Heading. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Hazard: means an existing or potential condition that can result in an accident. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Hazard: means any real or potential condition (as identified in a risk-based hazard analysis) that can cause injury, illness, or death. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Hazard: means any real or potential condition that can cause injury, illness, or death. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Hazardous material: means a commodity designated as a hazardous material by part 172 of this title. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Head end power: means power generated on board the locomotive of a passenger train used for purposes other than propelling the train, such as cooking, heating, illumination, ventilation and air conditioning. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (m) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (i) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Heading: means the first four digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (k) HTSUS. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Headquarters: means the regular assigned on-duty location for signal employees, or the lodging facility or crew quarters where traveling signal gangs reside when working at various system locations. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Hearing protector: means any device or material, which is capable of being worn on the head, covering the ear canal or inserted in the ear canal. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Hi-rail vehicle: means a roadway maintenance machine that is manufactured to meet Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and is equipped with retractable flanged wheels so that the vehicle may travel over the highway or on railroad tracks. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • High voltage: means an electrical potential of more than 150 volts. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • highway user: includes automobiles, buses, trucks, motorcycles, bicycles, farm vehicles, pedestrians, and all other modes of surface transportation motorized and un-motorized;

    (2) Any collision, derailment, fire, explosion, act of God, or other event involving operation of railroad on-track equipment (standing or moving) that results in reportable damages greater than the current reporting threshold to railroad on-track equipment, signals, track, track structures, and roadbed;

    (3) Each death, injury, or occupational illness that is a new case and meets the general reporting criteria listed in §225. See 49 CFR 225.5

  • highway user: includes pedestrians, as well as automobiles, buses, trucks, motorcycles, bicycles, farm vehicles, and all other modes of surface transportation motorized and un-motorized. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Highway-rail crossing: means the location where one or more railroad tracks intersect with a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, either at-grade or grade-separated, including associated sidewalks. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Highway-rail grade crossing: means a location where a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Highway-rail or pathway grade crossing: means either a highway-rail grade crossing or a pathway grade crossing. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Holder: means the current owner of an obligation or the entity retained by the owner to service and collect an obligation which is guaranteed under the provisions of this part. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Home terminal: means an employee's regular reporting point at the beginning of the tour of duty. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • HTSUS: means the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States as promulgated by the U. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Human factors: refers to a body of knowledge about human limitations, human abilities, and other human characteristics, such as behavior and motivation, that must be considered in product design. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • HVAC: means heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Identical goods: means goods that are the same in all respects relevant to the particular rule of origin that qualifies the goods as originating;

    (o) Indirect material. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Identical goods: means goods that are produced in the same country and are the same in all respects, including physical characteristics, quality, and reputation, but excluding minor differences in appearance. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Importer: means the person primarily liable for the payment of any duties on the merchandise, or an authorized agent acting on his behalf. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • In deadhead status: means awaiting or in deadhead transport from one point to another as a result of a railroad-issued verbal or written directive. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • In service: when used in connection with a railroad freight car, means each railroad freight car subject to this part unless the car:

    (1) Has a "bad order" or "home shop for repairs" tag or card containing the prescribed information attached to each side of the car and is being handled in accordance with §215. See 49 CFR 215.5

  • In-service event recorder: means an event recorder that was successfully tested as prescribed in §229. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Inaccessible track: means a method of establishing working limits on non-controlled track by physically preventing entry and movement of trains and equipment. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Inadequate safety performance: means safety performance that FRA has determined to be inadequate based on the criteria described in §271. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Incidental freight service: means the occasional and irregular use of a locomotive in freight service that is more than 50 years old and used primarily for excursion, educational, recreational, or private transportation purposes. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Including: means including but not limited to. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Indirect material: means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of a good in the territory of the United States or Chile but not physically incorporated into the good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of a good in the territory of the United States or Chile, including--

    (1) Fuel and energy;

    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;

    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment and buildings;

    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment and buildings;

    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies;

    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the goods;

    (7) Catalysts and solvents; and

    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the good but whose use in the production of the good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production;

    (p) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Indirect material: means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of a good in the territory of the United States or Singapore but not physically incorporated into the good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of a good in the territory of the United States or Singapore, including:

    (1) Fuel and energy;

    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;

    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment and buildings;

    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment and buildings;

    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies;

    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the good;

    (7) Catalysts and solvents; and

    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the good but whose use in the production of the good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production;

    (k) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Indirect material: means a good used in the production, testing, or inspection of a good in the territory of one or more of the Parties but not physically incorporated into the good, or a good used in the maintenance of buildings or the operation of equipment associated with the production of a good in the territory of one or more of the Parties, including:

    (1) Fuel and energy;

    (2) Tools, dies, and molds;

    (3) Spare parts and materials used in the maintenance of equipment or buildings;

    (4) Lubricants, greases, compounding materials, and other materials used in production or used to operate equipment or buildings;

    (5) Gloves, glasses, footwear, clothing, safety equipment, and supplies;

    (6) Equipment, devices, and supplies used for testing or inspecting the good;

    (7) Catalysts and solvents; and

    (8) Any other goods that are not incorporated into the good but the use of which in the production of the good can reasonably be demonstrated to be a part of that production;

    (n) Originating. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Individual train detection: means a procedure by which a lone worker acquires on-track safety by seeing approaching trains and leaving the track before they arrive and which may be used only under circumstances strictly defined in this part. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Industry track: means a switching track, or series of tracks, serving the needs of a commercial industry other than a railroad. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • ineligibility: means that a person is legally disqualified from serving as a certified conductor. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Infrastructure partner: means any non-Federal source of the Credit Risk Premium which must be paid to the Administrator in lieu of, or in combination with, an appropriation in connection with financial assistance provided under this part. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Initial terminal: means a location where a train is originally assembled. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Initial terminal: means the location where a train is originally assembled. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Injury or illness: means an abnormal condition or disorder. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Inpatient hospitalization: means a formal admission to the inpatient service of a hospital or clinic for care. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Inspector: includes FRA Regional Supervisors of Inspectors. See 49 CFR 216.3
  • Inspector: means FRA inspectors or FRA specialists. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • Instructor Engineer: means a person who

    (1) Is a qualified locomotive engineer under this part,

    (2) Has been selected by the railroad to teach others proper train handling procedures, and

    (3) Has demonstrated an adequate knowledge of the subjects under instruction. See 49 CFR 240.7

  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Integrated trainset: means a passenger train in which all units of the trainset are designed to operate together to achieve the trainset's structural crashworthiness performance. See 49 CFR 238.702
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Intercity passenger railroad: means a railroad, as described by 49 U. See 49 CFR 272.9
  • Intercom: means a device through which voice communication is transmitted and received. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Intercom system: means a two-way, voice communication system. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interim release: means an off-duty period applied to train employees only, of at least 4 hours but less than the required statutory off-duty period at a designated terminal, which off-duty period temporarily suspends the accumulation of time on duty, but does not start a new duty tour. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Interior fitting: means any component in the passenger compartment which is mounted to the floor, ceiling, sidewalls, or end walls and projects into the passenger compartment more than 25 mm (1 in. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Intermediate level: means a level of a multi-level passenger car that is used for passenger seating and is normally located between two main levels. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Intermediate Partial Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail grade crossings at which State statutes or local ordinances restricted the routine sounding of locomotive horns for a specified period of time during the evening or nighttime hours, or at which locomotive horns did not sound due to formal or informal agreements between the community and the railroad or railroads for a specified period of time during the evening and/or nighttime hours, and at which such statutes, ordinances or agreements were in place and enforced or observed as of December 18, 2003, but not as of October 9, 1996. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Intermediate Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail grade crossings at which State statutes or local ordinances restricted the routine sounding of locomotive horns, or at which locomotive horns did not sound due to formal or informal agreements between the community and the railroad or railroads, and at which such statutes, ordinances or agreements were in place and enforced or observed as of December 18, 2003, but not as of October 9, 1996. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Intermodal: means of or relating to the connection between rail service and other modes of transportation, including all parts of facilities at which such connection is made. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Intermodal passenger terminal: means an existing railroad passenger terminal which has been or may be modified as necessary to accommodate several modes of transportation, including intercity rail service and some or all of the following: Intercity bus, commuter rail, intra-city rail transit and bus transportation, airport limousine service and airline ticket offices, rent-a-car facilities, taxis, private parking, and other transportation services. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Inventory Form: means the U. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Inventory Guide: means the FRA Guide for Preparing Highway-Rail Crossing Inventory Forms in effect at the time of the submission of data to the Crossing Inventory. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Inventory Number: means the number assigned to a highway-rail crossing or pathway crossing in the Crossing Inventory. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Job aid: means information regarding other than main track physical characteristics that supplements the operating instructions of the territory over which the locomotive or train movement will occur. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Joint operations: means rail operations conducted on a track used jointly or in common by two or more railroads subject to this part or operation of a train, locomotive, car, or other on-track equipment by one railroad over the track of another railroad. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Joint Operations: means rail operations conducted by more than one railroad on the same track regardless of whether such operations are the result of--

    (1) Contractual arrangement between the railroads,

    (2) Order of a governmental agency or a court of law, or

    (3) Any other legally binding directive. See 49 CFR 240.7

  • Joint operations: means rail operations conducted by more than one railroad on the same track regardless of whether such operations are the result of--

    (1) Contractual arrangement between the railroads,

    (2) Order of a governmental agency or a court of law, or

    (3) Any other legally binding directive. See 49 CFR 242.7

  • Joint operations: means rail operations conducted by more than one railroad on the same track (except for minimal joint operations necessary for the purpose of interchange), regardless of whether such operations are the result of contractual arrangements between the railroads, order of a governmental agency or a court of law, or any other legally binding directive. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Joint operations: means rail operations conducted by more than one railroad on the track of a railroad subject to the requirements of §220. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Knowingly: means having actual knowledge of the facts giving rise to the violation or that a reasonable person acting in the circumstances, exercising due care, would have had such knowledge. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Knowingly: means having actual knowledge of the facts giving rise to the violation or that a reasonable person acting in the circumstances, exercising due care, would have had such knowledge. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Knowledge-based training: is a type of formal training that is not task-based and is intended to convey information required for a safety-related railroad employee to comply with Federal railroad safety laws, regulations, and orders, as well as any relevant railroad rules and procedures promulgated to implement those Federal railroad safety laws, regulations, and orders. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Lanyard: means a flexible line of rope, wire rope, or strap that is used to secure a body harness to a deceleration device, lifeline, or anchorage. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Lateral: means the horizontal direction perpendicular to the direction of travel. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Lateral: means the horizontal direction perpendicular to the direction of travel. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Lavatory: means a basin or similar vessel used primarily for washing of the hands, arms, face, and head. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lead locomotive: means the first locomotive proceeding in the direction of movement. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lender: means the non-Federal entity making a loan to an Applicant for which a loan guarantee under this part is sought. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lifeline: means a component of a fall arrest system consisting of a flexible line that connects to an anchorage at one end to hang vertically (vertical lifeline) or to an anchorage at both ends to stretch horizontally (horizontal lifeline), and that serves as a means for connecting other components of a personal fall arrest system to the anchorage. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Limbo time: means a period of time treated as neither time on duty nor time off duty in 49 U. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Line: means a line of railroad. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Lite locomotive: means a locomotive or a consist of locomotives not attached to any piece of equipment or attached only to a caboose. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Lite locomotive consist: means two or more locomotive units coupled without cars attached, regardless of whether the locomotive units are connected so that they may be operated from a single control stand. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan guarantee: means any guarantee, insurance, or other pledge with respect to the payment of all or a part of the principal or interest on any debt obligation of a non-Federal borrower to a non-Federal Lender, but does not include the insurance of deposits, shares, or other withdrawable accounts in financial institutions. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Locomotive: means a piece of on-track equipment other than hi-rail, specialized maintenance, or other similar equipment--

    (1) With one or more propelling motors designed for moving other equipment. See 49 CFR 229.5

  • Locomotive: means a piece of on-track equipment (other than specialized roadway maintenance equipment or a dual purpose vehicle operating in accordance with §240. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Locomotive: means a piece of on-track equipment (other than specialized roadway maintenance equipment or a dual purpose vehicle operating in accordance with §240. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Locomotive: means a piece of railroad on-track equipment, other than hi-rail, specialized maintenance, or other similar equipment, which may consist of one or more units operated from a single control stand--

    (1) With one or more propelling motors designed for moving other railroad equipment. See 49 CFR 232.5

  • Locomotive: means a piece of on-track equipment other than hi-rail, specialized maintenance, or other similar equipment--

    (1) With one or more propelling motors designed for moving other equipment. See 49 CFR 220.5

  • Locomotive: means a self-propelled unit of equipment designed for moving other equipment in revenue service and includes a self-propelled unit designed to carry freight or passenger traffic, or both. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Locomotive: means a piece of on-track equipment other than hi-rail, specialized maintenance, or other similar equipment--

    (1) With one or more propelling motors designed for moving other equipment. See 49 CFR 222.9

  • Locomotive: means a self-propelled unit of equipment designed primarily for moving other equipment. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Locomotive: means a piece of on-track rail equipment, other than hi-rail, specialized maintenance, or other similar equipment, which may consist of one or more units operated from a single control stand with one or more propelling motors designed for moving other passenger equipment. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Locomotive audible warning device: means a horn, whistle, siren, or bell affixed to a locomotive that is capable of producing an audible signal. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Locomotive cab: means the compartment or space on board a locomotive where the control stand is located and which is normally occupied by the engineer when the locomotive is operated. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Locomotive cab: means that portion of the superstructure designed to be occupied by the crew operating the locomotive. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Locomotive cab: means that portion of the superstructure designed to be occupied by the crew while operating the locomotive. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Locomotive cab: means the compartment or space on board a locomotive where the control stand is located and which is normally occupied by the engineer when the locomotive is operated. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Locomotive engineer: means any person who moves a locomotive or group of locomotives regardless of whether they are coupled to other rolling equipment except:

    (1) A person who moves a locomotive or group of locomotives within the confines of a locomotive repair or servicing area as provided for in 49 CFR 218. See 49 CFR 240.7

  • Locomotive engineer: means any person who moves a locomotive or group of locomotives regardless of whether they are coupled to other rolling equipment except:

    (1) A person who moves a locomotive or group of locomotives within the confines of a locomotive repair or servicing area as provided for in §§218. See 49 CFR 242.7

  • Locomotive engineer certificate: means a certificate issued pursuant to part 240 of this chapter. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Locomotive horn: means a locomotive air horn, steam whistle, or similar audible warning device (see 49 CFR 229. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Locomotive operator: Person or entity which operates, but which does not necessarily own, one or more steam locomotives. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Locomotive owner: Person or entity which owns, but which does not necessarily operate, one or more steam locomotives that is operated on a railroad to which this part applies. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Lone worker: means an individual roadway worker who is not being afforded on-track safety by another roadway worker, who is not a member of a roadway work group, and who is not engaged in a common task with another roadway worker. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Lone worker: means an individual roadway worker who is not being afforded on-track safety by another roadway worker, who is not a member of a roadway work group, and who is not engaged in a common task with another roadway worker. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Long-distance route: means those routes described in 49 U. See 49 CFR 269.5
  • Longitudinal: means in a direction parallel to the normal direction of travel. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Longitudinal: means in a direction parallel to the normal direction of travel. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Lot: means a collection of locomotives, equipped with the same horn model, configuration, and location, and the same air pressure and delivery system, which has been manufactured or processed under essentially the same conditions. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Luminescent material: means material that absorbs light energy when ambient levels of light are high and emits this stored energy when ambient levels of light are low, making the material appear to glow in the dark. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Maglev: means transportation systems employing magnetic levitation that would be capable of safe use by the public at a speed in excess of 240 miles per hour. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Maglev Deployment Program: means the program authorized by 23 U. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Main level: means a level of a passenger car that contains a passenger compartment whose length is equal to or greater than half the length of the car. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Main track: means a track upon which the operation of trains is governed by one or more of the following methods of operation: timetable. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Main track: means a track upon which the operation of trains is governed by one or more of the following methods of operation: timetable. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Main track: means a track, other than an auxiliary track, extending through yards or between stations, upon which trains are operated by timetable or train order or both, or the use of which is governed by a signal system. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Maintaining railroad: means the entity (e. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Maintenance: means inspection and light repairs, emergency repairs and a planned program of periodic maintenance which is necessary to keep a line at its existing condition or to comply with FRA Class 1 Safety Standards. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Mandatory directive: has the meaning set forth in §220. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Mandatory directive: means any movement authority or speed restriction that affects a railroad operation. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Manufacture: means the act of constructing a locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Manufacturer: means a person that manufactures, fabricates, marks, maintains, reconditions, repairs, or tests containers which are represented, marked, certified, or sold for use in the bulk transportation of hazardous materials by railroad. See 49 CFR 212.3
  • MAWP: Maximum allowable working pressure as specified by the steam locomotive specification FRA Form No. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Maximum authorized speed: means the highest speed permitted for the movement of trains permanently established by timetable/special instructions, general order, or track bulletin. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Mechanism: means an administrative procedure, guideline, manual, or written statement. See 40 CFR 56.1
  • Medical device: means an instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance, implant, or other similar or related article (including a component part), or accessory that is intended for use in the diagnosis of disease or other conditions, or in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease or other conditions. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Medical examiner: means a person licensed as a doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Medical examiner: means a person licensed as a doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Medical facility: means a hospital, clinic, physician's office, or laboratory where post-accident toxicological testing specimens can be collected according to recognized professional standards, and where an individual's post-accident medical needs can be attended to. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Medical pathology: means a condition or disease affecting the ear which is medically or surgically treatable. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Medical practitioner: means a physician or dentist licensed or otherwise authorized to practice by the state. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Medical removal: means medical removal under the medical surveillance requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration standard in 29 CFR part 1910 in effect during calendar year 2002, even if the case does not meet one of the general reporting criteria. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Medical treatment: means any medical care or treatment beyond "first aid" regardless of who provides such treatment. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Meeting: means the deliberations of at least a quorum of Members where such deliberations determine or result in the joint conduct or disposition of official CSB business, and includes conference telephone calls or other exchanges otherwise coming within the definition. See 40 CFR 1603.3
  • Member: means an individual duly appointed and confirmed to the collegial body known as the Board. See 40 CFR 1603.3
  • Merger: means the acquisition of one Class I railroad or Class II railroad where there is amalgamation of operations by a Class I railroad such that the acquiring railroad or a corporate parent of that railroad acquires the stock, assets, liabilities, powers, subsidiaries and affiliates of the railroad acquired. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Mitigation strategy: means an action or program intended to reduce or eliminate the risk associated with a hazard. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Modesty lock: means a latch that can be operated in the normal manner only from within the sanitary compartment, that is designed to prevent entry of another person when the sanitary compartment is in use. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Motion: means a request to a presiding officer to take a particular action. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Movement of a train: means the movement of one or more locomotives coupled with or without cars, requiring an air brake test in accordance with part 232 or part 238 of this chapter, except during switching operations or where the operation is that of classifying and assembling rail cars within a railroad yard for the purpose of making or breaking up trains. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • MOW worker: means an individual employed to inspect, install, construct, repair, or maintain track, roadbed, bridges, buildings, roadway facilities, roadway maintenance machines, electric traction systems, and right of way of a railroad. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Mph: means miles per hour. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • MU locomotive: means a multiple unit operated electric locomotive--

    (1) With one or more propelling motors designed to carry freight or passenger traffic or both. See 49 CFR 229.5

  • MUTCD: means the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices published by the Federal Highway Administration. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • NAFTA: means the North American Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States, Canada and Mexico on August 13, 1992. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Narrow-nose locomotive: means a locomotive with a short hood that spans substantially less than the full width of the locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • National Register: means the National Register of Historic Places maintained by the Secretary of the Interior. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Nationwide Significant Risk Threshold: means a number reflecting a measure of risk, calculated on a nationwide basis, which reflects the average level of risk to the motoring public at public highway-rail grade crossings equipped with flashing lights and gates and at which locomotive horns are sounded. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • NBIC: National Board Inspection Code published by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • NDE: Non-destructive Examination. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Needlestick or sharps injury: means a cut, laceration, puncture, or scratch from a needle or other sharp object that involves contamination with another person's blood or other potentially infectious material, even if the case does not meet one of the general reporting criteria. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • New case: means a case in which either the injured or ill person has not previously experienced a reported injury or illness of the same type that affects the same part of the body, or the injured or ill person previously experienced a reported injury or illness of the same type that affected the same part of the body but had recovered completely (all signs and/or symptoms disappeared) from the previous injury or illness, and an event or exposure arising from the operation of a railroad discernably caused the signs and/or symptoms to reappear. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • New or next-generation train control system: means a train control system using technologies not in use in revenue service at the time of PSP submission or without established histories of safe practice. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • New Partial Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail crossings at which locomotive horns are not routinely sounded between the hours of 10 p. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • New Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail grade crossings at which routine sounding of locomotive horns is restricted pursuant to this part and which does not qualify as either a Pre-Rule Quiet Zone or Intermediate Quiet Zone. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • No-motion system: means a system on a train that detects the motion of the train. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Noise defective: means the condition in which railroad equipment is found to exceed the Railroad Noise Emission Standards, 40 CFR part 201. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • Noise operational controls: means a method used to reduce noise exposure, other than hearing protectors or equipment modifications, by reducing the time a person is exposed to excessive noise. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Non-controlled track: means track upon which trains are permitted by railroad rule or special instruction to move without receiving authorization from a train dispatcher or control operator. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Non-peer: means a supervisor (other than a co-worker), labor organization representative, or family member of a regulated employee. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Non-train incident: means an event that results in a reportable casualty, but does not involve the movement of on-track equipment nor cause reportable damage above the threshold established for train accidents. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • not: include counseling. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • NPS: Nominal Pipe Size. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: means a bond, note, conditional sale agreement, equipment trust certificate, security agreement, or other obligation. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligor: means the debtor under an obligation, including the original obligor and any successor or assignee of such obligor. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Occasional service: means service of not more than a total of 20 days in a calendar year. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Occupant: means an employee or an MOW worker (both as defined in §228. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Occupational hearing loss: means a diagnosis of occupational hearing loss by a physician or other licensed health care professional, where the employee's audiogram reveals a work-related Standard Threshold Shift (STS) (i. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Occupational illness: means any abnormal condition or disorder, as diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health care professional, of any person who falls under the definition for the classification of Worker on Duty--Employee, other than one resulting from injury, discernably caused by an environmental factor associated with the person's railroad employment, including, but not limited to, acute or chronic illnesses or diseases that may be caused by inhalation, absorption, ingestion, or direct contact. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Occupational tuberculosis: means the occupational exposure of an employee to anyone with a known case of active tuberculosis if the employee subsequently develops a tuberculosis infection, as evidenced by a positive skin test or diagnosis by a physician or other licensed health care professional, even if the case does not meet one of the general reporting criteria. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Occupied service: means the operation of a locomotive when the cab is physically occupied by a person. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Occupied volume: means the volume of a rail vehicle or passenger train where passengers or crewmembers are normally located during service operation, such as the operating cab and passenger seating and sleeping areas. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Off air: means not connected to a continuous source of compressed air of at least 60 pounds per square inch (psi). See 49 CFR 232.5
  • On-the-job training: means job training that occurs in the workplace, i. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • On-track or fouling equipment: means any railroad equipment that is positioned on the rails or that is fouling the track, and includes, but is not limited to, the following: A train, locomotive, cut of cars, single car, motorcar, yard switching train, work train, inspection train, track motorcar, highway-rail vehicle, push car, crane, or other roadway maintenance machine, such as a ballast tamping machine, if the machine is positioned on or over the rails or is fouling the track. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • On-track roadway maintenance machine: means a self-propelled, rail-mounted, non-highway, maintenance machine whose light weight is in excess of 7,500 pounds, and whose purpose is not for the inspection of railroad track. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • On-track safety: means a state of freedom from the danger of being struck by a moving railroad train or other railroad equipment, provided by operating and safety rules that govern track occupancy by personnel, trains and on-track equipment. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • On-track safety manual: means the entire set of on-track safety rules and instructions maintained together in one manual designed to prevent roadway workers from being struck by trains or other on-track equipment. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Operating plan: means a plan that contains, for each Federal fiscal year fully or partially covered by the bid:

    (1) A complete description of the service planned to be offered, including the train schedules, frequencies, equipment consists, fare structures, and such amenities as sleeping cars and food service provisions. See 49 CFR 269.5

  • Operating railroad: means any railroad or urban rapid transit operator that operates one or more trains through a highway-rail or pathway crossing on, or connected to, the general railroad system of transportation. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Originating: means qualifying under the rules of origin set out in Chapter Four (Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures) of the US-CFTA;

    (q) Party. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Originating: means qualifying for preferential tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in SFTA Chapter Three (Rules of Origin) and General Note 25, HTSUS;

    (l) Party. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Originating: means qualifying for preferential tariff treatment under the rules of origin set out in CAFTA-DR Chapter Four (Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures) and General Note 29, HTSUS;

    (o) Party. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Other short-haul passenger service: means the type of railroad service described under the heading "Other short-haul passenger service" in 49 CFR part 209, appendix A. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Otolaryngologist: means a physician specializing in diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Override: means to climb over the normal coupling or side buffers and linking mechanism and impact the end of the adjoining rail vehicle or unit above the underframe. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: includes the following:

    (1) For real property. See 32 CFR 536.27

  • Owner or operator: means any person or entity who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises a stationary source. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Partial activation: means activation of a highway-rail grade crossing warning system indicating the approach of a train, however, the full intended warning is not provided due to one of the following conditions:

    (1) At non-gated crossings equipped with one pair of lights designed to flash alternately, one of the two lights does not operate properly (and approaching motorists can not clearly see flashing back lights from the warning lights on the other side of the crossing). See 49 CFR 234.5

  • Partial Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail grade crossings at which locomotive horns are not routinely sounded for a specified period of time during the evening and/or nighttime hours. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Partnership potential: means the usage of the term in the commercial feasibility study of high-speed ground transportation (High Speed Ground Transportation for America) mandated under section 1036 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Party: means the United States or the Republic of Chile;

    (r) Person. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Party: means the United States or the Republic of Singapore;

    (m) Person. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Party: means :

    (1) The United States; and

    (2) Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, or Nicaragua, for such time as the CAFTA-DR is in force between the United States and that country;

    (p) Person. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Passenger: means a person, excluding an on-duty employee, who is on board, boarding, or alighting from a rail vehicle for the purpose of travel. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • passenger car: means that segment of the rail rolling equipment located between two trucks. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Passenger car: means a unit of rail rolling equipment intended to provide transportation for members of the general public and includes self-propelled cars designed to carry baggage, mail, express or passengers. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Passenger coach: means rail rolling equipment intended to provide transportation for members of the general public that is without propelling motors and without a control stand. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Passenger compartment: means an area of a passenger car that consists of a seating area and any vestibule that is connected to the seating area by an open passageway. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Passenger conductor: means a conductor who has also received emergency preparedness training under part 239 of this chapter. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Passenger rail operation: means an intercity, commuter, or other short-haul passenger rail service. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Passenger station: means a location designated in a railroad's timetable where passengers are regularly scheduled to get on or off any train. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Passenger train: means a train transporting persons (other than employees, contractors, or persons riding equipment to observe or monitor railroad operations) in intercity passenger service, commuter or other short-haul service, or for excursion or recreational purposes. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Passenger train service: means the transportation of persons (other than employees, contractors, or persons riding equipment to observe or monitor railroad operations) by railroad in intercity passenger service or commuter or other short-haul passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Pathway crossing: means a pathway that:

    (1) Is explicitly authorized by a public authority or a railroad. See 49 CFR 234.401

  • Pathway grade crossing: means a pathway that crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade and that is--

    (1) Explicitly authorized by a public authority or a railroad. See 49 CFR 234.301

  • Pedestrian crossing: means a separate designated sidewalk or pathway where pedestrians, but not vehicles, cross railroad tracks. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Periodic audiogram: is a record of follow-up audiometric testing conducted at regular intervals after the baseline audiometric test. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Permanent deformation: means the undergoing of a permanent change in shape of a structural member of a rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Permanent deformation: means the undergoing of a permanent change in shape of a structural member of a rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Person: includes all categories of entities covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Person: means an entity of a type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Person: An entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 49 U. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 49 U. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Person: includes all categories of entities covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (s) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Person: means an entity of any type covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (n) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Person: means a natural person or an enterprise;

    (q) Preferential tariff treatment. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Person: includes all categories of entities covered under 1 U. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Personal electronic device: means an electronic device that was not provided to the railroad operating employee by the employing railroad for a business purpose. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Personal fall arrest system: means a system used to arrest the fall of a person from a working level. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petition for approval: means a petition to FRA for approval to use a product on a railroad as described in its PSP. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Phase: means one of the five different phases of the Maglev Deployment Program. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Physical characteristics: includes both main track physical characteristics (see definition of "main track" in this section) and other than main track physical characteristics. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Piston travel: means the amount of linear movement of the air brake hollow rod (or equivalent) or piston rod when forced outward by movement of the piston in the brake cylinder or actuator and limited by the brake shoes being forced against the wheel or disc. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Piston travel: means the amount of linear movement of the air brake hollow rod (or equivalent) or piston rod when forced outward by movement of the piston in the brake cylinder or actuator and limited by the brake shoes being forced against the wheel or disc. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Piston travel indicator: means a device directly activated by the movement of the brake cylinder piston, the disc brake actuator, or the tread brake unit cylinder piston that provides an indication of the piston travel. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Planned compliance inspections: means investigative and surveillance activities described in the annual work plan required by §212. See 49 CFR 212.3
  • Planning assistance: means funds granted to a State under section 5(i) of the Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Planning funds: means funds authorized for the purpose set forth in paragraph (1)(D) of subsection 4(i) of the Act. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Planning Work Program: means that portion of a State's planning application which outlines the State's plan for establishing, implementing, revising, or updating a State Rail Plan which meets the requirements of section 5(i) of the Act, (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Plant railroad: means a plant or installation that owns or leases a locomotive, uses that locomotive to switch cars throughout the plant or installation, and is moving goods solely for use in the facility's own industrial processes. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Pleading: means any written submission setting forth claims, allegations, arguments, or evidence. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • port director: means the person who has jurisdiction within the geographical boundaries of their port of entry unless the regulations provide that particular trade functions or determinations are exclusively within the purview of a Center Director or other CBP personnel. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • port of entry: refer to any place designated by Executive Order of the President, by order of the Secretary of the Treasury, or by Act of Congress, at which a U. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Positive train control system: means a system designed to prevent train-to-train collisions, overspeed derailments, incursions into established work zone limits, and the movement of a train through a switch left in the wrong position, as described in subpart I of part 236 of this chapter. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Positive train control system: means a system designed to prevent train-to-train collisions, overspeed derailments, incursions into established work zone limits, and the movement of a train through a switch left in the wrong position, as described in subpart I of part 236 of this chapter. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Possess: means to have on one's person or in one's personal effects or under one's control. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Potable water: means water that meets the requirements of 40 CFR part 141, the Environmental Protection Agency's Primary Drinking Water Regulations, or water that has been approved for drinking and washing purposes by the pertinent state or local authority having jurisdiction. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Potable water: means water that meets the quality standards prescribed in the U. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Potable water system: means the containers, tanks, and associated plumbing lines and valves that hold, convey, and dispense potable water within a camp car. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • power brake: means a combination of devices operated by compressed air, arranged in a system, and controlled manually, electrically, or pneumatically, by means of which the motion of a rail car or locomotive is retarded or arrested. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Power car: means a rail vehicle that propels a Tier II passenger train or is the lead vehicle in a Tier II passenger train, or both. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Powered axle: is an axle equipped with a traction device. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • practice: includes any such action whether it relates to the substance of, or to the procedural aspects of handling, a particular matter. See 43 CFR 1.2
  • Pre-revenue service acceptance testing plan: means a document, as further specified in §232. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Pre-revenue service acceptance testing plan: means a document, as further specified in §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Pre-Rule Partial Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail crossings at which State statutes or local ordinances restricted the routine sounding of locomotive horns for a specified period of time during the evening and/or nighttime hours, or at which locomotive horns did not sound due to formal or informal agreements between the community and the railroad or railroads for a specified period of time during the evening and/or nighttime hours, and at which such statutes, ordinances or agreements were in place and enforced or observed as of October 9, 1996 and on December 18, 2003. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Pre-Rule Quiet Zone: means a segment of a rail line within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail crossings at which State statutes or local ordinances restricted the routine sounding of locomotive horns, or at which locomotive horns did not sound due to formal or informal agreements between the community and the railroad or railroads, and at which such statutes, ordinances or agreements were in place and enforced or observed as of October 9, 1996 and on December 18, 2003. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Predefined change: means any post-implementation modification to the use of a product that is provided for in the PSP (see §236. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable to an originating good under the US-CFTA, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the SFTA to an originating good, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (o) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Preferential tariff treatment: means the duty rate applicable under the CAFTA-DR to an originating good or other good specified in the CAFTA-DR, and an exemption from the merchandise processing fee;

    (r) Subheading. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Preservation funds: means funds authorized for the purpose set forth in paragraph (1)(B) of subsection 4(i) of the Act. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Presiding Officer: means any person authorized to preside over any hearing or to make a decision on the record, including an administrative law judge. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Previous Condition: refers to the estimated risk inherent in the portion of the existing method of operation that is relevant to the change under analysis (including the elements of any existing signal or train control system relevant to the review of the product). See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Primary operating railroad: means the operating railroad that either owns or maintains the track through the highway-rail or pathway crossing, unless the crossing is located within a private company, port, or dock area. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Primary responsibility: means the task that a person performs at least 50 percent of the time. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Primary responsibility: means the task that a person performs during at least 50 percent of the time that the person is working. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Prior time off: means the amount of time that an employee has been off duty between identifiable periods of service at the behest of the railroad. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Private car: means rail rolling equipment that is used only for excursion, recreational, or private transportation purposes. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Product: means any safety critical electronic locomotive control system, subsystem, or component, not including safety critical processor based signal and train control systems, whose functions are directly related to safe movement and stopping of the train as well as the associated man-machine interfaces irrespective of the location of the control system, subsystem, or component. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Product: means a processor-based signal or train control system, subsystem, or component. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Program directive: means any formal written statement by the Administrator, the Deputy Administrator, the Assistant Administrator, a Staff Office Director, the General Counsel, a Deputy Assistant Administrator, an Associate General Counsel, or a division Director of an Operational Office that is intended to guide or direct Regional Offices in the implementation or enforcement of the provisions of the act. See 40 CFR 56.1
  • Program operation assistance: means funds granted to a State to cover those administrative costs allowable under Federal Management Circular 74-4. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Project: means a locally sponsored, coordinated, and administered program, or any part thereof, to plan, finance, construct, maintain, or improve an intermodal passenger terminal, which may incorporate civic or cultural activities where feasible in an architecturally or historically distinctive railroad passenger terminal. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Project: means the purpose for which financial assistance is requested. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Property: means rights-of-way, easements, appurtenant property, equipment, cargo, facilities, and buildings and other structures owned, leased, operated, maintained, or transported by a railroad. See 49 CFR 207.2
  • Property damage: means damage to or the destruction of tangible public or private property, including loss of use of that property. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public authority: means the public entity responsible for traffic control or law enforcement at the public highway-rail grade or pedestrian crossing. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Public crossing: means a highway-rail or pathway crossing where the approaches are under the jurisdiction of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Public highway-rail grade crossing: means a location where a public highway, road or street, including associated sidewalks or pathways, crosses one or more active railroad tracks at grade. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public report of warning system malfunction at a highway-rail grade crossing: means a report that contains specific information regarding a warning system malfunction at a highway-rail grade crossing that is supplied to a railroad via the ENS by a member of the public who does not belong to one of the categories of individuals listed in the definition of Credible report of warning system malfunction or credible report of warning system malfunction at a highway-rail grade crossing in §234. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Qualified: means a status attained by an employee who has successfully completed any required training for, has demonstrated proficiency in, and has been authorized by the employer to perform the duties of a particular position or function. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Qualified: means a status attained by an employee who has successfully completed any required training for, has demonstrated proficiency in, and has been authorized by the employer to perform the duties of a particular position or function involving emergency preparedness. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Qualified: means that a person has successfully completed all instruction, training, and examination programs required by the railroad and this subpart and that the person, therefore, has actual knowledge or may reasonably be expected to have knowledge of the subject on which the person is expected to be competent. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Qualified: means that a person has successfully completed all instruction, training, and examination programs required by the railroad and this part and that the person, therefore, has actual knowledge or may reasonably be expected to have knowledge of the subject on which the person is expected to be competent. See 49 CFR 217.4
  • Qualified: means a person who has passed all appropriate training and testing programs required by the railroad and this part and who, therefore, has actual knowledge or may reasonably be expected to have knowledge of the subject on which the person is qualified. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Qualified: means a person who has successfully completed all instruction, training and examination programs required by the employer, and the applicable parts of this chapter and that the person therefore may reasonably be expected to be proficient on all safety related tasks the person is assigned to perform. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Qualified: means that a person has successfully completed all instruction, training, and examination programs required by both the employer and this part, and that the person, therefore, may reasonably be expected to proficiently perform his or her duties in compliance with all Federal railroad safety laws, regulations, and orders. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Qualified health care professional: is a health care professional operating within the scope of his or her license, registration, or certification. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Qualified instructor: means a person who has demonstrated, pursuant to the railroad's written program, an adequate knowledge of the subjects under instruction and, where applicable, has the necessary operating experience to effectively instruct in the field, and has the following qualifications:

    (1) Is a certified conductor under this part. See 49 CFR 242.7

  • Qualified maintenance person: means a qualified person who has received, as a part of the training, qualification, and designation program required under §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Qualified mechanical inspector: means a person who has received instruction and training that includes "hands-on" experience (under appropriate supervision or apprenticeship) in one or more of the following functions: troubleshooting, inspection, testing, maintenance or repair of the specific locomotive equipment for which the person is assigned responsibility. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Qualified mechanical inspector: means a qualified person who has received, as a part of the training, qualification, and designation program required under §232. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Qualified person: means a person who has received, as a part of the training, qualification, and designation program required under §232. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Qualified person: means any person who has the skill to perform the task and has received adequate instruction. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Qualified person: means a person who has received, as a part of the training, qualification, and designation program required under §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Qualified Technician: is a person who is certified by the Council for Accreditation in Occupational Hearing Conservation or equivalent organization. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Quick tie-up: is a data entry process used only when an employee is within 3 minutes of, or is beyond, his or her statutory maximum on-duty period, which process allows an employee to enter only the basic information necessary for the railroad to identify the beginning of an employee's statutory off-duty period, to avoid the excess service that would otherwise be incurred in completing the full record for the duty tour. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Quiet zone: means a segment of a rail line, within which is situated one or a number of consecutive public highway-rail crossings at which locomotive horns are not routinely sounded. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Quiet Zone Risk Index: means a measure of risk to the motoring public which reflects the Crossing Corridor Risk Index for a quiet zone, after adjustment to account for increased risk due to lack of locomotive horn use at the crossings within the quiet zone (if horns are presently sounded at the crossings) and reduced risk due to implementation, if any, of SSMs and ASMs with the quiet zone. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rail Act: means the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Rail banking: means the acquisition of an interest in a rail right-of-way sufficient to ensure its preservation for future rail freight service. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Rail facility construction assistance: means funds granted to a State under section 5(f)(5) of the Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Rail service continuation assistance: means funds granted to a State under section 5(f)(1) of the Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Rail vehicle: means railroad rolling stock, including, but not limited to, passenger and maintenance vehicles. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Railroad: means all forms of non-highway ground transportation that run on rails or electro-magnetic guideways, including (1) commuter or other short-haul rail passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area, and (2) high-speed ground transportation systems that connect metropolitan areas, without regard to whether they use new technologies not associated with traditional railroads. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Railroad: means all forms of non-highway ground transportation that run on rails or electromagnetic guideways, including (1) commuter or other short-haul rail passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area, and (2) high speed ground transportation systems that connect metropolitan areas, without regard to whether they use new technologies not associated with traditional railroads. See 49 CFR 215.5
  • Railroad: means all forms of non-highway ground transportation that run on rails or electromagnetic guideways, including:

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul rail passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area, and

    (2) High speed ground transportation systems that connect metropolitan areas, without regard to whether they use new technologies not associated with traditional railroads. See 49 CFR 229.5

  • Railroad: means a railroad carrier. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Railroad: means any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways and any entity providing such transportation, including

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 240.7

  • Railroad: means all forms of non-highway ground transportation that run on rails or electromagnetic guideways, including (1) commuter or other short-haul rail passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area, and (2) high speed ground transportation systems that connect metropolitan areas, without regard to whether they use new technologies not associated with traditional railroads. See 49 CFR 231.0
  • Railroad: means any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways and any person providing such transportation, including--

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 241.5

  • Railroad: means any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways and any entity providing such transportation, including:

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 242.7

  • Railroad: Any form of non-highway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways and any entity providing such transportation, including commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Railroad: means any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways, and any person providing such transportation, including--

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 219.5

  • railroad: is a lso intended to mean a person that provides transportation by railroad, whether directly or by contracting out operation of the railroad to another person. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Railroad: means any form of non-highway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways, including:

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul rail passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area. See 49 CFR 244.9

  • Railroad: means a rail carrier subject to part A of subtitle IV of title 49, United States Code. See 49 CFR 260.3
  • Railroad: means any form of non-highway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways and any entity providing such transportation, including:

    (1) Commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 222.9

  • railroad: is a lso intended to mean a person that provides transportation by railroad, whether directly or by contracting out operation of the railroad to another person. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Railroad: means any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electro-magnetic guideways, including (i) commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Railroad: means any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways and any entity providing such transportation, including--

    (i) Commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979. See 49 CFR 238.5

  • Railroad: means a person providing railroad transportation. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Railroad bridge: means a structure supporting one or more railroad tracks above land or water with a span length of 12 feet or more measured along the track centerline. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Railroad carrier: means a person providing railroad transportation. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Railroad carrier: means a person providing railroad transportation. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Railroad contractor: means a contractor to a railroad or a subcontractor to a contractor to a railroad. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Railroad equipment: means rail cars, locomotives, active retarders, and load cell test stands. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • Railroad freight car: means a car designed to carry freight, or railroad personnel, by rail and includes a:

    (1) Box car. See 49 CFR 215.5

  • Railroad officer: means any supervisory employee of a railroad. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • Railroad officer: means any supervisory employee of a railroad. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Railroad operating employee: means a person performing duties subject to--

    (1) An individual engaged in or connected with the movement of a train, including a hostler, as defined in 49 U. See 49 CFR 220.5

  • Railroad operation: means the movement of a train or other on-track equipment (other than on-track equipment used in a switching operation or where the operation is that of classifying and assembling rail cars within a railroad yard for the purpose of making or breaking up a train), or the activity that is the subject of an authority issued to a roadway worker for working limits. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Railroad operation: means any activity which affects the movement of a train, locomotive, on-track equipment, or track motor car, singly or in combination with other equipment, on the track of a railroad. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Railroad police officer: means a peace officer who is commissioned in his or her state of legal residence or state of primary employment and directly employed by or contracted by a railroad to enforce state laws for the protection of railroad property, personnel, passengers, and/or cargo. See 49 CFR 207.2
  • Railroad Safety Board: means the Railroad Safety Board, Office of Safety, Federal Railroad Administration, Washington, DC 20590. See 49 CFR 211.1
  • Railroad transportation: means any form of non-highway ground transportation that run on rails or electro-magnetic guideways, including commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area, as well as any commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation as of January 1, 1979, and high speed ground transportation systems that connect metropolitan areas, without regard to whether they use new technologies not associated with traditional railroads. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Railroad-supplied electronic device: means an electronic device provided to a railroad operating employee by the employing railroad for an authorized business purpose. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Raking collision: means a collision between parts or lading of a consist on an adjacent track, or with a structure such as a bridge. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Red-orange-amber color range: means those colors defined by chromaticity coordinates, as expressed in terms of the International Commission on Illumination's 1931 Colormetric System, which lie within the region bounded by the spectrum locus and lines defined by the following equations:

    X + Y = . See 49 CFR 221.5

  • Refresher training: means periodic retraining required by an employer for each safety-related railroad employee to remain qualified. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Refresher training: means periodic retraining required for employees or contractors to remain qualified to perform specific equipment troubleshooting, inspection, testing, maintenance, or repair functions. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Refresher training: means periodic retraining required by a railroad for employees or contractors to remain qualified to perform specific equipment inspection, testing, or maintenance functions. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Regular reporting point: means the permanent on-duty location of a train employee's regular assignment that is established through a job bulletin assignment (either a job award or a forced assignment) or through an employee's exercise of seniority to be placed in an assignment. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Regulated employee: means a covered employee or maintenance-of-way employee who performs regulated service for a railroad subject to the requirements of this part. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Regulated service: means covered service or maintenance-of-way activities, the performance of which makes an employee subject to the requirements of this part. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Regulated substance: means any substance listed pursuant to the authority of 42 U. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Rehabilitation or improvement assistance: means funds granted to a State under section 5(f)(3) of the Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Relevant collision: means a collision at a highway-rail grade crossing between a train and a motor vehicle, excluding the following: a collision resulting from an activation failure of an active grade crossing warning system. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Relocation costs: means actual expenses directly incurred in moving shippers from a line to a new location. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remanufacture: means the act of constructing a remanufactured locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Remanufactured locomotive: means a locomotive rebuilt or refurbished from a previously used or refurbished underframe ("deck"), containing fewer than 25% previously used components (measured by dollar value of the components). See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Remote control operator: means a locomotive engineer, as defined in §240. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Remote Control Pullback Protection: means a function of a RCL that enforces speeds and stops in the direction of pulling movement. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Remote control zone: means one or more tracks within defined limits designated in the timetable special instructions, or other railroad publication, within which remote control locomotives, under certain circumstances specified in this part, may be operated without an employee assigned to protect the pull-out end of the remote control movement, i. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Repair: Any work which results in a restoration in kind. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Repair point: means a location designated by a railroad where repairs of the type necessary occur on a regular basis. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Reportable injury: means an injury reportable under part 225 of this chapter except for an injury that is classified as "covered data" under §225. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Reporter: means a CSB employee designated by the General Counsel, under §1603. See 40 CFR 1603.3
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Reporting point: means any location where an employee is required to begin or restart a duty tour. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Reporting threshold: means the amount specified in §225. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Reports for duty: means that an employee--

    (i) Presents himself or herself at the location established by the railroad at the time the railroad established for the employee to be present. See 49 CFR 228.5

  • Representative personal sampling: means measurement of an employee's noise exposure that is representative of the exposures of other employees who operate similar equipment under similar conditions. See 49 CFR 227.5
  • Rescue access window: means a side-facing exterior window intended for use by emergency responders to gain access to passengers in an emergency situation. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Respond as intended: means to produce the result that a device or system is designed to produce. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Respond as intended: means to produce the result that a device or system is designed to produce. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Respondent: means a person upon whom FRA has served a notice of probable violation, notice of investigation, or notice of proposed disqualification. See 49 CFR 209.3
  • Responsible official: means the EPA Administrator or any EPA employee who is accountable to the Administrator for carrying out a power or duty delegated under section 301(a)(1) of the act, or is accountable in accordance with EPA's formal organization for a particular program or function as described in part 1 of this title. See 40 CFR 56.1
  • Responsible railroad supervisor: means any responsible line supervisor (e. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restricted speed: means a speed that will permit a train or other equipment to stop within one-half the range of vision of the person operating the train or other equipment, but not exceeding 20 miles per hour, unless further restricted by the operating rules of the railroad. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Retroreflective material: means a material that is capable of reflecting light rays back to the light source and that conforms to the specifications for Type I Sheeting as specified in ASTM International Standard D 4956-07, "Standard Specification for Retroreflective Sheeting for Traffic Control. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Risk: means the expected probability of occurrence for an individual accident event (probability) multiplied by the severity of the expected consequences associated with the accident (severity). See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Risk: means the combination of the probability (or frequency of occurrence) and the consequence (or severity) of a hazard. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Risk: means the combination of the probability (or frequency of occurrence) and the consequence (or severity) of a hazard. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Risk assessment: means the process of determining, either quantitatively or qualitatively, the measure of risk associated with use of the product under all intended operating conditions or the previous condition. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Risk Index With Horns: means a measure of risk to the motoring public when locomotive horns are routinely sounded at every public highway-rail grade crossing within a quiet zone. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Risk reduction: means the formal, top-down, organization-wide approach to managing safety risk and assuring the effectiveness of safety risk mitigation strategies. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Risk-based hazard management: means the processes (including documentation) used to identify and analyze hazards, assess and rank corresponding risks, and eliminate or mitigate the resulting risks. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Roadway maintenance activity: means any work limited to the duties prescribed for a roadway worker by definition in this section, including movement of on-track maintenance-of-way equipment other than locomotives. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Roadway maintenance machine: means a device powered by any means of energy other than hand power which is being used on or near railroad track for maintenance, repair, construction or inspection of track, bridges, roadway, signal, communications, or electric traction systems. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Roadway maintenance machines equipped with a crane: means any roadway maintenance machine equipped with a crane or boom that can hoist, lower, and horizontally move a suspended load. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Roadway work group: means two or more roadway workers organized to work together on a common task. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Roadway worker: means any employee of a railroad, or of a contractor to a railroad, whose duties include inspection, construction, maintenance or repair of railroad track, bridges, roadway, signal and communication systems, electric traction systems, roadway facilities or roadway maintenance machinery on or near track or with the potential of fouling a track, and flagmen and watchmen/lookouts as defined in this section. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Roadway worker: means any employee of a railroad, or of a contractor to a railroad, whose duties include inspection, construction, maintenance or repair of railroad track, bridges, roadway, signal and communication systems, electric traction systems, roadway facilities or roadway maintenance machinery on or near track or with the potential of fouling a track, and flagmen and watchmen/lookouts as defined in §214. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Roadway worker: means any employee of a railroad, or of a contractor to a railroad, whose duties include inspection, construction, maintenance, or repair of railroad track, bridges, roadway, signal and communication systems, electric traction systems, roadway facilities, or roadway maintenance machinery on or near track or with the potential of fouling a track, and flagmen and watchmen/lookouts. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Roadway worker: means any employee of a railroad, or of a contractor to a railroad, whose duties include inspection, construction, maintenance or repair of railroad track, bridges, roadway, signal and communication systems, electric traction systems, roadway facilities or roadway maintenance machinery on or near track or with the potential of fouling a track, and flagmen and watchmen/lookouts. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Roadway worker in charge: means a roadway worker who is qualified under §214. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Roadway worker in charge: means a roadway worker who is qualified in accordance with §214. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Rollover strength: means the strength provided to protect the structural integrity of a rail vehicle in the event the vehicle leaves the track and impacts the ground on its side or roof. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Roof rail: means the longitudinal structural member at the intersection of the side wall and the roof sheathing. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • RRP: means a Risk Reduction Program. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • RRP plan: means a Risk Reduction Program plan. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Running brake test: means a test (as further specified in §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Running gear defect: means any condition not in compliance with this part which involves a truck component, a draft system component, a wheel, or a wheel component. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Safety Act: means the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970, as amended (45 U. See 49 CFR 211.1
  • Safety Analysis: refers to a formal set of documentation which describes in detail all of the safety aspects of the product, including but not limited to procedures for its development, installation, implementation, operation, maintenance, repair, inspection, testing, and modification, as well as analyses supporting its safety claims. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Safety appliance: means an appliance required under 49 U. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Safety culture: means the shared values, actions and behaviors that demonstrate commitment to safety over competing goals and demands. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Safety culture: means the shared values, actions, and behaviors that demonstrate a commitment to safety over competing goals and demands. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Safety Integration Plan: means a comprehensive written plan submitted to and approved by FRA in compliance with this part that demonstrates in required detail how an applicant will provide for safe railroad operations during and after any transaction covered by this part, and otherwise assure compliance with the Federal railroad safety laws. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Safety outreach: means the communication of safety information to support the implementation of an RRP throughout a railroad. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Safety performance: means a realized or actual safety accomplishment relative to stated safety objectives. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Safety-critical: means a component, system, or task that, if not available, defective, not functioning, not functioning correctly, not performed, or not performed correctly, increases the risk of damage to passenger equipment or injury to a passenger, crewmember, or other person. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Safety-related duty: means either a safety-related task or a knowledge-based prohibition that a person meeting the definition of a safety-related railroad employee is required to comply with, when such duty is covered by any Federal railroad safety law, regulation, or order. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Safety-related railroad employee: means an individual who is engaged or compensated by an employer to:

    (1) Perform work covered under the hours of service laws found at 49 U. See 49 CFR 243.5

  • Safety-related task: means a task that a person meeting the definition of a safety-related railroad employee performs, when such task is covered by any Federal railroad safety law, regulation, or order. See 49 CFR 243.5
  • Sand delivery system: means a permanently stationed or fixed device designed to deliver sand to locomotive sand boxes that do not require the sand to be manually delivered or loaded. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Sanitary: means lacking any condition in which any significant amount of filth, trash, or human waste is present in such a manner that a reasonable person would believe that the condition might constitute a health hazard. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Sanitation compartment: means an enclosed compartment on a railroad locomotive that contains a toilet facility for employee use. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Seating area: means an area of a passenger car that normally contains passenger seating. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Segment: means any portion of a railroad assigned to the supervision of one superintendent or equivalent transportation officer. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Self-monitoring event recorder: means an event recorder that has the ability to monitor its own operation and to display an indication to the locomotive operator when any data required to be stored are not stored or when the stored data do not match the data received from sensors or data collection points. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Semi-monocoque: means a type of rail vehicle construction where the shell or skin acts as a single unit with the supporting frame to resist and transmit the loads acting on the rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Semi-monocoque design locomotive: means a locomotive design where the skin or shell acts, to some extent, as a single unit with the supporting frame to resist and transmit the loads acting on the locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Semi-permanently coupled: means coupled by means of a drawbar or other coupling mechanism that requires tools to perform the uncoupling operation. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Semi-permanently coupled: means coupled by means of a drawbar or other coupling mechanism that requires tools to perform the uncoupling operation. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Senior management: means personnel at the highest level of a railroad's management who are responsible for making major policy decisions and long-term business plans regarding the operation of the railroad. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Serious injury: means an injury that results in the amputation of any appendage, the loss of sight in an eye, the fracture of a bone, or confinement in a hospital for a period of more than 24 consecutive hours. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Serious injury: means any injury or illness that results in death or inpatient hospitalization. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Serious injury: An injury that results in the amputation of any appendage, the loss of sight in an eye, the fracture of a bone, or the confinement in a hospital for a period of more than 24 consecutive hours. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Service: has the meaning given in Rule 5 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as amended. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Service application: means a brake application that results from one or more service reductions or the equivalent. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Service day: Any calendar day that the boiler has steam pressure above atmospheric pressure with fire in the firebox. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Service reduction: means a decrease in brake pipe pressure, usually from 5 to 25 psi at a rate sufficiently rapid to move the operating valve to service position, but at a rate not rapid enough to move the operating valve to emergency position. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shear strength: means the ability of a structural member to resist forces or components of forces acting perpendicular to compression or tension forces, or both, in the member. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Shipment: means the merchandise described on the bill of lading or other document used to file or support entry, or in the oral declaration when applicable. See 19 CFR 101.1
  • Shipper: means a person that offers a hazardous material for transportation or otherwise causes it to be transported. See 49 CFR 212.3
  • Shock absorbent material: means material designed to prevent or mitigate injuries due to impact by yielding and absorbing much of the energy of impact. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Short hood: means the part of the locomotive above the underframe located between the cab and the nearest end of the locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Side collision: means a collision at a turnout where one consist strikes the side of another consist. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Side facing glazing location: means any location where a line perpendicular to any plane of the glazing material makes an angle of more than 50 degrees with the centerline of the locomotive, caboose or passenger car. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Side posts: means main vertical structural elements in the sides of a rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Side sill: means that portion of the underframe or side at the bottom of the rail vehicle side wall. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Siding: means an auxiliary track, adjacent and connected to a main track, used for meeting or passing trains. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • Signal employee: means an individual who is engaged in installing, repairing, or maintaining signal systems. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Significant illness: means an illness involving cancer or a chronic irreversible disease such as byssinosis or silicosis, if the disease does not result in death, a day away from work, restricted work, job transfer, medical treatment, or loss of consciousness. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Significant injury: means an injury involving a fractured or cracked bone or a punctured eardrum, if the injury does not result in death, a day away from work, restricted work, job transfer, medical treatment, or loss of consciousness. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Single car test: means a comprehensive test (as further specified in §238. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Skin: means the outer covering of a fuel tank and a rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Snap-hook: means a connector comprised of a hook-shaped member with a normally closed keeper, that may be opened to permit the hook to receive an object and, when released, automatically closes to retain the object. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Solicitor: means the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior or his authorized representative. See 43 CFR 1.2
  • Solid block of cars: means two or more freight cars coupled together and added to or removed from a train as a single unit. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • SSP plan: means system safety program plan. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Standards: means the Railroad Noise Emission Standards, 40 CFR part 201. See 49 CFR 210.5
  • Standards body: means an industry and/or professional organization or association which conducts research and develops and/or issues policies, criteria, principles, and standards related to the rail industry. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • State: means a State participating in investigative and surveillance activities under 49 U. See 49 CFR 216.3
  • State: means a State of the United States of America or the District of Columbia. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • State: means a State of the United States of America or the District of Columbia. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • State: means any State or the District of Columbia in which a common carrier maintains any line. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • State Rail Plan: means the current plan, including all updates, revisions, and amendments required by section 5(j)(1) of the Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Stationary source: means any buildings, structures, equipment, installations, or substance-emitting stationary activities which belong to the same industrial group, which are located on one or more contiguous properties, which are under the control of the same person (or persons under common control), and from which an accidental release may occur. See 40 CFR 1604.2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutory off-duty period: means the period of 8 or 10 consecutive hours or more time, that is the minimum off-duty period required under the hours of service laws for a train employee or a signal employee to begin a new 24-hour period for the purposes of calculating his or her total time on duty. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • STB: means the Surface Transportation Board of the United States. See 49 CFR 271.5
  • Steam locomotive: A self-propelled unit of equipment powered by steam that is either designed or used for moving other equipment. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • STP: means the Surface Transportation Program (23 U. See 49 CFR 268.1
  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (u) Tariff preference level. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (p) Tariff preference level. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Subheading: means the first six digits in the tariff classification number under the Harmonized System;

    (s) Tariff preference level. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substance abuse disorder: refers to a psychological or physical dependence on alcohol or a drug or another identifiable and treatable mental or physical disorder involving the abuse of alcohol or drugs as a primary manifestation. See 49 CFR 240.7
  • Substance abuse disorder: refers to a psychological or physical dependence on alcohol or a drug, or another identifiable and treatable mental or physical disorder involving the abuse of alcohol or drugs as a primary manifestation. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Substitute service assistance: means funds granted to a State under section 5(f)(4) of the Act (49 U. See 49 CFR 266.1
  • Subsystem: means a defined portion of a system. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Subsystem: means a defined portion of a system. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Sufficient commitments: means commitments of a binding nature adequate to ensure the successful operation of a project. See 49 CFR 256.3
  • Suicide data: means data regarding the death of an individual due to the individual's commission of suicide as determined by a coroner, public police officer or other public authority or injury to an individual due to that individual's attempted commission of suicide as determined by a public police office or other public authority. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Sunshine Act: means the Government in the Sunshine Act, 5 U. See 40 CFR 1603.3
  • Supervisory employee: means an officer, special agent, or other employee of the railroad who is not a co-worker and who is responsible for supervising or monitoring the conduct or performance of one or more employees. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Switch Mode: means a mode of operation of the ECP brake system that allows operation of that train at 20 miles per hour or less when the train's ECP-EOT device is not communicating with the lead locomotive's HEU, the train is separated during road switching operations, or the ECP brake system has stopped the train because the percentage of operative brakes fell below 85%. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Switching operation: means the classification of rail cars according to commodity or destination. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • Switching or humping operations: includes the classification of placarded railroad cars according to commodity or destination, assembling of placarded cars for train movements, changing the position of placarded cars for purposes of loading, unloading, or weighing, and the placing of placarded cars for repair. See 49 CFR 228.101
  • Switching service: means the classification of railroad freight and passenger cars according to commodity or destination. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Switching service: means the classification of freight cars according to commodity or destination. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Switching service: means the classification of freight cars according to commodity or destination. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Switchtender: means a qualified employee assigned to handle switches at a specific location. See 49 CFR 218.93
  • System: refers to any electronic locomotive control system and includes all subsystems and components thereof, as the context requires. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • System: refers to a signal or train control system and includes all subsystems and components thereof, as the context requires. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • System headquarters: means the location designated by the railroad as the general office for the railroad system. See 49 CFR 239.7
  • System headquarters: means the location designated by the railroad as the general office for the railroad system. See 49 CFR 217.4
  • System headquarters: means the location designated by the railroad as the general office for the railroad system. See 49 CFR 220.5
  • System safety: means the application of management, economic, and engineering principles and techniques to optimize all aspects of safety, within the constraints of operational effectiveness, time, and cost, throughout all phases of a system life cycle. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • System Safety Precedence: means the order of precedence in which methods used to eliminate or control identified hazards within a system are implemented. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • System safety program: means a comprehensive process for the application of management and engineering principles and techniques to optimize all aspects of safety. See 49 CFR 270.5
  • Tariff preference level: means a quantitative limit for certain non-originating textiles and textile apparel goods that may be entitled to preferential tariff treatment as if such goods were originating based on the goods meeting the production requirements set forth in §10. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • Tariff preference level: means a quantitative limit for certain non-originating textiles and textile apparel goods that may be entitled to preferential tariff treatment based on the goods meeting the production requirements set forth in §10. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • Tariff preference level: means a quantitative limit for certain non-originating apparel goods that may be entitled to preferential tariff treatment based on the goods meeting the requirements set forth in §§10. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Telescope: means override an adjoining rail vehicle or unit and penetrate into the interior of that adjoining vehicle or unit because of compressive forces. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Temporary crossing: means a highway-rail or pathway crossing created to serve a specific activity for a temporary time period not to exceed six months. See 49 CFR 234.401
  • Terminal: means a starting point or ending point of a single scheduled trip for a train, where passengers may get on or off a train. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Territorial qualifications: means possessing the necessary knowledge concerning a railroad's operating rules and timetable special instructions including familiarity with applicable main track and other than main track physical characteristics of the territory over which the locomotive or train movement will occur. See 49 CFR 242.7
  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Chile, the land, maritime and air space under its sovereignty, and the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf within which it exercises sovereign rights and jurisdiction in accordance with international law and its domestic law; and

    (2) With respect to the United States,

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico,

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico, and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources;

    (x) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to Singapore, its land territory, internal waters and territorial sea as well as the maritime zones beyond the territorial sea, including the seabed and subsoil over which the Republic of Singapore exercises sovereign rights or jurisdiction under its national laws and international law for the purpose of exploration and exploitation of the natural resources of such areas; and

    (2) With respect to the United States;

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico; and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources; and

    (s) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Territory: means :

    (1) With respect to each Party other than the United States, the land, maritime, and air space under its sovereignty and the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf within which it exercises sovereign rights and jurisdiction in accordance with international law and its domestic law;

    (2) With respect to the United States:

    (i) The customs territory of the United States, which includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;

    (ii) The foreign trade zones located in the United States and Puerto Rico; and

    (iii) Any areas beyond the territorial seas of the United States within which, in accordance with international law and its domestic law, the United States may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources;

    (v) WTO. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • Test facility: means a track that is not part of the general railroad system of transportation and is being used exclusively for the purpose of testing equipment and has all of its public grade crossings protected. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as ATC), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (w) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.402

  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as "the ATC"), which is part of the WTO Agreement;

    (r) Territory. See 19 CFR 10.502

  • Textile or apparel good: means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (commonly referred to as "the ATC"), which is part of the WTO Agreement, except for those goods listed in Annex 3. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • Third-party telephone service: means a service that receives telephonic reports of unsafe conditions at highway-rail and pathway grade crossings on behalf of a railroad. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • Throttle position: means any and all of the discrete output positions indicating the speed/tractive effort characteristic requested by the operator of the locomotive on which the throttle is installed. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Tier I: means operating at speeds not exceeding 125 mph. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Tier II: means operating at speeds exceeding 125 mph but not exceeding 160 mph. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Tier II: means operating at speeds exceeding 125 mph but not exceeding 160 mph. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Tier III: means operating in a shared right-of-way at speeds not exceeding 125 mph and in an exclusive right-of-way without grade crossings at speeds exceeding 125 mph but not exceeding 220 mph. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Tightly Coupled: means an attribute of systems, referring to an approach to designing interfaces across systems, subsystems, or components to maximize the interdependencies between them. See 49 CFR 229.305
  • Time: means either "time-of-day" or "elapsed time" (from an arbitrarily determined event) as determined by the manufacturer. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Toilet: means a chemical toilet, a recirculating toilet, a combustion toilet, or a toilet that is flushed with water. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Toilet facility: means a system that automatically or on command of the user removes human waste to a place where it is treated, eliminated, or retained such that no solid or non-treated liquid waste is thereafter permitted to be released into the bowl, urinal, or room and that prevents harmful discharges of gases or persistent offensive odors. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Toilet room: means a room containing a toilet. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Toxic material: means a material in concentration or amount of such toxicity as to constitute a recognized hazard that is causing or is likely to cause death or serious physical harm. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Trailer car: means a rail vehicle that neither propels a Tier II passenger train nor is the leading unit in a Tier II passenger train. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Train: means a locomotive unit or locomotive units coupled, with or without cars, involved in a railroad operation conducted on a main track. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Train: means one or more locomotives coupled with one or more freight cars, except during switching service. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Train: means one or more locomotives, with or without cars. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Train: means a locomotive unit or locomotive units coupled, with or without cars. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Train accident: means any collision, derailment, fire, explosion, act of God, or other event involving operation of railroad on-track equipment (standing or moving) that results in damages greater than the current reporting threshold to railroad on-track equipment, signals, track, track structures, and roadbed. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Train accident: means a rail equipment accident described in §225. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Train approach warning: means a method of establishing on-track safety by warning roadway workers of the approach of trains in ample time for them to move to or remain in a place of safety in accordance with the requirements of this part. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Train brake communication line: means the communication link between the locomotive and passenger equipment in a train by which the brake commands are transmitted. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Train coordination: means a method of establishing working limits on track upon which a train holds exclusive authority to move whereby the crew of that train yields that authority to a roadway worker. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Train dispatcher: means the railroad employee assigned to control and issue orders governing the movement of trains on a specific segment of railroad track in accordance with the operating rules of the railroad that apply to that segment of track. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Train employee: means an individual engaged in or connected with the movement of a train, including a hostler. See 49 CFR 228.5
  • Train incident: means any event involving the movement of on-track equipment that results in a reportable casualty but does not cause reportable damage above the current threshold established for train accidents. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Train incident: means an event involving the operation of railroad on-track or fouling equipment that results in a casualty but in which railroad property damage does not exceed the reporting threshold. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • Train line: means the brake pipe or any non-pneumatic system used to transmit the signal that controls the locomotive and freight car brakes. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Train line cable: is a two-conductor electric wire spanning the train and carrying both electrical power to operate all CCDs and ECP-EOT devices and communications network signals. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Train order: means mandatory directives issued as authority for the conduct of a railroad operation outside of yard limits. See 49 CFR 221.5
  • Trainline door circuit: means a circuit used to convey door signals over the length of a train. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Trainset unit: means a trainset segment located between connecting arrangements (articulations). See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Transaction: means a consolidation, merger, or acquisition of control subject to the requirements of this part. See 49 CFR 244.9
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer service: means a freight train that travels between a point of origin and a point of final destination not exceeding 20 miles and that is not performing switching service. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Transfer train: means a train that travels between a point of origin and a point of final destination not exceeding 20 miles. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Transverse: means in a direction perpendicular to the normal direction of travel. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Ultimate strength: means the load at which a structural member fractures or ceases to resist any load. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Ultimate strength: means the load at which a structural member fractures or ceases to resist any load. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Unattended equipment: means equipment left standing and unmanned in such a manner that the brake system of the equipment cannot be readily controlled by a qualified person. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Uncoupling mechanism: means the arrangement for operating the coupler by any means. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Underframe: means the lower horizontal support structure of a rail vehicle. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Unit: means passenger equipment of any type, except a freight locomotive when used to haul a passenger train due to failure of a passenger locomotive. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • United States: means all of the States. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • United States: means all of the States. See 49 CFR 219.5
  • United States: includes all territories and possessions of the United States, except the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Wake Island, Midway Islands, Kingman Reef, Johnston Island, and the island of Guam. See 19 CFR 134.1
  • Unoccupied volume: means the volume of a rail vehicle or passenger train which does not contain seating and is not normally occupied by passengers or crewmembers. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Unsanitary: means having any condition in which any significant amount of filth, trash, or human waste is present in such a manner that a reasonable person would believe that the condition might constitute a health hazard. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Unstayed portion of the boiler: That portion of the boiler designed to be self-supported in retaining internal pressure without additional strength members such as staybolts, braces, diagonal stays, tubes, etc. See 49 CFR 230.8
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Validation: means the process of determining whether a product's design requirements fulfill its intended design objectives during its development and life-cycle. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verification: means the process of determining whether the results of a given phase of the development cycle fulfill the validated requirements established at the start of that phase. See 49 CFR 236.903
  • Vestibule: means an area of a passenger car that normally does not contain seating, is located adjacent to a side exit door, and is used in passing from a seating area to a side exit door. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Vestibule door: means a door separating a seating area from a vestibule. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Waiver: means a temporary or permanent modification of some or all of the requirements of this part as they apply to a specific party under a specific set of facts. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Waiver: includes exemption. See 49 CFR 211.1
  • Warning system failure at a pathway grade crossing: means failure of an active pathway grade crossing warning system to perform as intended. See 49 CFR 234.301
  • warning system malfunction at a highway-rail grade crossing: means an activation failure, a partial activation, or a false activation of a highway-rail grade crossing warning system. See 49 CFR 234.5
  • Washing system: means a system for use by railroad employees to maintain personal cleanliness that includes a secured sink or basin, water, antibacterial soap, and paper towels. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Watering: means the act of filling potable water systems. See 49 CFR 228.307
  • Wayside horn: means a stationary horn located at a highway rail grade crossing, designed to provide, upon the approach of a locomotive or train, audible warning to oncoming motorists of the approach of a train. See 49 CFR 222.9
  • Wide-nose locomotive: means a locomotive with a short hood that spans the full width of the locomotive. See 49 CFR 229.5
  • Windshield: means the combination of individual units of glazing material of the locomotive, passenger car, or caboose that are positioned in an end facing glazing location. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Witness plate: means a thin foil placed behind a piece of glazing undergoing an impact test. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Work environment: means the establishment and other locations where one or more railroad employees are working or present as a condition of their employment. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Work-related: means related to an event or exposure occurring within the work environment. See 49 CFR 225.5
  • Working limits: means a segment of track with definite boundaries established in accordance with this part upon which trains and engines may move only as authorized by the roadway worker having control over that defined segment of track. See 49 CFR 214.7
  • Working limits: means a segment of track with definite boundaries established in accordance with part 214 of this chapter upon which trains and engines may move only as authorized by the roadway worker having control over that defined segment of track. See 49 CFR 241.5
  • Working radio: means a radio that can communicate with the control center of the railroad (through repeater stations, if necessary to reach the center) from any location within the rail system, except:

    (1) Tunnels or other localized places of extreme topography, and

    (2) Temporary lapses of coverage due to atmospheric or topographic conditions. See 49 CFR 220.5

  • Working wireless communications: means the capability to communicate with either a control center or the emergency responder of a railroad through such means as radio, portable radio, cellular telephone, or other means of two-way communication, from any location within the rail system, except:

    (1) Tunnels or other localized places of extreme topography, and

    (2) Temporary lapses of coverage due to atmospheric or topographic conditions. See 49 CFR 220.5

  • WTO: means the World Trade Organization; and

    (w) WTO Agreement. See 19 CFR 10.582

  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.582
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.402
  • WTO Agreement: means the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization of April 15, 1994. See 19 CFR 10.502
  • Yard: means a system of tracks, not including main tracks and sidings, used for classifying cars, making-up and inspecting trains, or storing cars and equipment. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Yard: is a system of auxiliary tracks used exclusively for the classification of passenger or freight cars according to commodity or destination. See 49 CFR 223.5
  • Yard: means a system of tracks within defined limits provided for the making up of trains, storing of cars, or other purposes. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Yard air: means a source of compressed air other than from a locomotive. See 49 CFR 232.5
  • Yard air test: means a train brake system test conducted using a source of compressed air other than a locomotive. See 49 CFR 238.5
  • Yield strength: means the ability of a structural member to resist a change in length caused by a heavy load. See 49 CFR 238.5