Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Farm Credit Administration shall have the authority to provide, acting through the Office of Secondary Market Oversight–
Terms Used In 12 USC 2279aa-11
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
(A) for the examination of the Corporation and its affiliates; and
(B) for the general supervision of the safe and sound performance of the powers, functions, and duties vested in the Corporation and its affiliates by this subchapter, including through the use of the authorities granted to the Farm Credit Administration under–
(i) part C of subchapter V; and
(ii) beginning 6 months after December 13, 1991, section 2252(a)(9) of this title.
In exercising its authority pursuant to this section, the Farm Credit Administration shall consider–
(A) the purposes for which the Corporation was created;
(B) the practices appropriate to the conduct of secondary markets in agricultural loans; and
(C) the reduced levels of risk associated with appropriately structured secondary market transactions.
(3) Office of Secondary Market Oversight
(A) Not later than 180 days after December 13, 1991, the Farm Credit Administration Board shall establish within the Farm Credit Administration the Office of Secondary Market Oversight.
(B) The Farm Credit Administration Board shall carry out the authority set forth in this section through the Office of Secondary Market Oversight.
(C) The Office of Secondary Market Oversight shall be managed by a full-time Director who shall be selected by and report to the Farm Credit Administration Board.
(b) Examinations and audits
(1) In general
The financial transactions of the Corporation shall be examined by examiners of the Farm Credit Administration in accordance with the principles and procedures applicable to commercial corporate transactions under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Administration.
The examinations shall occur at such times as the Farm Credit Administration Board may determine, but in no event less than once each year.
The examiners shall–
(A) have access to all books, accounts, financial records, reports, files, and all other papers, things, or property belonging to or in use by the Corporation and necessary to facilitate the audit; and
(B) be afforded full access for verifying transactions with certified facilities and other entities with whom the Corporation conducts transactions.
(c) Annual report of condition
The Corporation shall make and publish an annual report of condition as prescribed by the Farm Credit Administration. Each report shall contain financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and contain such additional information as the Farm Credit Administration may by regulation prescribe. The financial statements of the Corporation shall be audited by an independent public accountant.
(d) FCA assessments to cover costs
The Farm Credit Administration shall assess the Corporation for the cost to the Administration of any regulatory activities conducted under this section, including the cost of any examination.
(e) “Affiliate” defined
As used in this subchapter, the term “affiliate” shall mean an entity effectively controlled or owned by the Corporation, except that such term shall not include an originator (as defined in section 2279aa of this title).
(f) Employees and personnel
The Farm Credit Administration Board shall ensure that–
(1) the Office of Secondary Market Oversight has access to a sufficient number of qualified and trained employees to adequately supervise the secondary market activities of the Corporation; and
(2) the supervision of the powers, functions, and duties of the Corporation is performed, to the extent practicable, by personnel who are not responsible for the supervision of the banks and associations of the Farm Credit System.