When prosecution to be by presentment or indictment; double jeopardy; self-incrimination; due process; compensation for property taken for public use. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
Terms Used In U.S. Constitution 5th Amendment
- answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
- indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
[Proposed by Congress in 1789 and ratified by the necessary number of states in 1791]