As used in this division, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

Terms Used In Alabama Code 41-9-291

  • commission: The Alabama Historical Commission, acting as the custodian of cultural resources for the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • contractor: Any individual, company, corporation, or private or public institution determined by the commission to be appropriately qualified that has applied for and received a permit or contract from the commission to begin exploration or excavation activities in state-owned waters. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • CULTURAL RESOURCES: All abandoned shipwrecks or remains of those ships and all underwater archaeological treasures, artifacts, treasure troves, or other cultural articles and materials, whether or not associated with any shipwreck, that are contained in or on submerged lands belonging to the State of Alabama and the sea within the jurisdiction of the state, and that have remained unclaimed for more than 50 years, excluding therefrom sunken logs, cants, and timber resources of any other type not associated as part of a shipping vessel, and are eligible for, or listed in, the National Register of Historic Places. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • excavation: The study and intentional removal from submerged land belonging to the state, by accepted scientific methods, of any objects recognized as cultural resources. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • exploration: The systematic examination by actual survey of an area of submerged land belonging to the state for the purpose of locating and recognizing cultural resources. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • SUBMERGED LANDS: Lands under navigable waterways owned or controlled by the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 41-9-291
  • TREASURE TROVE: Any gold bullion, gold ingots, gold dust, silver bars, and other precious metals or stones. See Alabama Code 41-9-291

(1) COMMISSION. The Alabama Historical Commission, acting as the custodian of cultural resources for the State of Alabama.

(2) CONTRACTOR. Any individual, company, corporation, or private or public institution determined by the commission to be appropriately qualified that has applied for and received a permit or contract from the commission to begin exploration or excavation activities in state-owned waters.

(3) CULTURAL RESOURCES. All abandoned shipwrecks or remains of those ships and all underwater archaeological treasures, artifacts, treasure troves, or other cultural articles and materials, whether or not associated with any shipwreck, that are contained in or on submerged lands belonging to the State of Alabama and the sea within the jurisdiction of the state, and that have remained unclaimed for more than 50 years, excluding therefrom sunken logs, cants, and timber resources of any other type not associated as part of a shipping vessel, and are eligible for, or listed in, the National Register of Historic Places.

(4) EXCAVATION. The study and intentional removal from submerged land belonging to the state, by accepted scientific methods, of any objects recognized as cultural resources.

(5) EXPLORATION. The systematic examination by actual survey of an area of submerged land belonging to the state for the purpose of locating and recognizing cultural resources.

(6) SUBMERGED LANDS. Lands under navigable waterways owned or controlled by the State of Alabama.

(7) TREASURE TROVE. Any gold bullion, gold ingots, gold dust, silver bars, and other precious metals or stones.

(Act 99-595, p. 1364, §2; Act 2019-484, §1.)