The following words and phrases when used in this division shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

Terms Used In Alabama Code 6-5-155.1

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION: Any group, whether incorporated or unincorporated, affiliated with or organized for the benefit of one or more communities or neighborhoods containing an alleged drug-related nuisance, or any group organized to improve the quality of life in a residential area containing the alleged drug-related nuisance. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ACTS: The provisions of Sections 20-2-1 et seq. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • knowingly: means either actual awareness or should have reasonably known. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • manufacturing: The production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independent means of chemical synthesis, including any packaging or repackaging of the drug or labeling or relabeling of its container. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • owner: An individual, corporation, partnership, trust association, joint venture, or any other business entity, and the respective agents of the individuals or entities, in whom is vested all or any part of the title to the property alleged to be a drug-related nuisance. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • property: Tangible real property, or an interest in real property, including an interest in any leasehold, license, or real estate, including any house, apartment building, condominium, cooperative, office building, store, restaurant, tavern, nightclub, or warehouse, and the land extending to the boundaries of the lot upon which the structure is situated, and anything growing on, affixed to, or found on the land. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • PROSECUTING ATTORNEY: The Attorney General, district attorney, or county, municipal, or private attorney bringing a drug-related nuisance action. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • tenant: A person who resides in or occupies property belonging to another person pursuant to a lease agreement, or pursuant to a tenancy under the common law. See Alabama Code 6-5-155.1
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1

(1) COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION. Any group, whether incorporated or unincorporated, affiliated with or organized for the benefit of one or more communities or neighborhoods containing an alleged drug-related nuisance, or any group organized to improve the quality of life in a residential area containing the alleged drug-related nuisance.

(2) CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ACTS. The provisions of Sections 20-2-1 et seq., known as the “Alabama Uniform Controlled Substance Act,” and Sections 13A-12-201 et seq., known as “The Drug Predator Control Act of 1987,” and Sections 13A-12-210 et seq., known as “The Drug Crimes Amendments Act of 1987.”

(3) DRUG-RELATED NUISANCE.

a. Any property, in whole or in part, used or intended to be used to facilitate any violation of the controlled substance acts or any similar ordinance of any municipality in this state or a similar act of the United States or any other state.

b. The use, sale, distribution, possession, storage, transportation, or manufacture of any controlled substances in violation of the controlled substance acts, or similar act of the United States or any other state.

c. Drug-related nuisance includes, but is not limited to, conduct unlawful in itself or unreasonable under the circumstances, knowingly or recklessly creating or maintaining a condition which endangers the safety or health of persons not occupying the property alleged to be a drug-related nuisance, and knowingly or recklessly conducting or maintaining any premises or place where persons gather for purposes of engaging in drug-related activities. For purposes of this definition, “knowingly” means either actual awareness or should have reasonably known.

(4) MANUFACTURING. The production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independent means of chemical synthesis, including any packaging or repackaging of the drug or labeling or relabeling of its container.

(5) OWNER. An individual, corporation, partnership, trust association, joint venture, or any other business entity, and the respective agents of the individuals or entities, in whom is vested all or any part of the title to the property alleged to be a drug-related nuisance.

(6) PROPERTY. Tangible real property, or an interest in real property, including an interest in any leasehold, license, or real estate, including any house, apartment building, condominium, cooperative, office building, store, restaurant, tavern, nightclub, or warehouse, and the land extending to the boundaries of the lot upon which the structure is situated, and anything growing on, affixed to, or found on the land.

(7) PROSECUTING ATTORNEY. The Attorney General, district attorney, or county, municipal, or private attorney bringing a drug-related nuisance action.

(8) TENANT. A person who resides in or occupies property belonging to another person pursuant to a lease agreement, or pursuant to a tenancy under the common law.

(Acts 1996, No. 96-566, p. 849, §2.)