Article 1 General Provisions 15-18-1 – 15-18-9
Article 2 Punishment Fixed by Court 15-18-21
Article 4 Costs and Fines 15-18-60 – 15-18-64
Article 4A Restitution to Victims of Crimes 15-18-65 – 15-18-78
Article 5 Death Penalty 15-18-80 – 15-18-86
Article 6 Stay of Execution 15-18-100
Article 7 Inmate Community Reintegration Program 15-18-110 – 15-18-123
Article 8 Alabama Restitution Withholding 15-18-140 – 15-18-151
Article 9 Community Punishment and Corrections 15-18-170 – 15-18-186
Article 10 15-18-200

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 15 > Chapter 18

  • abuse: The occurrence of one or more of the following acts by a family or household member, as defined by subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of Section 15-10-3:

    a. See Alabama Code 15-18-76

  • ABUSE STATUS: The fact that a person is or has been the subject of abuse and has sustained abuse-related medical conditions or has incurred abuse-related claims. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • ABUSE-RELATED CLAIM: A claim under an insurance policy or health benefit plan for a loss which resulted from an act of abuse as defined in this chapter. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • ABUSE-RELATED MEDICAL CONDITION: A medical condition sustained by a subject of abuse which arises in whole or in part out of an act or pattern of abuse as defined in this chapter. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • ADJOINING COUNTY: A county the boundary of which abuts either land on which the establishing county has established a park or recreational area or land which the establishing county has designated for the establishment thereon of a park or recreational area. See Alabama Code 45-37-72
  • affiliate: An affiliate of another person shall include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 25-9-173

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES: Any alcoholic, spirituous, vinous, fermented, or other alcoholic beverage, or combination of liquors and mixed liquor, a part of which is spirituous, vinous, fermented, or otherwise alcoholic, and all drinks or drinkable liquids, preparations or mixtures intended for beverage purposes, which contain one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, and shall include liquor, beer, and wine. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ALLOCATION DATE: The date on which the certified investors of a certified capital company are allocated certified capital by the Alabama Development Office under this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • APPLICATION PROCESS AND PROCEDURES: The criteria and guidelines developed by the Department of Corrections for the establishment of community punishment and corrections programs, the granting of funds for programs authorized herein, and the monitoring, evaluation, and review of programs funded herein. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved: A device, process, equipment, or method approved by the chief; provided, that if any interested person so requests, the secretary shall review such approval. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • APPROVED COMPETENT PERSON: A person who has at least nine months of practical experience, has knowledge of mine roof, timbering, and ventilation, has good judgment and who has demonstrated knowledge of mine gases and use of permissible flame safety lamps, methane and oxygen detectors, such demonstration to be given and made of record in a manner prescribed by the chief of the division. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • assets: Any money, legal tender, real or personal property or other thing of value to which the defendant is or may be entitled less and except any exemption established by law for a person other than a defendant. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: A partnership, limited partnership, or any form of unincorporated enterprise owned by two or more persons. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • board: The board of directors of the authority or the board of directors of a nonprofit entity. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CERTIFIED CAPITAL: An investment of cash by a certified investor in a certified capital company that fully funds the purchase price of an equity interest in the company or a qualified debt instrument issued by the certified capital company. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • CERTIFIED CAPITAL COMPANY: A partnership, corporation, or trust or limited liability company, whether organized on a profit or not-for-profit basis, that has as its primary business activity the investment of cash in qualified technology businesses and that is certified as meeting the criteria of this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • CERTIFIED INVESTOR: An insurance company or other person that has state premium tax liability, that contributes certified capital pursuant to an allocation of premium tax credits under this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chief: The Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor or such other public officer, employee, board, commission, or other authority that may in emergencies be acting in the stead of the chief or may by law be assigned the duties and authority of the Chief of the Division of Safety and Inspection of the Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • chiropractic: The same meaning as in Chapter 24 of Title 34. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • COLORECTAL CANCER EXAMINATIONS: Examinations and laboratory tests specified in current American Cancer Society guidelines for colorectal cancer screening of asymptomatic individuals. See Alabama Code 15-18-116
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Corrections

    (3) STATE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION. See Alabama Code 15-18-111

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the state Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • community: The county or counties comprising one or more judicial circuits. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS AUTHORITY: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PLAN: A document prepared by the county commission or an authority, or nonprofit entity, and submitted to the Department of Corrections in accordance with the requirements set forth in the application process and procedure, which identifies proposed community-based programs to be implemented within the county in accordance with the terms of this article and justifies the funding of such programs with regard to local need and community support. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PROGRAM: Any program designed as an alternative to incarceration and maintained by a county commission or an authority or nonprofit entity for the purpose of punishing and for correcting a person convicted of a felony or misdemeanor or adjudicated a youthful offender and which may be imposed as part of a sanction, including, but not limited to confinement, work release, day reporting, home detention, restitution programs, community service, education and intervention programs, and substance abuse programs. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • CONFIDENTIAL ABUSE INFORMATION: Information about the acts of abuse or abuse status of a subject of abuse, the address and telephone number, home and work, of a subject of abuse, or the status of an applicant or insured as a family member, employer, or associate of, or a person in a relationship with a subject of abuse. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • corporation: A corporation or joint stock association organized under the laws of this state, the United States, or any other state, territory or foreign country, or dependency. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • corporation: Any corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • county: Each county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • county: Any county in this state with respect to which a corporation may be organized. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • COUNTY INMATE: A person convicted of a misdemeanor. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • court: Any circuit or district court of this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • court: The trial judge exercising sentencing jurisdiction over an eligible offender under this article and includes any successor of the trial judge. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • COVERED PERSON: Any individual, family, or family member on whose behalf third-party payment or prepayment of health or medical expenses is provided under an insurance policy, plan, or contract providing for third-party payment or prepayment of health care or medical expenses. See Alabama Code 15-18-85
  • CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES: Any offense with respect to which the defendant is convicted or any other criminal conduct admitted by the defendant. See Alabama Code 15-18-66
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • defendant: A person, as defined, who has been ordered by a court to pay restitution. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • department: The Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-111
  • department: The Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • division: The Community Corrections Division of the department. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • domestic corporation: means a business corporation, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • DRY COUNTY: Any county which by a majority of those voting voted in the negative in an election heretofore held under the applicable statutes at the time of the election or may hereafter vote in the negative in an election or special method referendum hereafter held in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 2 of this title, or held in accordance with the provisions of any act hereafter enacted permitting such election. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • DRY MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality within a wet county which has, by its governing body or by a majority of those voting in a municipal election heretofore held in accordance with the provisions of Section 28-2-22, or in a municipal option election heretofore or hereafter held in accordance with the provisions of Act 84-408, Acts of Alabama 1984, appearing as Chapter 2A of this title, or any act hereafter enacted permitting municipal option election, voted to exclude the sale of alcoholic beverages within the corporate limits of the municipality. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • eligible: A person who has committed an offense not excluded by subdivision (14) and who meets the criteria of Section 15-18-175. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • employer: A person who owes or will owe any wages, salary, tips, commissions, bonuses, or money to defendant as remuneration for employment, past, present, or future, after deducting any amounts required to be withheld by law. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • EMPLOYMENT INCOME: Wages, salary, tips, commissions, bonuses, any and all money due or payable to which a defendant is or may be entitled based upon remuneration for employment, past, present or future, less deductions therefrom required to be withheld by law. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • ESTABLISHING COUNTY: A county, the county commission of which has provided for the establishment of a park or recreational area or has designated land for the establishment thereon of a park or recreational area. See Alabama Code 45-37-72
  • EVIDENCE OF ABUSE: A court order, police report, medical report, or report from the Department of Human Resources, or a shelter for domestic violence victims, indicating that the insured is or has been the subject of abuse. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • EYE CARE PROVIDER: A licensed optometrist or a licensed ophthalmologist. See Alabama Code 15-18-85
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENETIC TEST: A pre-symptomatic laboratory test which is generally accepted in the scientific and medical communities for the determination of the presence or absence of the genetic characteristics that cause or are associated with risk of a disease or disorder. See Alabama Code 15-18-62
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission of a county. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • GOVERNING BODY: The county commission in which the legislative powers of the county are vested. See Alabama Code 45-37-72.24
  • GOVERNING BODY: The commission of the county. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: Any individual or group plan, policy, or contract for health care services issued, delivered, issued for delivery, renewed in this state by a health care insurer, health maintenance organization, accident and sickness insurer, fraternal benefit society, nonprofit hospital service corporation, nonprofit medical service corporation, health care service plan, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for, purchases, or furnishes health care services to patients, insureds, or beneficiaries in this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-1
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: A health insurance policy, including a self-insured health plan, that covers hospital, medical, or surgical expenses, health maintenance organizations, preferred provider organizations, medical service organizations, physician-hospital organizations, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for, purchases, or furnishes health care services to patients, insureds, or beneficiaries in this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-62
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: A policy, contract, certificate, or agreement offered by a health carrier to provide, deliver, arrange, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services or health care benefit. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: A group health insurance policy that covers hospital, medical, or surgical expenses, health maintenance organizations, preferred provider organizations, medical service organizations, physician-hospital organizations, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for, purchases, or furnishes health care services to patients, insureds, or beneficiaries in this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-116
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: Any individual or group plan, employee welfare benefit plan, policy, or contract for health care services issued, delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state by a health care insurer, health maintenance organization, accident and sickness insurer, fraternal benefit society, nonprofit hospital service corporation, nonprofit medical service corporation, health care service plan, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for insureds or beneficiaries in this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-122
  • HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN: Any individual or group plan, employee welfare benefit plan, policy, or contract for health care services issued, delivered, issued for delivery, or renewed in this state by a health care insurer, health maintenance organization, accident and sickness insurer, fraternal benefit society, nonprofit hospital service corporation, nonprofit medical service corporation, health care service plan, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for insureds or beneficiaries in this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • HEALTH CARRIER: A person or entity subject to regulation under this chapter who or which contracts or offers to contract to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any costs of health care services including, without limitation, a sickness and accident insurance company, a health maintenance organization, mutual aid associations, a fraternal benefit society, a hospital service corporation, or any other entity providing a plan of health insurance, including entities created pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 10A-20-6. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • importer: Any person, association, or corporation engaged in importing alcoholic beverages, liquor, wine, or beer, manufactured outside of the United States of America into this state or for sale or distribution in this state, or to the board or to a licensee of the board. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • inmate: A person who has served at least 90 days in any jail or penal facility, either male or female, who has been convicted of a felony and sentenced to a term of confinement and treatment in a state correctional institution under the jurisdiction of the department. See Alabama Code 15-18-111
  • insured: A party named on a policy or health benefit plan as the person with legal rights to the benefits provided by the policy or health benefit plan, except that for life insurance, insured means the person whose life is covered under the policy. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • insurer: A person or other legal entity engaged in the business of insurance in this state, including agents, brokers, adjusters, and third-party administrators. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • keg: A pressurized factory sealed container with a capacity equal to or greater than five US gallons, from which beer is withdrawn by means of an external tap. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • liquor: Any alcoholic, spirituous, vinous, fermented, or other alcoholic beverage, or combination of liquors and mixed liquor, a part of which is spirituous, fermented, vinous or otherwise alcoholic, and all drinks or drinkable liquids, preparations or mixtures intended for beverage purposes, which contain one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, except beer and table wine. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • manufacturer: Any person, association, or corporation engaged in the producing, bottling, manufacturing, distilling, rectifying, or compounding of alcoholic beverages, liquor, beer, or wine in this state or for sale or distribution in this state or to the board or to a licensee of the board. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • MINE FOREMAN: A person holding a valid certificate of qualification duly issued by action of the board of mine examiners. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • MINE INSPECTOR: A public employee assigned by the head mine inspector with the approval of the chief to make mine inspections as required by this chapter and other laws from time to time in such cases made and provided. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • mortgage: A mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust. See Alabama Code 45-37-72.24
  • mortgage: A mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust or a trust indenture. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town of this state to include its police jurisdiction. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • municipality: A municipal corporation in the state. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: Any not-for-profit organization, agency, or other entity other than a community punishment and corrections authority that provides treatment, guidance, training, or other rehabilitation services to individuals, families, or groups in such areas as health, education, vocational training, special education, social services, psychological counseling, and alcohol and drug treatment. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • operator: The owner, part owner, operator or lessee to whom the superintendent reports and is accountable for the operation. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • OTHER TERMS: Terms not otherwise defined by this chapter shall have the meanings given to them in this title, known as the Alabama Insurance Code. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PECUNIARY DAMAGES: All special damages which a person shall recover against the defendant in a civil action arising out of the facts or events constituting the defendant's criminal activities; the term shall include, but not be limited to the money or other equivalent of property taken, broken, destroyed, or otherwise used or harmed and losses such as travel, medical, dental or burial expenses and wages including but not limited to wages lost as a result of court appearances. See Alabama Code 15-18-66
  • permissible: A device, process, or equipment or method heretofore or hereafter classified by such term by the United States Bureau of Mines when such classification is adopted by the chief and includes, unless otherwise expressly stated in this chapter, all requirements, restrictions, exceptions, limitations, and conditions attached to such classification by said bureau. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Every natural person, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: A natural person or entity, including a corporation, general or limited partnership, or trust or limited liability company. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • plan: The community punishment and corrections plan defined in subdivision (7). See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • policy: A contract of insurance, certificate, indemnity, suretyship, or annuity issued, proposed for issuance, or intended for issuance by an insurer, including endorsements or riders to an insurance policy or contract. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • policy: Any group health benefit plan, contract, or policy, except a disability income policy, and endorsements thereof, specified disease policy, or hospital indemnity policy. See Alabama Code 15-18-116
  • population: The population according to the last preceding or any subsequent decennial census of the United States, except where a municipality is incorporated subsequent to the last census, in which event, its population until the next decennial census shall be the population of the municipality as determined by the judge of probate of the county as the official population on the date of its incorporation. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • PREMIUM TAX CREDIT ALLOCATION CLAIM: A claim for allocation of premium tax credits. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIAN: A physician who has the responsibility for providing initial and primary care to patients, for maintaining the continuity of patient care, and for initiating referrals for specialist care. See Alabama Code 15-18-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • program: Supervised Intensive Restitution (SIR) program. See Alabama Code 15-18-111
  • project: Any land and any building or other improvement thereon and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-72.24

  • project: Any land and any building or other improvement thereon and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-82.20

  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • QUALIFIED DISTRIBUTION: Any distribution or payment from certified capital by a certified capital company in connection with the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 25-9-173

  • QUALIFIED INVESTMENT: The investment of cash by a certified capital company in a qualified technology business for the purchase of any debt, debt participation, equity, or hybrid security of any nature or description, including a debt instrument or security that has the characteristics of debt but that provides for conversion into equity or equity participation instruments such as options or warrants. See Alabama Code 25-9-173
  • QUALIFIED TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS: A business that, at the time of a certified capital company's first investment in the business:

    a. See Alabama Code 25-9-173

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • recipient: Any entity receiving directly or indirectly any financial grant or contractual remuneration under this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • restaurant: A reputable place licensed as a restaurant, operated by a responsible person of good reputation and habitually and principally used for the purpose of preparing and serving meals for the public to consume on the premises. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • restitution: Full, partial or nominal payment of pecuniary damages to the victim or to its equivalent in services performed or work or labor done for the benefit of the victim as determined by the court of record. See Alabama Code 15-18-66
  • restitution: An amount of money ordered by a court to be paid to a clerk or other person by a defendant for the use and benefit of a victim of the defendant's criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • restitution: Payment to the victim who has suffered financial losses as a result of a crime. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retailer: Any person licensed by the board to engage in the retail sale of any alcoholic beverages to the consumer. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Roll call vote : A vote in which each legislator votes "yea" or "nay" as his or her name is called by the Clerk, so that the names of legislators voting on each side are recorded.
  • salary: as used in this division , is not intended to include or cover costs and charges of court or fees, commissions, percentages, or allowances of public officers, and such are not subject to writs of garnishment under the provisions of this division. See Alabama Code 45-8A-23.263
  • SCREENING FOR THE EARLY DETECTION OF PROSTATE CANCER: At a minimum, a prostate-specific antigen blood test and a digital rectal examination. See Alabama Code 15-18-122
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • secretary: The Secretary of the Department of Labor or such other public officer, employee, board, commission, or other authority that may by law be assigned the duties and authority of the Secretary of Labor under this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • STATE INMATE: A person convicted of a felony. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • STATE PREMIUM TAX LIABILITY: Includes:

    a. See Alabama Code 25-9-173

  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • SUBJECT OF ABUSE: A person, including a minor child, against whom an act of abuse has been committed a. See Alabama Code 15-18-76
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • supervisor: Such term may be used to designate mine foremen, assistants, section foremen, trafficmen, maintenance foremen, etc. See Alabama Code 25-9-2
  • TABLE WINE: Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, any wine containing not more than 24 percent alcohol by volume. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • USER FEES: Fees assessed against an offender under a community punishment and corrections program to help defray the costs of such programs. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • victim: Any person whom the court determines has suffered a direct or indirect pecuniary damage as a result of the defendant's criminal activities. See Alabama Code 15-18-66
  • victim: A person designated by a court in a restitution order to receive restitution. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution or any of them of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities and all property used or useful in connection with such facilities, including franchises. See Alabama Code 45-36-241.20
  • WET MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality in a dry county which by a majority of those voting voted in the affirmative in a municipal option election heretofore or hereafter held in accordance with the provisions of Act 84-408, Acts of Alabama 1984, appearing as Chapter 2A of this title, as amended, or any act hereafter enacted permitting municipal option election, or any municipality which became wet by vote of the governing body or by the voters of the municipality heretofore or hereafter held under the special method referendum provisions of Section 28-2-22, or as hereafter provided, where the county has become dry subsequent to the elected wet status of the municipality. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • wholesaler: Any person licensed by the board to engage in the sale and distribution of table wine and beer, or either of them, within this state, at wholesale only, to be sold by export or to retail licensees or other wholesale licensees or others within this state lawfully authorized to sell table wine and beer, or either of them, for the purpose of resale only. See Alabama Code 28-3-1
  • wine: All beverages made from the fermentation of fruits, berries, or grapes, with or without added spirits, and produced in accordance with the laws and regulations of the United States, containing not more than 24 percent alcohol by volume, and shall include all sparkling wines, carbonated wines, special natural wines, rectified wines, vermouths, vinous beverages, vinous liquors, and like products, including restored or unrestored pure condensed juice. See Alabama Code 28-3-1