§ 15 Power of Governor to Grant Reprieves, Commutations and Pardons
§ 16 His Power; in Respect to Convictions for Treason; Duty of the Legislature, in Such Cases
§ 17 Governor to Communicate Annually to Legislature, Reprieves, Commutations and Pardons
§ 18 Conditional Pardon; Procedure On Violation Of
§ 19 Setting Aside Judgment of Conviction and Dismissing Indictment, Information or Complaint in Case of Pardon of Defendant On Ground of Innocence

Terms Used In New York Laws > Executive > Article 2-A - Reprieves, Commutations and Pardons

  • authority: shall mean the corporation created by section seven hundred two of this chapter. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 701
  • board: shall mean the members of the authority. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 701
  • bridge: shall include approaches and all construction necessary to give access to the bridge from connecting roads, toll houses, toll booths and such facilities as may be necessary to the collection of tolls, buildings and structures necessary for the housing of customs and immigration officials and such other buildings and appurtenances necessary to the operation of the bridge as an international toll bridge. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 701
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.