Article 1 General Provisions 23-1-1 – 23-1-10
Article 2 Department of Transportation 23-1-20 – 23-1-66
Article 3 Public Roads, Bridges and Ferries 23-1-80 – 23-1-95
Article 3A Roads and Bridges in Captive Counties 23-1-100 – 23-1-107
Article 4 Municipal Connecting Link Roads 23-1-110 – 23-1-113
Article 5 Private Roads 23-1-130 – 23-1-131
Article 6 Alabama Highway Authority 23-1-150 – 23-1-160
Article 7 Alabama Highway Finance Corporation 23-1-170 – 23-1-182
Article 8A Relocation Assistance 23-1-210 – 23-1-212
Article 9 Highway Beautification 23-1-220 – 23-1-288
Article 9A Alabama Scenic Byways Program 23-1-290 – 23-1-295
Article 10 Federal Aid Highway Finance Authority 23-1-300 – 23-1-318
Article 11 Rural Access Program 23-1-330 – 23-1-333
Article 12 Regulations of Aeronautics, Aircraft, and Airports Generally 23-1-350 – 23-1-391
Article 13 Airport Airspace Safety Act of 2009 23-1-410 – 23-1-417
Article 14 Alabama Transportation Safety Fund 23-1-430 – 23-1-436

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 23 > Chapter 1

  • Account: means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit;

    (2) "Afternoon" means the period of a day between noon and midnight;

    (3) "Banking day" means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions;

    (4) "Clearing house" means an association of banks or other payors regularly clearing items;

    (5) "Customer" means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank;

    (6) "Documentary draft" means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities (Section 7-8-102) or instructions for uncertificated securities (Section 7-8-308), or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft;

    (7) "Draft" means a draft as defined in Section 7-3-104 or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order;

    (8) "Drawee" means a person ordered in a draft to make payment;

    (9) "Item" means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment. See Alabama Code 22-52-58

  • ADDITIONAL RAIL SERVICE AREA: Any territory that is outside the boundaries or corporate limits, as the case may be, of any of its authorizing subdivisions and that the governing body of the county, and of any city or town, in which such territory is located has by resolution designated as an area in which the authority may render rail transportation service. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • AIR CARRIER: This term includes both a common carrier by aircraft and a contract carrier by aircraft. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • AIR COMMERCE: The carriage by aircraft of persons or property, or any class or classes thereof, for compensation or hire in intrastate commerce in this state, including such aircraft operations of carriers by rail, water or motor vehicle, and/or express or forwarding companies, except pilot training, flight instruction, sale of property and services for aircraft, engines and accessories. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • airport: Any area of existing land or man-made construction, except a restricted landing area, that is currently used, made available, or designed for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, whether or not facilities are provided for the shelter, servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft, and whether or not facilities are provided for receiving and discharging passengers or cargo, so long as such area meets the minimum requirements as to size, design, surfacing, marking, equipment, and management provided by the department for airports owned or operated by a political subdivision. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • AIRPORT HAZARD: Any structure, equipment, object of natural growth, or use of land that constitutes a hazard to air navigation as set forth in 14 C. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: Any public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter or any law amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • authority: The Alabama Federal Aid Highway Finance Authority, a public corporation and instrumentality of the state authorized to be organized under the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign business corporation is authorized to issue. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county, city, or town in this state in which there are located railroad properties and facilities and whose governing body receives an application for permission to organize an authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • BASIC TELEPHONE SERVICE: Refers to a service that, as provided by an incumbent local exchange carrier, may be through any technology and through any affiliate or service arrangement and includes the functionalities described in 47 C. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • board: The Alabama Prescription Cost Initiative Board created by Section 36-35-4 to administer the program. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • boards: The State Employees' Insurance Board and the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Board. See Alabama Code 23-1-45
  • bond: Any bond authorized to be issued pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • bonds: The bonds, including refunding bonds issued to refund outstanding obligations, that in this article are authorized to be sold and issued by the authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • BRIDGE REPLACEMENT: Bridge replacement includes the replacement of existing bridge structures and, if necessary, the realignment of the adjacent approaches. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • broker: Any person not included in the term "motor carrier" and not a bona fide employee or agent of any such carrier, who or which, as principal or agent, sells or offers for sale any transportation of property other than that transported by common carriers of passengers, subject to this chapter, or negotiates for or holds itself out by solicitation, advertisement, or otherwise as one who sells, provides, furnishes, contracts, or arranges for the transportation. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • broker: Any person not included in the term "air carrier" and not a bona fide employee or agent of any such carrier, who or which, as principal or agent, sells or offers for sale any transportation subject to this chapter, or negotiates for or holds himself, or itself, out by solicitation, advertisement or otherwise as one who sells, provides, furnishes, contracts or arranges for such transportation. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • BUNDLED OFFERING: A combination of retail services offered as a package, whether at a single price or with the availability of the price for one service contingent on the purchase of other services. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • certificate: A certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under this chapter to common carriers by motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • certificate: A certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under this chapter to a common carrier by aircraft. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • commission: The Public Service Commission of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • commission: The Public Service Commission of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-155
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • COMMON CARRIER BY AIRCRAFT: Any person which holds itself out to the general public, whether directly or indirectly, or by a lease or other arrangement and, whether over regular or irregular routes, to engage in air commerce. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • COMMON CARRIER BY MOTOR VEHICLE: Any person who or which undertakes, whether directly or by a lease or other arrangement, to transport passengers or property or any class or classes of property for the general public in the State of Alabama by motor vehicle for compensation, whether over regular or irregular routes or whether between fixed termini or not, including such other motor vehicle operations of carriers by rail or water or express and forwarding companies under this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: Any service that is either a telecommunications service or an information service. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTRACT CARRIER BY AIRCRAFT: Any person, who, except as provided in subsection (a) of Section 37-9-20, undertakes, otherwise than as a common carrier by aircraft, whether directly or indirectly, or by a lease or any other arrangement, to engage in air commerce. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • CONTRACT CARRIER BY MOTOR VEHICLE: Any person not included under subdivision (3), who or which under a special or individual contract or agreement, under special or individual contracts or special or individual agreements and whether directly or by lease or any other arrangement transports passengers or property by motor vehicle for compensation in this state. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • CONTRACT OFFERING: Any retail contractual agreement, whether or not memorialized in writing, by which a local exchange or inter-exchange carrier offers any communications service to any existing customer or potential customer. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: The authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • cost: As applied to any highway construction project, all costs of construction or acquisition of any part of any such highway construction project, including, but without limitation to, the costs of supervising, inspecting and constructing any such highway construction project and all costs and expenses incidental thereto, the costs of locating, surveying and mapping, resurfacing, restoration and rehabilitation, acquisition of rights-of-way, relocation assistance, elimination of hazards of railway-grade crossings, acquisition of replacement housing sites, acquisition, rehabilitation, relocation, and construction of replacement housing and improvements which directly facilitate and control traffic flow, including grade separation of intersections, widening of lanes, channelization of traffic, traffic-control systems and passenger loading and unloading areas, and any other cost of any federal aid projects which is to be repaid or reimbursed to the state by the United States of America pursuant to the written agreement provided for in Section 23-1-313. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: A political subdivision of the state created by statute to aid in the administration of government. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.03
  • county: Crenshaw County. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The chief administrative or legislative body of the county. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.03
  • COUNTY ROADS: All paved or unpaved public roads, including bridges, within a county on the county road system and continuing into or through the corporate limits of any city or town in a county which are not a part of the state highway system. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Highway Department of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-362
  • department: The Alabama Department of Transportation and any successor agency. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • department: The Department of Transportation. See Alabama Code 23-1-430
  • department: Any department, agency, office, or program administered by the state for which the board or director has negotiated, or entered an agreement with a pharmacy benefits manager or cooperative to negotiate, a prescription drug rebate, or discount. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION: That state department created by Section 23-1-20. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • dependents: The spouse and dependent children, as defined by the rules and regulations of the respective boards, of a retired employee who are covered by either the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 25A of Title 16, as amended from time to time, or the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 29 of this title, as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 23-1-45
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of a board. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • ELIGIBLE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: A telecommunications carrier which qualifies for universal service support under 47 U. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • employee: Any person who is a participant in either the Public Education Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 25A of Title 16, as amended from time to time, or the State Employees' Health Insurance Plan pursuant to Chapter 29 of this title, as amended from time to time, and satisfies the definition of an employee under Section 16-25A-1(1) or Section 36-29-1(3), as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 23-1-45
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • EXCHANGE ACCESS: The offering of access to telephone exchange services or facilities for the purpose of origination or termination of telephone toll services. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: An executive director employed by the board to administer this chapter and the program. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • EXISTING BUNDLED OFFERING: A bundled offering subscribed to by the customer before September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • EXISTING CONTRACT OFFERING: Any contract offering executed by the customer before September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • faa: The Federal Aviation Administration and any successor agency. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: The United States of America or any department, division, commission, or agency and instrumentality thereof, including, without limitation, the Department of Transportation. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL SHARE: That portion of the cost of any federal aid projects which is to be repaid or reimbursed to the state by the United States of America pursuant to the written agreement provided for in Section 23-1-313. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year of the state as may from time to time be provided by law. See Alabama Code 23-1-45
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fund: The Alabama Transportation Safety Fund. See Alabama Code 23-1-430
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: Whenever used in relation to any municipality, the body or board, by whatsoever name known, having charge of the governing of a municipality and shall be held to include the mayor or other chief executive officers of such municipality in any case wherein the concurrence or approval of such officer is required by the law governing such municipality for the adoption of any municipal ordinance or resolution or other municipal act provided for in this chapter. See Alabama Code 23-1-155
  • GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY: Any department of the State of Alabama; any county government or municipal government; any school system, college, or university; or any public authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • highway: Every public highway, or place of whatever nature, open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicle travel in this state, including the public highways, roads, streets, and alleys in towns and cities. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • HOUSEHOLD GOODS CARRIER: A common carrier by motor vehicle which transports personal effects and property used or to be used in a dwelling as part of the equipment or supply of the dwelling. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • INCUMBENT LOCAL EXCHANGE CARRIER: With respect to an area, the local exchange carrier that, on the date of enactment of the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, provided telephone exchange service in the area and was deemed to be a member of the Exchange Carrier Association pursuant to Section 69. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • indenture: A mortgage, an indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement, or trust indenture executed by an authority as security for bonds. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • INTER-EXCHANGE CARRIER: Any company certified by the commission to provide intrastate inter-exchange telecommunications service in this state. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • INTERESTED PARTY: Any person applying for a permit or the owner of the airport hazard which is adversely affected by a determination or order of the department. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • license: A license issued under this chapter to a broker. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • license: A license issued under this chapter to a broker. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • lifeline: A program designed to increase the availability of communications services to low income subscribers by providing a credit to monthly recurring local service to qualifying residential subscribers. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • LINK-UP: A program designed to increase the availability of communications services to low income subscribers by providing a credit to the non-recurring installation and service charges to qualifying residential subscribers. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • LOCAL EXCHANGE CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications service that is engaged in the provision of telephone exchange service or exchange access. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • manufacturer: A manufacturer of prescription drugs as defined in 42 U. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: The calendar month. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • MOTOR CARRIER: Both a common carrier by motor vehicle and a contract carrier by motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • motor carriers: includes brokers. See Alabama Code 23-1-107
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Any vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer, or semitrailer, propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used upon the highways in the transportation of passengers or property, but not including any vehicle, locomotive, or car operated exclusively on a rail or rails. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • municipality: Any city or town. See Alabama Code 23-1-155
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NET GASOLINE TAX PROCEEDS: The entire proceeds from the highway gasoline tax less the cost of collection and less any refunds of the proceeds pursuant to the provisions of Article 12 of Chapter 17 of Title 40. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • NEW BUNDLED OFFERING: A bundled offering subscribed to by the customer on or after September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • NEW CONTRACT OFFERING: Any contract offering executed by the customer on or after September 1, 2006. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • OBJECT OF NATURAL GROWTH: Any tree and other plants. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • OBLIGATION LIMIT: That point in obligating or budgeting funds for projects that the Transportation Director may not exceed by approving any additional funding for projects. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • obligations: Any bonds, temporary bonds or notes authorized by this article to be issued by the authority. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • OPTIONAL TELEPHONE FEATURES: Those central office-based features that were tariffed by a local exchange carrier on or before February 1, 2005, that, where available:

    a. See Alabama Code 23-1-54

  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • permit: A permit issued under this chapter to contract carriers by motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • permit: A permit issued under this chapter to a contract carrier by aircraft. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • permit: Written approval issued by the department for the construction, erection, alteration, modification, or replacement of any structure or object of natural growth which qualifies as an airport hazard. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association or joint stock association, including any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof. See Alabama Code 23-1-80
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or a body politic and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or other similar representative thereof. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: An individual, a corporation, a partnership, or a foreign domestic association. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, company, or other entity, governmental body, administrative agency, personal representative, trustee, or receiver. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: The state and any county, municipality, city, town, or subdivision thereof, or any state authority, commission, district, or agency authorized to establish or operate airports in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • PRESCRIPTION DRUG BUYING GROUP: Entities formed to enable retail pharmacies to aggregate their buying power in negotiating discounts and/or rebates on the purchase of pharmaceutical products from the manufacturers of pharmaceutical products, including, but not limited to, cooperatives and pharmacy benefits managers. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • program: The Alabama Prescription Cost Initiative Program established by this chapter relating to supplemental drug rebates, and negotiated pricing of drugs. See Alabama Code 23-1-34
  • project: An undertaking to construct a particular portion of a highway. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • RAIL SERVICE: Both freight and passenger service. See Alabama Code 23-1-362
  • railroad: A common carrier by railroad as defined in Section 1(3) of Part I of the Interstate Commerce Act, codified as 49 U. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • RAILROAD PROPERTIES AND FACILITIES: Any real or personal property or interest in such property which is owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by a railroad or other person, including, without limitation, an authority, and which is used or is useful in rail transportation service, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing:

    a. See Alabama Code 23-1-386

  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • rights-of-way: as used in this title does not authorize the commission to prescribe the location or the routing of any pipeline facility;

    (5) COMMISSION. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: Any of the several states or the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 23-1-303
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-386
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 23-1-301
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • streets: Streets, avenues, boulevards, roads, lanes, alleys, viaducts, and other roads. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.03
  • structure: Any man-made object constructed, erected, or installed on land or water, including, but not limited to, buildings, towers, smokestacks, utility poles, equipment, and overhead utility transmission and distribution lines. See Alabama Code 23-1-411
  • subdivision: The development and division of a lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more lots, plats, sites, or otherwise for the purpose of establishing or creating a subdivision through the sale, lease, or building development. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.03
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • telecommunications: As defined in the Telecommunications Act of 1996, 47 U. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications for a fee directly to the public, or to any classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public, regardless of the facilities used. See Alabama Code 23-1-54
  • TELEPHONE EXCHANGE SERVICE: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 23-1-54

  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRANSPORTATION DIRECTOR: The chief executive officer of the Department of Transportation authorized by Section 23-1-21. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • UNOBLIGATED FUNDS: That portion of an appropriation which has not been encumbered by a project budget or a project budget overrun. See Alabama Code 23-1-331
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608