§ 26-14-1 Definitions
§ 26-14-2 Purpose of chapter
§ 26-14-3 Mandatory reporting
§ 26-14-4 Permissive reporting
§ 26-14-5 Contents of reports
§ 26-14-6 Temporary protective custody
§ 26-14-6.1 Duties and responsibilities for investigation of reports
§ 26-14-7 Duties of Department of Human Resources
§ 26-14-7.1 Due process rights for persons under investigation by department
§ 26-14-7.2 Child denied medical treatment due to parents’ religious beliefs
§ 26-14-8 Statewide central registry
§ 26-14-9 Immunity from liability for actions under chapter
§ 26-14-10 Doctrine of privileged communications not grounds for exclusion of evidence as to child’s injuries
§ 26-14-11 Appointment of attorney to represent child
§ 26-14-12 Establishment of regulations by Department of Human Resources
§ 26-14-13 Penalty for failure to make required report

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 26 > Chapter 14

  • adult: An individual 19 years of age or older. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
  • child: An individual under the age of 18 years, or under 21 years of age and before the juvenile court for a delinquency matter arising before that individual's 18th birthday, or under 19 years of age and before the juvenile court for a child in need of supervision matter or commitment to the State Department of Mental Health or under 19 years of age and before the juvenile court for a proceeding initiated under Section 12-15-115(b)(2). See Alabama Code 12-15-102
  • CHILD IN NEED OF SUPERVISION: A child who has been adjudicated by a juvenile court for doing any of the following and who is in need of care, rehabilitation, or supervision:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-15-102

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • INTAKE OFFICER: A juvenile probation officer or an employee of the judicial branch of government, who is neutral and detached from executive and legislative branch activities, designated by the juvenile court judge to initiate original delinquency, dependency, and child in need of supervision cases, as well as cases designated in Section 12-15-132, before the juvenile court. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • JUVENILE COURT: The juvenile or family court division of the circuit or district court having jurisdiction over matters as provided by this chapter. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: Any person, however denominated, who is authorized by law to exercise the police powers of the state, a county, or local governments. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • probation: The legal status created by order of the juvenile court following an adjudication of delinquency or in need of supervision whereby a child is permitted to remain in a community subject to supervision and return to the juvenile court for violation of probation at any time during the period of probation. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.